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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 10 LCTHBRIDQE HERALD Wednesday. October 1973 Neptune's larder aids food supply Oddities In the news Fine food Marine biologist William Van Heukelem illustrates how octopuses don't mind being handled, unlike most other fish. He says the creatures are prized as a fine food many parts of the worid. By PHYLLIS HAMES Christian Science Monitor HONOLULU, Hawaii Many people today are counting on the ocean to help supply the protein needed to feed the peoples of the world. This optimism is reasonable, since we are how catching for food only about 200 of the or more ex- isting species of fish. And there is hardly a sea animal that cannot be eaten after proper preparation. warns John E. Bar- dach, director of the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology at the University of Hawaii, "there is a possibility we could blow the whole thing as we did with the land. "As today's beef supplies depend on wheat and grain for livestock, so fish supplies de- pend in a large part on plant plankton and floating algae, known to most people as he said. "Right now, almost a fifth of all the algae in the sea is be- ing used up in feeding us every year, which indicates that the resources of the sea are far from limitless." Dr. Bardach feels we must remember, too, that a great quantity of fish that are caught are not utilized direct- ly but go into feed for land animals. "Not only the chicken in- dustry of the United States, Europe, and South Africa, but other animal-rearing schemes rely heavily on the small plankton feeding, schooling fishes of the upwelling areas of the sea. EATON'S Shop and Save on Royal Albert Patterns In China, Second Floor Featured pattern "American Beauty" Cups and Saucers Country Roses Each 2 Beauty Each Rose Each 21fi Plates, fifi .DO Plates, 7" A3 .00 Plates, 16 1 U Plates, 33 .00 Oatmeal Ifi i u Cake Plate Sandwich Tray Teapot fifi 1 Muqs animals with fishmeal is wasteful, since it lengthens the food chain by one more link. Only 15 per cent, at best, of the input reappears as meat that can be used." Marine scientists today also are worried about the con- tamination of the ocean from herbicides and radioactivity and garbage! They are con- cerned with the knowledge that although fish lay millions of eggs, most of the larvae that develop from those eggs die; and they are aware of the other signs of depletion and over-fishing. Unfortunately, because of some problems, such as finding economical feed, scientists cannot pick and choose which species they will study and cultivate first. Of the thousands of fish in the sea, the seafood that Americans like best, for ex- ample, are those that are car- nivores, rather than her- bivores, and are fish that have difficult expensive feeding habits. FOOD HABITS "In the developing countries, on the other hand, lack of protein is an ever in- creasing and traditional food habits are different. "What these countries must try to produce are the her- bivorous grazers of the sea, lakes, or rivers the animals that feed directly on plants and therefore are comparable to cows and according to Dr. Bardach. Experiments with sea animals, such as turtles and plant-eating fishes, are also being done at the Coconut Island laboratory, operated jointly by the University of Hawaii and the University of California, which Dr. Bardach also heads. One of the animals under study is the octopus. "Although North Americans don't like them as a rule, oc- topuses are prized as fine food in Mediterranean countries, Central America, South America, Pacific islands, Asia, and the says William F. Van .Heukelem, Jr., a marine biologist. ADVANTAGE "The octopus has many ad- vantages for controlled Mr. Van Heukelem feels. "It grows quickly from hatching to market size of one to three pounds in six months. They use their food very efficiently. On the average 50 per cent of in- gested food goes into growth. Most animals convert only 10 percent." The disadvantage in com- mercially raising octopuses, however, is the problem of food, since octopuses are car- nivorous. At present they are fed fresh or frozen fish or crustaceans. But with further research, scientists say, it should be possible to prepare a low cost diet from cheap in- gredients such as soy, fishmeal, shrimpmeal, and other materials plus an added flavor that is attractive to the sea animals, "At the present, the most important of our aqua and mariculture endeavors is the production of the giant prawn, which is sold commercially in Hawaiian fish said Dr. Bardach. PRAWN STUDY Tasty, freshwater prawns that grow as big as one pound each are being marketed right now as a result of the inten- sive prawn study conducted by the Hawaii Division of Fish and Game. Large, tender, and somewhat like the New England lobster in flavor, this cultured prawn is a luxury food, selling for about a pound live in the Tamashiro Market in Honolulu. And, because live prawns are very special among Orien- tal peoples, fish markets are usually sold out in about an hour, to people waiting in line. At the state division's Keehi Fishery Station in Honolulu, the Malaysian prawns are now being- grown by the hundreds of thousands: This is the only station in the world that has the technology and facility for raising freshwater prawns on a mass scale. "Aquaculture has various goals among which the replenishment of Neptune's larder for luxury consumption is just Dr. Bardach said. "The others conservation and the production of