Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
Quebec Mess Well In Hand - Trudeau By STUART LAKE OTTAWA (CP) - Prime Ministw Trudeau assured Canadians Friday night in a nationwide television and radio broadcast tliat authorities have the Quebec situation "well in baaid." "Everything that needs bo be done is bdng done; every level of government in this country is weU prepared to act in your interests," the prime minister said in a special broadcast earned' by the CBC. Conservative Leader Robert Stanfield and NDP leader T. C. Douglas also were given time by the CBC to give their views of the government decision to proclaim the War Measures Act to deai with tlie tei--roristic activities in Quebec of the FLQ. The government earlier declared the terrorist organization an illegal one. Jail sentences of up to five years can be imposed on its members and those who aid them. All three leaders stuck close to statements made earlier in the day in the Commons. All delivered their speeches in measured tones with little of the rhetoric used' ia the Commons. Mr. Trudeau's speech was taped earlier in the day, apparently in his office in the East Block of the Parliament Buildings. Mr. Stanfield and Mr. Douglas spoke from Ottawa studios of the CBC. Mr. Stanfield said Canadians are entitled to the fullest possible information on persons detained under the War Jleasui-es Act. No Alternative Proclamation of the act caiTied the risk of worsening the climate of violence, said Mr. Stanfield. But he added that "it may have been a decision for wMch there was no alternative." Mr. Douglas expressed strong reservations about the government assuming such powers for the first time in peacetime. He said the extra police powers sought by police to deal with the kidnappers of British Trade Commission-esr James Cross and Quebec Labor Minister Pierre La-porte could have been granted by Parliament in a special piece of legislation. Mr. Trudeaiu, appearing worn after the events of Friday which started with the proclamation at 4 a.m. EDT, said the FLQ had embarked on its course of bombings and kidnappings to destroy the Canadian society and divide the country. "The result of their acts will be a stronger society in a unified country," he said. "Those who would have divided us will have united us." The FLQ was demanding the return of convicted murderers, of persons found guilty of manslaughter, bombm^ and anned robberies. Mislead People To ^ve to to the demands of the FLQ would be "an abdication of responsibility" by the federal government. It would also lead to an increase in terrorist activities in Quebec and would be an invitation to terrorism and kictaapping across the country. The powers given police to search and arrest without warrant, to detain suspected persons without laying charges immediately and to detain persons without bail he found distasteful. But they were necessary to deal -with the terrorists. He repeated his promise to revoke the powers as soon as possible. Mr. Stanfield sadd he agreed that the government must have the necessary power to deal vrith "this small group of ruthless men." He was aware too that there would be "immediate and widespread acceptance" of the government decisions to proclaim the War Measures Act. Will Ask Questions He said his party could afford to raise questions about the government's decisions and put forward' objections because while the debate was going on, the govermnent had its emergency powers. The decision to proclaim the act was a g r a v e one since it risked "the polarization of Canadians and could worsei\ the climate of violence." While the decision may have been inevitable, it was fl dangerous com-se and Canadians should be aware of what was at stake. The Wai" Measures Act anrf 3s regulations "couW be turned into an insirument of oppression" and there was a need for \Tgilaince to see this didn't happen. Ml". Douglas said Ws party had carefully avoided raising any pwocative questions about the kidnappings tor the last 12 days. It also supported the government in not giving in to the demands of the FLQ. Opinions Differ But now it liad a serious diffei-ence of opinion flith tlie government iji enactuig wmlime measui-es to deal with Uie Queiiec teaTorisUs. Tlie government sliould ha^-e come to Parliament with a request for additional police powers; a separate piece of legislation