Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
Quebec Mess Well In Hand - Trudeau By STUART LAKE OTTAWA (CP) - Prime Minister Trudeau assured Canadians Friday night in a nationwide television and radio broadcast that authorities have the Quebec situation "well in hand." "Everything that needs to be done is being done; every level of government in this country is well prepared to act in your interests," the prime minister said in a special broadcast carried' by the CBC. Conservative Leader Robert Stanfield and NDP leader T. C. Douglas also were given time by the CBC to give their views of the government decision to proclaim the War Measures Act to deal with the terroristic activities in Quebec of the FLQ. The government earlier declared the terrorist organization an illegal one. Jail sentences of up to five years can be imposed on its members and those who aid them. All three leaders stuck close to statements made earlier in the day in the Commons. All delivered their speeches in measured tones with little of the rhetoric used' in the Commons. Mr. Trudeau's speech was taped earlier in the day, apparently in his office in the East Block of the Parliament Buildings. Mr. Stanfield and Mr. Douglas spoke from Ottawa studios of the CBC. Mr. Stanfield said Canadians are entitled to the fullest possible information on persons detained under the War Measures Act. No Alternative Proclamation of the act carried the risk of worsening the climate of violence, said Mr. Stanfield. But he added that "it may have been a decision for which there was no alternative." Mr. Douglas expressed strong reservations about the government assuming such powers for the first time in peacetime. He said the extra police powers sought by police to deal with the kidnappers of British Trade Commissioner James Cross and Quebec Labor Minister Pierre La-parte could have been granted by Parliament in a special piece of legislation. Mr. Trudeau, appearing worn after the events of Friday which started with the proclamation at 4 a.m. EDT, said the FLQ had embarked on its course of bombings and kidnappings to destroy the Canadian society and divide the country. "The result of their acts will be a stronger society in a unified country," he said. "Those who would have divided us will have united us." The FLQ was demanding the return of convicted murderers, of persons found guilty of manslaughter, bombings and armed robberies. Mislead People To give in to the demands of the FLQ would be "an abdication of responsibility" by the federal government. It would also lead to an increase in terrorist activities in Quebec and would be an invitation to terrorism and kidnapping across the country. The powers given police to search and arrest without warrant, to detain suspected persons without laying charges immediately and to detain persons without bail he found distasteful. But they were necessary to deal with the terrorists. He repeated his promise to revoke the powers as soon as possible. Mr. Stanfield said he agreed that the government must have the necessary power to deal with "this small group of ruthless men." He was aware too that there would be "immediate and widespread acceptance" of the government decisions to proclaim the War Measures Act. Will Ask Questions He said his party could afford to raise questions about the government's decisions and put forward1 objections because while the debate was going on, the government had its emergency powers. The decision to proclaim the act was a g r a v e one since it risked "the polarization of Canadians and could worsen the climate of violence." While the decision may have been inevitable, it was a dangerous course and Canadians should be aware of what was at stake. The War Measures Act and 3s regulations "could be turned into an instrument of oppression" and there was a need for vigilance to see this didn't happen. Mr. Douglas said his party had carefully avoided raising any provocative questions about the kidnappings for the last 12 days. It also supported the government in not giving in to the demands of the FLQ. Opinions Differ But now it had a serious difference of opinion with the government in enacting wartime measures to deal with (lie Quebec terrorists. The government should have, come to Parliament with a request for additional police powers; a separate piece of legislation could' have been handled quickly. There also were powers in the Criminal Code the government declined to use to deal with the situation. "We're not going to defend democracy by having the government refuse to use the democratic means at band," he said. "If we want to show that democracy is more powerful than violence, we must use democratic means." Quebec List Grows MONTREAL (CP) - Prominent members of Quebec labor, separatist and civic groups were among about 250 persons reported Friday being detained by police in their investigation of kidnappings by the Front de Liberation du Quebec. Provincial police confirmed that Michel Chartrand, fiery president of the Montreal central council of the Confederation of National Trade Unions, and two avowed members of the FLQ were in custody. Chartrand, and separatists Pierre Vallieres and Charles Gagnon, both free on bail in connection with charges arising from terrorist activities, were picked up in day-long raids that followed the invocation of the War Measures Act early Friday morning. Armed with special powers resulting from the federal government move, police also detained lawyer Robert Lemieux, negotiator for the FLQ in dis-cusion with the government over the release of terrorists hostages, British diplomat James Cros and Quebec Labor Minister Pierre Laporte. Rene Levesque, leader of the separatist Parti Quebecois, said 36 members of his party outside Montreal had been