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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 15, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 8 THE LETHBRIOGE HERALD Monday, October 15, 1973 Ask Andy Geysers sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Terrance Long age 12, of Tulsa Oklahoma for his question What evactlv are geysers0 People travel miles to watch the gevsers spout up their steamv fountains from the ground But these show- offs are much more than just tourist attractions One possibiliU to ease the present energy crisis is geothermal which is the un- derground heat that boils the gev sers Geysers are related to hot springs and fumaroles All of them are powered by vast reservoirs of heat trapped deep down in the earth s crust These mysterious regions occur in warm and cold climates like Alaska and Africa Iceland and New Zealand the Andes and Yellowstone National Park Everywhere there is heat down underground On the average for every 60 feet we descend the temperature rises about one degree Fahrenheit However in geyser territory the temperature may be 400 degrees at 500 feet below the surface These zones of geothermal energy seem to be left from fairly recent volcanic upheavals Possible pockets of molten magma are trapped miles below the surface or mavbe old lava flows intruded between deep layers of the crust and failed to cool In any case the buried heat tries to escape through cracks and crevices to the surface When ground water percolates through the buried hot rocks it gushes up to the surface in bubbling hot springs A gevser is actually a hot spring that spurts Its behavior is verv complicated and scientists are not exactly certain about how it works But since no two geysers are alike they agree that the par- ticular underground rock for- mation has a lot to do with it The typical roots of a ger- vsei mav include a series of connected cracks and cavities reaching down perhaps feet A crooked vent leads to the surface Groundwater from rainfall percolates into the cavities and is heated by the rocks Deep underground the water is under pressure, and extra pressure raises the boiling point of water Down at 500 feet the water would not boil until it reached 395 degrees Fahrenheit At 300 feet it would boil at 356 degrees and near the surface at the normal 212 degrees This would fill the un- derground kettle with levels of superheated water Even- tually the surface level would boil and slop over This would release pressure down through the plumbing Suddenly all the superheated water flashes into steam and erupts high above the surface in a foamy fountain Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS Oct. 15, 1973 Hurricane Hazel roared into Toronto killing 82 people and causing million worth of damage 19 years ago today in 1954 The hurricane which raged for two days had been blowing itself out after killing 166 persons south of the border when it paired up with a cold front over Lake Ontario and produced the heaviest rains in southern Ontario s history death of Ger- many s Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was announced 1934 Raymond Pomcare president of France during the First World War died Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN 1973, The Chicago Tribune BRIDGE QUIZ ANSWERS Q. 1 Neither vulnerable, as South you hold 4K84 The bidding has proceeded North East South West 1 0 Pass INT Pass 2 Pass What do you bid now7 A have full value for jour no trump response, so you should give partner one more chance We have a slight prefer ence for a raise to three clubs, giving partner the option of pro ceedmg to three no trump if his hand contains a reasonable num ber of high cards Q vulnerable, as South you hold A AKQ10 5 410 7 0 Q10 5 7 The bidding has proceeded North East South West 1 Pass 1 A Pass 3 A Pass What do you bid now9 A no trump If partner has tuo aces follow with five no trump, intending to bid a grand slam if partner has three kings might gamble it out if he has onlv two A cue bid of four hearts would serve little purpose here, as partner might find it impossible to make a move with no top trump honor Q. 3 Neither vulnerable, as South you hold AQ9642 vQ82 0952 The bidding has proceeded North East South West 1 O 1 Pass Pass Dble. Pass What action do you take' A four spades Even tho you have a probable trump trick, your hand will be a disappoint ment to your partner defensively He does not know that you have five spades and three diamonds, diminishing his trick taking po- tential In those suits He is prob ably counting on you for some high cards to help him beat the hand The double is an invitation to play for penalties not a com mand Q. Neither vulnerable, as South you hold- A7 OAKJ4 AAKJ8732 The bidding has proceeded South West North East 1 4 Pass 1 A Pass 3 Pass 3 0 Pass What do you bid now' LI'L ABNER A is reasonable to assume that the diamonds are solid, so the onlv question to be resolved is the number of aces that part nei holds Therefore a Black wood bid of four no trump is clearlv indicated If partner shows two aces go right to seven should have no problem establishing vour club suit Q 5 Neither vulnerable, as South you hold A96 Q8G43 OAJ6 The bidding has proceeded South West North East Pass Pass 1 V 1 A What do you bid now7 A hand is not as strong as it looks, and a mere single raise made as a free bid would adequately describe its values Therefoic we suggest a bid