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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 15, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta BONDS AND SO .HELP BUY VICTORY) VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGE. ALBERTA, TfefESDAY. OCTOBER 15, 1918 NUMBER 258 SEND OVER 250.00 ALLIED PUSH FORCES EVACUATION OF OSTEND G WEO DRIVETO HLY TO FIG ^hat is Allied Answer to Hurts' Armistice Without Foch's Latest Peace Consent-No Offer-No Discussion While Huns Commit A'trocities-Turkey in Bad Way. Washington, Oct. ,14.-President Wilson has answered Germany's peace proposal with a decision which not only fulfills the expectations off supporters of his diplomacy, but also dispels the fear of those who predicted he would substitute Victories at arms with defeats at diplomacy. No peace with kaiserism, autocracy must go; no armistice can even be thought of while Germany continues her atrp'eities on land and sea, one cannpt be ;considered unfil it is fully dictated by the allied comma^hd^ts ;ih the field in such terms as absolutely provide safeguardsjincj guarantees that Germany's part will not be a scrap of paper. Th%, inva few words, is the president's an^Xyer. vilfit does bring a capitulation which may be more than unconditional surrender, ;alliedidi{iIomats and American officials believe it may cause a revolution in Germany. AN ANSWER HUNS WILLUNDERSTAND Washington, Oct. 14.-The following statement was m^de at the White House: "The government will continue to send over 250,000 men with their supplies every month, and there will be no relaxation of any kind." Text of President Wilson's Reply Washington, Oct. 14.-The following Is the text of President Wilson's reply: "Sir,-In reply to the communication of the German government, dated the 12th instant, which you handed to me today, I have the honor to reCjuest you to transmit the following answer: ' "The unqualified acceptance by the present German government and. by a large majority of the reichvtag of the terms laid down by the President of the United States of America in his address to the congress of the United States on January 8,.,1918, and, in his subsequent addresses, justifies the President In making a'frank and direct.statement of his decision with regard to the communications of the German government of the 8th and 12th of October, 1918. .It must be thoroughly understood that the process of evacuation and the conditions of an armistice are matters which must be left to the judgment and ' advice of the military advisers of the government of the United States and the allied governments, and the President feels it his duty -to say that no armistice can be accepted by the government of , the 'United States which does not provide ^absolute satisfactory safeguards and guarantees of the maintenance of the present supremacy of the armies of the United States and the allies in thp . field. f "He feels confident that'he caf�-that the president should*, very solemnly cart the attention of the government of Germany to the language and plain intent of one of the terms of peace which the German government has now accepted, it Is contained in the address of the president delivered at Mount Vernon on the 4th of July last. It Is as follow^; I "The destruction of every arbitrary 'power "anywhere that can separately,'Secretly and of its single choice, disturb the peace of the world; or, if it cannot be presently destroyed, at least its reduction to virtual impotency. The power which has httherto aon-trolled the German nation is of the sort here described. It Is within the choice of the German nation to alter it." , "The president's words just quoted naturally constitute a condition precedent to peace, if peace is to corns by the actions of the German ^ peoples themselves. The president feels bound to say that the~-whole process of peace will, in his judgment, depend upon the definiteness and the satisfactory character of the guarantee vyhich can be given in this fundamental matter, it is indispensable that,,the governments associated against'Germany should know beyond a peradventure with whom they.are dealing. "The president will make a separate, reply "to-the royal and im--perial governments of Austria' Hungary. . ' "Accept, sir, the renewed assurance of my high consideration. (Signed), '"ROBERT LANSING. RA EARING OOT HON BASES Ten Thousand Prisoners in First Day of New Drive in Belgium-Roulers Taken-Nearing Courtrai-Huns Offer to Allow Civilians Through Allied Lines-Pershing Pushes Forward on Meuse. Unconditional Surrender. "ft^aahington, Oct. 15.