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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 16, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta LCTHDRIDQE HERALD TUtMUy, ID, Raise the price of Russian detente By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator Unacceptable solution The City Packers controversy is taking an interesting turn Three operators are involved on its property bordering but beyond the city limits in east Lethbridge, a packing plant, a feedlot and a rendering plant. The odor from one of these, probably the third, is intolerable, and the city and the provincial government are properly determined that it must end It can be ended in either of two ways, by moving to another location or by eliminating the odor and staying in the old location. The company says that by installing certain pollution control equip- ment at its rendering plant it will then have met all the requirements of the provincial government and will be free to stay where it is. Yet the city seems reluctant to accept that solution, and we agree While pack- ing plants are an acceptable industry even near residential districts, it is dif- ficult to go along with the permanence of a rendering plant and a feedlot so close' to the city To keep its options open, the company has access to an alternative site three miles north of the city, one that satisfies the provincial authorities The rendering plant and feedlot would be moved there, and the packing plant either there or in the city's industrial park But moving there would cost the com- pany a great deal more money than stay- ing where it is and putting in the required pollution control equipment Who should put up the extra money9 What compulsion or persuasion the city can come up with will be awaited with interest Provincial check stop It is highly likely the success of the Check Stop program initiated in Lethbridge 18 months ago influenced, at least to some degree, the provincial government's decision to implement the program province-wide beginning November 1st Inspector Bill West of the Lethbridge force praised its effec- tiveness when he met with police of- ficers, members of the RCMP and the attorney-general's department at a meeting called to discuss the program Beginning in November drinking drivers throughout Alberta, not just in Lethbridge, will face intensive spot checking by police. A publicity campaign geared to warn Albertans of the conse- quences of being apprehended while driv- ing impaired will precede its implemen- tation Solicitor-General Helen Hunley has pointed out that 120 check stops will be implemented at various locations Each will be marked by stop sign warn- ing signals featuring a glass held in hand and an automobile It is possible a lot of non-drinking drivers may resent the personal imposi- tion of stopping their cars while police check their breath, their insurance cards and vehicle registration Some may feel their rights are being threatened while others will claim they aren't impaired despite thier 08 alcohol reading But the Check Stop program will catch the drink- ing driver before he settles himself behind the steering wheel A policeman noticing a driver stagger towards his car intent on driving home will take his keys and suspend his licence for 24 hours The publicity promises to get everyone thinking about safe driving and the dangers of excessive alcohol and should induce people to insist drivers stop drink- ing before they have one too many, or in- sist they not sit behind the steering wheel The program, to be im- plemented on a one year s trial basis, is aimed at cutting on the expected 600 fatalities and 8 600 iniunes expected on Alberta s highways this coming year half of whicn will be attributed to alcohol According to Inspector Vvest, "Keep- ing drivers off the road before they bring harm to others is a major ac- complishment On the other foot Many years ago so long ago that it might have been a folk tale a small tubby man who also might have been Santa Claus, except that he was Nikita Khruschev, pounded his shoe on a UN podium and said to the assembled representatives of the western world "We will bury you It took him many years to persuade his audience that he had not meant military conquest but had been predicting that communism would wipe out capitalism as a way of life. The astuteness of his prophesy is in doubt. In spite of the setback to relationships inherent in the fact that the U.S and the U S.S.R. are supplying weapons to op- posite sides in the Arab-Israel war and in spite of the rebuff dealt the Nixon ad- ministration and Russia by the U S Congress in refusing to return to the Soviets a favored-nation trading status they once held, business dealings between private American interests and the Soviet government are speeding ahead. A group of American businessmen has just formed a joint trade council with counterparts in Soviet industry and government ministries. The Americans expect to open an office in Moscow and the Russians will have on ine New York. The businessmen specified four areas of interest, based on previous meetings with the Russians, the building of hotels developing Soviet conducting ex- to promote tourism forest resources, plorations for oil and exploiting mineral deposits Russia is already providing natural gas to West Germany via a pipeline from the Ukraine and Central Asia which was in- augurated Get 1, and two groups of American oil companies are now negotiating