Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 16, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 - THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD - Friday, October 16, 1970 Peter C, Neivman Is This Really War? Invoking the War Measures Act means, in effect, that Canada is in a state of war and many of the normal peace-time rights of the people are suspended. This grave measure suggests government over-reaction. In defence of the government, one must acknowledge that it is as apprehensive about the use of the War Measures Act as is the most sensitive citizen. Its position is that although the measure is frighteningly drastic, it is the only recourse of the state at this time, the only instrument immediately available to deal appropriately and adequately with the FLQ menace. But is this really insurrection? Or Is it just a criminal spree for which the normal peace-time laws and law-enforcement agencies are competent? Will unduly harsh measures add to the silent sympathy the FLQ enjoys in Quebec? Does invoking the War Measures Act give the FLQ more political stature than it deserves, making of it something of a political movement instead of a criminal conspiracy and therefore its imprisoned members really "political prisoners" rather than common criminals? However the FLQ has challenged the nation's peace and order and its criminal exploits must be firmly checked. Better, perhaps for the nation briefly to endure the strictures now announced than to be less than firm with the FLQ. There is reassurance in the fact that the prime minister seems as dedicated to civil rights and liberties as any other Canadian, and also reassurance that he is not running away from a showdown with the Quebec terrorists. Good Growth Growth in population and productivity in many parts of the world has reached the point where it threatens to make life intolerable. This is as true of industrialized Japan as it is of under - developed India. The relationship between qualitative and quantitative growth has suddenly become a major concern. Although it might seem that this issue is one that affects only large centres in densely populated countries it is wise to think about it even in Lethbridge surrounded by the wide open spaces of Alberta. Quality of living is endangered here as elsewhere. It is significant that the matter of quality in relation to quantity should have been raised by Mr. Dennis 0 Connell director of the Economic Development Commission. An e a s y assumption might have been that a man in such a position would be bent on economic growth at all cost - at least at the cost of most qualitative considerations. Doubts about the premise of the consumer society - that happiness Lies in affluence - have become very widespread. Private affluence is devalued by public squalor. If growth is accompanied by increasing unpleasantness it might well be questioned if it is a desirable goal. Some have come to this conclusion and are advocating an objective of zero growth. But the idea that "less is more" is too much of a wrench for most people - yet. Mankind may be forced into the acceptance of such a goal. But there is the possibility that there can be good growth - growth governed by considerations of serving public needs. In order to achieve correlated growth of this kind it will be necessary to overcome the resistance there is to public spending. "Spender" has become a term of political abuse and the surest way of election to public office is still the promise of reducing taxes through cutting public expenditure. If the term "invester" could take the place of "spender" it might be possible to make an advance toward the goal of good growth. Community conditions and services must grow along with industry and private affluence. Argument Undermined The chief argument advanced by Britain's Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home, for the resumption of arms sales to South Africa was undermined recently. He had contended that the action was necessary because of the threat of Russian navy build up in the Indian Ocean. But Britain's Navy Minister, Mr. Peter Kirk, returned from an 11-day tour of the Far East and said that exaggerated attention had been given to the Soviet build up. "There is no reason to get steamed up over the Soviet presence as it exists for the moment," he said. In his opinion the number of "teeth" units in the Indian Ocean is extremely small. Mr. Kirk, according to the London Observer, reflects not only his own view but those of the Chiefs of Staff. Their conclusion is that no real Soviet threat i s likely to develop until the reopening of the Suez Canal. Only then would the Soviet fleet be able to move freely into the Indian Ocean and the South Atlantic. A split in the Cabinet has become obvious with the statement of Mr. Kirk. In view of the sharp reaction that came to the initial proposal of resumption of arms sales, the odds now seem to favor a backing away. Sir Alec Douglas-Home may have been made to look a little foolish in his stout defence of the proposal. But the undermining of the ' threat" argument really gets the Heath Government out of a tough spot. The whole business can now be dropped safely with a sigh of relief. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON - I don't know if people have noticed it but TV political commercials are getting nastier and nastier. There was a time when a candidate appeared on the screen and made a one-minute pitch for your vote. But all this has gone by the boards, and now, thanks to the great creative brains of our advertising media the new approach is to tell the audience what a miserable S.O.B. the candidate's opponent is. I sat in on a session where the top advertising men were brain - storming a TV commercial campaign for their candidate, Philbus Wurm, who was running for the U.S. Senate against the incumbent Senator Allegro Symphony. This is how it went. "As I see it," said the copy writer, "we have to sell the people on Symphony's softness on pornography. Now what I suggest we do is have a woman sleeping in bed and a guy comes in and rapes her and the voice - over says 'These are the people Senator Symphony wants to let into your bedroom." "Not enough shock value" the art director said. "How about this? A group of dirty, hairy students sneaks up to a building and plants a bomb. The bomb goes off and the voice - over says 'Symphony voted for the last education bill." "That's not bad," said a vice-president. "I thought we might use a lot of footage from the California brush fires. You know, homes burning and stuff like that, and then a shot of Symphony playing a violin, which he does. The voice - over could say 'Nero wasn't the only one who fiddled." "That's great," another VP said. "How about Vietnam? "We've been working on that," the copywriter said. "We have some stock footage of a GI platoon attacking Hill 2,331. Then we hear Symphony's voice saying 'Vietnam was a big mistake,' and the voice-over says 'Tell it to Company D." The campaign manager was ecstatic. "Beautiful. You have anything on the economy?" The art director says "We have some footage of an unemployment office, and we go in close on a guy who is holding his check, and we say 'Why are you out of a job? and he says "Because Senator Symphony closed the Naval base.' Then we show a crew putting the guy's furniture out in the street." "Did you tell him about the hunger ad?' a vice-president asked. "Not yet," the copywriter said. "W e show this family at a table and the mother says to her children, 'All we have to eat tonight is turnips.' Then we fade and show Symphony eating spaghetti at an Italian saint's day festival and the voice - over says 'Mama mia, that's a meatball.'" The ail director said "I think you'll like this one. It portrays Washington going up in a mushroom cloud and then a bunch of Soviet officers laughing. The voice - over says 'Senator Symphony voted against the ABM.'" "It's dirty, but it will sell," the campaign manager laughed. "But what about our candidate, Philbus Wurm?" someone asked. "Don't you think we ought to make one commercial with him in it?" "Hell, no. If anyone sees that idiot on TV, we'll lose all our votes." (Toronto Telegram News Service?) How Trudeau Maintains Grip On Power ^TORONTO - It was almost impossible d u r ing this anxious week for an old Ottawa hand not to try to imagine what would have happened if the FLQ had kidnapped a foreign diplomat when the PM's office was occupied by John Diefenbaker or Lester Pearson. Diefenbaker would have emerged from the East Block, eyes blazing, finger pointing, to give a rambling 20 minute press conference, during which the "infamy of these wrongdoers" would have been mentioned seven times, before he personally set off for Montreal to meet any average Canadian wrongdoer "anytime it should become necessary." Pearson would have struggled valiantly to deal with the hysteria produced in those around him (while casting a wistful eye on the upcoming World Series); his office staff would have taken straw polls on whether or not the ransom money should be paid; there would have been deep left-wing, English-French splits in the cabinet over the negotiations and a fully detailed leak to the press of who stood where on what. But with Pierre Trudeau in command, all has been cool, controlled and completely re- mote. Who knows how, if at all, Trudeau has been personally affected by the kidnapping? Who knows what immediate factors or long-term principles went into the Cabinet's ransom deliberations or how many ministers were hesitant to voice their views? In his handling of this chilling incident, Trudeau has once again displayed the style that has made him such an unusual prime minister - a man utterly disengaged from events as they happen, but at the same time a master in the exercise of political power. As Parliament begins its third session under his leadership, the enormity of the differences between him and his 15 predecessors is coming into focus. Trudeau has deliberately upset the apple carts of all those interest groups who have shared for generations the political power that counts, rendering the formerly smug impotent with one cold gaze, or one colder action. In his treatment of his Cabinet, his caucus, his party organization and even his own office staff, he has remained within the mould he's cast for himself - and outside the traditional behavior patterns of prime ministers. He governs the country like the headmaster of a rigorously administer- ed private school, ruling by fear amd keeping all those nearest him - not excluding the electorate - permanently insecure. The effect on Ottawa has been to cool the noisy crisis atmosphere of the past decade. All of the great confrontations between provincial governments, with .the parliamentary opposition and among party leader ship challengers now seem outdated and irrelevant. Cabinet authority has been dispersed into so many committees and