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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 16, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, Octobtr 16, 1971 Arnold Toynbee Dealing with disaster Health and Welfare Minister John Munro has been campaigning against growing criticism that welfare spend- ing is wasteful and an encourage- ment to slothfulness. He concedes that there may be abuses in a few instances but insists that for the ma- jority of people who receive help, it is simply a case of humanitarianism responding to need. Most of the peo- ple receiving welfare are "mothers with children and no husbands; the blind and disabled: the mentally re- tarded; the totally untrained and un- skilled." Those who have responsibility for dealing with the unfortunates read- ily admit that a problem is develop- ing of disaster proportions. The frightening fact is that more and more people are slipping into the classification of the handicapped. In a society where manual labor is in- creasingly not required, a healthy man, who is willing to work, may be handicapped if that is all he has going for him. Politicians talk about the need to create more jobs and they devise schemes to stimulate industrial growth. But as columnist Maurice Western pointed out recently, there are some doubts about what is be- ing accomplished by the department of regional economic expansion. He Further prison reform Solicitor General Jean Pierre Goyer has recently announced fur- ther prison reforms which are long overdue. Some time ago he directed wardens to permit prisoners to elect committees to improve co-operation with management, a move which has proved successful. Now he intends to humanize the penal system even more by allowing prisoners to read newspapers, listen to radio and watch TV on the inside as well as visit under controlled con- ditions on the outside. Inmates are to be paid the full federal minimum wage for work they do while in pris- on. Out of this they will pay room and board to the prison, pay for their clothing, help support their families, pay income tax, contribute to unem- ployment insurance and be encour- aged to put what's left of their wages into the bank. The latter Mr. Goyer regards as being realistic, "once re- leased an inmate who has a little savings might be less inclined to rob a bank." In time Goyer plans to have the old prison uniform discarded in fa- vor of more routine street clothes and prison numbers will be replaced with names. There will be those in our society who will see such reform as a fur- ther sign of softness or permissive- ness, but they need only to be re- minded that long before Attica we had trouble at Kingston and Dorches- ter prisons, both noted for their me- dieval conditions. It's also important to note that our prison system is no success story. On a per capita ba- sis we put more people in prison than almost any other a year out of a population of 22 mil- lion, compared to Britain's out of a population of over 60 million. The fact the Canadian recidivism fi- gures rate is something over 85 per cent indicates that to date our penal system has been indifferent to posi- tive rehabilitation programs. Mr. Goyer's gradual reforms are to be lauded, for they will go a long way to restoring prisoners into the normal life-stream of our society. Weekend Meditation Living in depth T'EE ultimate loneliness is to be without God. The person who is without God is a homeless wanderer, a rootless amd re- jected personality. He may turn to what- ever pleasure he chooses, find in this or that activity temporary preoccupation, but his fate is finally sorrow and anguish of heart. Dr. Agostino Maltarello, dealing with the spiritual factor in medicine, writes "An illness which is widespread in mod- ern times is the absence of inwardness." Where there is no God there are no values and no convictions. Conscience, the sense of right and wrong, is lost. Jean-Paul Sartre is honest enough to admit tWs. Sartre holds, "God is a useless and costly hypothesis, so we will do without it." Then he goes on to say that since there is no God there can be neither good nor evil, no moral norms which can prescribe for man one kind of behavior that is better than another, so the terrible words of Dos- toevski come true, "If God did not exist, everything would be permitted." Modem man indulges his appetites, feeds his body, follows his instincts, and may even culti- vate his intellect, but the words of Jesus remain true, "What shall it profit a man if he gain the whole world and lose his own soul? Or what shall a man give in ex- change for his Life hardens the heart, breaks flie heart, or softens the heart. There are hours of dreadful mystery in life, hours of a feeling of personal worthlessness and uselessness, and a heavy darkness depresses the soul. Such times can also be creative. "I can honestly Stevenson once wrote to his father after a grim experience, "that all I have gone through has made me a little more like what you would have me to be." Few of us can .say that, Hie problem is we do not live fa depth, we live on the surface of life, and as the psychologist well knows, that way madness lies. Sur- face living brings a sense of frustration and dissatisfaction in which every road leads to a dead-end. The transforming fact of life is to put God at the centre of our minds, to put aside our plans and problems and fix our minds on God until he is no