-Uncondltlon-nr surrender by Germany wob Uie interpretation put on, President Wilson'.? answpr to the German j)lea for peace l^or both American and allied military officials here today. Only by absolute surrender, they say, can the enemy now prevent the terminating evidence ot.hls tleteat-invasion ot Germany. There is no doubt among officers that sooner or later the enemy will be compelled to accppt these uncompromising terms. The German army is being pounded to death in the , li.eld, they declared, and the only tiling Qorniany cuu hope 1o ."lave fro^i the wreckage is to prevent the war being carried across Iier border.. And that can be accomplished only at the price ot putting herself as utterly al the mercy o� the victors ^s did Bulgaria. Jlilitary opinion appeared to be In full agreenient that in enunciating the policy that absolute safeguards and guurantees of the "present military , supremacy" of American and allied forces iiiuat control ,iuy armistice agreement. Presldftnt 'Wilson has plixc-e,d ft beyond tlie power of Germany to reap any benefit from an insincere move toward peace. , The question ot the Agencies to be employed in framing an armistice naturally will come up only when Germany huB complied with the .president's other requirements. � It seemed probable to officers, however, that the military board of the supreme v/av council at Vei-sailles would be the na-turpl agency. The coinicil Itself Is ,composed only ot (he premiers of the allied nations anil President Wilson. The military and all other hoards ot the council are advisory only and their recommendations must be ratified by the council to bocorao effective. V Will Consult Foch. Without ouestion. Marshal Foch, the supremo commander, and the field coniniaudeiij, Geiiei'als Petain, Uaig, Pershing and Diaz, would be fully consulted and the reHUlting terms of surrender In all probability would be" aT once ralllied and laid before Germany nn the only price for respite from attack. ' The geuerat elements to delegates to an inter-? national, commission, the duty > of which will be to visit east-ern Macedonia; and investigate >  the atrocities committed by > the Bulgarians. : Well Known Lethbridge Young Man Victim of Pne^imonia --Brother of Late Clar- '' ehce Sherlock. Paris, Oct. 15.-Marshal Foch in his new stroke in France is driving a formidable wedge between the German bases of Bruges and Ghent, in Belgium, and Lille in Francei The effective manner in which King Albert carried out his attack has further widened the wedge which threatens td split the German forces in two unless the enemy falls back speedily on a wide'front. ,. "  .. ' The British army of Gen. Plummer on the right wirigoli the allied advance is now only three miles from the important ra:ilway junctidnof-Courtrai. Once the allies master, th^ line Wervicq-MeninCourtrai, which probably will be tJhly a matter of a few hours, the Gjsrman situation at Lille Will be most perilous and that at Ghent not much better. ' The French capture of Roulers, the. important railway junction east of Ypres, is a serious loss to the Germans. Although the Belgian railway system is dense enough to provide alternative routes to a certain extent, the allied entrance into Roulers on the first day of the offensive is bound to effect the German communications most unfavorably. TWO MILES FROM COURTRAI London, Oct. 15.-Belgian troops arq on the outskirts of Menin and are within two miles of Courtrai."^ ARE EVACUATING OSTEND London, Oct. 15.-Several of Germany's largest torpedo boats recently left Zeebrugge, one of the German naval bases on the Belgian coast, during a stormy night, according to a Dutch frontier message forwarded from Amsterdam on ^ Monday to the Central News Agency. The German warships were filled to their capacity with soldiers and proceeded for Germany. The Germans also are reported to be evacuating Ostend. High ...... Low ......- Forecast: perature. Fair; little higher . 69 . 35 ten D. C. Coleman is a young man, who began with the C.P.R. as a stenographer. He was once a reporter on the lolim'lllo, (Ont.), Intelligencer. He is been with the C.P.R. in the west .or some years. Huns May Revolt �WASHINGTON, Oct. Ifi.-It was Field i\!arshal Von Hindeuburg hlma.elt and not (he supposedly pacifist premier, Prince Muximllian, who caused tlie German government to acoeipt President Wilson's peace terms and seelc an armistice, according to a.dlspatcb wliich reached Washington' today through official sources by way of ft neutral country. According to this version, kno.wlng the ((esperate condition ot the Gl'erman army himself bettor lhan any civilian, and especially the faot that there Is now no supply of raw Jiiaterlal to replenish the exhausted stocks ot munlttons of war, Von Hindenburg iuslsted upon the application for an'ariRlstioe. Prince Maximil'lau is said to have'resisted strongly, describing himself in the light of a'-true conservative and ointocrat, only to be overruled by the majority of tho war council, at which wjbr^ present the heads ot the German states; Tills Is pointed to as the eitplattation'ot .why the German note in response ^to President 'Wilson's. Inqaiiriea was signed by Dr. Self, the minister oi: foreign affairs, although the pl-lnce had Initiated the correspondence. - From tho same source is cabled a prediction that the German' defeiJSlve cannot be continued without a~debacle for more than three months at 'the outside. This statement from a'well Informed neutral source, regard^dVaf semi-official, is based upon" belief that a great revolution is innwnding in, Germany, tho majority .of, the people beinfe detormiaa* to have peaep'at j ''fV^iB see in'Williara n. the last Ger-any i^)rlco. . i  J. .'noaii^ mllita'rv monarchi llG niu�t fnni ' The ' foregoing d'npatch was filed bifore Presideni Wilson's reply to tHte German priice note was given out and probai ly has refer-enpi to Germany's expectation thiat she would be permitted to evacuate the occupied territories undisturbed, instead of continuing to be driven from them by the allied armies. Recent dispatches yhave told of great crowds of refugees from the districts of northern France and iseigium threatened tay allied attacks flocking along the Belgian higliways lead-Infl east and norttj. KAISER lOMw Leipsic Paper Says He Thinks He's God's Instrument, But Doubts It. Paris, Oct. 14.