with the Soviet Union to help develop vast natural gas resources in both west and east Siberia which will also include the building of huge pipe lines For this kind of development Russia badly needs western technology and credit and will undoubtedly face eventual problems of pollution, planned ob- solescence and over-consumption of resources which plague western countries It all sounds suspiciously capitalistic However, the most telling factor is on the lighter, social Side of life A recent story out of Moscow reports that private car ownership is increasing faster than driver training and that the private car driver is becoming the threat to life and limb which he has long been on this side of the Atlantic Somehow the prospect of a whole generation of young Russians "coming alive" behind the wheel of an automobile doesn't quite fit Mr Khruschev's predic- tion. The shoe seems to be on the other foot The new outburst of fighting in the Middle East shows the limits of detente between the Big Two The Russians are willing to cooperate with this country only on an oppor- tunistic basis As soon as chances for gain present themselves, Moscow turns a' deafish ear to Washington So this country is justified in holding the Russians to stiff conditions as a price for detente. To gauge the Russian at- titude, it is useful to compare what happened this time with what happened during the six- day war When tension began to rise then, the Russians ac- tively sought lo make matters worse. One Soviet diplomat even egged on the Egyptians to attack the Israelis by false- ly spreading the word that the Israelis were about to jump Syria In the thick of the fighting, the Russians threatened to intervene against Israel with missiles. Only when President Johnson pointed the Sixth Fleet in the direction of the fighting area did the Russians stand down. This time when the build-up THE CASSEROLE MP Barry Mather is still in there trying His latest attempt to do something about a very irritating problem is Private Member's Bill C-218 called "An act respecting relief to non-smokers in transit" which, it if should become law, would provide separate accom- modation in which smoking would be for- bidden on every train, ship, aircraft or motor vehicle licensed to carry passengers The Bill received first reading August 30th, don't hold your breathe (sorry) waiting for its second One explanation offered by Ottawa for its various moves respecting oil exports is that it is striving so hard to keep higher U.S. prices from forcing Canadian prices still higher Now perhaps some brilliant economist will explain why this pressure only develops when American prices are higher; lower U S prices on oil, cars, appliances or anything else never seem to "force" Canadian prices down A spokesman for the automobile industry, speaking on behalf of Ford, G M and Chrysler, disclosed the other day that "Yes, they have been getting together occasionally about once a week, as a matter of fact for consultations on bargaining with the auto makers unions Now doesn't that just take your breathe away with astonishment9 According to some figures released the other day by Health Minister Marc Lalonde, in 1972-73 the federal government excise taxes on sales of beer, wine and spirits, while it spent on various projects to combat alcoholism A comparison of those figures might lead some of the more cynically mind- ed to wonder if the government is really all that anxious to stop people drinking so much Notes from the energy crisis front Italy is dropping its gasoline discounts for tourists as of January 1 and a distributor of wood- burning stoves in the United States reports a 700 per cent increase in sales Bilmgualism across the border A federal judge has ordered the New York City board of elections to run the Nov 6 election with all amendments, propositions and voting instruc- tions printed in Spanish as well as English Inflation south of the border some ser- vice station owners m the Los Angeles area, irritated by inflation and lower profits, are installing pay toilets charging Ifij or 25C for road maps, and arc even asking a fee for cleaning windshields and checking oil Road maps cost the station owner and were described as a million dollar giveaway "Mind you, she was somewhat relieved when I explained 'The Middle East' did not mean the area between Alberta and Ottawa Guaranteed annual income expected By Dian Cohen, syndicated commentator MONTREAL Both Ot- tawa and Quebec City send me money What did I do to deserve this goodness9 I have three children It matters not at all that I earn a very good living and fortunately need no help in supporting them One of the roles governments play is that of redistributor of income among the population Last year, Canadian governments transferred over billion from richer to poorer people That represents about 15 per cent of total government spen- ding, and five per cent of the value of all the wealth produc- ed in the country Besides this, Canadian governments at all levels, from federal to local, made 'in kind" transfers through health education and low- income housing programs Canada has one of the most complex and expensive ap- paratuses in the world for maintaining and supplementing family in- comes Research shows that only about 50 to 60 per cent of all transfer payments are received by families who could be defined as being poor The question is whether the system has to continue to be inefficient by giving money to the rich