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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - October 15, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta BUY VICTORY BONDS AND SO HELP BUY VICTORY! VOLUME XI. LETHBMDGE, ALBERTA. TUESDAY. OCTOBER 1"), 1918 NUMBER 258 CONTINUED ALLIED PUSH FORCES EVACUATION OF OSTEND Text of President Wilson's Reply rhat is Allied Answer to Huns' Latest Peace Offer-No  Armistice Without Foch's Consent-No Discussion While Huns Commit Atrocities-Turkey in Bad Way. Washington. Oct. 14.-President Wilson has answered Germany's peace proposal with a decision which not only fulfills the expectations off supporters of his diplomacy, but also dispels the fear of those who predicted he would substi-tute'victories at arms with defeats at diplomacy. No peace with kaiserism. autocracy must go; no armistice can even be thought of while Germany continues her! atrocities on land and sea, one cannot be considered until} it is fully dictated by the allied commanders in the field in j such terms as absolutely provide safeguards ^nd guarantees that Germany's part will not be a scrap of paper. This, in a few words, is the president's answer. If it does not bring a capitulation which may be more than unconditional surrender, allied diplomats and American officials believe it may cause a revolution in Germany. AN ANSWER HUNS WILL UNDERSTAND Washington, Oct. 14.-The following statement was made at the White House: "The government will continue to send over 250,000 men with their supplies every month, and there will be no relaxation of any kind." / Turkey Want* Peace Pari*. Oct. l.Y-Tlio poll!leal situ-iitlmi In t'unsliintlnople previous In tin' retirement of Knver Punhn ami 'Olnat I'iisha. as Indicated in a ills patch from the Turkixli tnpltnI to tin-I'ogaro. was such that force was threatened unless the cabinet resign-cil anil peace secured on nuy tnniiH. Due hundred and fifty members of the military club, the dispatch re. port.-", .submitted the following program to the Sultan: �The cIosIiik of the VnUm anil Progress clubs; dissolution of tho chamber of deputies; resignation of the entire cabinet and tho formation of a Liberal government; tho concession of rights to tho people: general demobilization and tho signing of pouco on any terms." I The uuthoi-K of the manifesto demanded .satisfaction. In default of which ilio army and tho people, would employ force. The Sultan at once communicate:! tlio demands to Tiiluul Pasha, the premier. Austria Pained. Unset, Oct. H.-America's failure, to respond to the Aunti Itui peace nolo has produced a painful impression in Austria, uccordltiK to a Vienna dispatch tu the I'rauUiort Uazolte. It is not known what this silence means and tho public Is asking if President Wilson is not indicating sentiment little favorable to the Austrian monarchy. Unconditional Surrender. Washington. Oct. l.V- I'li'-nndlllon-nl surrender by (Jermaiiy was the interpretation put on. President Wilson's answer to tile German plcu for peace for both American and allied military officials hero today. Only by absolute surrender, they say, can tbej enemy now prevent ihe terminating j evidence of. his defeat-invasion Of liermuny. There is no doubt among officers that sooner or later thu enemy will bn compelled to itecept these uncompromising term*. The German army is being pounded to death in the field, they declared, and the only thing C-orniany can hope to save from tho wreckage is to prevent the war being carried across her border. And that can be accomplished only nl the price of putting herself as utterly at the mercy of the victors as did Bulgaria. .Military opinion appeared t he In full agreement that in enunciating the policy ihat absolute safeguards and guarantees of the present military supremacy" of American anil allied forces must control ;.�> armistice agreement. President Wilson Iihs placed it beyond lite power of (lerniany to leap any benefit from an insincere move toward peace, Tho oue.Uion of the rgencles to be employed In framing an armistice naturally will come up only when Hernial!)- litis complied with Ilio president's other rniiuireinnnts. It Hnemed probable to officers, however, lltut tho militury board of the supreme war council at Versailles would he the natural agency. Tho council itself Is composed only of the premiers of the allied nations and President Wilson. Tlio military and all other boards of tlm council are advisory only anil their recommendations must lie rati tied by the council to become effective. v. Will Consult Foch. Without question. Marshal Koch, the supremo commander, and the field commanders, Generals Potaln. llaig, PerrtbliiB and l)la/, would be fully cun-stilted and the resulting terms of surrender In all probability would be ia once ratified and laid before liermuny as the only price for respite, from attack. * The general elements Off the terms uppeur to ul) officers, It wus pointed out, that It was the situation of today nt tlio front that constituted the supremacy of which the president speaks, the situation which must bo adequately safeguarded. Ab competent militury judges see tiiul situation, tlio liermaii army U In desperate Btrults, particularly ,for niunpovver. Thorn also is U'iklufi evidence of waning morale. Washington, Oct. 14.