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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 17, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Tucldoy, 17, 1772 LtTHMIDSt MIALB W. A. S. Smith Prepare for UNICEF callei IJv A university n retrospect Tills article Is rcproilucpd from llic Odnlirr issue of University Affairs. Dr. Sam Smith was founding president of The University Lelb- rpHE COVEH of a recent is- sue of the Saturday Re- view advertises an article by Richard Poilier with the head- line, "Mailer at Odds W i t h Himself." Because I'm inter- ested in Norman Mailer and had been feeling somewhat at odds with myself of late I reaci the article. Assuming the valid- ity of Poilier's analysis, I con- cluded that although we might differ slightly in literary ac- complishment, 1 could at least claim kinship with Mailer in re- ipect to his propensity for dis- sent. In introducing this article the Saturday Review edilor put it this way: "Mailer seems to have a terror in accepting any accepted view of things is compelled to reject all ideas that are contaminated by com- mon acceptance; taking issue is essential to his creative strat- egy." 1 don't especially like Ihe no- tion that I do what I do just to be different. Yet as I begin to muse in this written and some- what public way albeit by re- quest _ about my experience as a university president, I do have to admit that the need lo be trying something different (one of our early plagiarized slogans at The University of Lethbridge) has been a part of my motivational makeup for a long time and may be too do- minant a part at that. I advise you to keep that in mind if you elect to read on because I sus- pect that it not only influenced what I did at Lethbridge but continues lo influence my ret- rospection about those experi- ences. Lest you assume that I have been engaged in a six month long duty-free meditation since leaving Lethhridge, let me quickly, if regreftully, point out that is not the case. As the pro- vost (director) of a very small and experimentally oriented campus of a system of private university campuses, I have been able to check some of my basic values in daily prac- tice. Even though'the scale is reduced. I have discovered that essentially llic- same manager- ial or leadership demands are present here on the Maunoolu Campus o! the United States In- ternational University on Maui as were present at Lethbridge. The major difference that I feel Ls the total absence of any buffer personnel between me ami the impact of my decisions. While conducive to effective learning, such immediate feed- back has not been altogether enjoyable; however, it has caused me to confirm some of my most cherished academic organizational values and to change my mind about others- In no particular order and without a major effort to achieve comprehensiveness, here are some of the values that I have reconfirmed, and some others about which 1 have changed my minci as a function of the experiences of the past six months. I believe even more strongly today In the exemplary mode of leadership than I did six months ago. Indeed, I begin to doubt tho validity of any other kind. In what lias become one of my favorite quotations, Hays and March put it this way. "The lack of honesty, loss of dignity, and weakness of passion in tlie university are in- separable from the parallel im- perfections of private encount- ers between people in class- rooms, in bars, in offices, and in beds. Tiie greatness of the university depends on the in- tegrity and beauty of the pri- vates lives within it." We have no magic for improv- "for hemen's suite, Charles'. Will rtop running around the houit like Burt ing the quality of private life in the university. That general subject has been, after all, a major focus for philosophers, psychologists, and other mis- sionaries for long enough to sug- gest that there is no simple pro- cedure. However, we should recognize a social perversion of intellect. We in the university arc often lured by the idle evil of great causes into callous- ness, distrust, hypocrisy, a n d indifference in our relations with people. We justify our pri- vate atrocities by our public virtue. That is a tragic confu- sion. The contributions to know- ledge we make as scholars; the contributions to learning we make as students and teachers; the contributions to justice we make as revolutionaries all of these are minor beside the contributions to the quality of life we make as relatives, friends, passing acquaintances, and lovers. We cannot ask others, for we cannot ask ourselves, to aban- don entirely the comforts and excitements of saving the world in order to help reconstruct the soul of a university by rebuild- ing ils private lives. But U we could, we would. I have had reconfirmed my conviction that the felicity of relationships among people in the organization is the most cri- tical ingredient for a success- ful operation. As Ihe old cliche has it, among men of good will, virtually any organizational model will work- (Without detracting from my reaffirmation of the impor- tance of tnist relationships, it also continues to be my convic- tion that for the organization of today and of the future, the