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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta CHILE; ONE MONTH AFTER A COUP Snipers active at night; junta juggles economics SANTIAGO (AP) The night belongs to Chile's soldiers. Shadowy figures of men and women run to catch the last buses out of downtown San- tiago as the 10 p.m. curfew nears. Restaurants and movie theatres empty early. The metal front door of the Hotel Carrera-Sheraton clangs shut after the last guests arrive. The hotel's facade is gouged by bullets from the military coup that toppled Marxist President Salvador Allende Sept. 11. Across Constitution Plaza from the hotel stands the part- ly burned Moneda Palace where Allende died during the fierce fighting. Only helmeted police and soldiers walk the streets at night in this city of three million, nearly one-third of Chile's 10 million population SNIPERS PERSIST "There are still snipers who act during the says Gen. Augusto Pinochet Ugarte, president of the junta now governing Chile A few days ago, five men in a red sedan sprayed a military patrol with sub-machine-gun fire. The soldiers opened up with automatic rifles, killing the occupants. "I could get you a safe-con- duct pass to walk about after a junta official told a reporter, "but I don't think you want to be out there. "These are troops from the provinces. They shoot first." A month after the coup, which put an end to nearly three years of experimenta- tion with socialism, the junta has dismantled the country's political structure. About suspected lef- tists remain in detention camps. Thirty-six persons of- ficially have been reported ex- ecuted, 15 of them shot on the spot for alleged attacks on troops or resisting arrest. Marxist political parties have been declared illegal. All other political parties were ordered into recess. Congress is closed Inflation more than tripled prices in one 12-month period under Allende, a record un- matched even by war-torn South Vietnam. State-run factories were nearly paralys- ed by worker indiscipline and political controversy. Agricultural production plummeted by 27 per cent because an ambitious agr- arian reform program was never co-ordinated. Food lines were an everyday sight. Admiral Lorenzo Gotuzzo, the finance minister, said last week that the new govern- ment "has inherited a heavy load" of foreign debts totall- ing billion "The party is he said. Columnist's notebook By Hal Boyle NEW YORK (AP) The world may be destroyed again by flood. The world may be consumed to a cinder by a vast atomic fireball But some astute students of our planet see a fate possibly even more imminent. The hu- man race may simply be suf- focated by increasing tidal waves of government forms. Filling out forms has within the last half-century become perhaps the major nuisance of civilization. It is such an es- sential part of modern life it is surprising that no college gives ?n advanced course in how to do it. These forms beset us at ev- ery step throughout our exis- tence. In fact, there are only two major events in our lives at which we don't have to fill out a government and death. On these occasions the paperwork is done for us by grudging doctors, whose signatures testify that we are legally alive or legally dead. YOUR LAST CHANCE A child can also usually co- zen relatives or family friends to sign his baptismal certifi- cate, but after that he is pret- ty much on his own You have to fill out a form to pay taxes. You have to fill out a form to open a business You have to fill out a form to buy a house or a car You have to fill out a form to build an addition to your house. You have to fill out a form to get married or divorced. You have to fill out a form to get a welfare payment You have to fill out a form to vote, travel to another country, get into or out of the armed forces, drive a car or keep a dog within the limits of most cities And, following the example set by governments, other or- ganizations now require the filling out of forms, so that: You have to fill out a form to rent a tuxedo, join a coun- try club, open a charge ac- count, get a credit card, enter a college, obtain a library card, apply for a patent, be- come a hospital patient, make an insurance claim, apply for a job or donate your body to a medical school to escape fu- neral expenses. Isn't there anything a man can do any more without hav- ing to fill out a form first? Yes, he can rob a bank or steal an automobile. But if he gets caught, he will find his adventures in filling out government forms are only beginning. STILL SELLING FOR LESS STERN'S CUT-RATE FURNITURE 1314 3rd Streets. Phone 327-3024 Many factories have been turned back to owners who were kicked out when leftists organized the workers and took over the plants. In rural provinces, farms grabbed by bands of peasants also have been returned to their owners The black-market rate for the escudo has dropped to 000 per dollar from a pre-coup high of The official rate for tourists is 850 escudos. The chronic shortages of consumer goods have eased as factories increase production. The military is not allowing strikes. All this has pleased Chile's substantial middle class, which felt most threatened by Allende's march toward socialism. But the junta says the days when