the decision-making process so fragmented that no minister except Trudeau himself has much influence on o v e r-all government policy. With the possible exceptions of Don Jamieson, Bryce Macka-sey and John Turner, all of Trudeau's ministers could disappear as quickly as Paul Hel-lyer did last year, leaving behind them hardly a ripple to show they had ever existed. The power of the backroom boys within the Liberal party has evaporated, simply because Trudeau chooses to ignore them. He refuses to attend most party functions, or to dip deeply into the pork barrel to find rewards for the faithful. Last week's astonishingly enlightened Senate appointments must have shattered a thousand veteran Grits' happy dreams. By undercutting the influence of most of the traditional party power brokers, Trudeau has retained only one indispensable man: himself. When Keith Davey was the Liberals' chief organizer during the Pearson years, the whole country knew of his exploits. But who has ever even heard the name of Torrance Wylie, the man who now has Davey's job? Trudeau's relationship with John Nichol, the bright young Senator from B.C. who managed his 1968 election campaign, is now described by a close acquaintance as "nonexistent." Another source of Trudeau's strength is that unlike most prime ministers, who gather around themselves a kitchen cabinet of political cronies, he functions as his own brains trust. It's a cliche in Ottawa these days that he relies exclusively for advice on what insiders c a 11 his "French chapel": Regional Development Minister Jean Marchand, Secretary of State Gerard Pel-letier and Principal Secretary Marc Lalonde. But the fact is (and these three men admit it) that nobody but nobody tells Trudeau what to do. Trudeau even limits his contacts with his personal staff, all people he has carefully selected himself. This year, for "Fret not - I've still got a trump card!' Letters To The Editor Not Sold On Senators Manning And McNamara Time Magazine, October 12, 1970, states "A Senatorship isn't a job. It's a title, also it's a blessing, a stroke of good fate: something like drawing a royal straight flush in the biggest pot of the evening or winning the Calcutta sweep. That's why we think it wrong to think of the Senate as a place where Already Sold Out Last year I attempted to help a grand daughter with some quadratic equations. There was nothing difficult in the question, but it was hopeless. The whole approach was different. She couldn't take my method to school and I didn't know how the text arrived at the solution. The other night I tried again in elementary school arithmetic, called Seeing Through Arithmetic 5. I opened the book at page 77 - Divide 2467 by 38. I was taught to decide, mentally, that I must first divide 38 into 246. Three goes into 24, 8 times, but 8x8 has too much of a carryover for even 7 times, so I would try 6.--That operation done I would have 18 over and bringing down the 7. I would have 187 etc. But here is a whole new system of bringing both figures to round numbers and about twice the procedure. Sure you can figure it, if you want to admit you do not know your tables, and take longer. The child taught that way can do better. But there is your generation gap. The educational system makes it that way right through to drugs. They are taught a different way of thinking. The first big change I remember in the educational set up was about 60 years ago when we changed from forms to grades, and we have been changing ever since. The only thing certain about the present system is that in a few years someone will come along with a so called new system, and tell us how out of date this one is, and how inefficient and time wasting it is, and we'll get another change - for another few years, or even months. So I looked to see who had concocted this book. First I noticed it was put out by W. J. Gage who recently sold out to a U.S'. firm. Of seven authors only the last lived in Canada- Gvenson of Edmonton, and it takes no mind reader to tell what he did. "This is the fifth book - of - a unit of the Curriculum Foundation Series published by Scott, Foresman and Company and edited for use in Canadian Schools by W. J. Gage and Co." In other words by Mr. Evenson. Seems to me Giige had already sold out and so had Alberta. J. A. SPENCER. Magrath. So They Say The cry of youth is that exploitation must be stopped -not only of the poor nations by the rich, but also of poor people by rich people, a problem which exists today in both the developed and developing nations of the world. -Steven R. L a t z, Fargo, N.D., a delegate to the United Nation's World Youth Assembly. people are supposed to work Pensions aren't given for work" - end of quotation. In both cases I agree and might add "Good riddance!" I can understand the editor when he brags Manning up like a morning star; without Manning the university would never have been built across the coulee. A plebiscite should have decided that location, not an outsider to whom it was immaterial. Personally I think he did more for the oil companies than he did for Alberta; in his last year on the throne he authorized a travelling expense for himself and ministers ($4,500,-000) and the farmer had to pay fuel tax. In an editorial, The Herald states "McNamara with his wide experience in agriculture marketing can be expected to make a contribution in the Senate." That takes the cake! Statements like that tempt a man to cancel The Herald in order to prevent