and poor alike, in- stead of simply to the poor Many governments in Canada have thought of changing our income maintenance program in the interests of efficiency All of them so far have rejected the idea of a guaranteed annual income, although most of them say it's coming Most of the opposition to a guaranteed income is on the grounds that it is either too expensive or that it will sap Canadians' incentive to work There is a growing body of evidence that suggests that a guaranteed income tied into a reformed income tax system would cost little more than the dozen or so social assistance schemes Canadian governments now operate It would have the added advan- tage of reaching more of the poor than present programs According to Christopher Green, an economist at McGill University, one of the most efficient approaches to a guaranteed income is through an income tax system which would be used to pay out in- come as well as collect it Everyone in the country would file an income tax return People whose income is too low to make them tax- able will "get back" money Letter to the Editor Divorce produces grave problems People who think The Herald's article about the "Nanton lady" (who after do- ing a man's labor on her husband's farm for 25 years during which she was kicked and beaten, was awarded no cash settlement when her divorce was finalized in court) is incredible should realize this is the typical type of justice women get in the court today Some lawyers have said, "Divorce isn't fair to women, but not enough women have stood up and done anything about changing the law You see most judges are men and see the woman's problem through men's eyes and so the ex wife raising children, ends up in poverty, with far less in- come to feed, clothe and house the family than the husband has for himself, alone Can we honestly say it is fair to give the man a month and the wife and children This is starva- tion support What must the wife do7 If the wife is in poor health or has no job, she must turn to welfare A wife and family can't live on what the courts are allowing and yet the man is free to go and marry again or squander his money while his first family (which is his first respon- sibility) is dumped on the doorsteps of society The ills that are created in the court rooms are horrifying, resulting in emotionally battered children and wives needing psychiatric care because of the break-up and the stress and respon- sibility put on their shoulders As a result the taxpayers are building more psychiatric wards and institutions for emotionally disturbed children Today's laws are creating misery and suffering for women and children and the courts are condoning it These laws should be thrown out Society should stand up and take a hard look at what is being done in the courts and get to the root of the problem Let's give marriage the es- teem it warrants Let two adults be responsible for the situation they have created, instead of allowing children to suffer and making society responsible for their actions Psychologists state they have never seen a divorce where the children haven't been harmed Why9 Because whenever there's a divorce the children blame themselves If one parent leaves, the child thinks it must have been something he did that caused the trouble The frightening thing is we're raising a generation of young people who will be incapable of showing affection to the same extent as before Society's whole structure is deteriorating The home which is the backbone of the nation, is weakening and this is weakening the nation If we must have divorce then let's be fair In Canada half the marital assets belong by law to each partner so that is a separation should come each partner will leave the marriage with half the value of anything acquired during the marriage, no matter which partner earned or paid for it This is known as com- munity property But this is ignored when it comes to a divorce settlement Very often the wife is left penniless If community property were to be divided fairly it would protect the non-income- earning partner and a woman would no longer face the possibility of being rudely put out to fend for herself with either a reduced income or no income Such a property settlement would be entirely apart from maintenance which the court would award according to her need and that of her children Both parents (if the wife is earning) would be expected to pay for support of the children in proportion to their assets and their income You women out there who have suffered injustices in the courts get the yoke off your necks and let the public know what's happening Write to the editor of your newspaper or write to your local MP or phone the talk shows Taxpayers don't sit back idly until the government takes half your paycheck to support divorced men's families Look into the justice system "FOR NEW FAMILY-LAW" Lethbridge according to the size of their family Green says tha't the simplest way to tie the taxes we now pay to negative taxes is to convert the present system of exemptions into "refundable" tax credits Under the new system, everyone would have a basic tax credit of, for example, instead of an exemption Instead of having a graduated, or progressive tax schedule that takes propor- tionately more money the more you make, we would have a flat rate of, say, 25 per cent levied on total family in- come A four person family would then have refundable tax credits of J500 times four, If that family made a