longer at the outside of the circle, but becomes known to us in the depths of our souls and we recover our identity and life's true meaning. "Man says Dr. Maltarello, "and the cause of his suf- fering do not be solely in illnesses of his body. There are pains of a moral order which far surpass those that are physical. On the other hand there are physical ills that have their roots in moral disorders, in the passions, hi excessive attachment to personal desires, in insensate love of self and one's fellow creatures, in feelings of hatred, meanness, egotism, and cupidity." In this deeply pagan world a man can still have a real life if he permits God fo control his actions, inspire his feelings, and become the meaning and end of all existence. Only thus can life have whole- ness and depth. The modern mood of dis- illusionment, the root of human disappoint- ment and failure, consists in man's discov- ery that his soul is empty, that there is "A God-shaped blank" in his life, there is DO sense of security, but only a vast cloud of uncertainty- Behind the mood of futility is the story of a prayerless life. Yet in the story of Christians in the Pilgrim's Pro- gress the deep peace of life was not found in the House Beautiful, but rather in the Valley of Humiliation. Here he found the peace of a heart that tost its selfishness and pride and rested utterly on God. Prayer: "Oh love that wil not let me go I rest my weary soul on llicc." K.S.M Mystery solved A lesson is learned on how to win by losing cited the case of Ingersoll Rand which received a grant to create 75 jobs in Sherbrooke. That company, however, is closing out an enterprise now employing 140 people in the same city. Mr. Western also sus- pects that some new enterprises may have to be subsidized indefinitely. The creation and sustaining of jobs through govern m e n t subsidization may be justified even though that may be suspect to free enterprisers, and is a form of welfarism. At least it enables some people to receive an income that is not a direct handout as some do, that there is somehing undesirable about it. But this still does very little to re- duce the number of people who need assistance. A situation exists for which there is no simple solution. Criticism may be in order for those who have fail- ed to take bold initiatives in tackling the problem although it is doubt- ful if anyone has really conic up with something certain to be an im- provement but casting aspersions on the majority of those receiving welfare is surely unfair. They are mostly the victims of heredity and environment and find life tough enough without it being worsened by lack of sympathy and understand- ing. By Dong Walker EVER since I joined the staff of The fessed to his prowess as a li t: rr have to rcvisc my wto haa hccn ma light-finger rr have to rcvisc my s-spicfons desk. But since the pencils arc supplied wto haa hccn off wilh my by the company I have never become un- Pencils. Maybe my cohorts June and Mar- duly exorcised about the loss. fiaret haven't been absent-mindedly taking Now that Jim Mayhio hat publicly coa- them after all. 1 ONDON In Hie f.vo major losers in the Second World War, Germany and Ja- pan, are flourishing, while the two major winners, the United States and the Soviet Union, are in adversity, This distribu- tion of power in the world was inconceivable 25 years ago and if anyone had predicted this correctly, in 1945, he would have been derided. It is true that the dramatic reversal of fortunes has dis- played itself in economic, not in military, terms, but this does not diminish its significance for economic power is the pre- requisite for the development of material power of any kind. Germany's and Japan's mili- tary defeats in 1945 were over- whelming. After having con- quered most of continental Eu- rope, and having come within an ace of conquering Britain, Russia, and Egypt too, Ger- many's armed forces were de- s t r o y e d, her government ceased to exist, and the whole of her territory was occupied military by Hie victorious Pow- ers in zones that have crystal- lized, since then, into two separate Germanics and two separate Berlins. Japan's government s u r- vived, and her lerritory was not partioned, but it was oc- cupied militarily by foreign vic- tors for the first time in Ja- panese history and this at the close of half a century of conquest which had carried the Japanese flag deep into the in- terior of China and as far afield as Burma, Indo-China Malay- sia, and Indonesia. Moreover, both Japan and Germany had been bombed till their cities and their industrial planls were in ruins. The bombing of Japan had culminated in the dropping of the two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. How has this astonishing re- versal of fortunes come about? It has been the victors' doing. The victors relieved the van- quished of burdens as the pen- alty for Ihcir defeat, and they saddled themselves wilh bur- dens as the reward for their own victory. Germany and Jairan were relieved, not only of the vast territories that each of them had conquered during the Sec- ond World War, but also of all their former possessions be- yond their own homelands. (Germany had be relieved of her overseas possessions in the First World War, too) Britain and France, the two colonial Powers that found themselves on the winning side in 1945, had to pay for this by getting rid of their colonial empires on their own