a busted gall bladder. McNamara lost us farmers many grain sales, caused us to pay a large amount of demurrage, caused us to pay freight on two trains of wheat back from the Lakehead to Winnipeg and again from Winnipeg to the Lakehead; also freight on three trains of barley from Vancouver to the Lakehead. Our additional grain payments went to pay freight because McNamara slept while the farmers had little income. With his wide experience in agriculture marketing "indeed." During the One Prairie Province Conference the Hon. Mr. Richardson was asked to use his good office to get rid of McNamara; thank you Mr. Richardson! My only regret is that Mr. Trudeau did not include two other balloons, Mr. Lang and Olson. HENRY P. DYCK. Lethbridge. Editor's Note: Mr. Dyck's statements on the movement of trainloads of grain we cannot deny because we do not know. His statement on travelling expenses of $4,500,000 wc positively know to wrong. be instance, he has attended only two of the regular Wednesday afternoon conferences held by members of the prime minister's staff. On one of these occasions he spent most of the time poking fun at a survey published in Maclean's Magazine purporting to show that Robert Stanfield could beat him in the next election campaign. Almost without any of us becoming aware of it, Trudeau has turned himself into a presidential figure with a hold on power undreamed of in the U.S. Constitution. But if Pierre is bent on becoming Canada's first president, who'll be our vice-president? Nearly all Canadian prime ministers have tried to create a "concurrent majority" at the very summit of political power in this country by snaring then- powers with a senior politician from the other basic culture. Laurier had Sifton and Fielding; Mackenzie King had Ernest Lapointe; Louis St. Laurent had C. D. Howe. Not all of Trudeau's predecessors succeeded in finding a suitable pro-consul, but at least they tried. Diefenbaker and Pearson had to make up in quantity what they lacked in quality in their Quebec lieutenants, and together went through nine candidates for the job. But Trudeau doesn't even pretent to be searching for a senior English-Canadian politician to become his partner in power. The recent Cabinet shuffle, an ideal opportunity to designate an English lieutenant, somehow managed to demote everybody involved. It's a paradox of the Trudeau method that despite his refusal to share personal power, the process of government policy formation has been opened up. Building on precedent, like the good lawyer he is, Trudeau has used white papers, parliamentary committees and his party apparatus to involve special interest groups in the essential policy decisions. Trudeau has maintained such a grip on power because he has so far been more successful than any of his predecessors in achieving the ideal state of Canadian political grace: he has demonstrated his ability to occupy the political centre, while moving simultaneously both to the left and to the right. "Our job in the past two years," he said during one of his recent tours into the political hinterland, "has been trying to kill expectations and, as you know, we brought in the first bal* anced or surplus budget m 13 years. People who thought I was a Communist said, 'My God, this guy's a pretty conservative Prime Minister,' which I suppose I am. But it's because we balanced our1 budget that the Canadian dollar is worth more and that the Canadian economy is a better place for people to invest in." To tag Trudeau with any recognizable ideology, you have to move into the existentialism of the French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre, who claims that each individual is what he makes of himself - that "man invents himself through exercising his freedom of choices." This is what Pierre Trudeau is all about: a man c r e a t ing himself through authentic political acts. His ideas are formed by what he sees and feels as he travels the country he is charged with governing. He can only be comprehended in action, and just dimly even then. His self-imposed mission is to reveal the character of this nation to itself, and despite his flaws we probably should be glad, at this crucial moment in our history, to have as prime minister a man who can evoke genuine reactions between us and the mystical entity we call Canada. (Toronto Star Syndicate) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 - The hanging of Tom Bassoff on December 22 will mark the fourth to take place at the Lethbridge jail. The first such event took place in January, 1911. -------- 1930 - An unexpected heat Ub- PTP�sal for the raising of wave struck Britain recently ^special force to serve at mated that a standard earth-graded highway could be built from Grimshaw to Fairbanks Alaska, for $10,000,000. 1950 - Prime Minister Nehru voiced Indian opposition to a and this year's longer skirts were replaced by last year's more abbreviated lengths. One London woman was seen shopping clad only in a blouse and shorts with no stockings. 1940 - Hon. W. A. Fallow, minister of public works, esti- United Nations' direction. 1960 - Construction of the new livestock pavilion at the exhibition grounds will begin in the spring of 1961. A $53,000 Alberta government grant has been made available for the building. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No 001? Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspapei Publishers' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"