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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 15, 1914, Lethbridge, Alberta LONDON IN THROES OF WAR-HOW WOMEN OF GERMANY LIVE-PRINCESS MARY GROWN-UP CANADIAN WOMAN TELLS OF WAR SCENES IN OLD LONDON On Fateful Sunday Before Ultimatum Was Sent to man Reservists Left London With Tears The Anti-War Demonstration in Trafalgar F'ine Police. amongst the English and hud oven found friends and wives air.onjr't tnem. Anfl now they were out to kill and be killed by each other. A very terrible, very awful very devilish thing'Is war! Anti-War Demonstration By KATHARINE LESLTK LOXDON, Aug. 6. Special Correspondence to Tho Star MANY and Impressive and often poignant wcro the scenes I enacted In the creat city on I tho first Sunday of August, when; Charing Cross and its poit, for the first tirn-j the war fever 'nant scenes wcnt !nto Tn.- faigar Square. What a scene It was! Thousands of tho socialistic and anti-war people of London mot to gethcr to protest against Englan' participating, upon any grounds. gan to rise high. AH the preceding days had been days of unrest and expectancy of ono knew not what People had begun to form them- selves Into groups tho streets, dis- cussing the possibilities of tho situa- tion, wondering1 what Germany s-ould. do, what Russia would do, and Prance; but above all what England would do! But Sunday brought all the world into the streets and squares. Everyone wanted to bo where he could find news at first hand. It was an afternoon of sun- Ehiiie and shower. In the sweet little back water of Chelsea, where we {ivcd, no sound o' the rasMng hu- man stream, all winding hurriedly was a curious sight, this monster jrjthsrlRg of men and women massed In tho great sea i of heads broken by wavinjj red j above which ,rose majestically! the four magnificent lions of Land- seer; and still higher upon his great( column, the little admiral who was! such a fighter, and who helped so tremendously to give England her. prestige nicocffst the nations of' mistress of the seas. Surely a I -ratse irony of Fate, or an iguor Jiiee of the humor of their situatio; tug between us and we were batted j out ova? tlio swavinc: mob, and gloved and out into ths street: ITaJeti crimson banners glQ1 before we well knew which way we should turn. Into the King's road 'we went and took bus toward the Strand. From" the airy' vantage point, Catarina and I were able to view the quietly agitated stream of people tliat was pouring .towards Piccadilly and tha Strand. Crowds of people everywhere; crowds" at street, where the Cabinet was in session, crowds at the French i i.-nm3on Banners anu fluttered its straw hats to point its leader's oratory. Every bus brought its load of hu inanity "io" swell tho crowd. From of beautiful st Martin's- in-the-Fieldg, Catarina and I looked uowu upon such a muss of human beings as we had never even dream- ed of seeing. Everywhere were the pollco In twos, threes, and groups A splendid lot of fellows, these calm big. alert, active as cats at an In- stant's notice, finely -and good-nat- uredly tolerant, handling the crowds humor as well wisdom. m anxious, yet quiet, awaiting the first nificant scrap of humanity, news of the latest raovo In Paris, in Berlin, in St Petersburg. It was still uncertain what but every sane person waa sure what sbo should is always an anti-war party, a party that has much to say about the in- Iquity-of war..- OEten there is much to be said for Its point of view; but, just as. often, too, it acts by. Its folly and short-sightedness as an. irri- tant, shouting..'peace where there can be no peaca without dishonor, -and-by its insistence upon peace at any price, but adding to the fume and" fury ot the times. The-'-eatl- war party In the House of Commons is .insignificant. Germans Ordered Home L 3 we came towards the Strand, we found the crowds stream- A3 ing- from all directions towards-Tra- falgar Square, and one very steady flow towards the gates at Charing Cross station. This last waa largely composed of the Germans ordered hams that afternoon, and thsir numbers were swelled by ac- companying" friends. The call hod come to every German, capable'of bearing arms, to proceed directly to his regiment. An unhappy looking; ;Jot of beings they were! No joyous j War spirit'animated these men who j had found work, homes, happiness. a red rasr on the end of a stick started a demonstration by shouting and running. He noon- had a roar- Ingr rabble at his heels, and thcsg he proceeded to lead across the crowd- ed street that lies alongside St Slar- tin's-in-lhe-JFields.. KB "snouting- and gesticulating-, but was received neatly Into the arms of a pair of watchful police, who gathered him In, almost lovingly, and with merely lifted hands