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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE lETHBRIDGE HERALD ~ Saturday, October 17, 1970 CJmrles Dunbar The Hospital Board The tension that has developed between the Lethbridge Municipal Hospital Board and the provincial department of health is unfortunate. However the board camiot be faulted for its impatience. Its responsibility is to provide the leadership for adequate hospital services, and the government's responsibility is to provide finances within the guidelines of a province-wide policy. The board is doing its job. Tlie health department is not. Granted, the government's funds are not unlimited. It must use its resources prudently. But so far as tlie provision of psychiatric beds in Lethbridge is concerned, this has been dragging on for many years and the government's record is one of studying and stalling, reviewing and stalling, appointing commissions and stalling. At some point decisions must be taken, and all of the available evidence indicates there is no alternative to the provision of psychiatric hospitalization facilities here. So the board is preparing to force the government's hand. It will have the nec-essaiy renovating done and send the government the bill. Party politics may be filtering into the dispute. One board member said recently that there was no hope of satisfactory action "from this government." It would be unfortunate if he is correct. But the department must appreciate that local boards are elected under provincial legislation to do just what this one is doing. If the department feels the Lethbridge board is incompetent or irresponsible it might suggest its resignation. Reclamation Chaii^ Needed It is obvious that the conflict between resource extraction and preservation of the environment wiU be a paramount public concern for aU time, and working out acceptable compromises will be a paramount public challenge for just as long. Compromises we say deliberately, for the public interest requires both extraction of the resources and preservation of the environment. How satisfactory the plans on the British Columbia side of the Crows-nest Pass are is still being vigorously debated. Kaiser Resources, the first of the major coal developers, has a comprehensive reclamation program, and it is far too soon to suggest lack of performance. As such developments go. Kaiser's image looks good. But in any case the public's interest is in the hands of the B.C. government. What of Alberta, with extens i v e coal stripping planned on this side of the border and with the prospect of other mineral development such as copper on the ecologically precarious eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains? It is from there, after all, that the water for the prairies' streams, reservoirs, cities and towns, industry and agriculture rises. Independent reclamation studies must be undertaken as soon as pos- sible in southern Alberta, and an excellent location for them would be the University of Lethbridge. But additional personnel would be required, and the university has no money for more faculty. If groups like Pollution Control-Southern Alberta and the Alberta Wilderness Association are sincere in their claims of wanting to help, they could fund a special U of L Reclamation Chair - as has been done at other universities in many different fields. The specific purpose of the scientist employed in the position would be reforestation and related research. The cost, perhaps $20,000 annually, seems high, but such a person could do immeasurably valuable services for this area in research work aimed at estabhshing workable reclamation methods (andresearch work not tied to either industrial bias or government electoral concern). Research funds in ample quantities would be almost immediately available from the National Research Council and several other sources. The time seems ripe for environment groups to look at what they- in addition to the coal industry-can do to discover the truth and necessary technology and make reforestation and reclamation work. Brandt In Trouble Chancellor Willy Brandt of West Germany is coming perilously close to a parliamentary crisis. His Social Democratic party, is heavily dependent on the support of the small Free Democratic membership which appears to be split within itself. Several of the Free Democrats have made known their intention of voting with the opposition Christian Democrats and Mr. Brandt can now count on a margin of only six votes in the Bundestag. Members of the Free Democrat party in Germany have shown their disapproval of Mr. Brandt's left-of-centre legislation by voting against the party in recent state elections. The former Free Democrat party chairman Mr. Erich Mende, says that the FDP is in a state of dissolution and will probably fail to win parliamentary representation in Bonn again. Forecasts of when the coalition is likely to collapse vary, but it could come as early as the middle of November. If it does, the blame will be attributed mainly to the Chan, cellor's poUcies of detente with Eastern Europe. Clearly all of the West German electorate are not in sympathy with his relaxed attitude towards the Warsaw Pact nations in spite of the tremendous economic advantages. Weekend Meditation Justice And Mercy JN London one may see at the same time against the sky the cross on the dome of St. Paul's and the figure of Justice above the Central Criminal Court in Old Bailey. Most take it that they are in antagonism, one symbolic of merciless justice and the other of a mercy unrelated to justice. This is not true. Justice is part of love and no one can love without a profound sense of justice. Mercy is not a sentimental forgiveness or blindness to wrong. Thi-ough the Bible, especially in the prophets, runs