arrested. CNTU RELEASES NAMES The CNTU issued a list of persons it said were being detained: -Florent Audette, director of the Montreal Construction Workers' Union, and one of his chief organizers, Leo Vaillette. -CNTU officials Pierre Mer-cille, Marcil St. Pierre, Alonzo Leblanc and Mrs. Leblanc. -Arthur Young and Peny Simpson, members of the Socialist Workers League. -Jean Roy, a council candidate in the Oct. 25 municipal election representing the Front d'Action Politique, a left-leaning party composed of labor and citizens' groups. -Louis Beaulieu, member of the St. Henri Workers' Committee, a community action group. -Charles Prevost, secretary of the Union of Montreal Professors and a profesor at the University of Montreal. -Gerard Miron, a reporter for Quebec Presse, a union-orientated Sunday newspaper. Police earlier confirmed the detention of Pauline Julien, a French-Canadian singer who once refused to sing for the Queen during a royal tour in 1964. Mrs. Andree Feretti, militant leader of the separatist Front de Liberation Populaire, was also being held, they said. Police also arested Arthur Vachon, a former member of the QPP anti-subversive squad fired for attempting to organize a union within the force. Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN "DEPARTING Herald staff-er Peggy Hornsby in a farewell to co-workers inviting all to "drop in for a cup of tea" in her new home in B.C., then neglecting to mention where it will be . . . Casual baseball pool participant Bill Mlchell "despised" by friends after he won the pot in three of four games without even enough interest to know the final scores . . . House Holds Rare Session To Debate Drastic Action Marchand: FLQ Could Blow Up Montreal OTTAWA (CP) - The government's unprecedented invoking of the War Measures Act against Quebec terrorists took the Commons today into a rare Saturday session to debate the drastic step. As police raids swept Quebec Friday netting 255 persons in the wake of unleashed broad arbitrary powers that outlawed the Front de Liberation du Quebec, cabinet ministers sought to reassure a troubled Commons. WAR MEASURES ACT, ER, INVOKED - I n Ottawa but not all eyes were on headlines. Largest Plane Burns MARIETTA. Ga. (AP) - A C-5 Galaxy transport, the world's largest airplane, exploded and burned on the flight line at the Lockheed-Georgia Co. today, killing one Lockheed employee and injuring another, officials said. Doug Wheeler. Locheed's deputy program manager for the aircraft, said preliminary investigation indicated that three explosions rocked the $50 million aircraft. The rear end of the fuselage was destroyed. The plane's 248-foot length, 223-foot wingspread and six-storey height would crowd a football stadium. It is designed to carry an army division's largest weapons into combat. Ike Leaves .8 Million 'O.K. Stand at ease!' GETTYSBURG, Pa. (AP) - The late president Dwight D. Eisenhower left an estate totalling $2,870,004.90, a Pennsylvania inheritance tax return filed Friday discloses. The former president and general died March 28, 1969. Tangible property worth $211,894, consisting largely of cattle, farm equio-ment, home and office furniture, were left to his widow, Mamie. The remainder of the estate will go into trust for her and his son John, U.S. ambassador to Belgium. Canada's Population Clock Ticks Off 21.5 Million LEAVES FOR UN JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) - Foreign Minister Adam Malik flew to New York to attend the 25th anniversary session of the UN General Assembly. He will return to Jakarta Oct. 24, a foreign office spokesman said Saturday. OTTAWA (CP) - Canada's population reached 21.5 million just after 4 a.m. Friday, the Dominion Bureau of Statistics reported. Figures on the population clocks that stand in the foyer of the DBS building reached 21,499,999 at 4 a.m. The figure rounded out at 21.5 million 98 seconds later. The last half million increase took 19 months and nine days, DBS said. The figure of 21 million was reached at 12:14 a.m. March 8, 1969. Twenty million was recorded May 19, 1966. The population clock records population changes automatically based on the rate of change over each quarter of the year. The base figures currently in use are: One birth every one minute, 23 seconds; one immigrant every three minutes, 16 seconds; one death every three minutes, 21 seconds; and one emigrant every nine minutes, 23 seconds. The net growth rate is one every 98 seconds. British, U.S. Editorial Comment DEPLORE STEP Conservatives and the NDP joined in deploring the steo as overkill hazardous to civil liberties despite an admitted threat to Canadian security. But the government drew Creditiste support. "We know there is an organization which has thousands of guns and rifles and machine guns in its hands, bombs and enough dynamite, at least 2,000 pounds, to blow up the heart of Montreal," declared Economic Expansion Minister Jean Marchand. Prime Minister Trudeau's chief Quebec lieutenant said FLQ membership might number up to 3,000, some of which have infiltrated important Quebec institutions, including top posts. Justice Minister John. Turner referred to the still-unsolved FLQ kidnappings of British diplomat James Cross and Pierre Laporte, Quebec labor minister -the terrorist acts precipitating the first peacetime use of the War Measures Act. The FLQ sought to become "totalitarian master in Quebec and maybe farther than that," he said. USE BOMBS, MURDER Prime Minister Trudeau, defending government policy in the Commons and later nationally via television, said Quebec revolutionaries use bombing, murder and kidnappingin trying to tumble the social order. Opposition Leader Robert Stanfield and NDP Leader T. C. Douglas said they had been consulted in advance but withheld