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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 15, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETITBRIPGE DAILY TTEKALD Tuesday. OdolttM- 15, LETHBR1DGE DAILY HERALD ESTABLISHED DECEMDER 1907 Published by the Lethbrldgo Herald Publishing Co.- Ltd.. every lawful evening Its office, Sixth Street, Lethbridge, Aleert.i, Canada. W. A. BUCHANAN PHONED Editorial, Rep or tori a I Department 1224 Managing Director T. W. QUAYLE Manaoing Editor JOHN TORRANCE Business Manager PHCNE: Advertising Circulation And Job Departments DAILY SUBSCRIPTION RATES G months. 3 months, delivered..... 51.00 i mouth, delivered. o5c. 13.00 C nionlhs, bj- mall...... 1 month, mull 25c. Addresses changed us often aft desired, but both new and old addresses must be given. THE DAILY HERALD FOR SALE AT Cross Dniff A; Medicine M- "ook Store; J. O. Uobertso Co.; Jackson ft Co.: Alex andra Hotel; rooplti a Dru stonv; Kenny Allia. Cranbrook, B. and Atchinson. I-- RelnerUe Diamond Ula Drug Co. i Co.; K. W. Hamilton. Plncher J. Mitchell; D. L. McCrea. Bros. Drus Book Company. Fernlc, B. Beai. aiiiuuver, B. Wida News Company. Brown !M9-lth Street. Tfld Jllverside Avenue. Also on all C.P.R. tralni THE WEEKLY HERALD Published every AVcdrinsduy in eight pases, anil a summary of the news of the week, local :md district 1 year in advance .........SI.50 3 months In Medicine Hat's Business DOUBT the supporters of the agreement will seriously object to outsiders offering Opinions on 'Ihe affairs of Medicine Hat, especially -tis to the policy to be adopted in con- nection with a street railway there, aiedicine Hat bas enjoyed a repu- tation as a successful municipal own- ership community and to those who "believe in the operation of public aitilities by the municipalities it. is to 'be regretted that the city council there has decided to submit a bylaw to grant a street railway franchise to a private corporation. Medicine Hat is growing and there is warrant for municipality to put in its own street railway just as much as there w'as warrant in Lethbridge. We have found in this city thai the street rail- way is going to pay its way .in the first, year, but the most cheerful feel- ing is thai the railway is our own and as the city jjrow.s it is to be :i money, maker. What Calgary, Edmon- ton and Lethbridge have done should be good enough fpr tlie progressive city ol Medicine Hat.- All the electors need to do to convince.them that it is a 'raisiake' to grant a street railway franchise" to a private corporation is to recollect 'tiie troubles Toronto. Win- nipeg, Montreal and other cities have had with such, corporations. A Correct View of the Panama Question IN ANOTHER COLUMN of this is- sue is published an interesting ar- ticle bearing on the much dis- fcussed attitude of the United States government with regard to the rights of usage of the Panama Canal. The arguments used by Mr. Lucien Wolf are incontrovertible and help greatly to elucidate a matter, the true inward- ness of which has failed to be grasped by the ordinary individual. The .bear- Jug of the Hay-Pauncefore Treaty is discussed, and when the con- tents cf Mr. Wolfs article are digest- ed it is difficult to get away from the conclusion that Mr. Taft, in his ckiim, las metaphorically speaking not a leg to stand upon. Tiie attitude of the American presi- dent is only pxcusabje, if il is an ex- cuse, in the fact that in view of the coining election he is, with the uncer- tainty, of being reinstated in the pre- sidential chair, in the position of the drowning man ready to clutch at any straw. There is an attempt to- seize on any morsel which might have its appeal to the man-in-the-street, and so influence his vole. It will be some little time before the Panama Canal is ready for use, and by that time, 'when all political excite- ment has been removed, the American nation as a. whole will view the Pan- ama question in the only way consist- ent with national honor. The attitude taken by its best citizens and its best journals points to this. The expres- sions of opinion given by Senator Chauncey Bepew