-Commenting on the German peace proposals, the Volks__________...... _____ _____ ZeltUng, ot Leipsic, Saxony, iis Quoted | brilliant and best organized army. The very sad news reached tlie city this morning that Hobin Sherlock, the eldest and only surviving son of Mrs. R. E. Sherlock, and brother, of the late Flight-Lieut.. Clarence Sherlock, had died of prieupionia in Halifax, where he was stationed as a member of the Mechanical Transport Corps. The news of .his death almost immediately followed the information tjiat had been received that he was dangerously ill" with pneijmonia, following influenza.  ..^ Robin yiierlotk. was a Lethbridge born boy, member of a highly respected family, and was about 26 years ot age. He huA been at McGill University, taking, a science course, but came home at the beginning of the war, and made determined efforts to Join up. Slight eyesight defects interfered with his acceptance, but his fervent spiflt, atlJiibus] for service, was not satisfied. Finally, his mechanical traiuliiig enabled hl'm to join up with the mechanical; transport, and he had .been at Halifax for' some months and hoped to be ultimately sent overseas. The sympathy ot the entire city will go to Mrs. Sherlock in the loss of her second, son, following so cloae upon the ^eath ot her youngest boy in England. that -he can no longer be what he has thought himself since the first day of his reign: .an instrunieht sent by God and above all the chief of tho anost in & dispatch from Switzerland as saying:: , " "Iii tUe midst of the German people,-responsibility Xor theipresent situation centres more and more clearly each' 'day pn the /person the emperor. �..Mr- y,.^,*|Ug|i!:.iniUtqry monar^; ho must feell "IniSSS the emperor said he would sacrifice is army corps and 42,000,000 inhabitants rather than give up a single fetone conquered by his. father. T^o million dead are more than 18 army "corps.' It is now for him to show his spirit, of sacrifice and to withdraw. He wo.uld tlius permit the German people to,pbta.ln_better,peace term>." i ROULERS TAKEN Paris, Oct. 14,7~-R6ulers has been taken by the allies. This city, which before the war numbered 25,000 inhabitants, is the first important Belgian town from which the Germans have been driven. This morning, on the anniversary of the battle of Jeha, which was fought on Oct. 14, 1806, the battle flames up along the Flanders front and the first day's progress gives reason for the high hopes. Under the command of King A1-. bcrt of Belgium the British, Belgian and French armies attacked at 5:35 o'clock. There was no artillery preparation, but the troops advanced under cover of a creeping curtain of fire of extreme power. Foilow|ng the gales which . have been blowing for several days the weather turried fine and the troops progressed methodic-' ally and in a most satisfactory way. ..... . IVIachine gun nests we're forced^ to surrender one after another and at 6 o'clock tonight- the. advance amounted to four miles In the direction of Courtrai for the British, four miles toward Thielt for the French and 21/3 mile* in the direction -of Thorout for the Belgians. ' . NEARLY 10,000 PRISONERS The French, in-the centre of the line, had the honor of' capturing the city of Roulers and the plateau covering it.' Nearly . 10,000 prisoners already have been counted and a large amount of material and many guns have 'been taken. Mention aluo must be rnade of two, batteries, which were taken with the horses attached to the guiis. � This showff that the methpdieial withdrawal of thp Germans,' Of which they will not.^alf to speak In reporting the battle, ,cpu,l(f ndf, be accomplished. �\: " ���� German reserves, which attemp-' ted to hurry up to the front line, did: not escape the keen eyec of the, aHled aviators and gunner*. One troop train was cut In two by shells. When the occupants of the cars Jumped out they 'Were met and scattered by machine gun fire from allied aviators. The British navy and coast artillery did'excellent work In cooperation with the advancing infantry. The German* did not leave Roulers without sts^rtinfl many fires. FRENCH NEAR RETHEL Paris, Oct. 15.-French troops have made ah Important advance .toward the important . town of Rethel and have captured th�town of Nanteuil-sur-Alsne, 21/2 miles west of Rethel, says the war office statement today.  In the Argonne the French have reached the Aisne west of Grande Pre and have -captured the villages of Ollzy and Termes. Nearly 800 prisoners were taken in thi� region. j South of the Serre, the French aiss have made a marked advice. The towns of Remies, Barentbn, Cel and Monceau-le-Wast alio have been talfen. i A GERMAN PROPOSAL ~Amsterdam, Oct. 15.-The German government has proposed to France'.that, Jn common with the entente aides, France "T^dertake to refrain from bombarding the large towns in northern France and enter Into an agreement with Germany to permit, at any rate,^ a portion of the population of, V�l-enclenfesto pats Into the Frerioh lines, says an official tatement from Berlin. s. RAIDS NEAR LILLE ' -London, OcL IS,--Raiding ojpeff* (Continued on Page Sis;^ V 20 757604 ;