Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRtDGE HERALD Wednesday, October 17, 1973 The threat mounts North Vietnamese politbureau member Le Due Tho may be able to bask a little in the glow of honor attendant upon the announcement of being named to share the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize; U.S. State Secretary Henry Kissinger, on the other hand, may feel his share in the prize is something of a mockery to him. Le Due Tho and his country are having a degree of respite from conflict; Henry Kissinger and the U.S. are in danger of being drawn into a much more threaten- ing war than the one that has just been concluded. The whole world now watches anxious- ly as the war in the Middle East expands. It is bad enough that the original com- batants on the Arab side have been join- ed by other Middle East and African countries but with the entry of both the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. as participants the situation has become ominous. For the time being the Big Powers are confining their activity to the supplying of military equipment to replace what has been lost in the war. If the war lasts much longer it seems almost inevitable that men will be committed as well as planes and tanks. The reationalization behind the supplying of arms applies to the committing of troops, namely, the need for replenishing what is destroyed. Should Russian and American forces enter combat in the Middle East it is dif- ficult to imagine the engagement would be confined to that region or that allies on both sides would be able to remain aloof. And then if conventional weapons should fail to provide the means for achieving victory the ultimate horror of nuclear warfare could be expected. It is a fearful prospect for mankind. The awarding of the peace prize to Henry Kissinger would have Seen an even greater mockery had it been based on his contribution to achieving detente between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. That much-vaunted accomplishment appears now to have had little substance. Un- doubtedly Mr. Kissinger is striving to find a way to put detante back on the track and thus pull the world back from the brink of diaster. Should he succeed, a grateful international community would be glad to have the Nobel Peace Prize committee change its nomination to Kissinger alone with a new citation to ac- company it. Good choice President Richard Nixon made a sur- prisingly wise selection when he picked Congressman Gerald Ford to be the new vice-president of the United States. In the past, the nominations which the president has sent to Capitol Hill have proven to be highly controversial. However, today's tension on the world scene, due to the Arab-Israeli conflict, and on the national scene, due to the un- resolved issues of Watergate, have com- bined to demand a non-controversial nomination. The entire world must have sighed with relief at the immediately ob- vious popularity of the president's choice. Ford's 25 years of service in the House of Representatives give the assurance of integrity, combined with government ex- perience, which is badly needed in the White House. They also bespeak limited political ambitions. This must be welcome to a nation which every day, of late, has seen evidences of the havoc that can be wrought by political ambitions. Reporters have complained that very little is known about Ford's private life. This too is reassuring, leading as it does to the conclusion that his life has been too conventional to provoke attention. Considering the fact that the new vice- president may become president during his term of office for natural or procedural causes, the ideal selection would have been a man who was also capable of offering inspiring leadership to a nation badly in want of such in- spiration. That choice was not available to Nixon in a non-controversial figure, nor would he likely have recognized the need. In lieu of this, Ford was the safe and popular choice and his name should have no trouble clearing both houses of Congress. The Republicans know him and trust him. The Democrats also know him and feared they would get someone worse, from their point of view. A special irony A sidelight of the current business and trading relationship between the U.S. and Russia involves the Occidental Petroleum Corporation. This company, along with El Paso Natural Gas Co. and Bechtel Corp., proposes to bring gas from East Siberia across the Pacific to the U.S. West Coast. It must be a special irony to Mon- tanans that Occidental's vice president, Tim Babcock, who has just returned from Moscow, is a former governor of the state of Montana who refused for many years to proclaim United Nations Day and who would have had the political hide off any opponent who even suggested the future possibility of doing business with Russia. Where he would once have spoken of such opponents as "enemies of democracy" he and his company now speak of the opponents of the U.S.