initiative. Britain quickly jettisoned the British Indian Empire and Ceylon and Palestine, but she did not get rid of the rest without having to fight the Mau Mau in Kenya and the Communists in Mala- ya; her exits from Cyprus and Aden were humiliating; and she has not yet succeeded in dis- engaging herself from the Ihorny commitments in Rho- desia and in Northern Ireland. As for France, she deeolo- nialized herself at the price of disastrous wars in Vietnam and in Algeria. Meanwhile, Germany and Ja- pan have not been encumbered by imperial legacies, and they have had to spend little on de- fence. They have been covered by the American "nuclear um- while Britain and France have been free to be- come minor nuclear Powers a prestige-luxury that is too costly for countries of this sec- ond-rank economic calibre. Germany and Japan, for their part, have been free to concentrate their efforts and resources on non-military eco- nomic development. This has been the only outlet open for their energies, and they have had a powerful incentive for making the most of it. They had a psychological need to re- trieve their signal military de- "He's resting his eyes he's got a long, hard day ahead" Letters to the editor Money buys liquor but not hotel room I am Douglas Longtime Squirrel from the Blood Res- erve. I was picked up on Wed- nesday, Sept. 29 around three in the morning. He picked me up in the old car. Before I got picked up, I was sleeping at the King Koin lanudry. The police woke me up. He told me to go to the old car to sleep. I walk- ed to the old car. As soon as I got in the old car he came over and picked me up. He put me in the cells. I am not lazy, any farmer looking for men I will work for him. That's why I am staying in Lethbridge, looking for work. I am not staying in Leth- bridge just to get drunk. I went to work before I got pick- ed up, at Skiff picking rocks for two days. I made thirty dollars. That money I made is good at the bar and the liquor store but is no good at the hotels. It doesn't matter if I am poor man, as long as I work for money, my money will be as good as the rich man's money. Before I spent all my money in the bar, I thought about a good room to sleep. I went to the lobby to ask for a room. The manager all he have to say, no room, all full up. But there's no place to go. I have to go to the car to sleep to be safe. It is belter than walking in the street all night. Our money is as good as Hie white man's money. How come our money is no good in the hotels, but is good at the bars Health foods not necessarily better In reply to your article, "Or- ganic Food Industry Booming" by Jean Sharp (Oct. I would like to make a few comments. Health foods are not neces- sarily that much better than ordinary food on the market. Tlie article states that "no harmful things like chemi- cals" have been added. First, Fine city Recently I had occasion to visit your fine city. Lethbridge is no strange city to me but I continue to wonder at its cleanliness, wide streets and beautiful parks. You are to be congratulated on having the prettiest little city in western Canada! I would like to con- gratulate you on your latest addition, the new university, a magnificent feat of architec- ture and engineering, located in beautiful .surroundings with' out the ugly blemishes of car parking lots. I also understand that the location prevented the surrounding area from being gobbled up by land specula- tors. What a contrast to the hodgc podge of buildings and parking lots at the University I would like to mention that harmful pesticides such as DDT are no longer in use since they have been banned in Canada. Secondly, many food additives improve the food by improving texture, palatability, eye ap- peal or nutritious value. Sci- ence and genetics, as well as modern technology have in most cases improved the ap- pearance, flavor, texture, and most important, the nutritional value of food. Pasteurization is a step ahead, not a regressive move, because the process of pasteur- ization destroys the harmful, disease producing bacteria. If, in the same process, tho texture is improved, for exam- ple, making honey smoother, is it such a bad thing? The cost of health foods cer- tainly is m u c li higher, and when you consider you arc not really getting morn for your money, is it worth it to buy health foods? I say, 'NO." P. DUSYK, Dietitian. Fort Macleod. and the liquor store? A white man's money is good any place, in tlie hotels, bar and liquor store. I am not crying for liquor. The governments opened the liquor to Indians. I didn't ask for it. I been drunk lots of times, but I have never done any damage, thieving, break- ing-in, o r bothering anybody in tlie street. Suppose I am drunk. T am going to be picked up by the highway patrol, walking on the highway in the middle of the night for been drunk. I had to go to the old car to slay over- night to be safe. I am not going to the old car to burn myself. It doesn't matter if I am a rich guy still my money is no good at the hotels, just good at the bars and liquor store as- long as I am a brown-skin In- dian. DOUGLAS LONGTIME SQUIRREL. Cardston. Looking feats by winning an equally sig- nal victory in some other field, and, within a quarter of a cen- tury of 1945, they have suc- ceeded. In Ihc Second World War, Germany tried and failed to conquer a lebensraum, and Ja- pan to conquer a "co-prosper- ity by force of arms. Today Ihey are on