Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 15, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Fridoy, Oclober 15, 1971 jane Hiickvale Celebrate now, pay later 'Mohammed Hcza Shalt Pahlevi, Light of Lights, Shadow of the Al- mighty, Vice regent oC God and Centre of the Universe in the cen- tral figure in a week long national pageant, so costly and ostentatious that no industrial democratic nation would dare subsidize a similar spec- tacle. It will probably be the last of Iran's glittering celebrations. Even if the Shah could dig up an excuse for another, he has been made well aware that criticism of his auto- cracy is growing both abroad and in his own country. Anti monarchist guerrilla activ- ity has caused him a lot of trouble recently. This summer bank raids, attacks on police posts, and explo- sions were common. The most re- cent demonstration of disaffection was the kidnapping of the Shah's wealthy Harvard educated nephew. Prince Shahram. the son of his twin sister Princess Ashraf. The Prince got away, four of the guerrillas were kill- ed in a shoot out near the capital for "attempts to kidnap noted digni- taries." To the terrorists, Prince Shahram represents corruption in royal circles, influence peddling and the like a form of bribery the Shah himself has been at great pains to eradicate. In a sense, the monarch is the prisoner of his own success. His ef- forts toward social reform have whet- ted the appetite of the people for more freedom of expression and less autocracy. He has guided Iran through a period of tremendous in- Needed by the state duslrial growth, which puts it next lo Japan in rate ot world economic growth in the last eight years. Now he is expected to keep it up, and his prospects of matching past achievement in the immediate fu- ture are not good. Only 70-72 per cent of. the national budget is covered by revenue, and debt servicing charges are creeping dangerously close to 20 per cent, the level which warrants automatic disciplinary action by the International Monetary Fund. Although Iran has managed to tri- ple oil earnings in the past four years, it must now face another huge expense. The British are withdrawing tlieir defence forces from the Persian Gulf, and leaving the Shah respon- sible for replacing the vacuum in military equipment and trained men. The Shah, who proclaims that Iran will be a major military power in the Middle East in five years, has been spending about million a year on arms purchases abroad. These will have to be increased to a much larger figure. Iran's foreign debt is already huge. Where the for- eign exchange will come from for defence purchases only the Shah knows for sure and even he must be uncertain. Perhaps it's just as well that the Iranians are celebrating now. The memory of the one week's extrava- ganza may bring some small com- fort in the days ahead which are almost bound to be beset with eco- nomic austerity and more social un- rest. C Recently an editorial in this paper welcomed the decision of. the Rus- sians to allow emigration of an un- specified number of Russian Jews from the Soviet Union. It now ap- pears that the Soviets are qualifying a decision that seemed at first to hold out hope that whole families of Jewish background would be allowed to go. This is not so. A Soviet Communist party official had a talk with Jews who had ex- pressed their wish to emigrate. He told them that the Kremlin will re- fuse exit visas to those who are need- ed by the state. "The he said, "of whether to allow Jews to leave is not the right of Jews, but of the state." In other words the individual, in the Russian socialist concept is only a cog in the great machine. When he is worn out and no Idnger of use, someone else can have him. This is why the 02 year old German captive who has been recently reunited with his family in Coaldale after 27 years of work on a Russian commune, was allowed to come to Canada at last. The words of the great Jewish vio- linist Y e h u d i Menuhin when he spoke to a music congress in Mos- cow expresses the situation eloquent- ly. He said, "May we yet live to see the day when every human being can dwell where his heart calls, whatever his creed, race, or occu- pation." It is a measure of Russian fear of social dissent, that it did not print Mr. Menuhin's moving statement of reproof in the official press. out -and so am I! By Margaret Lnckhurst "THIS Thanksgiving 1 had something over and above life's usual benefits to be grateful for; on Sunday the second World Series game was cancelled because of rain. Now it has become something of a house- hold Joke when the football, hockey, and baseball seasons coincide in the autumn. Cartoonists delight in caricatures of hus- bands slowly fossilizing before TV tubes as they switch from game to game, hour after hour, all weekend long. The leaves are shown gathering in huge drifts on the lawn, chill winds whistle through windows where storms should protect, and the re- signed wife becomes the personification of solicitude as (adhering to her promise to look after the fellow in sickness and in health) she runs a catering service to his chair to keep him from starving to death. I'm just as understanding, as most wives regarding the sports scene. In fact I follow Canadian football pretty closely myself and quite enjoy the World Scries, but I can't begin to get as emotional and enthusiastic over either as my husband does. A National League fan all his life it seems to me he nearly always is pulling for the losing learn, and I, less interested, somehow manage to back the winner. My reasons have nothing to do with pennant races or how often who has won. I usu- ally base my choice on the annual, most touching