could have been handled quickly. There also were powers in the Criminal Code the government declined to use to deal wdth the situation. "We're not going to defend democracy by having the government refuse to use the democratic means at hand," he said. "If we want to show tlwt demoa"ac7 is more powerful than violence, we must use democratic means." Quebec Houso Holds Rare Session List Grows Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN "QBPARTING Herald staffer Peggy Hornsby in a farewell to co-v/orkei's inviting all to "drop in for a cup of tea" in her new home in B.C., then neglecting to mention where it will be . . . Casual baseball pool participant BiU Michell "despised" by friends after he won the pot in three of four games without even enougli interest to know the final scores . . . To Debate Drastic Action MONTREAL (CP) - Prominent members of Quebec labor, separatist and civic groups were among about 250 persons reported Friday being detained by police in their investigation of kidnappings by the Front de Liberation du Quebec. Provincial police confirmed that Michel Chartrand, fiery president of tlie Montreal cen-ti-al council of the Confederaition of National Trade Unions, and two avowed members of the FLQ were in custody. Chartrand, and separatists Pierre Vallieres and Charles Gagnon, both free on bail in connection with charges arising from terrorist activities, were picked up in day-long raids that followed the invocation of the War Measures Act early Friday morning. Armed with special powers resulting from the federal government move, police also detained lawyer Robert Lemieux, negotiator for the FLQ in dis-cusion with the government over the release of terrorists hostages, British diplomat James Cros and Quebec Labor Minister Pierre Laporte. Rene Levesque, eader of tlie separatist Parti Quebecois, said 36 members of his party outside Montreal had been airested. CNTU RELEASES NAMES The CNTU issued a list of persons it said were being detained: -Florent Audette, director of the Montreal Construction Workers' Union, and one of his chief organizers, Leo Vaillette. -CNTU officials Pierre Mer-cille, Marcil St. Pierre, Alonzo Leblanc and Mrs. Leblanc. -Arthur Young and Peny Simpson, members of the Socialist Workers League. -Jean Roy, a council candidate in the Oct. 25 municipal election representing the Front d'Action PoEtique, a left-leaning party composed of labor and citizens' groups. -Louis Beaulieu, member of the St. Henri Workers' Committee, a community action group. -Charles Prevost, secretary of the Union of Montreal Professors and a profesor at the University of Montreal. -Gerard Miron, a reporter for Quebec Presse, a umon-or-ientated Sunday newspaper. Police earlier confirmed the detention of Pauline Julien, a French-Canadian singer who once refused to sing for the Queen during a royal tour in 1964. Mrs. Andree Feretti, militant leader of the separatist Front de Liberation Populaire, was also being held, they said. Police also arested Arthur Vachon, a former member of the QPP anti-subversive squad fired for attempting to organize a union within the force. Marchand: FLQ Could Blow Up Montreal OTTAWA (CP) -- The government's unprecedented invoking of the War Measures Act against Quebec terrorists took the Commons today into a rare Saturday session to debate the drastic step. As police raids swept Quebec Friday netting 255 persons in the wake of unleashetl broad arbitrary powers that outlawed the Front de Liberation du Quebec, cabinet ministers sought to reassure a troubled Commons. .,........_� WAR MEASURES ACT, ER, INVOKED - In Ottawa but not all eyes were on headlines. Largest Plane Burns MARIETTA. Ga. (AP) - A C-5 Galaxy transport, the world's largest airplane, exploded and burned on the flight line at the Locklieed-Georgia Co. today, killing one Lockheed employee and injuring anothw, officials said. Doug Wheeler. Locheed's deputy program manager for the aircraft, said preliminary investigation indicated that three explosions rocked the $50 million aircraft. The rear end of the fuselage was destroyed. The plane's 248-foot length, 223-foot wingspread and six-storey height would crowd a football stadium. It is designed to carry an army division's largest weapons into combat. V.K. Stand at ease!