stopped his following. The would-be leader.crumpled up in the embrace "of the bobbies, who, having duly admonished him, Ironi- xally mit_back'iinto his hand his ras and ordered him in a- cer- tain Jirection.5 whither-" he .betook himself with an air so crestfallen and subdued that Jnughed though a we had ali dreaded we knew not what, had his following- increased. London's Wonderful Police W Her First Hair-Up Studio-Portrait Princess Mary, the Grown-Up 31ARY, It tfc.of course, unnecessary to remind our readers, the only daughter of our King and Queen. She was born on April 25, 1S97. He full names are Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary. WOMEN AND THE CHECKBOOK If the "Marjories' of the Cannot Be Trusted With Them Their Children Should Bs Otherwise Trained. tha orators "spouted" and the mcb cheered in tha great sauare, the police circled them and kept vigilant eyes upon .every movement of every section of the sauare. The horses, of the mounted i police stood in groups as silently' and as wisely as their riders, and after Marjorie had overdrawn the everything- .waa in readiness at the [bank account and piled up bills for least suspicion of violence, A great she dared not draw phccks in V H. G. "Wells' last novel, "Mar- there are two scenes mark intensely dramatic developments in the -history of tfce man and the woman of the story. The first.Js when the two are on heir honeymoon, and the young hus- band tells ilarjorlej his wife, ihat he to put all of his in- come Into a joint Account on which either of them can draw. "You'll, have your own check book ind write checks as you-want ie says. "That seems the simplest; fa.y to me." "Of "But sn't unusual? Father always used to allowance mother." "It's the only, decent accord- ing to my said .Trafford. "A man shouldn't marry when he can't trust." Not much more than a year later, jorlc, a soulful from the husband. "That's what I amount sho said. 'It's your, silly said after a Isng pause. Slarjorle loved her '-.husband as devotedly aa any woman ever loved a man, and she wanted to be a help. It was simply that she. had stands for in the" Vay ,of effort Giv- ing her a check book was in the same case as the mother who gives baby a jar of honey and an opened pillow to'play with. There was bound" to be'a mess. Only en tin justifiable prejudice and a foolish notion that women cannot understand money matters stand in the way of.-such a train- ing for -ifimalc children as will make them bocks. GERMAN WOMEN ARE KEPT SUBSERVIENT They Don't Yearn for Votes But 'for for Emotional, Not Political, of the Mother" Move- Dominate Their "Women ait Every Turn. By E, M. S. N tho moan time where are tho wo- men of Germany? Tho Kaiser and tho Kaiser's sons and his I generals, and tho men who are being shot who shouldn't, and the mea WHO i aren't being shot who should, and the Germans who philosophize .on them all have been filling books and periodicals these many moons, but at tho mention ot Germany's women memory becomes a blank. There must be women in. Germany or there I v ould be no need of philosophers. In the stilted and 'Women in "World .soggy volumes on Ger- many's womanhood Is tied up and tagged with the cryptic sentiment that "The women of Germany have always been deep thinkers." To tho Western woman, who always make a fuss when she thinks, it would ap- pear that the thoughts of Frau Ger- many must be Ingrowing. The .aver- age Westerner who attends sewing circles and suffrage meetings knows all about England's women, from ITrs. Eankhurst; French Asters, from Joan the sublime to aime. Caillaux. Novels aro never finished with tales of the Catherines of Rus- sia; Italy fills grand opera, and so on ad fin, to. Mrs. Julian who makes all the grocers of tho United itates keep their counters washed, Now that "tho -war Is on wo cnn say things about Germany which would scarcely be polito at other times. It cannot bo denied that tho German mind Is ponderous.. It Is a ploddUg mind and imperturbably serious. 'With ail the world's wo- manhood breaking, out In different phases of advance, or at least rest- leasnesg, Germany must feel some contagion. There Is a woman In Germany, but it is moving bi au absolutely different direction from Mrs. Pankhurat. :Tho German wo men don't want votes. They wan. homes. It is a purely emotiona movement, with all the emotionalism of tho Teuton, who has been defined as a mass of natural human in stmcts, irresistible7 In their impetu- osity. "Cut away theso and there i left little but a shrewd, coarse, super stitious peasant" There is little of f'the Intellectual in tho German woman's restlessness Her cry is not for political but for motional rights.' Ellen Key, thur Christmas trees arc made In tbe orestS' of Thuringia by babies under i Ive, who