the cry for justice. Justinian defined justice as "the firm and continuous desire to render to everyone that which is liis due." The prophets reached a new plateau in religion when they declared that justice rather than sacrifice was desired by the Lord. Repeatedly in the Proverbs and the Psalms the cry for justice goes up like a deep moan from the earth. Nothing seemed more sinister and evil than tlie prostitution of justice. Without justice rulers became tyrants and ceased to protect society. No qualily was more to be desh-ed in a ruler than justice. When Solomon was able to solve the case of the true mother, people "stood in awe of the king, for they saw that the wisdom: of God was in him to reinder justice." The justice of the God of the Hebrews was different from the justice of the Greeks. With the Greeks justice is linked to necessity, to inevitable laws to which gods and men must conform. To the Hebrew justice was based on God's character, so Jeremiah links loving kindness justice, and righteousness, a most remarkable association, nowhere suggested in the world's literature. Thus justice is not passive or merely punishn'cnt but a redeeming, creative love. In the Heiirew mind Justice WL'nl l/ack to llic Covenant, Cud in His iiitinito morcy liad made a Covenant with Israel and in tlw Covenant mercy Nigeria: Six Years Without Politics T Af'OS - Six years, as Britain's former Premier Harold Wilson might have said, is a long time in politics. "It is an even longer time out of politics," might be the reply of those Nigerian politicians who can look fomard to this prospect, following the annoimce-ment by the Nigerian Head of State, General Yakubu Govvon, that his military governm e n t intends to stay in power till 1976. It is easy to see why the soldiers think they need a long time - General Gowon has now outlined in a major speech a program of essential steps that should precede the return of civilian politicians, including the formation of a new constitution, and it amounts to a formidable task. The stability of the country and justice are inseparable. The preface reads, "I am the Lord thy God which have brought thee up from the land of Egypt, up from the house of bondage." God being thus good and kind the commandment followed as a natui-al sequence in the justice of God. Such justice includes even the ox and ass and the very land itself. Laws were devised so that the poor as weU as the rich should have justice. Faber's hymn catches up this concept of mercy as an integral part of justice: "There's a wideness in God's mercy Like the wideness of the sea; There's a kindness in His justice That is more than liberty." Portia had this insight when she held that mercy "is enthroned in the heart ot kings. It is an attribute to God Himself; and earthly power doth then show likest God's When mercy seasons justice." Yet mercy has a distinct place and is altogether wonderful, soaring above justice. As one grows older and becomes more sensitive to sin, realizing increasingly the splendor of Jesus Christ, his own shortcomings, the evil he has put into life, the words and deeds now beyond recall, the forgiveness of God becomes overwhelming in its surprise, so undeseiwing is a man of such mercy. Here is the vei-y heart of the Gospel ("God News!") and here is its healing, cleansing, and redeeming power. Justice becomes the Gospel when God, after letting you know how false and wicked you are, so that Paul calls himself "the chief of sinners" receives you, finds a place even for you, sorriest of prodigals, in His house. Thi-j is a miracle beyond understanding and leaves a man on his knees "lost in wonder, love, and praise." Prayer: {) .Savioiii' F iiave nought to plearl. In earth berieatli or licaveii above. But ju-;t my own exceeding need, and Thy exceeding love.' .- F. S. M. while they see it through, however, will depend less on its objectives than on the actual success with which they manage affairs on the economic front and the extent to which they can make politics irrelevant-even temporarily - to the millions of low - income and no-mcome people in Nigeria. The military leaders must also hope that six years - making a total of 10 years of military rule from January, 1966- will be long enough for a new generation of political leaders to emerge. So far, most of the civilians who serve in the federal and state administrations are the men who were there before, the men who many regard as responsible for leaduig Nigeria mto the past five traumatic years - but some of them are old enough to be wonder i n g whether time will write off their hopes and ambitions by 1976. In his nine - point program. General Gowon fu-st listed the reorganization of the armed forces - "in order to increase their efficiency and their ability to maintain internal security and defend the country against external aggression." All this will take time and money, but it is, presumably logical for a military government to ensure the well being of the armed services - and, in any case, it is probably better and easier to stabilize the forces in the years ahead, rather than add to the unemployment problem by releasing into the labor market men acquainted with the ready use of firearms, but not always restrained by the highest standards of military discipluie. The political issues in the program are essentially more difficult. When the first Nigerian republic ended in 1966, there were four regions; now there are 12 states and mo final agreement that this is the optimum number. General Gowon has declared there will be no change in the next four years, so that the future may be contemplated mth some stable continuity, but the decision on the number of states will be a vital question to be settled before the country is exposed again to civilian elections. The present