-Russia trading relationship as "enemies of detente." Considering the fact that the former governor came into office as a political unknown with a reputedly bankrupt trucking firm and sold a part of his trucking interests five or six years later while still in office for more than million, one is inclined to feel sorry for the Russians. RUSSELL BAKER The old home town WASHINGTON "Hi there, folks, welcome to my home town, Washington, D.C. It's real good to bump into real folks once in a while like this. Seems like they just kind of been avoiding us here lately. "As long as you're here, might as well come on and stroll around a mite. It's kind of fun strolling in my home town, peeking in on the neighbors. They're right good folks, most of them, though no better than most. My Aunt Hepzibah she's from Morrisonville, Virginia, you know now she wouldn't come down here and walk around with me for all the "Excuse me, friend, but there's Billy. Hi Billy! Beautiful morning, ain't it? "Billy's the preacher here. I expect you guessed that, seeing the gospel in his hand. The reason he's hurrying on so like that is because he's headed over to see the quality folks who live in the big house with the big fence all around it. A heap of sadness in that great big house. A heap of sadness, friend. They need all the gospel they can lay hands on. Poor old Billy! Seems like there just isn't enough time in the day for providing all the gospel the quality folks need at times "See that fellow? That's Dick! How's it going, Dick? Keep the old chin off the floor, fellow! Ain't nobody of any consequence gone .0 the jug yet, Dick! "Poor old Dick! He's had a right hard time icre lately. Dick's a pretty big man in this own, and some people been making a fuss, .aying he knows more than he cares to let on ibout the break-in over the barber shop last summer a year ago. Seems like when you get up there in the big money people just enjoy .earing you down, don't it'? "Funny, though. I figured Billy d be going iver to see Dick, but the way Dick's going ic's got to be headed up to the hill. That trobably means Dick is going up to see Jerry, tecause that's where Jerry lives. Up on the lill. I bet Dick wants to ask Jerry once more o cross his heart and hope to die if he ever .ook any dirty money. "We had some talk here about some of the uality folk taking a little dirty money, you ee. Hey! See that fellow? That's 'ed. "You're looking great. Ted, they haven't aid a glove on you, fellow. Keep punching. "What a nice smile old Ted has! Isn't that iome smile, folks? Poor old Ted! He's got plenty of reason to feel glum, too, what with almost being jailed about the tax evasion and all. Fine way to treat a fellow, isn't it, for something everybody does. I wonder if Billy wasn't looking for Ted. Hey! Don't say anything, but get a load of these nine old fellows coming out of the drug store. "Know who they are? The town judges. Doesn't take much to guess what they were doing in that drugstore. "Having an ice-cream soda and arguing how to rule on Dick's big case. You see Dick's got some evidence in some crimes and he won't give it over to the police because, naturally, being quality folk, he says if you are the town quality, you don't give up any evidence you don't want to, if you follow me. "Isn't it wonderful, folks, being in a town where the judges even consider pushing the quality around? Oh! There's Herny. Henry, you old devil, overheard any good phone jokes lately? "You folks had a real treat, seeing Henry on his way to work what with Dick, and the judges, and old Ted, and Jerry, and Billy with not enough hours in the day to bring the gospel to everybody that needs it here. Henry is pretty much the fellow that runs the town. "See those wires he has in his ears, that's how he hooks into your telephone when you're trying to plan some devilment that'll have you calling for Billy later if you can't get Pat he used to be the police chief to throw the evidence in the river. "Oh! Oh! Cross the street! No questions, folks! There. He didn't even see us. That was old law 'n' order John. He went off to New York and got charged with taking bribes. Lots of people thought he let the town down when he got charged in New York. "Thinks he's too good to be charged in the old home a lot of people said. "My Aunt Hepzibah from Morrisonviiie, Virginia she says nobody here ought to be allowed to cross the town line without being looked up, but she's a real old-fashioned, you know, yokel, who "Folks! Where'd you get to, folks? I thought you were right there behind me Hey! Folks! Is that you? That cloud of dust heading for the outskirts of town? "Now, what did they want to go and run off for? Oh, well. Tourists. Hi, there, officer. A cop. What can he possibly know? What is he thinking? Whatever it is, I'll deny it. Flatly." The oil flow slows By Harry B. Ellis, Christian Science Monitor writer The Christian Science Monitor Borderline case Quebec's election skies misty By Rob Bull, Herald Quebec commentator MONTREAL With less than two weeks to go before the Quebec election Oct. 29, the Liberals are still coming on strong although Premier Robert Bourassa's party organizers have made some strange slips. The Parti Quebecois, which at present looks like coming in second, has been running a cool campaign presenting itself as a competent group of rational people with a solid base in many constituencies The Creditiste revival hour has taken off for the backwoods circuit with party leader Yvon Dupuis hurling fire and brimstone at all and sundry and quibbling with newsmen about attendance at his meetings. Reports of the demise of the Union Nationale seem premature. The Liberals do look solid. While unemployment has not gone down perceptibly since the government took over in April 1970, the Liberals have presided over a period of economic expansion Premier Robert Bourassa recites his regime's economic accomplishments like a litany at public meetings new job this year, lower in- terest rates on provincial bonds, new investment in Quebec, construction starts. The hospital and school systems have been overhauled, provincial taxes have not been raised in four years, there have been moves to protect the French language. But Mr. Bourassa's new fighting image has also ac- companied a side-step towards the right which is particularly notable where Quebec's labor organizations are concerned His outspoken attacks on un- ion leaders have even drawn comment from Labor Minister Jean Cournoyer, the man who will most often have to deal with these men when or if the election is won. Indeed while the Quebec unions had apparently lost much of their impetus towards common action