human interest story involving the players and to heck with what team they arc on. The rookie pitcher from the Bronx slums who is in the game only to get enough money to put his six younger brothers through college, gel: his bedridden mother into a good nursing home, .save his father's filling station from bankruptcy, ami hns eyes like Paul Newman's becomes my baseball hero, and if he happens to play for my husband's team then our household is simply idyllic for we have basic, mutual interests. But if by chance we're backing opposing teams and the games get tight I stand a pretty good chance of being handed the rake and ordered to "get out and get busy." As a rule I can accept my husband's impassioned support of his team and even admire it; I wish I could get that worked up. But on Thanksgiving Sunday we were having guests old friends who scarcely know a baseball diamond from a tennis court and I cringe when I think of what they could have been exposed to had the Orioles exhibited the performance they did next day over the Pirates, by winning a thumping 11 to three- These guests have been surprised and alarmed at their normally quiet host's Jekyll-Hyde transition from gentle passi- vity to the raucous fervor of the dedicated sports fan. Rut I have long ago become quite conditioned to his response when things go wTong for his team. "Yank that pitcher you (rude words) idiot how do you ever keep your at the limp's call, why he wouldn't know a fly if he found one in his soup come on, Hero Heavy Hitter 40 homers during the reg- ular season and you're fanning like old Sally Rand he's safe you dummy, he had time to get home and bake a cake awe never mind the re-play, the camera's And on and on for nine innings and two and a halt long hours. It's consoling to know that in millions of homes in the country these same sentiments are being expressed in almost the same words and phrases. Sunday morning when Hie news came that the game had been cancelled the knots of apprehension in my stomach snapped and I prepared for our guests with zest, aided by a cheerful husband drawn tem- porarily from his position in front of the TV. It was an immense relief not to have to worry about where I could safely banish the innocent little children until the game was over, how 1 could explain the unique, splil-porsonalily of a rabid sport fan, and that I could actually produce n decent meal without nervously dropping n pumpkin pie when angry shouts bounced around the house at the end of every inning. Funny thing, it never occiircd to me that had the game gone on, the Pirates might have won. We had a nice Thanksgiving dinner and nobody even once mentioned the baseball game. Monday, the holiday, with the guests gone and the house back lo normal it was a mere nothing to cope with the dismal 11-3 outcome. After the Orioles got a good lead we both went out and raked leaves. Acute observation By Doug Walker HUE board room at The Herald, which is up. As Tom emerged he saw me in my Iran's big anniversary celebration Today a long line of gold-cov- crcil tenls glitter in the sands near Pcrsepolis where 2501) years ago Cyrus the Great founded the first Persian Em- pire. At one time his Achaeme- nid dynasty held sway from Uzbekistan and the Punjab lo present day Bulgaria and Lib- ya. Paris of Greece and India also came under its rule. Successive invasions have re- duced ancient Persia to a mere fraction of its former size what is left is enormous- ly resource rich. Iran almost literally floats on a sea of oil. The present Shah, once a well known European playboy, is now a sober 51 years old, and takes his responsibilities seriously- Shall Mohammed Ri-v.a Pahlevi is not of noble birth. His father Rcza Kulm Pahlevi, founder of Hie dynasty, was a lowly born professional soldier, elecled by the Iranian Nation- al Assembly in 1925, but de- posed by liic Soviets and the British for his pro German sympathies in 1941. His elder son, the present Shah was placed on the Peacock throne instead, and has rem a i n e d Iran's number one man. Ever since, except for two years, from 1951-53 when the militant nationalist Premier Mohammed Mossadegh forced him into ex- ile, and came close to ruining the economy in the process. Iran welcomed the return of the Shall, who set to work to bring his country into the mod- ern world. No playboy now, lie is a kind of Iranian Kernal At- aturk, and is given credit for Iran's spectacular growth and development in the past eight years. Forcing the famous 1000 families, Iran's rich landown- ers, to give up most of their huge agricultural holdings to the peasants, he has not only increased production but has built a solid political base for himself in the process. The Shah, has attempted, with magnificent disregard for the consequences, to elmin ate widespread corruption in the bureaucratic civil service. His autocracy permeates the realms of the rich and the, poor alike. Although widespread poverty continues to plague Iran, the Shah does not believe this to be any reason to cut down on the celebrations. The people have worked hard, he reasons, and they are entitled to a big blow- out. He said much the same thing four years ago last No- vember, when he was severely criticized in the press for the lavish display he put on at his own coronation. At that one the Shah crowned himself and then his present Queen, Farah, who is liis third wife. His first was the daughter of the late King Fuad of Egypt, his second, the beautiful Soraya, whom he was reputed to love dearly, but was forced to discard because she bore him no heirs. His present spouse is also spectacularly beautiful and has the added ad- vantage of fecundity. She has born him two sons and two daughters. For