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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 15, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta TuMday, October THE LETHBRIOQE HERALD 27 Oil cutback plan falling on deaf ears By WILLIAM D. SMITH New York Times Service NEW YORK Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger's suggestions that western nations cut back their oil consumption by 10 to 14 per cent appears to be falling on deaf ears even at home. Since the end of the Arab oil embargo last March, the major industrial countries, including the United States, appear to be talking more about energy conser- vation than doing anything about it. There have been declines in oil consumption in most nations, but it appears that consumer reaction to higher prices, rather than to government restrictions. on usage, is the major factor. Of the major in- dustrialized nations, only France appears so far to have taken serious, official steps to curb oil usage. In the United States, the Federal Energy Ad- ministration estimates that there was a five per cent drop in oil demand in the first eight months of 1974 compared with the same period of 1973. Conservation efforts are slipping, however, according to most in- formed sources. Apathy, the lack of a crisis atmosphere, surplus oil supplies and perhaps concern over international and domestic political repercussions have kept many nations from more decisive action on energy. The chief reason in most industrialized nations other than the United States appears to be fear of alienating the oil exporting nations. Whatever the reasons, the industrialized word at the moment remains not only without any common conservation position but also without any great im- petus behind the individual national efforts. Following are the situations in major industrial countries: Japan Japan is the world's second largest oil importer after the United States. The massive industrial com- plex built by the Japanese since the Second World War is 99 per cent dependent on foreign oil. The Arab oil restrictions last year threatened Japan's "economic miracle." And the nation has since suffered from the soaring price of oil. Japan's increase in oil consumption was 5.2 per cent in 1971; 7.3 per cent in 1972, and 11.3 per cent in 1973. The government has projected a two per cent drop in oil imports this year, however, with a recent govern- ment study showing that 85 per cent of the Japanese people have undertaken one form or another of conser- vation, however minor. No major, permanent conservation moves have been taken yet, but most analysts believe that a decisive program will soon appear. West Germany West Germany is the largest oil consumer in Western Europe and the world's third largest oil im- porter. Yet the effect of the oil situation on the average West German citizen is scarcely perceptible. Gasoline, heating oil and other petroleum products are plentiful. Gasoline prices have declined from the peaks reached during the earless weekends during the Arab oil production cutback in 1973 and heating oil prices are down from their highs. The last vestige of government sponsored conser- vation measures is a recommended speed limit of 87 miles an hour on major highways often ignored by drivers. Britain Britain has reduced oil consumption over last year by about 10 per cent, more because of higher prices than government conservation actions. Denis Healey, chancellor of the exchequer, has made it clear that he is little inclined to cut back British consumption by much more even as part of a united consumer front to force back oil prices. He said it would be "totally illogical and irrational" to curtail oil imports if such a move threatened industrial production in any way. The nation is more worried about major recession than the cost of oil. Indeed, the government has done little to emphasize even voluntary energy conser- vation. Italy Although Italy appears to be in the worst condition economically of any nation in Western Europe, largely because of the oil situation, she seems to be doing the least on energy conservation. Consumption this year is down about 1.5 to two per cent from last year, compared with an average annual increase of seven or eight per cent in recent years. Italy imports about 99 per cent of her oil, with more than two thirds coming from Arab sources. Canada The country is the only industrialized one in the west that produces more oil than it consumes. It is both a ma jor importer and production in the Western half of the country, while the bulk of con- sumers are in the east with no connecting pipeline between. Canada consumes 1.8 million barrels of oil a day, about the same amount as a year ago. She produces about 1.9 million barrels a day and exports about 000 while importing barrels a