after last year's general strike in the public service, the BERRY'S WORLD Premier's attacks may have helped to draw them closer together again. There have been silly things, too, like the launching by the Premier of a book on the James Bay program which Mr Bourassa portrays as an example of how the Liberals are working to strengthen the economy of Quebec. The premier apparently forgot that the case is still before the courts and thus he must face a possible contempt charge, an ironic position for the man who set himself up as the defender of law and order during October, 1970 and the 1972 general strike. But despite such minor mis- haps, the Premier has already convinced a reasonable number of Quebecers that his party's accomplishments have been worth while. The Liberals were the first party to nominate a full slate of 110 candidates. Liberal advertising is obvious on television and radio everywhere. The party has even purchased time on United States television programs picked up on this side of the border. The Parti Quebecois has also completed its slate and seems to be attracting more of its opponents' attention than any other party. Its can- didates are not the usual rag, tag and bobtail that separatist movements used to attract and include many well-known, middle-of-the road Quebecers. An independent Quebec is presented as a logical move for a mature people who have developed past the stage of the quiet revolution which brought the end to the old Duplessis regime. The Liberals have been arguing that separation from Canada would be an economic disaster. It was in response to this pressure, in part, that the PQ prepared a proto-budget of an independent Quebec. Based on the assumption that such separation would be achieved peacefully, party thinkers created a document which showed actuarial ex- pertise and logical thinking. While most of the adverse 1973 by NEA, Inc. "You're thinking of politics, honey. That was a not a 'KICKBA CK'l" criticism has come from the political opponents of the Parti Quebecois, most editorial writers here in both the English and the French press see it as a competent piece of work which cannot be easily dismissed. As for the rest of the PQ platform in this election, the party seems to be presenting itself as a group of liberal- minded people, not too different from those in the Liberal party with tendencies towards democratic socialism. The only major difference, they seem to say, is a belief in independence for the province. As for the Creditistes, it can be said that they obvious- ly have a response from that group of Quebecers who are upset with big schools, big hospitals, big government and big business. Mr. Dupuis claims he has made inroads in the big cities, however, and this is very hard to evaluate, as are his claims that he is interesting ah in- creasing number of English Quebecers. The Union Nationale is go- ing into the election as the of- ficial opposition. Already in serious disarray after a bitter leadership fight, it watched its supporters drift off to the Creditistes and the PQ in the 1970 election. Party leader Gabriel Loubier presided over the li- quidation of his party's assets and the creation of a massive political fund, a new program and the importation of new technical experts. The result, as he showed startled observers this month, was a well-thought-out, right- of-centre campaign platform presented with fire and dignity. Most of the party's effort to date is centred in the rural areas where the Union Nationale found a traditional base for its strength. Indications so far are that the party will survive to fight another election. None of the parties to date has brought up issues that seem of some interest to peo- ple in other parts of Canada. While the James Bay develop- ment has drawn editorial con- demnation from coast to coast, no political party here has opposed it in principle. No party has come up with any solution to the rising cost of living, none seems to have figured out how to reduce the rate of unemployment, the only change called for in municipal affairs is lower municipal taxes. __ To date, the reaction of most English-Quebecers to the election has been a yawn and the statement over a beer that maybe there's no point in voting this time, anyway. But the French press also reports a lack of interest in the vote among French- Canadians which it blames on a growing disenchantment with politics in general, a change in life-styles and a continual exposure through the electronic media to day- to-day political events. On the other hand, the lineups at electoral registra- tion offices indicate that several thousands of people are concerned enough to make the effort to get their name on the voters' list. It looks as if the politicians still have a lot of persuading to do before Oct. 29. WASHINGTON, D.C. "In three years Saudi Arabia may have greater financial reserves than the United States, Western Europe, and Japan combined." The speaker, a high U.S. of- ficial, was underlining the pivotal role played by King Faisal's desert realm in the monetary and energy future of the Western world. "In he said, "Saudi Arabia may earn billion in oil revenues, of which the Saudis can spend only 13 billion on internal development. At that rate, the ofticial went on, the Saudis by the end of this decade "may have ac- cumulated billion in becoming in a real sense the "bankers of the world." Saudi Arabia's supremely important role springs from the fact that only King Faisal's kingdom, among oil- producing nations, can expand production sufficiently to meet the world's burgeoning demand for crude. For months Washington and other allied capitals have urg- ed King Faisal to boost his country's daily production from the current 8.2 million barrels to 20 million barrels by 1980. The King signaled his reluc- tance