the coronation ceremony in 1967, the Shaji took some of the enormous collection of Ir- an's crown jewels from the "His father hoped he'd take arts a McGill, I wanted him to take science at York, he decided on marijuana at Calgary vaults, and sent them to the famous jewellers Van Cleefe and Arpcls for resetting. Egg- sized glowing rubies, tremen- dous pearls and diamonds glitter in her diadem. The Shah's crown, for the sake of suitable comparison, is short on rabies, but long on diamonds. There are sparklers em- bedded in it. Much of the cost of the sec- ond Iranian spectacular in four years will be spent on new roads, hotels, schools, hydro plants and public service pro- jects. The tab is estimated at anywhere from million to million, but the Shah isn't telling. He is well aware that it's impolite to ask guests to a party and discuss the cost in public or in private. Besides after 2500 years of existence the people deserve a few Jays of fun and to hell with the ex- pense. So, this week Iran is having a pageant and awed re- porters say that Cecil B. de Mile himself would be bug- eyed. The guest list includes near- ly all the remaining crowned heads of Europe. President Podgorny of the U.SS.R. is go- ing to be there too. (Somehow it's difficult to imagine the so- bersided Mr. Podgorny relax- ing in a golden draped Protocol will make sure that the official Russian quarters are placed some distance from that of the representatives of the People's Republic of China. The Governor General of Can- ada, Roland Michcner and Mrs. Michener will be on hand and so will the Lion of Judah, Em- peror Haile Selassie, fresh from his triumphant welcome by Chairman Mao in Peking. King Mahendra lias come all the way from Nepal, and Prince Philip is bringing Princess Ann. President Nixon had to plead other engagements, but he will be represented by his second in-command, protocol con- scious vice president S p i r o Agnew, who will probably en- joy the show more than Mr. Nixon would have done any- way. Wow! Some party: Menus from Maxims and all the fresh caviar you can eat! 1 wish 1 were on the guest list, but since I'm not I hope someone will come forth with the answer to the inevitable question: What have they done about installing plumbing in those two bed- room guest tents? Walls draped in velvet are all very well but they don't meet all the require- ments of Vffs who are humans first and heads of state second on certain occasions. Anthony Westell There are no simple answers to political questions adjacent lo rr.y office, was the scene of a rather lengthy meeting one day. Our general manager, Tom Adams, u as one (if the participant. Late in the afternoon the meeting broke nook and paused to make an acute obser- "If you are a gocd he said, can pass a lot of When it comes to government policy, cri- ticism is everyone's game. Throughout history, the arm- chair politician has asked. "Why did 'they' the town council, the provincial Legisla- ture, or the federal government do this, or The Economic Council of Canada, in its recent annual re- view, records this familiar, ir- ritated question and tells us that no simple answer exists. "Such decisions result from the interaction of many factors: Social and individual values and priorities; political judg- ment and insight; pressures re- flecting special interests; and knowledge and information." But while in the past, Hie armchair critic could curse the stupid government and then put it out of mind, now he can hardly afford to do that. "All Canadians are becoming increasingly aware of the im- pact of government decisions federal, provincial and mun- icipal in their daily says the council. With awareness comes rising dissatisfaction. "Affluence has had a prismatic effect on the aspirations of our society, pro- ducing a widening spectrum of wanfs. To govern is to choose; and to choose among multiply- ing, shifting and conflicting goals is to govern under diffi- cult conditions. "Affluence is, of course. Hie result of change. The heighten- ed pace of change itself a source of unease has coin- cided with growing awareness in recent years of I he complexi- ty of modern society and, lo- gL'thcr, these appear to lie pro- ducing a wide array of discon- tents." If you have straggled through this far and arc nbouf lo stop reading because it is too com- plicated, (his is cxarlly what HF- council is telling us: There are no simple answers, no easy explanations. If we want to know why gov- ernments do what they do, and if we hope to persuade thm to do heller.we havp to under- stand Ihfl prores.i of decision- making and then improve it. If we want to have some measure of control over our lives in a rapidly changing so- ciety, to make technology a servant rather than a monster- ous master, to be able to make rational choices between qual- ity and quantity in our civiliza- tion, in short, if we wish to avoid Future Shock and chaos, we must be serious students of government. It is of course much easier to take the traditional attitude of blaming "them." Opposition parties are always around to persaude us that we can solve our problems by throwing out the rascals and electing the good guys. When we begin to suspect that this doesn't make much difference to the system, new groups pop up with "new" remedies and Action Canada is merely the most recent of these illusions. Our youngsters have flirted recently with the cult of a vio- lent revolution which would somehow wash away our social sins and make every thing come out all right in the end, but that is a dying romance. So also, I think, is the alternative of withdrawing from society into some form of communal paradise, which is escapist at brsf and irresponsible at