are those which will appeal to the majority of a people who place some value on their pledged word. Sir Richard's Position TORONTO SATURDAY NIGHT in tifs comments upon the death of Sir IMchard Cartwright made the statement that he was out of sym- pathy with the reciprocity negotia- tions with the United States. Those knew the old Knight and were iifamfliar 'with his views on trade mat- ters know- well that the Saturday Night was badly informed. Jliss Cart- :.Wright enlightens, the Toronto paper about her father's position in the very interesting letter; "While thanking the author of the jfirticlc that appeared in your paper Uast Saturday for all the kindly and 'Kympathetin things said of my father. :Sir Richard Camvrigbt, T -wish to icmphatically deny the statement that lie was out of sympathy -with his col- jQoagues on the question of reciprocitv. fKe strove for years to get just such an agreement arranged, and 1 know that it was a bitter, bitter disappointment when in ;t moment of mental aberration the people of Can- ada rejected it, ''I was with my father at Washing- ton in ISilS, when Lord Herschel! and the international Commissioners tried to make just such a trade arrangement as 'was offered us a year ago. At thai time there was no talk of its being disloyal-to the Empire, and us one of the American commissioners told Sir Louis Davies and my father, the in- tense anxiety displayed by all the. European embassies as to what was going on between England. Canada, and the United States was almost laughable, and. very significant. Eur- ope did not in the least like tlie idea of a rapprochement, between England and the States, to say nothing of Can- ada." OUR POINT OF VIEW Lethbridge must, put on its best bib fend tucker for the Congress. Lethbridcc for next yr-ar needs ;i mayor with a clear cut policy of re- trenchment. Only five more days until the Dry- Farming Congress opens. Hustle the linal touches in decorating. ifsiiors away and ilic n'Uini will be a hundred fold greater, Hosors says result in .Muctlon- aid pronounces tin- death Knoll of (lie hi Western Canada for reci- procity. Tin1 hon. tu'ntk'iuan is mis- taking the noisv of his own vnhv for i ho voice of the west. Hon. Chits. was risht In fuylUK I tin i Uu' unviiR which tu'o bav- (roiihlu with slnjtlc tax :irc prin- cipally towns which bavo plmiKOd too heavily into del'i. Some towns Imvi? their fniuiv fur twenty years to conic by overly am- hllUsmi In ihe way of impioveiiiems. TAFT'S GREAT ILLUSION (l.undoii Daily IJraphiel In the following article Mr. UicU'u Wolf tlnti tin- case in ilio I'iinuina I'annl dispute with lirertt Britain rents uii an Illusion. The IJnm'd Slinks has no ty in luw in the Ctiunl v.oue. anil Iht'iWore no right to levy tolls to (lie I-vejudict' nf Hrltlsh shipping interests or to i hat of any other "most favored nation." .Mr. Tuffs view is really tlini. of ilie Aineriean mau-m-t he-street, us Sena- tor Depew also points out in an interview yiven below. As to lirbitration. ihe Senator emphatically declarer that if this course were adopted ilie I'nited States would be ;ateu. NO SOVEREIGNTY United States Without Claim to Pan- ama Control Chairman (.Joode is nut worrying lack of .iccommottauon for ihe Congress visitors, lit- ought, io know. Michener says [Jed Deer ih to have ii new post office. Likely he is count- ing en an early election. Hose, the Nov. York i doesn't Icuov. uheilier he has a co.-.- pcienco or not. be Eoen it. It i.s apparently hani-1 s is t Koiiio Liberals wore in j -MiiCflonald for attempting to intltiencu! voters. A hundred or move Coiiscrva-! p.vPa could have been for i tiie K.UIIO offcm-e. "We have the French vote ;ivas apparently no idle boast on the part of the Hon. Robert. Kdmonton is to spend twenty niill- on civic Improvements year. Just watch the debt grow. 1 Turkey's defiant raiiHG for suspicion that one of thv powers is secretly foment inir trouble. j The warden of the penitentiary j shouldn't, make too much noise about the tine pea crops in tiie jail farm. A vision of hot pea soup misht i-mso a stampede of guests to institution in cohi 'wither. H is to he hoped for ih.: sakv of the good mime of Ou-rr will ho no holdup prices charted week for food or rooms. 