most effective organizational and planning model is that de- scribed by Bennis as "the or- ganic adaptive model." In brief, such a model is characlerized by a concern for persons rather than production, rapidly chang- ing temporary internal organiz- ation and social grouping, a focus on the co-ordinating as against the directing functions of leadership and problem solv-' ing rather than production or- ientation. Tram-email Teleptiont System S TWX THE MISSING LINK BETWEEN YOU AND A COMPUTER? Out-of-town, dial "0" (Zero) and ask for Zemth 33000 (toll No obligation, of course. Most executives think of TWX as a dandy innova- missing link! Ask for a demonslration. In Edmon- tion lor written communications between offices, ton, phone 425-2110. In Calgary, phone 261-311l. Because it saves time and money and eliminates inr so many errors. But we'd like to remind you that TWX is also a great way to get on direct line with a computer. In fact, TWX is Ihe ideal data terminal since it operates on an 8 level code. You can use it to feed your important data directly into data processing equipment. You can retrieve information quickly, too. TWX allows you to interrogate the computer for instant status reports on things like accounts re- ceivable, inventory and payroll. You can cut transaction lime from days lo minutes. You can transmit data to a diflerent time zone, even though there is no attendant on duty there. And you can do all of this economically because TWX is a pay-as-you-use data communication network. Call today and find out more about TWX, tha ALBERTA GOVERNMENT TELEPHONES In tcrr.is of governance structure, my experiences of the last six months have under- scored my preference for the horizontal organizational chart. 1 have recently had contact with an organization in which there is a minimal sharing of authority and responsibility and I don't consider it healthy. I can certainly say without qual- ification that I would not be able to function happily in such an organization. This rep- resent.'; a change of heart for me, since at the end of my tour of duly in Lethbridge, I would have "opted for the bene- volent dictatorship type of gov- ernance structure. I was sick to death of the interminable ser- ies of committee meetings and longed for a less time con- suming way to make institution- al decisions. My fall from faith was brief however, and I now recognize afresh that time con- suming or no, there is no sub- stitute for genuine sharing of responsibilily, authority, and for full participation in decision making. The answer to the rhetorical question "Who is in charge which has been derisively addressed to universi- ties of late must be "Every- body is in charge to a certain extent." I see no contradiction at all between the strong, dyna- mic leadership stereotype and a committment to full participa- tion by all members of the or- ganization in its governance. In fact, I would argue that the truly strong leader will insist on a participatory approach to institutional governance. And that leads me to my favorite anc! virtually lifelong eternal verity, i.e., that llierc is no such thing as a human or- ganization that precludes the kind of full participation de- scribed above. I continue to be- lieve that the ultimate source of meaning in life is found in persons and that a concern for the person must, therefore, guide every act of organization- al leadership. One of the new aware- nesses that the last six months has provided concerns Ihe mat- ter of consensus- 1 think that one of the deficiencies in my leadership at Lethbridge was too strong a predileclion for consensus. As Haiian Cleve- land puts it in his recent book, The Future Executive, there is a real danger in the health of an organization in "premature consensus." I think I was so uncomfortable with tension caused by disagreement that I did at times push for consensus even when none existed and at the expense of a real coming to grips with issues. I now under- stand better the value of intsti- tutional tension which is based on real differences of opinion about issues. Although I have been homesick as heck with some regularity and f.o miss the ex- hilaration that comes from being involved with a compli- cated organization, I continue to believe in a limited term for university presidents. My im- modesl reasons remain those that I gave I declined to stand for re-appointment at Tile University of Lethbridge, i.e., there are greater risks in a good man staying too long in a place than in his premature de- parture. I think organizations get a real and useful boost when new leadership comes in. Moreover, 1 consider the ability to know when to quit a com- mendable and underrated lead- ership trait. In short, I know that my decision to step out was the right These are some of the things, that seem worth mentioning from a perspective of sis months away from the "shop." Obviously that is too short a per- iod of time to gain much per- spective. I know I will feel dif- ferently about many of thess matters a year from now. How- ever, if I had to select one ret- rospection to underscore it would be this: I had to go to Hawaii to discover at a person- al level what I had been preach- ing, advocating, and even