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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 16, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 20-THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD WtdnMday, October __ _ _ VN rhetoric Cities in crisis: the population implosion UK, supports good therapy UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. Close to one-million words, the combined volume of six or eight good-sized novels, have been spoken in the first four weeks of the current United Nations general assembly. What's the message' Or, better still, is there a message in all that verbiage? "The United Nations is the psychoanalyst's couch of the says the Brazilian ambassador. He seems to think that the ramblings of delegates have a therapeutic meaning mainly for themselves, and leave others unruffled. ByPAUL HOFMANN New York Times And a Lebanese diplomat, noting that the assembly has brought together more than 100 foreign ministers and an assort- ment of heads of state and government chiefs, observes that "this time of the year one had the heady feeling that New York is really the capital of the world." Most of the seasonal visitors will concede privately that the rhetoric in the aquarium-like General Assembly hall doesn't really matter all that much. Listening to the speeches and tallying the votes, an observer might conclude that a global coalition of Arab and African states, communist nations and scattered third world countries is now dominating the United Nations. The United States seems on the defensive. Israel seems isolated. South Africa is in the doghouse. But where international politics is really shaped during the New York autumn isn't in the assembly hall. Decisions are made, alliances formed and compromises negotiated in whispered conferences in the U.N. delegates' lounge, in expense-account restaurants throughout the city, and in day hotel suites. Most of the deals that are thus struck are bilateral and bypass the United Nations If, for instance, Secretary of State Kissinger were to achieve some progresss these days in his efforts to reduce ten- sion in the Middle East, he would do so completely outside the U.N. framework but he has had useful preliminary contacts here dunng his two visits to New York to meet with delegates. Other confidential arrangements between U.N. member states may eventually become visible in the the deliberations of the security council. This 15-nation body wields what little real power the world organization possesses. Delegates of course don't like tote told that their oratory really is wasted, and they usually will argue that the General Assembly has significance as the sounding board of a changing world. True enough, and this year the music is full of strident dis- sonances. The main themes are oil and food, the fate of the Palestinians, and decolonization. President Ford and Kissinger at the beginning of the assembly debate upbraided the oil producing countries for what they described as their capricious pricing policies and the curbs on their output. A great many of the representatives of 123 other countries who spoke afterwards lambasted the United States for its contention that the upheaval in the energy sector had caused worldwide inflation, unhinged the international monetary system, and threatened the stability of many nations. Not only the oil exporting states have rejected this thesis, but also the underdeveloped countries have done so, although their plight has worsened because of the fourfold increase in oil prices in a year. The Soviet-bloc countries, Cuba, even China, also have backed the oil cartel. The present fortunes of the oil producers have given remarkable clout to the 20 Arab states in the United Nations. Whenever they manage to agree on strategy, they are now sure to get virtually all Black African countries and thick clusters of other delegations, including some from Western Europe, behind them NATO air forces repair weak link By JOHN W. FINNEY New York Times Service WASHINGTON The North Atlantic treaty 'allies are gradually repairing a weak command link connecting Allied air forces on the northern and southern flanks of West Germany in a way that American defense officials believe will greatly enhance the air power of the alliance. After considerable political bickering, the Allies have agreed to establishment of a new command known as "Headquarters Allied Air Force Central Europe." The headquarters for the first time will provide centralized control over the use of Allied air power on the German front No publicity was attached to the quiet creation of the new headquarters at Ramstein air force base in West Germany last June. Yet in the opinion of Defense Secretary James R. Schlesinger and top air force generals, establishment of the command represents probably the single most im- portant step the alliance could take to improve its conven- tional military strength. In the past there have been in effect two separate, unco- ordinated air forces within the alliance. One is the