-The following Is the text of President Wilson's reply: "Sir,-In reply to the communication of the German government, dated the 12th Instant, which you handed to me today, I have the honor to request yen to transmit the following answer: "The unqualified acceptance by the present Herman government and by a large majority of the reichitag of the terms laid down by the President of the United States of America in his address to the congress of the United States on January 8.,1918. and In his subsequent addresses, justifies the President in making n'frank and direct statement of his decision with regard to the communications of the German government of the 8th and 12th of October, 1918. .It must be thoroughly understood that the process of evacuation and the conditions of an armistice are matters which must be left to the judgment and advice of the military advisers of the government of the United States and the allied governments, and the President feels it his duty to say that no armistice can be accepted by the government of the United States which does not provide .absolute satisfactory safeguards and guarantees of the maintenance of the present supremacy of the armies of the United States and the allies in the field. ' "He feels confident that he can safely assume that to think, but this will also be the judgment and decision of the allied governments. ''The President feels that it is also his duty to add that neither the government of the United States nor, he is quite sure, the governments with which the government of the United States is associated as a belligerent will consent to consider an armistice so long as the armed forces of Germany continue the illegal and inhuman practices which they still persist in. "At the very time the German government approached the government of the United States with proposals of peace itr. submarines are engaged in sinking passenger ships at sea, and not the ships alone, but the very boats in v/hlch their passengers and crews seek to make their way to safety: and In their present enforced withdrawal from Flanders and France the German armies are pursuing a course of wanton destruction which has always been regarded as in direct violation of the rule3 and practices of civilized warfare. "Cities and villages. If not destroyed, aro being stripped of all they contain, not only, but often of their inhabitants, The nations associated agnfnst Germany cannot be expected to agree to a cessation of arms while acts of Inhumanity, spoliation and desolation are being' continued which they Justly look upon with horror and with burning hearts. "It is necessary also, in order that there may be no possibility of mUunderstanding.'that the president should very solemnly caf) the attention of the government of Germany to fhe language and plain intent of one of the terms of peace which the German government has now accepted. It is contained in the address of the president delivered at Mount Vernon on the 4th of July last. It Is as follows: "The destruction of every arbitrary power anywhere that can separately, secretly snd of its single choice, disturb the peace of the world; or, if it cannot be presently destroyed, at least its reduction to virtual impotuncy. The power which h?s hitherto aon-trolled the German nation is of the sort here described. It is within the choice of the German nation to alter It." "The president's words just quoted naturally constitute a condition precedent to peace, if peace Is to corns by the actions of the German peoples themselves. The proLident feels bound to say that the whole process of peace will, in his judgment, depend upon the definiteness and the satisfactory character of the guarantee which can be given in this fundamental matter. It is indispensable that, the governments associated against Germany should know beyond a peradventure with whom they are dealing. "The president will make a separate reply to the royal and Imperial governments of Austria-Hungary. ' "Accept, sir, the renewed assurance of my high consideration. (Signed), "ROBERT LANSING. iTen Thousand Prisoners in First Day of New Drive in Bel-j gium-Roulers Taken-Nearing Courtrai-Huns Offer I to Allow Civilians Through Allied Lines-Pershing I Pushes Forward on Meuse. D. C. COLEMAN IS T WEATHER High ...... Low ....... Forecast: petature. .................... 69 ......,.............. 3f Fair; little higher ten Another Young Man Moves Up -Succeeds Grant Hall at Winnipeg. Montreal. Oct. 1,-,.-Mr. 0-rnnt Hall, vice-president of the Canadian Pacific system, announced today that Mr. D'Altun C Coleman has been appointed vice-president In cliiirgo of tho company's affairs in ilm west. In making tlio nanouncenirnl.^.Mr. Hull said: "The recent change In my position means, of course, that in future 1 shall reside in Mnutrc.il, but it Is my in tcntlon to Ueop in close touch with western conditions and to nuiko my Inspection trips over Hint portion of tlie system us frequent as posslhlo The selection of Mr. Coleman as rosl dent vice-president will iu> doubt com mend Itself to the public as ho lifts spent his entire railway career In the^ west and Is thorouKlily convoraant with traffic conditions and publlq sentiment in 'hat territory. It can be accepted as an intimation that tho railway will be efficiently ami capably .managed and that thu policy of the company will continue to lie framed on broud and generous lines." 1). C. Coleman is a young man, who began Willi tlie (MM*, as a Ktuuogrn-plier. lie was onco a reporter on the 'leltnvitlo, tOnt.). intelligencer, lio in been with tlio C.P.ll. In the west .r some years. T OFFER OP PEACE WOULD BE TAKEN Were Preparing lo Evacuate France. Allowing Civilians To Remain. INVESTIGATE ATROCITIE Athens. Oct. 13.-Tlie dree government lias requested ul-lied and neutral governments to nnmo delegates to an international commission, tlie duty of which will bo to visit eastern Macedonia and Investigate 'the atrocities committed hy the IJulgarluus. London, Oct. 15.