the verge of attaining their war-time ob- jectives by "peaceful penetra- tion." West Germany is now in process of coming to terms with the Soviet Union, and we may guess that Japan will out- bid the United States in a com- petition for winning China's friendship. And why arc the United Slates and the Soviet Union now in adversity? Because they have each made, since 1945, two mistakes that have been made by a pair of victorious allies on a number of occasions in the past. They have each acquired a burdensome em- pire, and at the same time they have engaged in a debili- tating competition with each other. They have competed in nuclear armaments, in space- manship, and in foreign aid (especially in the form of mili- tary equipment) to their re- spective proteges, and these costly outlays are economically unremunerative- Cuba and Egypt are Viabilities for the Soviet Union as are Israel, South Vietnam, Taiwan, and South Korea for the United States. Britain had found Egypt and Palestine, and France had found Vietnam, too hot to hold; yet the two post-war super- Powers rushed to pick up these live coals that France and Bri- tain had dropped. This anachronistic colonial- ism in an age of de-colonial- ization has involved the United Stales in a war in Korea lhat has ended in a stalemate, and in another war in Vietnam that is ending in an American de- feat. The Soviet Union has man- aged, so far, to avoid involve- ment in such serious hostilities. She has only had to suppress insurrections in East Germany and in Hungary, and her mili- tary occupation of Czechoslova- kia met wilh no military re- sistance. Yet the Soviet Union's East European empire is prov- ving increasingly indigestible, and the belief held by both Russians and Americans that communism is "monolith- ic" has been refuted by the successful secession of Yugo- slavia and the breach between the Soviet Union and Clu'na. Compared with these Russian post-war political catastrophes, the partial alienation of France from the United States has done relatively minor damage to the cohesion of the United States' so-called "Free The United Stales' post-war re- verses have been military and economic: her defeat hi Viet- nam and the fatigue of the dol- lar. The lesson of this last quar- ter of a century is that the snare of military victory may be ruinous, and that the stimu- lus of military defeat may be lucrative. This lesson is ironi- cal, and it is also an old story. Macedonia, for instance, never recovered from the ex- hausting military tour de force of conquering first the rest of Greece and then tlie huge Per- sian Empire. Rome never re- covered from her victory over Hannibal and her subsequent expansion of her empire round the whole perimeter of the Mediterranean. Tile main themes of the Roman Empire's history are the gradual demo- graphic and economic decay of the Empire's heartland, Italy, and the economic floruit of Home's provinces in the Le- vant. Military victors are sel- dom Clio's (muse of history) most intelligent pupils; they are dullards, and this gives the vanquished their chance to turn the tables. This has now re- peated itself in our lime. (Written for The Herald and The Observer in London) backward A central location of Calgary Once more con- gratulations you arc doing a fine job. C. V. DANN. As a senior citizen and a steady user of Ihe facilities of our public library, I niusl pro- lost against Ihe recommenda- tion of one of Ihe prcsenl mem- So They Say Our offence objectives in- volve tlie shooting of ns many British soldiers as possible and the bombing of military and economic targels. Joe Cahill, leader of IRA Provisionsals in Belfast. The freeze will be followed by some kind of thaw in which some of the things Hint arc now prohibited or prevented will be allowed to occur. Maurice II. Stiuis, U.S. of commerce. bers of city council thai Ihe new library be silualed close to Ihe coulees instead of the 1th Avenue and 9th Street loca- tion. (Sec Herald of 9lh Oct.) Surely the older generation is rntillcd to 'some' consideration in tills matter, and really I think we rend more books from tlie library than do the "Long- hairs." We must, in most cases, travel to and fro by city bus, and the 4th Avenue and 9th Street location is central. Any- way, the university and the college both have their own libraries. I hope the incoming council will consider Ihc reasons for locating (he library in a ccnlrai location thai I have outlined KEN WA'JTS. Through The Herald 1921 Ellison retains heavyweight championship of Alberta. Ellison, of Cardston, defeated Rube Deglow, of Ma-gralh, at the Majestic last night. 19.11 The old clothes drive which is being put on by the Rotary club, today, is an undertaking which should appeal to every John David Eaton, vice-president of tlie T. Eaton Co. Lid., arrived in Lethbridge by plane, then went on to tlie official opening of the company store in Medicine Hal. 1951 The Lethbridge Horticultural Society will hold its annual meeting next Monday in Ihe lied Cross rooms. Today Lelhbridge basked in a record high of 81.3 degrees. The lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No 001J Press ana tne Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ol CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mannner JOE BALLA WILl'lAM HAY Managing Editor Asiociale Edllor ROY r-. MILEi DOUGLAS K. WALKFR Advertising Manager Editorial Paga Edllo'r "THE HERAtD SCKVES THE SOUTH" ;