year, it would pay in taxes 25 per cent of minus But if the family had no other income, it would receive the refundable tax credits of the negative income tax Great Britain seems to be heading in the direction of integrating its welfare and in- come tax systems through the tax credit device The govern- ment there had already adopted a simplified tax schedule consisting of a single 30 per cent rate on the first of earnings The next step, the replacement of ex- emptions by tax credits is at the testing stage Green says that the British plan adapted to Canadian needs would spell the end of the guaranteed income supplement, family and youth allowances, and most social assistance programs, without making any low income fami- ly worse off If the tax credits were calculated on a weekly basis, they would act as a par- tial replacement of income for the unemployed This would permit the reduction of unemployment insurance benefits All in all, the scheme appears to be a powerful and simple way to redistribute in- come from above average wage earners to those below the average The one thing it wouldn't do is pay money into the very pockets from which it is collecting A not-to-be dis- counted byproduct of the scheme is that it would lower the tax rate of the middle class to the point where earn- ing more money would mean keeping significantly more started, the Russians pulled out not only from Egypt where they had .previously been rebuffed by President Anwar Sadat, but also from Syria where there is a radical regime not unfriend- ly to the Soviets As soon as the fighting was underway, moreover, President Nixon and Party Secretary Leonid Brezhnev exchanged diplomatic communications One fruit of that exchange emerged in the debate at the United Nations Security Coun- cil While stating their views freely on the Middle East, Russia and the United States did not slam each other The reason for this accommoda- tion was plain The Russians believed that the Arabs were going to lose the war, and they did not want to be connected with the defeat But as soon as that perspec- tive shifted, Soviet behavior changed The Russians began urging Arab regimes from Algeria through Iraq to join the fray with results that are now obvious At the same time, the Russians did not scruple to pour in by air military replacements to Egypt and Syria What this behavior shows is that the elements already in- volved in detente are not enough to restrain the Soviet Union No doubt General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev would like to develop his country economically with help from the United States in farm produce and technical know-how Probably he would also like to pare military budgets by arms control agreements putting a lid on the most expensive weapons But these prospects are not sweet enough or important enough to deter the Soviet leadership from rash actions certain to jeopardize Big Two cooperation and peace in the world In these circumstances, the United States needs to hold the Soviet Union more strictly to account One way to do that lies m the amendment offered by Sen Henry Jackson to the administration's proposal for granting Russia non- discnminatory trading terms (or most favored nation treaty) The Jackson amend- ment provides that "most favored nation" treatment, and economic credits, can be granted only if the Soviet Union makes progress in free- ing up internal emigration For some time it was dif- ficult to organize a position on the Jackson amendment The president argued that adding conditions to the deal he had cut with the Russians would put his word in doubt, threaten detente and cause a reversion to the cold war But part of that argument is bogus The Congress has always insisted on playing a major role in trade agreements Back in 1911 the Congress passed a resolution condemning Russia for harsh treatment of the Jews The next year, in pursuit of that resolution, President Willfam Howard Taft actually abrogated an ongoing trade treaty with Czanst Russia In 1962, President Kennedy wanted to broaden trade rules so that "most favored nation" status could be extended to several East European countries besides Yugoslavia and Poland The Congress, instead, passed a bill which eliminated Yugoslavia and Poland from "most favored nation" status So the President had no right in the first place to make with Russia a binding deal involving trade Now, on top of the tradition, comes the evidence of the irresponsible way the Russians interpret detente Accordingly, there can be little doubt about the appropriate American reac- tion The Russians are not offenng this country the kind of restraint that justifies im- portant economic concessions Washington ought to raise the price of the detente The way to do that is to acknowledge our deepest humanitarian standards It is to go at least part way with Sen Jackson in insisting that Russia progressively humanize its regime Will you be back early or is someone taking you to lunch, sir? The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St S Lethbridge Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD, Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954 by Hon WA BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers Association and the Audi! Bureau ol Circulations CLEOW MOWERS Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS General Manager DON PILLING WIILIAMHAY Managing Editor Associate tdnor ROY MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH' ;