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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 16, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta It THI IETHMIDOI HERAID Octobtr Premium Dropped Pea Disease In Alberta Plant Pathologist Peas are grown for seed and for processing on 15 to 20 thou sand acres The crop is mainly confined to irri gated farms in the The growing of peas is not without its hazards for peas are sus ceptible to a variety of dis Root rot is the most serious of peas in this and Extra Pasture Feed Pays Feeding grain to yearling steers on irrigated pasture in creased profits from per head to per These results were obtained in a trial carried out at CDAs research sta tionin which steers grazed irrigated pastures that produced about pounds of dry matter to the Steers grazed from midMay until The less profitable group got no extra feed the more prbfit able steers were fed increas ing amounts of grain starting in early June and were on full feed by Grainfed steers on good pas ture usually gain half a pound a day more than those receiv ing no says Alf Erich feeder association supervi sor for the Alberta department of agriculture in This spread can increase to a pound or more per day when pasture is poor or Profits torn feeding grain on pasture can be increased by restricting grain Ericksen points out in trial at the University of Sas steers selffed grain containing animal fat or salt returned about and respectively more profit than steers getting untreated Fat and salt cut daily grain consumption by 2 pounds and 4 pounds Erich ten points out that cattle fed control rations must have access to of drinking many other peagrowing In fields frequently cropped to peas the soilborne fungi that cause the disease build up ra pidly to the level where pea growing must be Land that is heavily infested with these organisms may re quire ten years or more for the population to decrease to a level where peas can again be pro fitably All of the com mon pea varieties are suscep tible to root Seed treat ment with an effective fungi cide will protect the seedlings from attack and delay the on set of the A crop se quence where peas are grown once in four or five years will prevent the buildup of large populations of these rootrot ting Powdery the disease that produces a powdery covering on the and pods of is frequently severe on latematuring varie ties in the field and in home Dusting the plants with sulfur as soon as the symptoms appear is effective in controlling this Two newly developed systemic fungicides have been highly ef fective in controlling the dis ease in experimental plots but at present they are not regis tered for use on food Bacterial a seedborne disease that causes spots on the leaves and seldom causes significant damage to peas under the dry conditions of southern Its main significance is that seed from a crop where bacterial blight has been found cannot be shipped to the United Kingdom one of Canadas best customers for pea Bacterial blight can be avoided by sowing disease free seed in land not cropped to peas the previous growing The Mycosphaerella and As cochyta diseases which are often troublesome in moister peagrowing areas rarely oc in These diseases cause spots on the stems and One of them also causes rot at the base of the The fungi causing these diseases survive from year to year in infested seed and in undecayed plant Their infrequent occurrence in Alberta is an important reason why this province is a major producer of pea seed in Can Crop Report1970 Figures released by the Alberta Wheat Pool showing acreage yield and production estimates for the province of 1970 Grain Acreage Yield Production Oats Barley Flax Rye Rapcseed 1969 Grain Acreage Yield Production Wheat Oats Barley Flax Rye SNOWMOBILE SPECIALS 1 ONLY 14 SNOPONY 40 12month warranty on new I ONLY 10 SNOPONY 12month I ONIY 10 SNOWMOBILE Slightly used new ONLY TERMS CAN BE 499 475 300 Many other specials on Lawn Riding Hedge MOWER 817 3rd Phone 3272669 The permium currently paid bythe Canada department of agriculture for choice lamb carcasses weighing M to 56 winds will be discontinued at he end of this The lamb quality premium was introduced in 1961 to en courage farmers to produce top quality According to the department major changes in market conditions since 161 have made the premium less signi First prices have A check of prices indicates hat good lambs at Toronto in CHOW TIME Evert herdsman of the Ellison farm at dumps feed ration one third mustard screenings two thirds wheat screenings plus added minerals into one of the perimeter feeding troughs at the Albert Lethbridge manager of the total confinement sheep lays the ration