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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 16, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta WINDY FORECAST HIGH SATURDAY NEAR 70 The Lethbtrldge ? ? ? ? ? VOL. LXIII-No. 257 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS' TWO SECTIONS-26 PAGES Ottawa Invokes War Act To Outlaw Que. Terrorists Trudeau Takes Action With ''Deep Regref l-Orf^-i,........_____________ GUARDING IVIONTREAI - A Royal 22nd Regiment soldier stands guard fcsehind City Hall Thursday after Premier Robert Bourassa called in the army to "protect the Que I=>ec people and public buildings. '"Montreal's downtown Place Ville Marie cruciform building stands in the background, _ Canada iVlone In Kidnap Dilemma By STEPHEN SCOTT UNITED NATIONS (CP) - As the victim of diplomatic kidnappers, Canada is occu,:s>yuig tlie loneliest spot in mfemational affairs, About it can get from, the international community is symp�-athy. But an intensely interested worlle'ely democratic country such as Canada, it can hap^g^^n anywhere. So the manner in which Canasia. handles the situation is watched closely. Few talk of it openly here, But: tliere Is no doubt that the fear of the nnlil-recently utnhcard of attacks on the sacrosanct personages of government representatives is on tiie minds of many. The fear surfaced Thursday wts^n representatives of 14 Arab coimtries expressed concern for llieir safety to Secretaiy-General U Tliant, They^ said tliey had received' threatening letters and poirx'ted out that there have been attacks �- -n Arab offices in Mjw York in tile past. Dcinger ^ppar^nt Danger is apparent in the stiff security measures during the 25th anniversary celebr-ations of tlie UN. One can look anywhere in the UTM area and see a guard, either American or UN. But while there is concern anc3L sympalliy m U\is building full of diplomats,, tliere little help avail- able for the victim, in this case Canada and in (he past Guatemala, Brazil and Uraguaty. Diplomatic kidnapping is the resTolt of inlemai dissent. It becomes an international p>roblem because it concerns relations between states. But it is the one problem that cannot!� brought before an international forum. A country suffering from one of many other problems, aerial hijacking for instance, can come here and d^e-mand action from the world-even although llio hija--crking may be the result of internal dissention. Eventually tliere may he sti-oxng enough international law to make such piracy unpr-ofitable, There is no such relief froitr kzidnapping. There was a move earlier in the session of the General Assembly to bring in a re=^olution tlial would call for international law that woui-?!rs. It got nowhere. About all one country cm do help another suf- fering from tliis kind of liidnappi_ng is nyiee, how-over rclucl;mtly, to accept "pohtic .a 1 prisoners" freed as ransom, Or perhaps a coiuitry could a-grec not to accept these prisoners, Each diplomat in the world, meanwhile, must make up his mind what he would expect from hLs own government and that of Ihe c^xmtry in which he it: stationed if he were aMiicled. Alberta Troops Move In OTTAWA (CP) - The Canadian Armed Forces airborne re-gunent has been moved to St. Hubert, near Montreal, from Edmonton, a defence department spokesmain said today. The paratroopers number about 1,000 men. They were flown overnight from Edmonton to St. Hubert, Uic spokesman said. At the same time, troops of the Royal Canadian Regiment were moved from Camp Gage-town, N.B., to Camp Valcartier, near Quebec City. For tlie time being at least, the troops moved to Quebec province from Alberta and New Bi-unswick were believed to be confmcd to then- bases at St. Hubert and Valcartier. They are English-speaking. The spokesman said the Gage-town troops at Valcartier are being used for base security, replacing soldiei-s of the French-speaking Royal 22nd Regiment now on patrol in Montreal and Quebec City. More than half tlie infantrymen in the Canadian Armed Forces now are understood to be hi Quebec. However, Uie defence department declined to give any official figm-es. Miini'o Cancels Alberta Visit EDSON (CP) - National Health and Welfare Mmister Jolm Munro has cancelled a scheduled weekend visit to this Alberta centre 120 miles west of Edmonton. All Ottawa official said Thursday that Mr. Munro had cancelled his visit to Edson and Hinton because all cabinet ministers have been requested to remain in the capital because of Ihe cun-ent ten,-a political situation in Quebec Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN t   rpEEN CLEFS choosing coloi's for their new dresses from a wash cloth seen at a shower given for Cidnec Haggins , . . Dale, Mnda, Charolctte and Brian (irlnicb returning to sunny south Alberta for a A-isit and wondering out loud to their father Larry why they can't wove back . . . Alderman Vera Ferguson aiding South-minster Jimior Girl's Choir with dialogue for operetta, The Idea. OTTAWA (CP) - Prime Minister Trudeau today with "deep regret" invoked the War Measures Act, never used before in peacetime, to outlaw the terrorist Front de Liberation du Quebec. The regulations as of 4 a.m. today make it a crime punishable by five years in jail even to assist a member of the FLQ. Mr. Trudeau made liis announcement to a packed and quiet Commons as the defence department was saying that troops from Alberta and New