5end (By Lucieu H is good to uavo the full text of the Memorandum in "which 'Mr. Taft defends the Panama Canalact against tlie Hay-Pauncefote treaty, for now we know how very little there is to be said for the act. I expected some novel some new document. Instead ot" that 1 find only the familiar illusion of the iminstruct- ed American .lingo dressed up in pre- tentious language and iirgued with transparent and even 'superfluous so- phistry. The illusion, as we have hitherto known it, runs somewhat in this form: "The canal is OUTS; surely we can do as we please with It." Here is Mr. Taft's paraphrase: "The Panama Canal is being con- structed by the United States wholly at its own cost upon territory ceded to il by the Republic of Panama for that purpose, and unless it has restricted itself the United States enjoys abso- lute rights of ownership and control.) including the right to allow its own' commerce the Use of the canal upon such terms as it sees fit." Terms" For the U, 3. Therefore Sir. Tat't confines bis ar- gument to the iiuestion whether the rights of ownership aiid control ac- quired by the United States in ihe .Canal zone have been restricted by the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, and he comes to the conclusion that they have not, and, indeed, could not he, so re- stricted, because when one .nation grants equal rights to "all nations" in its own territories it obviously does not include itself. Now I do not irropcse to deal with Mr. Taft's interpretations of Article 111. of the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, be- cause others have done so very fully and effectively. I will only observe in regard to the point seems to have been the article in question must be read with the pre- amble 01 the treaty, and that the pre- amble in turn is governed by Article VIII. of the Clayton-BulweT treaty, in which it is expressly laid down that "equal terms" for "all nations" shall include the United-States. The point I wish to take is quite different from this. It is that Mr. Taft's promise is the United States has no such rights of "ownership nnd con- trol" as he alleges, and that even by the terms its tenure of the Canal zone it is prevented from levying differ entiiil tolls to the prejudice of British shipping. A Delegated Sovereignty What Mr. Taft claims in the Canal zone is sovereignty. It is true be does not use the word, but he talks of "ter- ritory ceded" and of "absolute rights of ownership." -and the implication is clear. Indeed, if he meant anything else than actual .sovereignty his own argument would stand self-condemned. As a matter of fact, the United Suites has no sovereignty in the Canal zone whatever. It. has only a perpetual lease with a delegated sovereignty, while the real sovereignty remains vested i" the tlepublic of Panama. A the treaty signed by John Hay and M. Bunau-Varilla on Novem- ber iSt.h, will suffice to show i his. Nowhere in this document is any mention of "ceiled" terri- tory, nor is the adjective "absolute" i used to describe the "control" granted to What Srant- I'd itf nso, occupation, and con- trol" of !he Canal zone, and although ihis "use, occupation and control" is in efffici as wide as sovereignty it is fxpressiy smted that it .is SOVC-T- Hgnty, but only such a? "the United States would possess if it were the sovereign of the territory." Hence in. law ihe Republic of Panama is still! sovereign of. Ihe Canal zone. Indeed, this is admitted by the Panama Canal; Act. itself, lor in Section XII., which- extends to the Canal zone all laws and treaties relating 10 extradition in force in the United States, it says: "For such purposes, and such pur- poses only, the Canal ?.one shall ho considered and treated as an organ- ized territory of the United States." Treaty Limitations what is con sertu flic? of this limiiei! tenure'.' It is that in tho Can- al zone the L'uiuid States is logMlr just iss much a foreign slate as nny other foreign state, and that if it ox- ereiiH'.s tho sovereignty of Panama it can only