* Ike Leaves ,8 Million GETTYS-BURG, Pa. (AP) - The late preadent Dwight D. Eisenhower left an estate totalling $2,870,004.90, a Pennsylr vania inheritance tax return filed Friday discloses. The former president and general died March 28, 1969. Tangible property worth $211,894, consisting largely of cattle, farm equipment, home and office furniture, were left to his widow, Mamie. The remainder of the estate will go into trust for her and his son John, U.S. ambassador to Belgium. Canada's Population Clock Ticks Off 21.5 Maiion LEAVES FOR UN JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) - Foreign Minister Adam Malik flew to New York to attend the 25th anniversary session of the UN General Assembly. He wi'I return to Jakarta Oct. 24, a fui-eign office spokesman said Sal-uj-day. OTTAWA (CP) - Canada's population reached 21.5 million just after 4 a.m. Friday, the Dominion Bureau of Statistics reported. Figures on the population clocks that stand in tJie foyer of the DBS building reached 21,499,999 at 4 a.m. The figm-e roundfid out at 21.5 million 98 seconds later. Tlie last half million increase took 19 months and nine days, DBS said. The figure of 21 million was reached al 12:14 a.m. Mai-ch 8, 1969. Twenty million was recorded May 19, 1966. The population clock records population changes automatically based on the rate of change over each quarter of the year. The base figures currently in use are: One birth every one minute, 23 seconds; one immigrant every three minutes, 16 seconds; one death every three nninutes, 21 seconds; and one emigrant every nine minutes, 23 seconds. The net gi-owth rats is one every 98 seconds. British^ U.S, Editorial Comment DEPLORE STEP Conservatives and the NDP joined in deploring the sten as overkill hazardous to civil liberties despite an admitted threat to Canadian secm*ity. But the government drew Creditiste support. "We know Uiere is an organization which has thousands of guns and rifles and machme gims in its hands, bombs and enough djoiamite, at least 2,000 pounds, to blow up the heart of Montreal," declared Economic Ejqjansion Minister Jean Marchand. Prime Minister Trudeau's chief Quebec heutenant said FLQ membership might number up to 3,000, some of which have infiltrated important Quebec institutions, including top posts. Justice Minister John Turner referred to the still-unsolved FLQ kidnappings of British diplomat James Cross and Pierre Laporte, Quebec labor minister -the terrorist acts precipitating the first peacetime use of the War Measures Act. The FLQ sought to become "totalitaiian master in Quebec and maybe farther than that," he said. USE B05\tBS, MURDER Prime Jlinister Trudeau, defending government policy in the Commons and later nationally via television, said Quebec revolutionaries use bombing, murder and kidnappingin trying to tumble the social order. Opposition Leader Robert Stanfield and NDP Leader T. C. Douglas said they had been consulted in advance but withlield approval. Mr. S'tanfield said it might have been wiser to employ a less drastic measure in the government's bid to smoke oUt the kidnappers and their FLQ colleagues. Creditiste Leader Real Caouette, however, said the two other leaders were playing politics. AU three spoke after Mr. Trudeau's statement in the Commons and later on television. Mr. Douglas said the day would go down in Canadian liis-tory as "the black Friday of civil liberties." The govei-nment had not even used the powers it had under the Criminal Code of Canada to deal with tlie FLQ, and if it did need more it should come to Parliament for emergency legislation. Under the federal action, a Canadian could receive a five-year jail term for belonging to the FLQ or any successor group, for attending an FLQ meeUng or assisting an FLQ member in any way. Ml-. Trudeau said Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa and Mayor Jean Drapeau of Montreal had informed him the extraordinary powers were needed to meet the threat of an "apprehended insurrection." Tlie prime minister introduced a motion seeking Ck)m-mons approval for the government action on the understanding that tlie powers would be revoked by April 30,1971, imless the House gi-anted an extension. The debate continued until 10 p.m. Friday. There will be a vote on the motion Monday. In an impassioned speech, Mr. Marchand said that in Quebec now "there is no more freedom, people no longer wish to go out, they are afraid." He said FLQ members could