Brunswick had moved into Quebec to reinforce soldiers already deployed in Montreal and Quebec City. Opposition Leader Robert Stanfield said the extraordinary powers assumed by the government are far too extensive. He said he agrees with the need for action, but new crimes had been created on the spur of the moment - such as mere attendance at an FLQ meeting - and no provision had been DETAINED BY POLICE - Michael Chart rand (left), president of the Montreal council of the CNTU, was reported detained by police early Friday, along with three self-avowed separatists. Two of the three other men arrested were Charles Gagnon (centre), a member of the FLQ, and Jacques Larue-Langlois (right). The fourth mon arrested was Pierre Vallieres. Separatists Pounced On In Series Of Raids made for adequate safeguards for review. DAYS SINCE KIDNAPS The proclamation of emergency powers came 11 days after the Oct. 5 kidnappmg of British trade envoy James Richard Cross and six days after the subsequent seizure Oct. 10 of Quebec Labor Minister Pierre L a p 0 r t e. Both men were grabbed from their homes in Montreal and the FLQ issued a string of demands-including release of so-called "political prisoners"-for their safe return. The lddnappin.?s set off the biggest manhunt- so *" r unsuccessful-in Canadiaa history. The prime minister had unan-Smous consent of the Commons to present immediately a motion seeking approval of the government's action' in proclaiming the act. The War Measures Act in effect gives the government any powers it deems necessary to keep order in the country. Shortly after the powers were declared a spate of arrests under them were reported in Quebec. More troops also were poured into Quebec and Ottawa in an all-out attempt to turn up tlie terrorists. Mr. Trudeau said the regnla-tions, which make it unlawful even to advocate Uie principles of the FLQ or any successor to it, are effective at least until April, 30, 1971. Mr. Stanfield said this was much too long a period for the government to hold such sweeping powers. TRUDEAU ON TV The prime minister will go on television later today. Wearing a white rose in his buttonhole and speaking quietly, Mr. Trudeau said he still believes that democracy is nowhere healtliier than m Canada. But a "new and terrifying" type of person had arisen in Canada who sought destruction of the social order through clandestine and violent means. Mr. Trudeau promised to try to write a new statute wliich would be less sweeping than the War Measures Act and which could be used in circumstances similar to the present ones. He said he sympathizes with those voicing concern at the extent of the powers assumed by the government. But the legisla-ive record of the current Parliament in the field of individual liberties testified to its good faith. EXTREME STEP Mr. Trudeau said he recognizes that the extreme position taken by the government-extreme was his own word-is a trap in some respects. The revolutionaries would employ it as evidence of alleged authoritarianism and as justification for using more violence. "I appeal to all Canadians not to become so obsessed by what the government has done today in response to terrorism that they forget the opening play in this vicious game," Mr. Trudeau said'. "That play was taken by the revolutionaries; they ciiose to use bombing, murder and kidnappmg." All extradorinary powers would be withdrawn as soon as it had been demonstrated that violence and threats of violence had ceased. The prime minister tabled letters to him from Premier Robert Bourassa of Quebec and Montreal Mayor Jean Drapeau saying that there was a state of "apprehended insurrection." 154 UNDER ARREST Mr. Trjdeau said arrests in Quebec began at about 4:30 a.m. Just before 11 a.m., he said., arrests numbered about 154. Mr. Stanfield said the government alone must take responsi-biUty for proclaiming the War Meaisua-es Act. He said Mr. Trudeau had fervently sought entrenchment of a bill of human rights in the constitution. Now he was restricting civil liberties of Canadians for a substantial period of time. MONTREAL (CP) - Police pounced on hundreds of known Quebec separatists, sympathizers and others today in raids across the province, hours after the federal War Measures Act was invoked. Among those taken into custody were lawyer Robert Lem-ieux, who has negotiated on he-half of the ten-orist kidnappers of two political figures, and labor leader Michel Chartrand- A Quebec Provincial Police spokesman reported a total of 238 arrests-140 in Montreal, 52 in Quebec City> 20 in Rimouski, 15 in Hull and 11 in Chicoutuni -and said others are being sought on wajc^Offfs. Police seai-ches resulted in the seizure of "firearms of all kinds." the spokesman said, and huge quantities of literature, posters, books and political pamphlets. BAN POLITICAL TRACTS QPP Insp. Pien-e Laforet, speaking for the combined police anti-terrorist squad, issued orders banning the distribution or possession of tracts or other "political documents." This was another step taken under the War Measures Act, WeVe been recognized by. . . Golly, I had it on the tip of my tonzuel' invoked by Prime Minister Trudeau at 4 a.m., wliich gives police wide powers to make arrests and raids without warrants. The act was invoked an hour after there had been no word from the terrorist Front de Liberation du Quebec, responsible for the kidnapping last week of British