day. Increased costs of imported oil are balanced by higher prices charged for exports to the United States. Last fall the government made an effort to en- courage Canadians to save fuel, but nobody took it too seriously. No consumption cutbacks are planned. Even if necessary, they would be politically difficult as long as large exports of oil and gas still go to the United States. Malnutrition: Skeleton in hospital closet? CHICAGO (AP) Malnutrition is the "skeleton in the hospital says an American Medical Associa- tion (AMA) official. One of the largest pockets of unrecognized malnutrition in the United States and Canada exists not in rural slums or ur- ban ghettos but in the private rooms and wards of big city hospitals, he says. But the official, Dr. Charles Butterworth, chairman of the AMA's council on foods and nutrition, blames doctors, not the hospitals. Butterworth is professor of medicine and pediatrics at the University of Alabama Medical Centre, Birmingham, where he also is director of the nutrition program. He says malnutrition not only delays recovery of patients but in many instances contributes to the death of some. Death certificates list the immediate cause of death, such as pneumonia, but the underlying cause might be malnourishment, he says. Isabel ventures out of capital SANTIAGO DEL ESTERO, Argentina (AP) President Isabel Peron took her first trip to Argentina's northern provinces Saturday and warn- ed thousands of cheering sup- porters against foreign mercenaries. "In my passage through the countryside I want to warn in- habitants of the infiltration of mercenaries at the service of foreign interests that want through infamous violence to force us to surrender to she said without elaborating. Speaking from the balcony of the local government house, Mrs. Peron said her late husband, Juan Peron, "struggled all his life to eradicate this anti-Argentine situation and died struggling for his country." Peron died July 1 and Mrs. Peron, his then vice- president, took over. The problem of iatrogenic caus- ed by doctors-primarily affects patients who cannot eat solid food and are fed intravenously or through a tube, Butterworth says. However, many physicians withhold meals unnecessarily from patients, such as those undergoing tests, he adds. Writing in the journal Nutri- tion Today, Butterworth points out that "malnutrition interferes with wound healing and increases susceptibility to infection." Physicians, he says, are overly reliant upon antibiotics to prevent infection in sur- gical wounds and to help patients recover from those they have. These are impor- tant, he acknowledges, but adds that protein is essential for the body to develop its own antibodies. 'The problem, he says, is one of the "inevitable conse- quences of the neglect of nutrition education in our medical schools." YAMAHA ORGANS New and Used COLLEGE MALL Phone 328-3694 In many cases, doctors overuse low-calorie fluids, such as glucose and saline, for intravenous feeding of patients, Butterworth says. And he assets that doctors often are ignorant of the com- position of vitamin mixtures and other nutritional products prescribed for patients. Immediate improvement in patient nutrition might be brought about if doctors would co-operate with hospital dieti- cians and nursing staffs to see that patients' nutritional needs are met, he says. VOTE GRANT K. FLETCHER Believes In classroom discipline Favors innovations to do away with busing Believes in replacing teacher- student ratio VOTE FLETCHER Grant PWUC SCHOOL TRUSTEE inMrted by Grant K. Fletcher FLUORIDATION A certain morning radio program is most vociferously holding forth these days that fluoridating the public drinking water in the doses pre- scribed is perfectly safe. CAN THEY PROVE THIS? If so, a BONANZA awaits them. has been offered by Dr. J. H. Mick, a reputable dentist, to anyone producing "Factual Proof" that fluorides are safe for everyone. According to a great many doctors and people who have made a long range study of this matter fluorides can be dangerous to people with heart conditions, kidney ailments, diabetics, cancer and a variety of other mal- adies. WHY TAKE A CHANCE? ANOTHER CONCERNED CITIZEN W. 0. McDomll 513-14th St. South LethbriUgc, Alberta Yesterday anewKjndqf program <6meto Didyoumisslt? Come Alive came alive today. And it brought a special kind of television excitement to Albertans. Because each day Monday to Friday Come Alive takes a good look at Alberta and the world around us. So look us over tomorrow. Then, plan on settling back for an hour every day Monday through Friday. Make Come Alive a good part of your day. Make us a habit. MONDAY TO TRIDAY, 9 A.M. TO 10 A.M. CHANNEL13, CABLE 4, CFCN a new kind of television A production of ACCESS AlftERTA Alberta Educational Communications Corporation ;