Chile was run by the middle and upper classes are 'over. "There is no turning says Pinochet. The junta has pledged to protect workers' rights law- fullv won under Allende. KEEP SOME FACTORIES This means about 200 large factories which legally came under state control are to re- main in the hands of the state with limited worker participa- tion Peasants living on former private farms expropriated within the limits of the Allende agrarian reform program will have the oppor- tunity to get title to the land if they meet production norms Those who don't may see the land returned to their previous owners, government officials say. During the Allende era, the chronically unemployed part of the six and eight per absorbed into public works jobs or hired at state-run fac- tories. Allende reduced un- employment by 50 per cent Major economic decisions facing the junta concern the mammoth copper mines which provide 80 per cent of Chile's foreign income. The five big mines operated by United States companies were nationalized by Allende in 1971 following unanimous approval by Chile's congress. "This represented a con- sensus among all Admiral Ismael Huerta, the foreign minister, said last week. "They are not being returned." COMPENSATION POSSIBLE Allende refused to pay com- pensation to the companies- Anaconda Co., Kennecott Cop- per Corp. and Cerro Corp. He said they had earned mil- lion in "excess profits" since 1955, thus wiping out any pay- ment for their investments. In fact, he said, they owe Chile about million because their holdings were worth million. Junta officials say they are willing to reopen compensa- tion negotiations The mines produced only tons of copper last year Estimated production figures called for annual out- put of 1.2 million tons by the end of 1973. The' junta officially has ad- mitted to 503 persons killed during and after the coup, not including executions. There are unconfirmed re- ports of many more deaths About a dozen bodies have been found floating in the Mapocho River, which runs through Santiago. Three more bodies were found along a sub- urban roadside. A high-ranking army source acknowledged that the military is concerned about the formation of "death squads" among private in- dividuals who feel they have scores to settle with suspected leftists. Science Council posts delayed By JEFF CARRUTHERS Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA In future, the Science Council of Canada will not likely have any members from the federal public service The recent third and final report of the Lamontagne Special Senate Science Policy Committee recommended that the long time practice he abolished, primarily because it put senior federal bureaucrats in a conflict of in- terest situation in which they criticize the policies of government ministers. Now, Federal Science Minister Jeanne Sauve has revealed that she is delaying the appointments of the only four senior government bureaucrats to the Council because she says she thinks their membership would be "in conflict of interest." In an interview, Mrs. Sauve said she is aware of instances in which public servants have participated in preparing a Science Council report critical of their ministers. She said she is therefore "withholding" the nominations of the four associate members "for the time being." She said she in- tends to discuss the issue with Science Council Chairman Roger Gaudry within a few weeks. The appointments of the four associate members end- ed this summer and the Science Council has complain- ed about the government's delaying in filling them since In recent years, the associate memberships have been held by senior federal science bureaucrats. Affected by the delay are what had been expected to be the re-appointments of the memberships for L. J L'Heureux, chairman of the Defence Research Board; A. J Mooradian, vice-president of the Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., W. G. Schneider, president of the National Research Council; and R F Shaw, deputy minister of the environment department. P D. MacTaggart-Cowan, executive director of the Council, said the Council believes federal public ser- vants should continue to hold memberships, in part because the federal government does such a large percentage of' science in its own laboratories. At present, the full members of the council are made up of representatives from industry and the academic community. The Science Council is the government's public advisor on science. Wednesday, October 17, 1973 THE LETIHIHIDUC HCHALU Singing along Lome Daley (left) a leader with the Kitchener parks and recreation program for disabled children at a public school, strums his guitar as he and the children sing popular folk songs. Lome, a third-year recreation student at the University of Waterloo, was blinded in an in- dustrial accident. He is the first blind leader in the program. Sayelle acrylic makes it so easy! Carefree yarns that machine wash and dry! With the soft look and feel of wool in rich, vibrant colours. All are 100% acrylic except Knitting worsted skein a-White, Natural, Brn, Purple, Red, Lilac, Leaf Grn, Navy, Turq., Moss, Old Gold, Copen, Peach and Teal Baby yarn skein b-ln. White, Baby Blue, Baby Pink, Mint, Maize and Lilac. Polybagged. Sportsweight 1C 39 ;