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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 16, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 24-THE LETHBRIDOE HERALD WvdiMMday, Oetobtf 18, 1t74 Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. Lamb My 7 year old grandson has an un- descended testicle. His doctor says it will have to be sur- gically descended into the scrotum and that it should be done by the time he is 8 years old. Further, he says that nor- mal development depends upon both testicles being in place in the scrotum. My question is, in what way is normal development affected? What would be like- ly to happen if nothing were done about this? Is this a com- mon situation among boy babies? If so, I wonder about the countless ones whose parents cannot afford sur- gery? Dear Reader Most doc- tors agree something should be done about the problem before puberty gets very far along, so doing it by age 8 is quite reasonable. Some boys can be treated by hormones at an early age, but this'should not delay surgical correction if the boy is approaching puberty. That is why your doc- tor wants it done by age 8. In the undescended testicle the part that forms sperm cells will degenerate and will not produce any live sperm cells for reproduction. The cells that produce male hor- mone, though, still function. If both testicles are undescend- ed then the male may have a normal male personality and appearance, but he will be sterile. With one normal testi- cle producing sperm, though, he may still be able to father children This condition is rare, oc- curring in only about one in 200 male babies. Many of these will have a spontaneous descent in the first year of life After that most of them won't descend unless cor- rected And, there is an increased risk of cancer of the undescended testicle if it is not corrected. This is a small risk but, nevertheless, an ad- ditional consideration. Dear Dr. Lamb What is the difference between stilbesterol and estrogen? Are they both hormones? Dear Reader Actually the body forms serveral different but chemically similar hor- mones that are estrogens. Substances that have the same or similar actions on the body can occur in nature. They can be obtained from petroleum, peat, lignite and even pussywillow. Estrogenic substances have even been found in the mud at the bottom of the Dead Sea. In 1938 a synthetic sub- stance was introduced called diethylstilbesterol, better known as stilbesterol. It is made in the laboratory. It is chemically different from es- trogen but has the same effects. Today this drug is used primarily to treat menopause symptoms. One very important difference is that stilbesterol can be taken in tablet form by mouth. Real estrogen hor- mones cannot. They are destroyed by the digestive ac- tion. So, you can see why stilbesterol has become so popular, you don't have to have an injection to get results. There are two main hor- mones (or groups of hor- mones) produced by the ovaries, the estrogens and progesterone. The estrogens dominate the first part of the menstrual cycle, and the progesterones the latter part. The body uses two carbon un- its from any of your food and changes it to cholesterol, chiefly in the liver. Cholesterol is converted to progesterone. And, progesterone is converted to testosterone (male hormone) on the way to forming the es- trogen group. So, it isn't sur- prising that males and females have both estrogen and testosterone. Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS Oct. 16, 1974 The judicial committee of the Imperial Privy Council up- held a Supreme Court of Canada judgment 24 years ago in 1950 that the federal government had no power to legislate on the manufacture, sale or distribution of margarine 1690 An English assault was repulsed by French forces at Quebec. 1937 Thirty-four coal miners were killed in mine ex- plosion at Birmingham, England. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H.-GOREN C CMcaw Tiikm Both vulnerable. North deals. NORTH 4AK873 91098 Q85 WEST EAST 4J1092 VQ7632 A642 A7 SOUTH VAK5 K73 J10932 The bidding: North East South West 1 Pass 2 Pass 2 Pass 2 NT Pass 3 NT Pass Pass Pass Opening lead: Three of 9. During the 1974 World Pairs Olympiad, the Inter- national Bridge Press Asso- ciation, at its annual meet- ing, presented Omar Sharif with its "Sportsman of the Year" award. There could not have been a better choice. Sharifs graciousness and enthusiasm have become a byword wherever he plays. Here is a case in point, from a rubber bridge played in Paris some years ago. Sharif held the South and became declarer at a contract of three no trump after a straightfor- ward auction. though North's raise to game was slightly aggressive. West, the late French interna- tionalM Georges Theron. Your horoscope led his fourth-best heart, and East's jack was taken by de- clarer's king. With only four tricks in top cards, Sharif had to es- tablish his long club suit as a source of tricks, so at trick two, he led a low club. Theron grabbed the ace of clubs and returned the queen of hearts! This bril- liant defensive play forced declarer to concede. He was presented with an extra trick in the form of dummy's ten of hearts, but there was no way to run his high club in dummy blocked the suit, and Theron held the ace of diamonds over the king, so there was now no way for declarer to get back to his hand. Note that the play to tricks two and three must go exactly as they did if de- clarer is to be beaten. If Theron does not win the first club. Sharif continues with clubs, then after setting up a diamond trick, the ace of hearts serves as an entry to cash the good clubs. And if Theron does not return the queen of hearts, Sharif will have time to clear the clubs while still holding the heart entry. Now this game was not being played for pennies, and at the current price of copper, the number of pen- nies Sharif lost on this deal would total up. Yet Sharif the first to congratulate Theron on his fine play, and reported this deal so that Theroifs brilliance received the credit it deserved THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17 Your birthday today: If you can see yourself as the does, and work within reasonable limits, you can achieve sound growth in all areas this year. Nothing is easy, but the potential is there. The less you talk about what you're going to do, the better just go ahead. Relationships call for thought and sympathy. Today's natives are observant, full of ideas. ARIES (March 21-April Proceed with what worked yesterday, from early to late' (overtime too. Leave ex- perimental projects another time. Share your luck with those you love. TAURUS (April 20-May Gather associates who have an interest in society's major institutions. Move right along on conventional lines Opposi- tion defeats itself if you let it. GEMINI (May 21-June Just because you're off the hook doesn't mean you're free to be irresponsible. Make the most of opportunity, put on a good presentation of yourself and your achievements. CANCER (June 21-July Concentration comes easier. Put in the work needed for effective results. Expect no special co operation everybody has his own lost time to catch up. LEO (July 23-Aug. Chores you've neglected now yield to surprisingly little ef- fort The catch, of course, is to get going. Reward yourself with a personal gift. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Pursue important matters already in progress. A short- cut, 'sets you two or three jumps ahead in a relatively brief span. Spend more time with those you cherish. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Get busy on work that has pil- ed up. Clear the decks for Although you may feel there's some tune to go, ft turning point is coming soon. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Your efficiency is near max- imum. Go directly after what you want without a lot of talk. Others contribute little, for or againsjt your'-projects. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. A bit of extra rest is just the ticket while you're free to get it. Some transac- tions need time to settle, others need further thought before you commit yourself. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Personal projects evolve naturally, bring progress toward secret hopes, ac- cording to how hard you push yourself. Celebrate later hours. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. Yesterday's momentum is easy to continue if you don't change anything too drastically. Get in touch with seldom seen friends, com- pare notes. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Routine can be fun. To- day promises smoother going make the most of it at nor- mal speed. Seek a complete change of scene at quitting time. Ask Andy CRAYFISH Andy sends a complete 20 volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Ron Daman, age 12, of Wichita, Kan., for his question: How does the crayfish mul- tiply? The average crayfish looks somewhat like a fancy little wagon, with eyes for headlights and legs for wheels. His jointed body is en- cased in a crisp shell, and his color may be pasty pale, yellowish or pinkish brown. Most creatures of this type neglect their young. Not so die crayfish. During the egg and babyhood stages of life he is tended by his mother. Our native crayfishes enjoy life in most freshwater ponds and streams. Some are at home in soggy swamps, and a few live in sunless caves. They look like small cousins of the seagoing lobster, and so they are. All of these creatures are crustaceans, distantly related to the teem- ing insects. Hence, one would expect the life story of the crayfish to progress from egg to adult through some sort of larva stage. But this is not so. The adult male and female crayfish mate in the fall. The male spreads milt, or sperm cells, onto the abdomen of the female. She then retires to a muddy bank or stream bed and digs herself down into a soggy burrow. There she lays 100 or so soft round eggs, which are fertilized when they contact the milt. The eggs re- main stuck to her abdomen, between four pairs of bristled flaps called the swimmerets, all through the winter. The femal comes out at night to feed on decaying organic material. During the day, she pokes her head from the month of her burrow, with her pinchers and whiskery antennas. There she waits to grab small creatures that happen to swim by. Come spring, the eggs are ready to hatch. Unlike other crustaceans, which go through a larva stage, the infant crayfishes are miniature copies of their parents. They cling to the female's abdomen with tiny pink claws. looking like a crowd of glassy, dark eyed pixies, daintily tinted with pale pinks and blues. At last they are ready to leave home. As they grow must molt their crusty shells for larger ones and molting is a hard, risky problem. It begins when the body of a small crayfish ab- sorbs into its blood the calciums from the shell. Meantime a soft larger shell grows under the old one. When this is complete, the crayfish stops eating and goes into hiding. The old shell, now papery thin, cracks and peels away. The body swells up with extra water, which stretches the 'larger new shell and carries in the calciums stored from the old shell. The actual moltine takes about six hours. As the crayfish grows, this complicated process is repeated several times. Many of our native crayfishes get to be about 4 inches or so long. But some of tiie Australian crayfish are much bigger. The largest is a pound whopper of Tasmania. This lobster size crayfish usually leaves the water of his forest stream and sets up housekeeping in a soggy burrow. QuMttoM by dron of Herald should mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntlngton Bocch, CaHtemto (Copnfaht Chforacw Co. III "THEMETRICSfcTEM] HA.) IS EAWTQ LEARN ANPUNPER5TANP" :HIN6CEWAIM 3T5CAN0E TEPID TEACHI IMPORTANT t AND HOb) CAN I EXPLAIN ANfTMINI6 TOWUlFHOUKEEPSAflNe, ALL THE TIME? SHORT IBS j CLAIM THIS ISLAND IN "WE NAME OF THE (NATIVES LINING UP NOW THAT OUR ISLAND IS WE WANT tO SIGN UP. FDR WAND LOIS BUGS BUNNY Fun with figures By J.A.H. Hater Joe gathered up toe cards. "I'm he said. "If I lost another dollar I'd have lost two thirds of what I started with." "Okay, but you could win it all back." Greg told him. "It's quite a while since you said you'd lost just half your money." "No Joe laughed. "I lost five bucks more since then." How much did be start with? (Answer tomorrow) Yesterday's answer: FORMAL was 1W476. SO THE NEXT ORUSAJSe FROM RLANTEP j HALFAHCJRSE- IN HE APPEARS T1 BE PERHAPS WE SHOULD FINISH THIS READING AT A LATER DATE HE'S ONE OF MY MOST PERSISTENT BLONME r v -viuuiim DO YOU MIND) IP i eo T-' BOWLJNG TONIGHT; BUT IF VOU SO, WHEN VOU COME HOME VOU'LL. FIND A TARANTULA IN YOUR BED' I WONDER WHERE SHE'D RND A TARANTULA ON SUCH ARCHIE LAID OUR BIKES DOWN IN THAT EMPTY TRUCK .COMING ON 7 IT PULLED UP...RI6HT DOWN HAGAR THE HORRIBLE BEETLE WLEY THEY THINK THEY CAN SET TO ME LOOK VW4AT TMEY PRINTED ABOUT ME THIS LATENT OF THE UNPER6B0JNP PAPER, GOLlYSi IPIWT KNOW THEY REPROCESSEP i 1 I 'MIQUEJ CVWFIPYOU P1PNTN01BSS MAXICUXT ;