envoy James (Jasper) Cross and Pierre Laporte, Quebec labor minister. The Quebec government had set a 3 a.m. deadUne for a reply from the terrorists to its 'final" ransom offer-that five convicted terrorists be released on parole in exchange for the freedom of the two kidnap hostages. NAB NOTED MEMBERS Among them, police said, were prominent members of the Newspaper Says Smith To Resign STONEY, N.S. (CP) - The Cape Breton Post says Premier G. 1. Smith will resign as Pro-gi^ssive Conservative party leader and Liberal Leadier Gerald Regan wiU form the new Nova Scotia government "on or before" Oct- 27. The newspaper says the 61-year-old premier personally accepts responsibility for the government's setback hi Tuesday's general election, and will advise the party caucus of his plans today. The Conservatives won only 21 seats in Tuesday's election, with the Liberals taking 23. However, the NOP won two seats to hold the balance of power in the 46-seat legislature. Thousands Whipped CAPE TOWN (Reuter) - Nearly 40,000 persons were sentenced to whipping hi South Africa last year. Justice Minister Petrus Pelser disclosed in Parliament. FLQ including Pierre Vallieres and C3iarles Gagnon, who have appeared before Quebec courts on charges arising from terrorist activities and who once were arrested in New York while parading in front of the United Nations building in support of Quebec separatism. Another was singer Pauline Julien, who refused m 1964 to go to (^lariottetown to sing for Vaa Queen and who caused a stir at a conference of French-speaking nations in Naimey by shouting "Vive le Quebec Libre"- Long I.iv� f^-ee Quebec-in the presence oi State Secretary Gerard Pelletier. Reporters and photographers were among those picked up, and so were at least two university lecturers-Charles Prevost, who teaches biochemistry at the French-language University of Montreal, and Stanley Gray, fired by ]McGill University after spearheading a campaign to have McGiU turned into a French-language institution. BOYCOTT CLASSES About 1,000 Montreal students stayed away from classes today to show support for the aims of the FLQ. The Boycott was called for by Vallieres and Gagnon, who addressed a rally of about 6,000 students Thursday. In St. Jerome, 40 miles north of Monti-eal, police picked up former policeman Arthur Va-chon, a former president of the Quebec Pi'ovincial Policeman's Association. Also arrested there was Pierre Marcille, a technical adviser with the Confederation of National Trade Unions. In the Montreal suburb of Longueuil, Dr. Serge Mongeau, head of the Montreal Family Planning Centre, was taken into custody. Dr. Mongeau also is president of a group known as the Movement for the Defence of Quebec PoUtical Prisoners Never Before Invoked In Peacetime War Act Gives Ottawa Full Powers OTTAWA (CP) - The War Measures Act proclaimed early today by Prime Minister Trudeau against Quebec terrorists gives the government full power to suspend basic civil hberties if it feels this is necessary. The act, never before invoked in peacetime, asserts the government's power to control virtually every aspect of human activity. Federal authorities could be authoiized to institute news censorship or conti-ols over the use of private property, including seizure and use. One of the most pixxminent aspects of the statute, passed in 1914 at the outbreak of the First World War, is the wide authority it enables Llie government bo give police to ar- rest, detain and deport; those suspected of insurrection. GIVES BLANKET POWERS The act gives the government blanket authority to take any action it considers necessai7 hi cases of a feared insun-eclion. The government may "do and authorize such acts and things and make from time to time such orders and regulations . . . necessary or advisable for the security, defence, peace, order and welfare of Canada." The act lists the following cla,sses as government prerogatives in times of emergency: - Censorship and tlie control and suppression of publications, writings, maps, plans, photogi-aphs, communications aud means of communication. - Arrest, detention, exclusion and deportation. - Control of harbors, ports, and ten'itorial waters and the movements of vessels. - Control of land, air and water transport and movements of people or tlieii- be-lo'/jhigs. - Control of imports, ex-poi-ts, production and nianu-factuiing. - Control, appropriation, forfeiture and disposition of property and its use, APPLIES EVERYWHERE The act automatically ap-pUes to every section of Uie country although its use is limited and directed by regulations devised by Uie government to assist in the apprehension of those involved in the recent Montreal kidnappings. The 1960 BUI of RlPht.t nro. vides the closest check on the government's use of its power under the act. The government must inform Parliament of a proclamation of the act at the earliest opportunity when the House is sitting. For this reason, Prime Minister Trudeau announced he would inform the House of his decision as soon as it began sitting Friday. Within 10 days of the proclamation being laid before Paiiianient, any 10 menibei-s of tlie Commons or Senate can force a debate by asking that the proclamation be revoked. The matter must be debated within four days after the motion. Majority votes in both tlie Senaie and Commons could force the act to be revoked. ROBERT LEMIEUX � , , in cnstody ;