bait for much larger gain, as well as the production of sport fish for recreation. ST AUGUSTINE, Fla. (AP) The Speissegger brothers say their family never threw anything away, so when they closed their 100- year-old drugstore here it didn't take much to reopen it as a medical museum. Richard, 79, and Milton, 72, decided to sell the store to a tourist concern after fire damaged their home last year. It reopened Monday as the Authentic Old Drugstore, and the shelves still were stocked with 76 different kinds of cas- tor oil and an assortment of other remedies ranging from tooth soap to a veterinary medicine labelled "bad condi- tions." "That was what we sold when people didn't know what was wrong with an Milton explained. The bachelor brothers said the business was founded by their grandfather, who moved to Florida in 1869. The drugstore's shelves are jammed with a bewildering oyersupply of patent medi- cines that have long since dis- appeared from the market, including an 1875-vintage bot- tle of Shaker's Liniment. Richard said the small, two- storey building was always overstocked because "if you bought a big enough supply of one Kind of remedy, the dealer would throw in a big medicine cabinet." LEEDS, England (AP) The circus came to town and the brass band blared. "See the performing said the billboards. "See the death-defying Miss Cosmos, queen of the high wire." A city audience Cosmos. He asked why. The camel, he was told, was pregnant. Why no Miss Cosmos? "She's pregnant was the answer. Prosecutor Peter Pinfret told the story in court Mon- day. The four owners of the Cir- cus Ger- ald, Jeffrey, Russell and Pe- ter each fined on charges of mak- ing reckless and false state- ments in posters and pro- grams. They had pleaded not guilty. official was in the No no Miss says he is prepared to go to jail for Ticket, a kitten he rescued from underneath a car at a busy Miami intersec- tion. McConnell, an actor and producer at a local theatre, said he received a traffic ticket "for obstructing the street by impeding traffic to retrieve a cat." He said he was stopped fora traffic light when he noticed the cat underneath a car next to his. While McConnell was retrieving the kitten, the red light turned green. "It didn't matter to the offi- cer that I was trying to save an animal's McConnell said. "I told him I was going to fight the ticket in court where I hoped to find some- body with a heart." McConnell faces a fine if the ticket is upheld. Trade link confirmed TEL AVIV (AP) Archeologists have made two finds at op- posite ends of Israel revealing the existence of a farming community in the north and confirming trade links between Egypt and Canaan in the south. A house from about 3.500 BC was excavated in the occupied Golan Heights, containing a small house God made of basalt the first of its kind ever found in its original resting place. Other finds included storage jars, basalt bowls, mortars, pestles and agricultural tools. A jar fragment bearing the name of Naarrnar, Pharoah of the first Eyptian dynasty, was unearthed in the southern desert town of during ex- cavations of a palace com- plex. Scientists say the fragment confirms the existence of trade links between Egypt and Canaan, which had only been suspected since the discovery of Egyptian tools at the same site in 1962. FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla. (AP) Craig McConnell BULKY GENERAL The most massive living thing on earth is a tree in California railed the General Sherman. I! stands 272 feet high and weighs about 1.310 tons. CAN A CAR IMPROVE WITH A At long as quantities last. Fleer 1 Shop Eaton's to Thursday! Buy Line 328-8811 Recently, Road Test Magazine had this to say about Volvo: "Volvo is the type, of car that the longer you live with it, the more you respect it'.' While were flattered by such heady can't say we're terribly surprised. For you see, we've spent the last eleven years design- ing and refining things into it that take almost that long to fully savor. You'll probably sense the advantage of Volvo's 4-wheel disc brakes the first time you come to a panic stop. But it may take you ages, if ever, to appreciate our triangular-circuit braking supplies about 80% of braking power if one circuitshould ever fail._____________ And it may take a long trip with the family before you get the full taste of Volvo's interior. With orthopedically-designed bucket seats that adjust to the needs of your spine. With about as much legroom and trunk space as some of the largest luxury sedans made. And a ten-outlet heating system that SHORT STOP AUTO LTD., 538 warms the passengers in back without wilting the ones in front. Tuck into enough tight parking spaces, weave through enough frantic cities, and you'll revel in yet another Volvo virtue that seems to grow more virtuous with time. A turn ing circle actually as small as the Volkswagen Beetle's. Wait for a foggy freeway night and you'll gain a clearer understanding of why Volvo is surrounded by3800 square inches of glass. With no so- called opera windows to heighten the drama. And you'll probably have to travel over some of the worst roads imaginable to completely respect the integrity of Volvos body. A body welded in one piece -any of its thousands of spot welds strong enough to support its entire weight. What we now suggest is that you go to your nearest Volvo dealer and take a test drive. And if, after testing it, you nod your head approvingly, remember: You've had a mere taste of things to come. VOJLTLTO 6th St. 3., Lethbridge, 328-6586 ;