of two hearts Q vulnerable, as South you hold' AKQ9764 07 The bidding has proceeded South West North East 1 A 20 Dble. Pass 3 Pass 4 C Pass 4 W Pass 5 Pass What do you bid now7 A bid of six hearts has our hearty endorsement Partner has shown possession of the ace of of diamonds and good heart sup port It is difficult to see how we can lose more than one trick in spades Q. South, vulnerable, you have dealt yourself AAKQJ 0753 What is your opening bid' A you have a balanced hand of 17 points, you should avoid a one no trump opening bid when all your strength is concentrated In two suits and the other two are wide open A one spade opening bid could pre sent rebid problems The best ap- proach is to open one club with the intention of showing spades next Q. vulnerable, as South you hold AQ972 OK84 AJ The bidding has proceeded: West North East South 1 V Pass l NT Pass 2 tubes tied or him hav ing a vasectomy We haven t talked to our family doctor as yet I would first like to know the pros and cons and which would be the best I would like to have the operation performed on me because I have read a man sometimes develops emotional problems, or feels he loses his manhood Also, if I were ever left alone with my two children because of death or divorce I still would not want any more family if I were to marry If a man were left alone with or without two children and were to remarry he would, more than likely, marry someone younger than himself and want more children My husband doesn t seem to care one way or another All I really want is what will be best for both of us Please print an article on this and the different methods I know of several of our friends who are also think- ing of taking one of these courses of action Dear Reader I have written on both of these procedures in the past In a nutshell, despute occasional scare reports and actual rare poor results, the vasectomy is a very safe effective procedure it should also be considered permanent Your doctor can fill you in on the details There are some changes in the testicles, but it doesn t seem to affect the production of male hormone and only affects the ability to form sperm Most men who are well informed on the nature of the simple operation and understand it has no psy- chological problems afterward, unless they had one to begin with The female operation of ty- ing the tubes is very much like the vasectomy in its effects The one big difference is that the ova can be released freely into the abdominal cavity and do not build up or get blocked in a woman's ovary The cells are literally blocked up in a man's testicle after the operation, which i might add has not proved to be a big problem in most cases Having the tubes tied should also be considered as per- manent In both operations the procedure can be reversed surgically in some cases, but it is a slim chance so it is better to consider it as perma- nent if you have that done I am not going to encourage you to have either one done Couples who have a nice fami- ly sometimes have a major change in life that causes them to want more children If you lost one or both of your children in an automobile or even a school bus accident you would surely want more children And, if you did remarry perhaps your new husband would want some children from his marriage I rather like the idea of a birth control procedure that can be undone If you can t take the pill I wish you would consider the IUD (Intra Uterine Device) It is easily put in place and it has a very low incidence of complications and is about as effective as the pill There will be no problems from hor- mones that may have caused you to stop the pill You'll never know it is there, and if you then change your mind, you can still have children It is worth a try And it's cheaper too Pun with figures By J. A. H. HUNTER "A cards down on the table "Take as many as you like, but leave me some Ted did just that "What next7" he asked "If you draw a card from what I have the odds against it being black would be exactly 3 to 1 Mike handed him four blacks from the cards left on the table "I'll tell you the game in a moment he replied 'But if you drew a card from what's on the table now the odds would be just 3 to 1 against it being red How many cards did Ted take7 (Answer tomorrow) Friday s answer House number 726 by al capp VOU RASSLE THE f HE'S GOT V 4- ARMS, -4- LEGS, AMD 7 HEADS UNBEARAB SHORT RIBS by (rank o'nnl THE IS GOING BADLY. 1ZU- ME FUTURE HOLDS. 1 SEEXXJWINNINSIHEWAff, GENERAL E wevs BEATEN "Wg BRfflSH WSU PUT AN END TO OPPffSSSlVg TAXATION. ___ CDC MAVgNT [1HEHEABTTO I TELL HIM' y r- BLONDIE by chic young DAGWOOD f IM WRITING A LETTER kj V TO T" ;CLAUOIA MOW DO VOU SPELL WHY WOULD YOU USE A LIKE THAT IM A LETTER TO CLAUDIA I ALWAYS THROW IM 8IG WOPD SO 5ME WON T THINK I M DUMB BEETLE BAILEY by mort walker WMAT CAN YOU DO 2 LOT'6 Of TIE IN UNIFORM., HIDE MIS PAZOE -FILL BOOTS WITH IT'S LIKE A zoo IN 3. CAN'T SLEEP HA6AR THE HORRIBLE I'LL TELL- YOLl WHA ANYONE To MISS ARCHIE by bob montana I'M SO GLAD I GOT BETTY TO BABY- WHAl A SIT WITH COUSIN LEROY.' LEROY IS SOUND FRIGHTENED? HI AND LOIS by dik browne I READ IW JOHN KENNEDY'S BIOGRAPHY HOW HIS FAMILY USED TO DISCUSS CURRENT EVENTS AT THE DINNER TABLE WHY CAN'T WHAT? T CAN'T HEAR YOU TUMBLEWEEDS TWO MVR55 IMFORM YOU 1HAT IM PRIMITIVE HIJ5K OP POOttAWKeRY THAT I MAY W5UE A PROFESSION 5UITEP TO MY NATURE. WHAT PROFESSION? INTERNATIONAL CELEflRltY BUGS BUNNY ;