paste the bits of wood am in together with tiny fingers all day ong at one and two cents a day. The} lid not blame the German mothers >ut they wondered. Strikes Don't Last Long .ITH aN our men In the army VV and being taken for their :hree years as soon as they are old enough to help, we all have to work said on Alsatian-German resident of Toronto. "We haven't time to worry about laws and such things. And many of .them can't keep their children at home because they get such poor wages. When their men are taken-to serve in the army they are paid five cents a week by the Government to keep them. When the German men strike tho soldiers are called in. and they just shoot any men who won't go back to work. Strikes don't last long there." That is for the poorer German wo- problems from which her would shrink and (interest Instead of tho Suf- th rough Western find frago movement, In Germany it Is known as tho or "Protection of tho liotner" move- ment, and it is followed into all sorts of depths in learned treatises by of any subject A Rich Woman Stowaway MRS M of Lo Anrc lf the jrarjories of the world can't man' but what of the wholc femm: trusted with chuck books now, .Germans-find life mucli easier and happier in England than in their own milltaxy-naeen land, it is duite irell Imown that many bave refused to answer tie call to anrs. and will not fignt against the Bns- lish. harrowlnff sight it -was at tie samon! "What misery ot forever, in tho faces of ths parting from' family and friends, frora wives and sobs land tears of the women, what clinging o: children. Ach! "Wie 1st das leben schwer! Poor going out fight and kill and to be Wiled, because of a bellicose Emperor and his military advisers, who are in- capable of seems -nar from any standpoint but that acquisition and glory! How terrible are such beings, a menace to the world! We E7.w tuo fine young moasra David, and found it hard to tear'themselves apart. They :Clung to each other's hands and Based dumSIy into oach other's faces, evidently to fix in their minds the beloved features, me loving, understanding ejes. One lelt they knew it Has Inch- last glimpse of each "other. Catarina and J watched otheis with tears. Fm- 5Ily, one was torn away by a utr hand, and he, 'the Englishman, that Was left behind, stood on Up toe, uith strained, haggard face, looking over the heeds of the surging erow-1, to catch tho last glimpse of "his heart's best it c one of a hundred scenes that har- rowed us. Tea, these departing men Germans, and Germany was cur enemy. But _ they had tholr loves and their friendships amongst An4 they were torn apart, they Who had had nothing to do with the war. who know no race loved'to think of all the world u understood ami Witchery 'and charau Behind was the fine old church on whose steps we stocd, to the right the.Na- tfte Haymarket, the left we could see Cbaiine pful? the Strand8 StrCCtl and ia and spire with the light falling upon them like a divine caress Soon the black cioud broke into jowery drops which Increased in size ana speed till it descended m deluge. Peopie extricated them selves from the press as best the could rad fled to shelter. One French, Germans, Indians, negroes trans-Atlantiques amongst th scurrying: crowds, and marveled fo the thousandth time upon tho cos mopoman nature of London. Bu the rain did cot'daunt the anti-wa crowd in the-square.. The hour'foi ;neir dispersal was set by the police nnd they had much to say. But a .he hour set ihe police took up their mork of clearance. As expeditiously as easily as a woman sweeps a room of its million dust particles, so die he police clear the square of its housanus of hianlfestnnts. Miracu- ous-ly they seemed to vanish 'before very eyes. moment th" ;quare was a shouting, seething it 'seemed but another moment when the vast space held only a cordon of police about the pedestal of Nelson's column and the England's liberties. Wonderfuulolicfl sane, qulot, dignified, in> thi hates the picture, learns its cost, and finally explodes. "I think this winds me up to some he gaid "Tou'Il to give up your chccfe .book, OUfarjoric." Marjorie gave up the check' book, and then began to hide billg away from her husband again. There wore nearly five hundred dollars of unpaid! obligations when the came. There were tears from Mar- 1 to fanflle then' THE PliQUE. V elderly woman was left In the house by liarselt Suddenly the telephone bell rang. She had never answered the phone or -talked over It in her hfe The bEll rang ag-im and then again Th'n she knew It must be answered, even though she old not wish to Jumping to her feet, she look receiver down "Nobody at sho shouted into'the trans- le sphere of woman and the laws of marriage were definitely fixed in I Germany years ago by [declares Havelock Ellis