to expand production, unless the United States cuts back its diplomatic and military support of Israel. Never, however, has the monarch spelled out his demands. Then, with the King's warn- ing hanging in the air, the latest Arab-Israel war broke out, subjecting King Faisal to heightened pressure from other Arab leaders to withhold Saudi oil from the United States. Already, the renewed fighting has begun to disrupt the flow of Arab oil to the West. Lebanon has closed its southern port of Sidon, which normally receives nearly 000 barrels of crude daily by pipeline from Saudi Arabia. The bulk of Saudi produc- tion, which moves by tanker from the Persian Gulf, is flowing normally About 56 per cent of Saudi oil goes to Europe, 29 per cent to Asia, six per cent to South America, six per cent to North America, and a little more than three per cent to Africa. Potentially ominous is a call by Kuwait for Arab oil ministers to convene in emergency session to discuss, as one source put it, "how to use oil in the battle" against Israel. In Washington, meanwhile, President Nixon launched a campaign to enlist the support of American citizens to reduce "anticipated energy demand by five per cent over the next year." The White House urged Americans to lower their home thermostats by four per cent this winter, thereby sav- ing "over barrels of oil per day, or enough to heat homes." The president ordered federal agencies to lower their winter temperature set- tings to 70-72 degrees, to eliminate unnecessary lighting, and buy and rent "more energy efficient vehicles" in short, smaller cars. Adopting Charles Schulz's character "Snoopy" as the symbol of a "Savensrgy" campaign, the White House pledged to distribute a broad range of energy-saving hints to the public, including teaching kits for use in school classrooms President Nixon appeared to be unaware of the real market situation, when to the astonishment of his ex- perts he warned the Arabs that "oil without a market doesn't do a country much good." Asked privately why the president had so warned the Arabs, a high-ranking U.S. of- ficial snapped: "Because he was advised by a fool." The president, the official added, had been "readvised." With each industrial nation scrambling to secure enough oil, declared a U.S. official, no agreement has yet been reached among the United States, Japan and European countries on how to share oil, in case the Arabs reduce supplies. Slimming to survive By Lucien Rajakaruna, London Observer writer COLOMBO There are no cakes and pastries for Sri Lanka (Ceylon) folk these days. Bakers are banned from making them. Hotels and canteens cannot serve even rice or bread on two days a week Rice is the key food. The island republic grows only half the amount of this staple diet its 13 million people eat, and with diminishing earnings of foreign exchange from its tea, rubber and coconut in- dustries, it can no longer af- ford to buy the rest abroad. So Mrs. Sirimavo Bafi- daranaike's United Front government is locked in a bat- tle to get the people to eat less rice, grow more of almost any food, and to save the country from bankruptcy. A measure of the effort may be seen from a decision to cut the people's weekly free ra- tion of two pounds of rice by half (income-tax payers will get none at and to abolish the additional two pounds rationed at a controlled price. The crisis has been creeping up on Sri Lanka for a long time, until it broke this year with crop failures at home and in the major rice-producing areas elsewhere in the world. To this was added a shrinking treasury, until a frightening point has been reached. The practice hitherto has been to get foreign consumer loans for buying food and to use export earnings to service the foreign debts. Loan sources are now drying up. Hence the government has been forced into a policy of restrictions on eating and buy- ing that successive governments have been dodg- ing for decades. The country is now virtually on a war footing. Emergency regulations have been promulgated to take over any' private land not being used to grow food. The plantation companies have been asked to allow some of their workers to help grow food. Two foreign com- panies the Ceylon Tobacco Company (a subsidiary of Imperial Tobacco) and Lever Brothers (a subsidiary of Unilever) have joined a scheme to grow and pop- ularize soya bean. All available land in foreign- owned tea plantations is being turned over to quick food crops. With the threat of takeover now staring them in the face many absentee landlords are hurriedly planting crops they never wanted to grow, and un- employed youth is being directed to farm work. Several thousand acres have been planted to yield tapioca and sweet potato. The people are being urged to eat yams which are plentiful in the countryside, and in city canteens rice-substitutes yams, tuber, maize, and millet will be served to of- fice and factory workers. On the very brink of dis- aster, therefore, there is a gleam of hope. If Sri Lanka has really put behind it the ship-to-mouth economy financed by foreign loans, and if all the new disciplines and incentives create and sustain a national will to become self' sufficient in food, then 1973 may still be a take-off year towards solvency. So they say Instead of asking four times what is available, the (city) agencies arc now asking dou- ble what we have available. I guess you would call this realistic A. Grossmar., New York City budget director The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St S Lethbndge. Alberta LfcTHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954 by Hon WA BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEOW MOWERS Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY CiIOr Associate Editor ROYMiLES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"