worst. Kvcn Ahbie Hoffman, who used lo preach "revolution for the hell of is cutting off his long hair, disowning the hip culture ami advising his follow- ers to get into elective politics at the community level. But this trend so far is not so much a return to reality as a retreat from unreality. The youngsters arc no more satis- fied with our society and, in- deed, they may be more frus- trated. Having rejected the options of violence and escapism, they have yet lo find an effective way to influence society and persuade They si ill feel powerless in tlte face of unresponsive bureaucracy, and they don't believe that much will be achieved by changing governments, except perhaps lo relieve Iheir anger. These atlitudes and puzzle- ments, I suspect, are shared by the poor who cannot discover how to break out of poverty, by the unemployed who don't understand why there is not enough work, by businessmen who feel badgered by govern- ment, by the middle class who watch their values dissolving around them. To be frank, we in the media are not much help. We tend to viev? politics and government in terms of beros and villains, or even knaves and fools, and to curse instead of being con- structive in criticism. We are professional skeptics in an era which could use a little faith and confidence. When issues become too complicated, they don't fit our concept of read- able news. For example, the press de- voted endless columns to past reports from the Economic Council which called lor a war against poverty and criticized government policies on infla- tion. But how much did you read about the most recent re- port, on which I a.n now writ- Design for Decision- Making? It's full of dull stuff about ad- ministration, system-analysis, planning program budgeting, goal indicators and so on. Not much of a front-page grabber, I grant, but is if really more imporlant to know about the wrong decisions governments have made about poverty, in- flations and other issues or to design a new way of making better decisions in the future that is, avoiding mistakes? The council's report seems lo me an imporlant document pre- cisely because it rejects simple answers to our politicr.! .lisciiiv lenls. It fries to show govern- ments how to be more respon- sive to public needs, and to ex- plain to the public how difficult the process is. It proposes a now system for decision-mak- ing, and while I cannot digest the' 250-page report here, I can touch some highlights. "What is fundamental" says (he council, "is an open, re- sponsive and systematic view of public policy" if policy issues are not visible, they are. unlikely to lie associated with a significant level of public awareness o r involvement. Without some means of moni- toring social conditions on a containing basis, priorities may depend on 'ad and objectives may lack rele- vance." It therefore proposes that we should develop indicators which measure the quality of our life much af. we now measure quan- tity that keep us alert to the slate of public health, pollution, education and so on, to accom- pany the statistics that monitor the Gross National Product. "Such development is vital for reducing dependence on hunch, guess and intuition" says the council. "For decisions in complex social areas these approaches are no longer ade- quate." The council goes on to urge universities to provide more courses on the principles, pro- cesses and structures of gov- ernment decision-making, and to advocate the establishment of an independent research in- stitute which would serve, in part, to help politicians, public servants, journalists and other media people, and policy analysts inside and outside gov- ernment, to understand Uie tools of policy analysis their relevant uses and their limita- tions Governments, says the re- port, should expand the practice of publishing white papers, task force reports and other mater- ials on current affairs, and go beyond this to clarify public rights to information to ensure that bureaucratic or political constraints do not op- erate so as to inhibit such ac- cess." The council concedes that it has touched in this report on only a few aspects of public de- cision-making. The party and parliamentary processes arc, for example, barely mentioned. Even so, the report seems to me to speak more directly to the roots of our disconent. than a library of political manifestos. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward Through The Herald 1921 Many applicants but few jobs. This is the condition prevailing in the city at present, mill Plans are proceed- ing for the shipment of package bees from the Tabcr apiaries to far off China. It is believed to be the first shipment of its kind to go to the Orient from Canada. 1911 It was Junior Farm- ers' Day at the Ki- wauis Club's luncheon, Tues- day, with members of the beef and dairy calf clubs atlending. National Immuniza- tion Week's officially opened, but there has been no rush by parents to gel their children immunized. 19lil A cease-fire agree- ment was signed between the United Nations and Katanga. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lcthbridge, Alberta LETHBRTDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1005 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN becond Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of Thfl Canadian Press ano me Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CUEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mnnnoer JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Manacjififl Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILb'S DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Monger Cdilnrlai Pago Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"