Is high in protein and and seems to give the a resistance to internal Sheep Program Near LetHbridge One Of North Americas Largest One of the largest total con finement sheep programs in North America is run on the Ellison six miles east of The fouracre sheep complex is managed by Albert Bouras Lethbridge and herdsman Evert The farm had its beginning in the sheep industry in when the flock which then numbered about 200 animals was used as a feed outlet for excess roughage obtained from the Ellison mill in Today the farm consists of four main built on a southerly open face sheds and sheltered perimeter feeding At the present the flock is made up of about 950 ewes and about 50 Corriedale and Suffolk Breeding is done throughout the month of with the ewes divided in groups of The groups are each tagged with different colored ear tags and is bred at a different This spreading out of the is done to prevent a sudden over burdening load of new lambs on the farm in the Bourassa says this practise makes for more effi cient usage of available facili All lambing is scheduled for There are two rea sons for this Bouras the first being the three varieties of sheep raised on the farm will not breed at anytime of the and sec ondly because spring is when the best market prices are Bourassa says the objec live of sheepmen should he to spread lambing out through the year by introducing new sheep breeds which will breed any If this was done a more stable market could be estab lished year four foot by four foot claiming pens are used to ensure the new born lambs are not separated from their moth The lambs are kept with the ewes in these small pens for about 24 Then they are transferred to eight foot b 16 foot grouping pens where eight ewes and their are kept for about a The fi nal step in the familiarization program comes after this peri when 250 ewes and their lambs are turned into one pen Now the lambs are intro duced to a creep ration made Department Of Agriculture Warns Against Ryegrasses The Alberta department of agriculture is very concerned about reports that farmers are buying annual and perennial ryegrass seed to plant for for The fact that these grasses are completely unsuited to con ditions in this province is the reason for the Orlan Bratvold head of the field crops branch in Edmonton explains that both annual and perennial ryegrasses require a fairly mild climate and plenty of Neither species has any tolerance to They are mainly coastal areas such as the pacific northwest and the Atlantic Annual rye grasses are mainly used in North America as a nurse crop for establishing Bratvold also points out that no annual forage in cluding the annual are eligible for the provinces forage assistance Under this program the gov ernment pays half of the cost of perennial forage According to Bratvold there are about three species of annual one of which is a weed that has plagued grass growers in the Peace River Darnel could well be among the an nual ryegrass seed being offer ed for sale this Of the perennial the two most common are Italian ryegrass and English neither of which are winter hardy in In they are less winter hardy than orchardgrass which is recommended only for the irri gated areas of southern Al Anyone who is hoping to take advantage oE the federal wheat acreage reduction program by growing forage crops should bear in mind that these crops have to be inspected in mid 1971 to qualify for the an acre Bratvold suspects that many perennial ryegrass crops will winter which means that there will be no per acre payment collect ed next Perennial ryegrasses are grown in a rary limited area of southwestern Alberta for seed this is a very different proposition to growing them for A thin stand of forage actually increases the seed but can have a devastating effect on forage What should farmers do if they cannot get llic forage seed they had planned on sowing this spring Bratvold rec ommends planting cereal crops for greenfeed or silage rather than annual forage crops be cause the former give better be ret fescue and even orchardgrass are all better bets for perennial forage crops than any of the Calendar Of Farm Events October 21 Del Bonlia Master Farm Family Recognition Night Del Bonita School October 22 Warner Extension Open House Tree Se lection and Landscape Planning Snow and Wind Control in October 22 Burdett Master Farm Family Recognition Night October 26 30 Provincewide Unifarm sponsored see Alberta tour October 30 31 Brooks and Community Leadership Workshop November 4 5 Winnipeg United Grain Growers Con vention November 5 Edmonton Feed Industry Conference November 13 21 Toronto Royal Agricultural Winter Fair November 18 Edmonton Alberta Turkey