cause irreparable damage to the Quebec and federal states and the city of Montreal. While certain aspects of the crackdown measures were "odious," critics of the government did not know the true situ-atlbh. "Those who are well protected behind the Rockies or even in the centre of Toronto don't know what is happening in Quebec right now." Quebec Plot Bared -Secret Report TORONTO (CP) - The Telegram says the government invoked the War Measures Act Friday because of a secret Montreal police report outlining plans for increased activity by the Front de Liberation du Quebec. In an Ottawa dispatch, the newspaper says simultaneous dynamiting of many public buildings by remote control, fur-tlier kidnappings and assassinations were mentioned in the report and that the plans were barely forestalled by the gov-ernment's emergency measures. The storj' says tlie plot was discovei-ed when Montreal and Quebec provincial police broke a code used by tlie FLQ to ti-ansmit instructions during French-language CBC radio newscasts in the last two weeks. The newspaper says the go\'-ernment decided not to publish the police report because many of its allegations could not be proved. Some remotfrcontrol bomb.'S have been discovered in position to be exploded, the story says. Trudeau Praised For Bold Action SoUier shot Accidentally By THE CANADIAN PRESS Newspapers on both sides of the Atlantic came out today with editorials favoring Prime Minister Trudeau's proclamation of the War Measm-es Act in order to deal with terrorist elements on the Front de Liljera-tion du Quebec. .The New York Daily News and tlie Miami Herald both anticipate editorially the protests of "bleeding heail" Uberais, but added such stern measua-es offered society's oiHy protection against terrorist elements. Tlie London Daily .Telegraph says the government is doing "its plain duty" in sending in the troops and Ti"udeau "de-sen'cs high praise for the stand ho has (aken right from tlie start of the affair." The Guardian says tlie gov-enunent's action means Tni-deau is, "in effect talcing hostages too." The newspaper says that "even the stupidest French-speaking Canadian terrorist" must realize tlic government can take many nioi'e lios-tages tlian they can. TIic Herald comments lhat many person.s wiio had Ti-udeau "tabbed as a political rtiUctante by day and a playboy by night"' underesUmated their man. "Canada will survive a brief suspension of its civil liberties," says the newspaper. Following are expanded editorial comments of major newspapers: New York Daily Nows: Canada's Prime Minister Piei-re-El-liot Trudeau got really tougb yesterday (FWday)-and rightly so in our opinion. . . . Canada has a sabre-toothed law called the War Emergencies Act. . . . Trudeau invoked this law yes-tei-day, then sent police and troops roaa-uig through Quebec to pick up suspected terrorists. ... No doubt there will be screams of rage over Trudeau's \'igci-ous moves from Canadian bleeding hearl.s. U..S. "lilierals" et al. Along witli the screams, pennit us to suggest that tlie screamers should offer a workable substitute to Trudeau's course of action, Tlie New York llmtt: The viability of a united Canada could well hinge on the outcome of tlie prime minister's dramatic intervention into Quebec'f affairs. . . . Understajidably he feels tliat, if the FVont won capitulation to its blackmail demands as the price of saving its two prisoners, it would secm-e a prestige and status rivalling the Quebec regime itself. Mr. Ti-u-deau's feai-s cannot have been lessened by the wavering attitude of IJie Quel>cc pro\incial government, whose willingness to make concessions and to negotiate has enhanced terrorist standing. Mr. Tmdeau . . . himself has acknowledged that his government may be falling into a trap set by the Front. The separatists may well want to provoke extremely repressive measures as a means of radicalizing and winning over moi-a moderato Freocb-Oanadians. OTTAWA (CP) - An accidentally self-inflicted wound early today killed a soldier. Regmald L. Perridou. in liLs late 30s, a bombai-dier from the 2nd Royal Canadian Horse Artillery based in Petawawa, be- came entangled in equipment early today and was shot in the head by his own sub macliine-gim. He died later in hospital. A defence spokesman said tlie man was taldng over guard duty at the home of Finance Minister Edgar Benson.