Fourth Allied Tactical Air Force on the southern flank, command- ed by an American and com- posed of American, West German and Canadian units. The other on the northern flank is the Second Allied Tac- tical Air Force, commanded by a Briton and composed of British. Dutch, Belgian and West German units DOCTRINES Over the years, partly because of nationalistic differences, the two air forces have developed different doctrines and operating procedures The net result is that while the preponderance of planes were on the southern I (Population figures are for greater metropolitan areas.) The world's largest cities: The world's fastest growing cities: The world's largest cities: 1970 1970 1985 (millions of inhabitants) (millions of inhabitants) (millions of inhabitants) 1. New York 2. Tokyo 3. London 4. Shanghai 5. Mexico City 6. Los Angeles 7. Buenos Aires 8. Paris 9. Sao Paulo 10. Osaka 11. Moscow 12. Peking 16.3 14.9 10.5 10.0 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4 7.8 7.6 7.1 7.0 1. Bandung 2. Lagos 3. Karachi 4 Bogota 5. Baghdad 6. Bangkok 7. Teheran 8. Seoul 9. Lima 10. Sao Paulo 11. Mexico City 12. Bombay 242% 186% 163% 146% 146% 137% 132% 124% 121% 115% 113% 109% 1.2 1.4 3.5 2.6 2.0 3.0 3.4 4.6 2.8 7.8 8.4 5.8 1. Tokyo 2. New York 3. Mexico City 4. Sao Paulo 5. Shanghai 6. Los Angeles 7.' Bombay 8. Calcutta 9. Peking 10. Osaka 11. Buenos Aires 12. Rio de Janeiro wave power test THE TIMES, LONDON LONDON A project to produce electric power from the waves of the ocean has won the support of the British government. According to Dr. Stephen Salter of Edinburgh University, who has developed a technique for harness- ing the rolling motion of the waves, generators utiliz- ing the sea could be producing power for Britain's grid on a commercial scale within 10 to 15 years. Given the political will, he says, there is no reason why all of Britain's electricity requirements, or indeed Europe's, should not one day be met by generators placed in the Atlantic at intervals of about 100 miles. A point about 10 miles west of The Herbrides off Scotland's northwest coast is considered a likely posi- tion for the first installation. The projected generator would be a floating rec- tangular structure of concrete and steel somewhat larger than a supertanker. Each generator would have 20 to 40 vanes over which waves would roll, rotating the vanes, thus turning the generator and producing electricity According to Slater the next stage of research is like- ly to concentrate on how to enable the structure to withstand the powerful bending action of the huge waves of the North Atlantic. Another problem to be solved is how to store the power once generated. The Bntish department of trade and industry is providing for further development of the pro- ject by a team under Salter, the 35-year-old scientist who developed the plans in the bionics research department at Edinburgh. The mount of energy in waves reaching Britain from the Atlantic is said to be so great that one of Salter's generators could generate a steady 50 megawatts for most of the year. Britain's present electricity re- quirements are a capacity of about megawatts. yard yard flank, in event of war there would be procedural and com- mand difficulties in shifting them to the northern flank, which has always been regarded as the likely point of attack by the Soviet bloc. The new command is to work out common operating procedures so that a pilot would have no difficulty shifting from one flank to the other. But more importantly, the relatively small command of some 300 persons will provide unified control over the various Allied air forces, which as one air force general observed, "never really talk to each other." Somewhat reluctantly, the British finally agreed that the new command would be head- ed by an American, General John W. Vogt. Who is also commander of the Fourth Allied Tactical Air Force. The British were given the operations post, which they wanted. The deputy com- mander will be a German, and the other posts will rotate between the Belgians and the Dutch. Creation of the new com- mand is the political ingredient in what air force generals are beginning to describe as "a potential revolution" in Allied air power. The other ingredients are technological developments that air force officials believe will greatly enhance the effec- tiveness of Allied air power in stopping an armored assault by Soviet bloc forces. One is the development of "smart bombs" optically and electronically guided bombs that can be steered with great accuracy on to a target A second development is the impending intro- duction of a highly sophisticated airborne command post, known as AW ACS for Airborne Warning and Control System. The fabrics you've had your eye on are now specially priced at Eaton's Psck it. pin it Cut it, sew it You're on your way to a beautiful look that you did yourself So easy, too. when your fabric is as special as the price you pay Need a dress or shirt? Pants or skirt? 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