-it is announced In the Dutch newspapers, says an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Amsterdam, that the. waves of refugees from the German-held territory In France and Belgium which were expected in Holland will not, after all, flow over into Dutch territory. The people will be permitted to stop in their respective countries, the newspapers state, "owing to Germany's decision to evacuate the occupied territories." The foregoing d'opatch was filed before President Wilson's reply to trie German priice note was given out and probaily has reference to Germany's expectation that die would be permitted to evacuate the occupied territories undisturbed, instead of continuing to be driven from them by tho allied armies. Recent dispatches ^ave (old of great crowds of refugees from the districts of northern France and Belgium threatened by allied attack* flocking along the Belgian highways leading east and north. OIES AT HALIFAX Well Known Lethbridge Young Man Victim of Pneumonia -Brother of Late Clarence Sherlock. | Paris, Oct. 15.-Marshal Foch in his new stroke in ; France is driving a formidable wedge between the German ibases of Bruges and Ghent, in Belgium, and Lille in France. | The effective manner in which King Albert carried out his attack has further widened the wedge which threatens to 'split the German forces in two unless the enemy falls back speedily on a wide front. The British army of Gen. Plummer on the right wing of; the allied advance is now only three miles from the important railway junction ofXburtrai. Once the allies master the line Wervicq-Menin-Courtrai, which probably will be only fa matter of a few hours, the German situation at Lille will be most perilous and that at Ghent not much better. The French capture of Roulers, the. important railway junction east of Ypres, is a serious loss to the Germans. Although the Belgian railway system is dense enough to provide alternative routes to a certain extent, the allied entrance :* j into Roulers on the first day of the offensive is bound to effect the German communications most unfavorably. TWO MILES FROM COURTRAI London, Oct. 15.-Belgian troops are, on the outskirts of Menin and are within two miles of Courtiai. ARE EVACUATING OSTEND London, Oct. 15.-Several of Germany's largest torpedo boats recently left Zeebrugge, one of the German naval bases on the Belgian coast, during a stormy night, according to a Dutch frontier message forwarded from Amsterdam on Monday to the Central News Agency. The German warships were filled to their capacity with soldiers and proceeded for Germany,. The Germans also are reported to be evacuating Ostend. y / Huns May Revolt I WASHINGTON, Out. 15.-It was Field Marshal Von HindenliuiK himaolfl anil iiiii tin. supposedly pacifist premier, Prince Maximilian, who utilised the, German government to accept President WHhoii'h poucn terms ami seek an unnistico, according.to a dispatch which reached Washington' today through official sources by way of a neutral country. According to this version, knowing the desperate condition of the German tinny htnisolf bettor than any clvilinti, and especially tho faot that there is now no supply of raw material to replenish the exhausted stocks of munitions of war, Von Hindeulnirg insisted upon tho npplicntion for an'armistice. Prlnco Maximilian is said to luivo resisted strongly, describing himself in the light of a truo conservative und autocrat, only to bo overruled by tlio majority of tho war council, at which wjBre present the heads of the Gorman states, This Is pointed to as the explanation of why tho German note in response to President Wilson's Iniwirioa was signed by Dr. Solf, the minister of foreign affairs, although the prlnoo had initiated the corrospondonce. From tho sume aourco is cabled a prediction that the Gorman defensive cannot, bo continued without a-debacle for more than three months tit tlio outsido. This statement from a'well Informed nmttral source, regarded as semi-official, is based upon belief that d groat revolution is impending in Uermauy, tho mujorlty ot.the nuoplu being detormiM* lo have peace at tiny nrlco. I Leipsic Paper Says He Thinks He's God's Instrument, But Doubts It. Tlie very sad news reached the city this morning that Robin Sherlock, the eldest and only surviving son of Mrs. It. i:. Sherlock, and brother of the late r'Ught-Ueut. Clarence Sherlock, had died of pneumonia In Halifax, where he was stationed as a member of tlio Mechanical Transport Corps. Tlie news of his death almost immediately followed the Information tjuil had been received that he was dangerously 111" with pneumonia, following influenza. � , Kobln Sherlock was a l.ethbritlge born boy, member of a. highly respoct-iid family, and was about 2ii years of age. He had been at McGill University, taking a science course, but came homo at the beginning of tho war, and made determined efforts to join up. Slight eyesight defects interfered with his acceptance, but his fervent spirit, anxious; for service, was not satisfied. Finally, his mechanical training onnblod him to Join up with tho mechanical' transport, and he had Lheen at Halifax for some months and hoped to bo ultimately sent overseas. Tho sympathy of tho entire city will go to Mrs. Sherlock in the loss of her second son, following so close upon the death of her youngest boy In Ktig-land. Paris, Oct. 11.-Commenting on the Gorman peaco proposals, tho Volks Zettung. of Leipsic, Saxony, is quoted In A dispatch from Switzerland as Baying: , "In tho midst of tho Gorman people, responsibility lor the present situation centres more and more clearly each day on the/porsoh ot tho emperor. . "We aeo in William H. the lust Cor- !�, .*UWV 'military monarch; ho must fool / r*� .