number has worked well enough in many ways, but there are still rivalries and difficulties, some of which were camouflaged by the war against breakaway Biafra. Indeed, some of the key inter - ethnic disputes were not among ,the is- "It isn't the buck-passing government I mind so much - It's the buck - keeping that bothers me!" Letters To The Editor Considerations Re: Elections On Peigan Reserve Since the elections on the Pei-gan Reserve are coming in November, 1970, I would very much like to discuss and bruig up my own opmions of certain things of which the Indian people should be aware. It is hoped that a worthwhile chief and council will be elected in the forthcoming election, one to promote the status of the reserve. Discussing the chief's position, I think he should have an average intelligence, a veiy good knowledge and experience of past events, A Tried Separation? I believe that Canada and Quebec should separate. The Province of Quebec lies both north and south of the St. Lawrence River. Quebec could keep the land north and Canada could retain the land south, which would give us the necessary link with the Maritimes. However, before the territory distribution is settled, a plebiscite should be taken to find how many Canadians want to slay Canadians and how many want to be French Quebecois. If many people feel that they can't be happy or satisfied unless they can "live" entirely with French language and culture, and if they are driven to such desperate deeds as kidnapping, bombing and destroying property, to prove their dis- satisfaction, then we should consider their demands. All citizens have contributed to the Seaway and development of Montreal, such as head offices, Expo site, etc., so this city should stay as part of Canada and probably any other islands in the river. This arrangement could be worked out if both sides are willing to make concessions and it would be better to settle peacefully, rather than have riots or civil war. After all, Sweden and Norway decided to separate reasonably, so why can't Canada and Quebec; even on a trial basis? FIRST GENERATION. Lethbridge. Think-Alike Minds By Don Oakley, NEA .Service TT'S generally accepted that what the world needs now is not only love h\it communication to help people toward a better understanding of each other. It depends, however, on whom you communicate with. Two psychologists from Hope College in Holland, Mich., conducted an experiment in which some 300 high school seniors were divided into low - prejudice, medium - prejudice and high - prejudice groups on tlie basis of a pre - experiment questionnaire about their attitudes on racial matters. As an example: "Some peop e recently have been saying that 'white racism' is basically responsible for conditions in which Negroes Jive in American cities. Others disagree. How do you leel?" Pies))ar.siJS wei-e raleil from plu:i-nine 'while i-aeisin' is responsible") through zero in the m i d d 1 8 to minus - nine " 'white racism' is not responsible"!. Other items were concerned with two-way school busing, federal vs. local conb-ol of desegregation, property rights vs. open housing, patience vs. activism as a strategy, etc. Each group, apart from the others, then held a discussion on the questions, after which the students marked down their final opinions on a new questionnaire. It was found that the gap between llie low - prejudice and high - prejudice groups was even greater after discussion than before. That is, discussion among people who shared similar attitudes reinforced and sharpened those attitudes. The trouble with the world is not that we don't comniuniciite with each othei' but that .^a much of our communicatiun is with people who already agree with us. I and a good knowledge of Indian culture. He should know how to speak the Blackfoot language. "And let's have a full-blood treaty Indian!" The councillors should have the same requirements as tlie chief. Another thing that I would like to see is young people-High School graduates - elected as councillors. The reason why I brought up this pomt is the senior members of the council have little education, and with one - third to one-half of the council being educated persons the council would function better, and there would be more justice done in the council. With the present day computerized world you certainly need education to survive. Educated persons will give a big boost to the council. Another problem,, and probably the most important, is that the coimcil's control over the reseiwe and Its people is unjust. We want a council who will give justice, not injustice. We need a council who will give newly - built houses to persons with 11 to 14 children in their families - families who now live in open air - conditioned houses. These families need new houses more than some councillors who already have good houses. Land opportunities on the reserve are very much like housing. I think that the average true treaty Indian who is being pushed intr a corner of tlie reserve, thus forming a ghetto or slum region - and given welfare and sweet talk, has the very same right to own land as the greedy person who has had a land script conti-ol of a large portion of the land to which he has no real right. We want a council that will give land to families in need of land, instead of giving it by favor lo their friends - often a person who has no right at all in having land or being on the reserve. Job opportunities in the Indian Office are often misused, and the procedure in appointing the person to the job is utterly ridiculous. The chief and council appoint qualified people to interview I lie applicants, and afi:er the interview the applicants are recommended, but the chief and councillors only ap- point their relatives or their friends to the position. Often thfi appomted