Annual Meeting November 18 20 Edmonton Alberta Poultry Industry Conference November 19 20 Brooks Alberta Potato Commission and Alberta Potato Growers Annual Meet ing and Potato Harvest Ball November 20 Lethbridge 20th Annual Lethbridge Fall purebred Cattle Sale November 2327 Banff Annual Stockmans Short Course November 25 27 Ottawa Agrciultural Congress on Task Force LIMITED NUMBER OF COPIES NOW AVAILABLE FALL 1970 FARM AND RANCH DIRECTORIES complete listing of ail farms end ranches In Leihbridge trading EACH AVAILABLE AT The Lethbridge Herald CORNER OF 5th AND 7th LETHBRIDGE available by special feeders with entrances too small for the ewes to Bourassa says this method of weaning greatly reduced lamb mortality rate at market time by cutting stress when the lambs are sep rated from the Last spring the farm market ed about 900 of its Bourassa believes the outlook for the sheep industry in total confinement or semi confinement lots is and small operators may be able to get into the Grazing land is just top val uable he and confinmeent reduces the sheep mans worry about Apparently the sheep indus try is catching as figures released by Dominion Bu reau of Statistics showed numbers in Aflrta were up per cent in 1970 over at compared to Sheep numbers in all of Can ada were up 13 per cent in 1970 over ex pansion of the sheep industry will depend on the cooperation of all Canada could use seven million more sheep if we were to supply just what Canada im ports every year in Iumb and 1961 averaged per compared to per to more Iambi Km currently being marketed through channels where the premium does not premium is paid only on choice carcasses marketed through federally Inspected packing The government begin phas ing out the premium on April 1968 by dropping the premium Good carcasses by reducing the premium on Choice carcasses to In the premium ww paid on about lamb Alfalfa In South Alberta District Agriculturist Lethbridge Alfalfa arid grass mixtures are producing high yields on many farms in South ern Alberta But it takes keen forage management knowhow to get the job What kind of tonnage goals should we shoot for Many farmers in our area are har vesting five to six tons of al falfa per Hie average for southern Alberta is about one half this yield so many farm ers still have a long way to One successful alfalfa grower in the Lethbridge area My alfalfa yields have been consistently high when I give this crop the same attention and management that I give to row Many of the row crops in our irrigation areas are gradually moving from the heavy soils to the sandy Land subject to this change is in many being planted to This substation appears to be quite sound as the yield and quality of alfalfa are superior to the yield and quality of most other forage Alfalfa makes an excellent cattle feed because of its high protein It is also very palatable and livestock like it in any form it is The cattle population is in Creasing in Southern Our large commercial feed lots have added additional cattle and addiitonal demands for feed in our Two of our larger commercial feedlots yearly feed approximately one million bush els of barley Has the increased cattle population increased the de mand for alfalfa hay Most al falfa growers inform that re gardless of the increase in cat tle the demand for their product is not No matter how good the pro duct it will not have a fu ture in Southern Alberta it if cannot be This statement is common among alfalfa grow ers of Southern The next question Wlrj can it notbe sold to the large feedlots In discussing the problem with our larger feed lots they state that their ra tions contain from five to ten per cent alfalfa They would increase the amount of alfalfa hay if it fit into their mechanized feeding With the present system of handling hay and the work in most of them stated that they would like to drop alfalfa hay from their The feed processing plants to our area are preparing an ever increasing amount of our cattle They find the same prob lem with alfalfa hay as do the feedlot Baled alfalfa hay does not fit into their pro cessing If alfalfa is to have fufaw in southern Alberta it will have to find a that eliminate manual handlingIt will have to fit into mechanized Hay which puts hay into condensed may be one method of increasing al falfa These compact or mean that the hay can be mechanically handled in the field and fit into the mechanized systems of the feedlnts and feed processing Alfalfa will continue to have a future in southern Alberta if we solve its production and marketing We can increase production with new technology and management We must also get the 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