approval. Mr. Stanfield said it might have been wiser to employ a less drastic measure in the government's bid to smoke out the kidnappers and their FLQ colleagues. Creditiste Leader Real Caouette, however, said the two other leaders were playing politics. All three spoke after Mr. Trudeau's statement in the Commons and later on television. Mr. Douglas said the day would go down in Canadian history as "the black Friday of civil liberties," The government had not even used the powers it had under the Criminal Code of Canada to deal with the FLQ, and if it did need more it should come to Parliament for emergency legislation. Under the federal action, a Canadian could receive a five-year jail term for belonging to the FLQ or any successor group, for attending an FLQ meeting or assisting an FLQ member in any way. Mr. Trudeau said Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa and Mayor Jean Drapeau of Montreal had informed him the extraordinary powers were needed to meet the threat of an "apprehended insurrection." The prime minister introduced a motion seeking Commons approval for the government action on the understanding that the powers would be revoked by April 30,1971, unless the House granted an extension. The debate continued until 10 p.m. Friday. There will be a vote on the motion Monday. In an impassioned speech, Mr. Marchand said that in Quebec now "there is no more freedom, people no longer wish to go out, they are afraid." He said FLQ members could cause irreparable damage to the Quebec and federal states and the city of Montreal. While certain aspects of the crackdown measures were "odious," critics of the government did not know the true situation. "Those who are well protected behind the Rockies or even in the centre of Toronto don't know what is happening in Quebec right now." Quebec Plot Bared -Secret Report TORONTO (CP) - The Telegram says the government invoked the War Measures Act Friday because of a secret Montreal police report outlining plans for increased activity by the Front de Liberation du Quebec. In an Ottawa dispatch, the newspaper says simultaneous dynamiting of many public buildings by remote control, further kidnappings and assassinations were mentioned in the report and that the plans were barely forestalled by the gov-ernment's emergency measures. The story says the plot was discovered when Montreal and Quebec provincial police broke a code used by the FLQ to transmit instructions during French-language CBC radio newscasts in the last two weeks. The newspaper says the government decided not to publish the police report because many of its allegations could not be proved. Some remote-control bombs have been discovered in position to be exploded, the story says. Trudeau Praised For Bold Action Soldier Shot Accidentally By THE CANADIAN PRESS Newspapers on both sides of the Atlantic came out today with editorials favoring Prime Minister Trudeau's proclamation of the War Measures Act in order to deal with terrorist elements on the Front de Liberation du Quebec. ,Tlie New York Daily News and the Miami Herald both anticipate editorially the protests of "bleeding heart" liberals, but added such stern measures offered society's only protection against terrorist elements. The London Daily .Telegraph says the government is doing "its plain duty" in sending in the troops and Trudeau "deserves high praise for the stand he has taken right from the start of the affair." The Guardian says the government's action means Trudeau is, "in effect taking hostages too." The newspaper says that "even the stupidest French-speaking Canadian terrorist" must realize the government can take many more hostages than they can. The Herald comments that many persons who had Trudeau "tabbed as a political dilletante by day and a. playboy by night" underestimated their man. "Canada will survive a brief suspension of its civil liberties," says the newspaper. Following are expanded editorial comments of major newspapers: New York Daily News: Canada's Prime Minister Pierre-Elliot Trudeau got really tough yesterday (Friday)-'and rightly so in our opinion. . . . Canada has a sabre-toothed law called the War Emergencies Act. . . . Trudeau invoked this law yesterday, then sent police and troops roaring through Quebec to pick up suspected terrorists. ... No doubt there will be screams of rage over Trudeau's vigorous moves from Canadian bleeding hearts, U.S. "liberals" et al. Along with the screams, permit us to suggest that the screamers should offer a workable substitute to Trudeau's course of action. The New York Times: The viability of a united Canada could well hinge on the outcome of the prime minister's dramatic intervention into Quebec'* affairs. , . . Understandably he feels mat, if the Front won capitulation to its blackmail demands as the price of saving its two prisoners, it would secure a prestige and status rivalling the Quebec regime itself. Mr. Trudeau's fears cannot have been lessened by the wavering attitude of the Quebec provincial government, whose willingness to make concessions and to negotiate has enhanced terrorist standing. Mr. Trudeau . . . himself has acknowledged that his government may be falling into a trap set by the Front. The separatists may well want t o provoke extremely repressive measures as a means of radicalizing and winning over more moderate Freoch-Canadi ana. . OTTAWA (CP) - An accidentally self-inflicted wound early today killed a soldier. Reginald L. Perridou, in liis late 30s, a bombardier from the 2nd Royal Canadian Horse Artillery based in Petawawa, be- came entangled in equipment early today and was shot in the head by his own sub machine-gun. He died later in hospital. A defence spokesman said the man was taking over guard duty at the home of Finance Minister Edgar Benson.