im- plementing to a limited extent at I.ethhridge, i-e., that when you really do share responsibil- ity and authority the pressures ,-inrt frustrations of the leader- ship role can be shared as well. Too many university presidents, I suspect, delegate in name or word only, but continue to ex- perience the impossible pres- sures of trying to 'lie the entire institution. I think it is essential for in- dividual presidential sanity and institutional validity that we de- velop organizations in which everyone is literally in charge. The critical leadership skill of the president then becomes one of coordinntii'R that beautifully and clianpiug or- ganization thai, we call a uni- versity and doing so in a joyful way. of Canadian youngsters have found it can really be fun to help a less fortunate child. Armed with their bright orange UN1CEI-" boxes in one hand and their trick or treat bag in the other they start out Halloween night on their annual round of hand-outs, not just for themselves but for every underprivileged child in de- veloping countries. This is what UNICEK Is all about helping children. And in this 25lh anniver- sary year the emphasis remains the same. Since its establishment 25 years ago UNI- CEF has been deeply involved in improv- ing nutrition for children and mothers. In the early years priority was given to chil- dren in war-torn countries. By the mid- 1950s the Children's Fund together with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) began to devise more long-range solutions to the urgent problems of mal- nutrition in the developing world. Today UNICEF is waging a three-prong- ed attack against hunger through training, the development of special high-protein foods and the applied nutrition program, a grass-roots approach to the problem spe- cially geared to poorly educated rural vil- lages. It involves the mobilization of the entire community in a joint, self-help ef- fort to combat hunger and malnutrition. Vvhen it is thai in llic H takes to read this sentence twelve children will be born in developing countries and two of these will dio within the year, tho importance of UNICEF becomes apparent. Of the ten who live, six will get no mod- ern medical care during their childhood. An equal nuribcr will suffer from malnu- trition during the crucial weaning and tod- dler age with the possibility of irrevers- ible physical and mental damage. And dur- ing this period their chance of dying will 20 to 40 times higher than if they lived in Europe or North America. Only eight or nine will live to school age. Of these, four will never set foot in a classroom and only two will complete the elementary grades. The glim prediction for these 12 children sums up the global need. Their fate rep- resents the situation of three quarters all the world's children under 15 years of age over a billion children who live in developing countries. And for 25 years now, UNICEF has provided part of tha response of the conscience of the world to the enormous needs of its children. Prepare now for this Halloween by sav- ing your pennies and dimes and when that youngster calls at your door for a handout put a donation for UNICEF in liis brightly colored box. A wilderness tragedy By Fraser Hodgson I have been in a lot of hunting and fishing expeditions in my life, and have seen some signs of wildlife accidents dur- ing that time, Of course most were caused by hunters and fishermen, with a rifle, shotgun, or fishing rod. Quite a few ani- mals come to grief due to man's pollution of the countryside. How many stories have you heard about a deer with an old pail on its foot, a bear with a cut paw from rummaging in a garbage dump, or a lowly gopher trapped in a tin can? We stepped for lunch at a government picnic 'spot once, and while eating heard a scratching noise coining from a nearby garbage barrel. The last crew to empty it had left it partly on Its side over a log, and when we looked in there a skunk trying to get out. We sure backed off in a hurry, then wondered why there was no smell. I finally got enough nerve to push the barrel over with a long stick, and the skunk hurried away into the bush, with not one little whiff of his displeasure. Some- one thought he was a de-skunked runaway pet, but a coyote would have got him in no time without his defence. He was just glad to get out, and il he was mad at anybody it wasn't us. Practically all of the troubles wildlife has, are caused by man. Out where man just trespasses once in a while you see little scatterings of fur or feathers, or some skin and bones left by a predator after lunch. This is natures way of keeping her balance. It may look sort of brutal to some, but that's the only way it can be. When man interferes and tries to help nature for his own advantage, he just pushes the balance too far, and some branch of wild society has to suffer. A rabbit in the wild doesn't stick his head into something he can't get out of, but he often dies on a barb-wire fence. Wild ducks, geese, and chickens fly all over and seldom run into a tree branch or the side of a hill, but I've seen lots end their lives on a power line or telephone wire. And how many thousands of small birds have bashed Iheir lives away against