in honeyed article on the "Awakening of Women in Germany." Some of his other vitriolic and enlightening views are: "If the young woman of Germany sometimes seem to tho foreigner-like milk turning a little bit sour, and the j German wife and mother to do noth- ing to contribute to tbe world, that is as It should be. It is their mission to but Religion and the higher living. With Ellen Key Is associated Dr. Helerie Stacker, of Berlin, a clcvfir; Which arrived-here safely. lecturer. Of course, tho views of these extremists do not affect the heart of real German woman which is big and pure and motherly, but she 13 -still at homo under her husband's frown, and tho world knows her 'When she does seek refo'rni, .it is" for her home alone. The-Kaiserin Smiled iT Is said that when the Interna- tional Congress- of Women met In Berlin in 1904 an ardent suffraget from abroad was inspired to tell "the1 kafseriri that sfce hoped the German women would soon all have votes, and that the. JCaiserln in return mere- ly smiled. It must have been an In- tricate and wonderful smile, with tho Kaiser there looking on. j But there is a small section of feminine Germany moving ously for reform. In 1SS5 Frau Lulse Otto, In Leipzig, with Lina Mprgenstein and7 Henrietta Gold- schmidt, started tne ball rolling with the formation of the '-'Allgennernen peutschen meaning the 'General Association of ind they three things: (1) An education equal in worth to that of right to work. (3) Free _cholce of. professions. Their bitterest! opponents were women. Since that time Frau Mmoa Cauer started in 1887 a club of wo-i women you hava Toklo and men suffragists, but It' is notable; Yokohama and Kobe; these wear that the most prominent workers skirts with cloth stockings and this movement are not of purely (their heads are covered with thin. Work. Side Men at Nagasaki, for the; Same Wages. BABIES' t Although All Work IB Done Hand, Is Attained, THERE ts at least one the'' world where, a woman may as'much as-a man for tho same, labor and where the.two sexes work side by This Is--at Na-j gasaki, Japan. "Wh'en a into port the passengers -w3io "havo been-viewing the beautiful harbor ob-' serve a fleet of barges laden with, coal which are lying-in near tha anchorage. On moat of item ara :wenty to thirty" men and women- latter predominating. j In contrast with; the, kimono-clad mitter and then the receiver.: keep .the hearth fire burning-" nrtil S J 0. and their not find SS beloved land wera i% tl wholly capable manner in they handled the excited thouaanoB n the great Square, and at the same time guided and directed the traffic of motor vehicles of all sizes tiSS- ran to and fro through the streets ending: to and from the square One reads of tho methods of the London police as apsHe'd to crowds, one ids to ace these methods, and a real crowd, in order to appreciate their priceless value in the gieatest ot itieg, Woman's Responsibility for Waf rpHE dogs of war are unleaded in Euronc and the fate of nations 1 Id d h T0' AJ! be proroundiy saddened by the thought of how unavailing roliglon and civil- Uatiim aro to stem the tide of war. How is It that all oSr to certain evils In the world, I realized, with the force of a blow-that we women were really repoiisible for them. It is In the hands of women tnat the destmf-s of nations He, for they are tho mothers of men, and the moulding of is the responsibility and the privilege of motherhood. Think for a moment of our tcatnin" of children. Do we teach them that war is It la not only cruel, but unutterably stupid? Do wo, in our schools, show the dis economic consequences of war, as we aro belatedly beginning to teach them the disastrous consequences of alcohol? No; both" in the school and the home, war is elor.ficd. We hush tha baby's cries ef pain by telling it to be "bravo as a soldier." Ti e feed the growing child's mind on tales of hejofem, in which there ara no horqps but soldiers, soldiers and toy cannon to play with. We send him to schools whcjo be Is taught very little about his own country except" the dates .c? its great battles Then, when he ffrows up, we expect him to have sane views about war, and wonder sadly why the world grows no wiser! How can, it grow 'wiser when wo persist In teaching It the same old follies? Women kneel to pray in cathedrals hung with banners that have been bathed In blood, and praise the Prince of Peace among1 monuments raised 'to those whose lives were spent In wielding the sword. Until wo women practice what we preach, and insist that the education given to our children shall Include right teaching on the subject of war, we must hqld our- eelves responsible for the disasters that fall upon tho world In .war and Christian Commonwealth. giThe Teutonic fictional reverence German