person, with only a grade 8 or 9 education, has hardly the proper qualifications. We want more justice done in the Indian office. These are some of the more important thuigs that I would like to see done by, the people of the reserve for the betterment of their own reserve. I would certainly like to see a worthwhile council elected - a council that would meet soberly to deal with our problems while in session; a council who will try to do its best for the betterment and improvement of the reseiwe. We need a council that will be just and fair in giving out jobs and lands to qualified persons who are m need so that they will not have to accept welfare. We want councillors who will not have two or thi-ee jobs at once. I hope that the people of the reserve will consider carefully the leaders that they elect in November. CONRAD LITTLE LEAF. Pincher Creek. sues the war was about. Ibos from the new East Central State, which includes the main Ibo heartland, are retui-n-ing to the North and Lagos. There are still uncertamties - about their reintegration in the Civil Service, for instance - but the federal military government's s t a n d on the matter is unequivocal and General Gowon has reiterated it: "Every Nigerian must be free to settle and work wherever he chooses to reside, irrespective of his ethnic origui." Now that the war is over, the old, unsolved rivalries surface again. Ibos are least welcome in the minority ai'ea tliey once governed in the old Eastern region - places that were once, even if reluctantly, part of Biafra when the secess ion first took place. The major oil port. Port Har-court, now in the Rivers State, presents particular problems for the oil companies anxious to try to re - absorb some of their former Ibo personnel, while the new Rivers administrat i o n sees an opportunity for Rivers people to be trained to replace them. In the cooler (because more distant) view of Lagos, there is even talk of solving this issue by making Port Har-court, like Lagos itself, a federal territory. Agam, the rivalries of the Yo-ruba divisions in t h e Western State continues unabated and, though political parties are banned, it is generally believed a widespread underground political network in the West was one of the things General Govvon had in mmd when he declared in his speech, "If we were to return to partisan politics before the country consolidates its unity and national purpose, we would be going back to the old days of permanent crisis and mutual blackmail. I wish now to remind the nation that the old political pai-ties were dissolved by decree in 1966. When the time comes, brand new parties founded on the widest possible national basis will arise." This may be a somewhat optimistic hope but the reminder to any politician who might be impatient is unequivocal. In the meantime, many observers in Lagos believe that the divisions of the West will not be resolved till they are recognized and the area is divided again into two or perhaps three smaller states. On the constitutional front, General Gowon's administration will set up a panel to produce a draft from which a constituent assembly representing all the states will conclude the final document. The impression at the moment is that the mili-tai-y government will itself dominate this assembly, but some kind of representative selection may be evolved. General Gowon linked with the Constitution the vital question of allocation of revenues, which is to be considered by a fiscal commission. With some of the states potentially oil - rich on a vast scale, the distribution of mineral royalties is a pre-Biafra bone of contention that has still to be removed though it seems inevitable that somehow the whole country will have to benefit from its riches. Stability otherwise will be difficult. A new census will replace the count which helped in 1963 to sow the seeds of discord which harvested such a bitter crop in Nigeria. And when all that is said and done, the organization of elected governments seems a deceptively simple final step. If, however, there i:^ not a steady march towards the restoration of an elected government, accompanied by the ability to conquer the economic difficulties, the military government may find the politicians knocking - sm-reptitiously at first perhaps -on the door long before the proposed six years have passed. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 - Tlie mi'ning town of CkialJiurst is experiencmg a builduig boom with the addition of a new bank, school, Oddfellows HaU and a new butcher shcp. mn - The barbers of Spar-t.a, Michigan, have agreed to cut hair for wheat. For one bushel of wheat any famer living in die vicinity can obtain an artistic haircut. Wheat is selling there for 67 cents a bushel and a haircut is 40 cents. 1040 -� German losses at Cherbourg as a result of RAF raids aa-e estimated at 40,000 to 50,000 and reports reachmg Madrid state that every hospital from Belgium to Spain has been requisitioned. 1950 - Work has commenced on the histallation of traffic lights at the 4tli Ave. and 7th St. intersection. An overhead light will also be placed at 6th Ave. and 13th St. S". Iflfio - One of the most ne-cessai7 items at the current auto show being held in Chicago is a program. One man says only small boys and manufacturers can tell the models apart at fh-st glance. TIte Lethbndge Herald 504 7th St. S, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 - 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No 00)2 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWEfJS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager jOE BAI.LA WILLIAM HAV Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K, WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pago Editor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;