a window? About the only accident I ever came across, that man had notlung to do was while on a fishing trip far up on tha Elk River in B.C. This river changes its course every spring during the runoff sea- son, and so undermines a lot of trees, drop- ping them in the water. In some places big jams of logs are collecled, and in oth- ers just a huge loce tree may almost bridga the stream. George and I got away by ourselves one day, and came to a spot where the high water had undercut a bank and tumbled a big tree into the river. The fast current had angled it downstream, but the otlrer end was still almost on the far bank. Wa got around the huge uplurned roots and started walking the big trunk like a two- plank sidewalk. Part way across I smelled something very rotten. There was a small gravel bar showing up ttirough the water, and on it was the partly decomposed body of a deer. H had small spike antlers, so it was probably last year's fawn. Then I noticed one hind leg caught on the log. We stopped a minute on the windward side and tried to reconstruct the tragedy. Was something chasing the deer to mako him run out on the log? Was he just play- ing around and fell off? Whatever happened, the water was high and swift at tlie time, and as one hind leg slipped oft it went under a branch, and the fast water swept him under the log and he couldn't fight his way back and so drowned. Tha leg being broken wouldn't help matters any, and if he bad gotten out he would not have lasted long anyway. Handicapped wild animals never survive. I suppose a mountain goat or sheep misses footing once in a while, and snow- slides and forest fires kill some in tha wilderness areas. A moose might wander into a muskeg deeper than it could handle, or a windfall tree might kill a passing an- imal sometimes, but these accidents would be very few because wildlife is always on Ihe alert. As I said it's when man moves nature around that wild tilings get into dif- ficulties. I'm sure the tragedy that Georga and I came across, was one of very few ever to happen in the wild. l _J Ms., Miss or Mrs. Which? "its." is becoming increasingly accepted as the salutation for women not only in business correspondence but when Grannie Is introduced to the new vicar. As every schoolboy knows, "Ms." replaces the ob- solete "Miss" and "Mrs." and frees the sex from the stigma of being identified as spinster or housewife. Very soon Ihe marital status of a woman will be completely undectable to the naked eye and ear. This represents a great leap forward for womankind, which likes noth- ing better than to be ambiguous. It also puts men fit a further disadvant- age in their struggle to achieve equality with women. Although all men are cabled "Mister" regardless of any past history of conjugality, women can tell at a glance whether a man is married. A husband has what women call "that married look." What are the symptoms of the married look in men is classified in- formation, among women, for (he excellent reason that if married men knew where it showed they would have it removed. Sur- gically, if need be. Without anesthetic. The married look probably has some con- nection with the definition of a husband as a lover in whom the nerve has been kill- ed. But how this numbing affects his pos- Uire. expression and tendency to fall down a lot is beyond the medical comjxMcnec of any male. It matte: s not a whit that he wears noth- ing on the third finger of his left hand. The ring in his nose is plainly visible to 93 ix-r cent of females, and is also avail- able in braille. In contrast, a man sees iiolliing in a woman to indicate whether the is married or dngle. His natural Impulse, which Hi times is overwhelming, is to assume that she is unattached. Unless she actually hits iiim while throwing tlie bridal bouquet, ho perceives no sign of her being a wife. Men have depended entirely on having a woman introduced to them as "Miss" What's-her-face, to establish her state of readiness. With this index replaced by "Ms." young Lochinvar suffers the equiva- lent of a lobotomy, a wicked nick in tho id. Tliis means that women will more and more take the initiative in creating a re- lationship with a man. Thai moment of hesitation, while he ponders the chances of being served a knuckle sandwich by a large and irate spouse, gives a woman time to hit Iiim from the blind side. And he will have no way of knowing, when the bartender tells him that the Ms. sitting nearby would like to buy him a drink, whether she is single, married, di- vorced, widowed or in drag. For their own protection men may have to develop some protective coloration, aside from the grey pallor of the married look, to indicate their reccptiveness or otherwise to such advances. In till1; regard the maidens of Polynesia used to wear a hibiscus blossom over ona ear if they were available virgins, over the other oar if already mated, and on top of the head if loo impaired to give a damn. married guys may have to lake a leaf from Eve's if we are to avoid being accosted by sexually aggressive women who have three childi'en checked in tiic cloakroom. us look to our defences, gentlemen. Otherwise, you will liberate all over us, (VaiiCouvfrProTinee features) ;