origin. Frau Lily Braun a granddaughter of Jerome Eon: parte, her mother also bejng Freno white -Dri -Alice Salomon has a-tra ot Hebrew In her ancestry. Th mass oC tne German womanhood r mains unmoved, their laws, fount ed .on the Corpus Juris of the Ho tfor women has always been accom- j mans, would make of all worae panied by the expressed conviction that she is a he continues. "In j no twentieth century country but j Germany would -it have been pos- sible to put forward so contemptuous I a view of woniftn as set forth :by Schopenhauer or Nietzche, A great reputation has been.won by the book of Otto Weinlnger, a brilliant but in- sane youth, who committed [at the age of 23, and who used as his1 thesis that woman is a worthless i j creature, a Kundry fof whom there Is no. salvation as her Parsifal has j not arrived. Animation Repressed MJ these saying the avi -tiGcrnmn woman has accoptet with due meekness. Tho amazing Httlo book, "Tho by thi authoress of "Elizabdth Her German was be- Haved In England, but It was an ac- curate portrait of tho gentlo German wife, who properly idolized her' sol- dier husband, a moan llttlt thingrwith a twisted moustache, who always checked any signs of animation his wife by telling her she was get- ting to look like a famous strong- minded aunt of: hers. His paralysis ia loyous at fbe end, of tho book, when tho little lady, after-a vlslt'to Eng- and, boldly tells him aho thinks-her lunt is a very sensible woman, and go on tracing reaem- slaves were it not for the innate, laz kindness of tfeo German citizen. Still in Germany lliere ia a bi heart which' at each beat bruahc these pin-pricks of criticisms asid To-find-the heart of her language; her poetry, and he lolk-Iore, From Germany we our exquisite which.'prosal nev-r imitate, "Kin garden, of children, T tho exile Germany is always his "Va terland." The best that an English man can do is to feel homesick; bu to tho dr6amy depfh of the German1 comes sorrow England can also rise to the heigh of defining this as nostalgia, which shows advantages of In tellect "Mutter- gentlo-words of affection that have no in English and sneak of peneoful Gorman homes whwe rtisns (until tho Kaiser sends fcp the eldest Ia the songs of ara re- veatad wonders. Sove and and, of blst wle oine was written by a _ man, probably to a -Garrtan "When- Canadian women are their jprayeri for Canada mnd Btltaln and tnGimtm atrtht though some of them may forjret'tho Kaiser, all will Instinctively remember the mothers, aistera, sweethearts, nnd their. "Father- l cotton cloth bearing a peculiar anese design In print Some oft them babies with them, and as the ship dnawg near they hastily bind them on the backs of little girls and bojs and make ready for work. In a trice, It seems, at each of tho coal ports a pjramldal series of plat- forms is rigged up, tho lowest being just above the deck of the barge. Then on each platform women, or a man and a woman, taksl their position while a lot men, hurry down to tflie' bunkers' of the ship .to receive the after It has' been passed In and stow it away..' Prom llio end of the platform 'a' double line extends to wh.epe men do' nothing but throw a big shovelful ofi coal iii a shallow basket, which niolda' about a peck or a peck and a half. Work Like Clockwork' THE basket travels from hand to hand> but part of the effect ol gravity j3 overcome by forward motion, for the does not stop Ifrom tho time It ia once in tha' air until It reaches tha ship's side.j The empty basket is dropped with lomo swing that discharges its con- ents, and an old, woman on the, top tlatform does nothing i but iskets to the barse below. Nagaeahl has tho name of beinff he "fastest" coal port In the. hough the labor here Is all done by land. An army captain tails of being, n the transport Thomas at Nagasaki' n April, 1912, onu In-seven nnd a half hours.. To count ths woricars who are en- ajed on the Job Is difficult. ''F.retb arfires tfeep coming up all the time, nd workers, Tho Japanese ontractor who supplies thfl coal told later there were 900 men .nd women at work. "They warmed along both for this' labor.Is by pieae. CVorkraen and workwomen each get i' en, or 60 cents, 'for a day A work of ght. to nine It Is bewildering1 to. watch orkers, for the come up BO eadlly It looks as though'they must moved by machinery. as taught men and'women to ach motion count, and tha whole cf< is that ot PTT P K Cilifornii on he deck of thtl Hfllland American 3.S. which arrived at Jew York August i; airs. Swift, whose passage had been' ooked on tho H.S. waa o determined, to leave war-ridden Europe, when tho sailing of the erator" was cancelled, that she rc-l orted to the fitojyawajf means room for herselt aboard the Potsdam" when she discovered them room for no more on the ;