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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 15, 1910, Lethbridge, Alberta The Letiibi-idge Daily Herald. Saturday. October 15 5. mo. CANADA'S C By Gapt. C Frederick Harriilt ori COPYRIGHT 1910 BY PUBLISHERS PRESS. Coast defence implies coast attack. 1 he first thing to do in trvinK to de- cide what attack is likely to be made. When people forget to "do this, they A. _ vv uv tut liim. V I run" make very strange, and sometimes were needed, bv the main force 'did --not matter; uu, tlie fact was that several useful .Am- erican ships were k'ept thousands o miles away from the where they 185C ihe exercised on e sub- now, not vast sums "'in see, thel.n-eo- HoiS Und Pta'Concerned failed to'ask IhfettfcfeivSi nous oi pouuas. Then, some veers what attack to expecu Lotus tln-n fit of thinking and this cousidera-j of coast attack" we mav property non struciy it How would anv cms! guard against. In -this article 1 shall 'vC Discuss the case of our. Atlantic coast story. _ We, are part...of the British Empire and in- any war will' be given th> benefit of its forces. naval war in ships could-- not the. ships of the Brit- ish navy get .at Of course. And would any enemy line .largo army on. a fleet of transports aiid send' it to sea while a strong British fleet was cruising about looking for ene- Then xvhy build! forts -while tjie: navy is strong if which the. British -Empire: was cerned of thre _.The British Navy would command of the sea, r A, (Published by speciai arrangement with "the Scientific American.) method of is could oul-slsam thenL, >rpedo luuiiL. heavily small'lands. .The: torpedo; boa't is a -'.small j were' named at {-or 100 to 1W feet long and j ESJ-. Te-viot-. so were' term- able to steam to-25 -knots ed tlio class.; Theyx? re soe- long siege if th On our Atlantic moderate.- sized -.guns kept r- is fortified .uo to this stand- progress of lafe .vears. sight-of- her Displace 800 tons' and can "the navy is-nofc strong cnougli. jiot put. the money into warships There.was no answer. The -British .Public realized had' wasted its .money.- It ha-d .spent manv on. tie wrong, sort pf coast" dcrence. In the Unitcd States were ing Spain. "Poor Spain a navy of four or five armored cruisers and- some smaller, vessels THE CITADEL AT HALIFAX 2. The the sea would be in.doubt. _. "3. The: enemy wouM have .command of -the -V Let us take tbese-'in toe com- .rnand. of the-sea. we should be-in (2j.Jtmigt tack of the s sketched but would not be I be far less confident j less, likely io remain our. j sligh is- in fact 'surprising defences 'wI31-' -induce a Tor any 1'ength of lime. Proceeding Von {he precedent of bant-ago, we img-lu.put a few moder- ate Jp-jn's or Sydney. Any city in 'winch reany large docks are built de- should on t sailed across the Cuba, and tlie United States flcc't; idok ntal t.ion in the Gulf of Mexico t'o deal Spanish squadron v. ncn. it in the -could .find it. Then all panic. Every city was certain great- trouble anyway. It .would' the policy of the .enemy -among other Great Britain out food and and gliis. success our fprvwe. live br sell: to England-. Cfrca't bought worth of the 5108' HAA rtfm ______. j. i. pro- -In tb? hjs att'cm'pts- to-- st dpi -Bri- tain's food supplv the cncmv-' -'would _ ,000 2K 1 feet 01' 'the submarine is :i to 3G iiaots, freallv Is a blirrf guns, usually though "of j'vision of those on "board it-i late the tradcncy has-been .-to arm j'ited but the i Bruish .with A he --1-inch coast- infected with sutmiarineS must' gun a weapon firing-; a.-31-pcuad .shell continually 'be on guard, wo sorts of -I5-.br.-more tain an-anxious, waichiulness-'-.'whicH-- mirTis torpedoes ;iad ..-oftea tell on health o LH.II-L ii d. ft- 11 ___1 i. _ _- _' 'om t; 'G ia A noailntr of explosives "4ich v if burst i! turned loose to f or chas- [drift about the sea It will ?g t0rpedo Destroying aeienu on- L llu- "in aesiroy tlipm HI- trimfir-r. TV.O ,-_ >ions defend on- ahout tj or them.by gunfire. is A PART OF-OUR DEFENCE be a furtive attack, as any j Iv ,that portion the. coast, within I by British cruisers In siz-c and numbers. -such a device j cases. U might for i floating mines in an 11 frequented exclusively jy the ene- my's; ships; even so "it is almost as j hiCeJy to hurt one's own- side as thr enemy. Mines of this sort are set vcs- ah'd; the work mus_Cbc done bv seamen. are, cases of explosives which aft'1 iin-onc parlicular place; they often exploded by electric-shock'when -observer on shoFr sues a iostilo ship..-passing ..over 'them. The custom is to plant a mine fidd port" the- enemy >mav annoy, anchor- mines with great care, and; leaving a passage through ".known onlv i ..'MO- the. defenders. Such mine fields I likely to 'tear the mines loosn from-their moorings and them about, a menace to all ship-! They abo greatly ac- j cess to a pon. by tlie merchant shies, vi-ry time when., it js 'an .jobject.to- preserve the trade of tho unimpaired. The fear of them, j hoover, is a potent restraining in- ihey often work by mere ho last war destroyers......... Jubim-u m not so fast in smooth water as arc very strongly-: .xcvmpic, jan.j so can ovcriiaui in-stormv :d 01 occan destroyers -which' in ''cairn e .some .built It will be. s-een that tqrpedp, defence" can. go to the place, is, forts, }i enemy-to coii'-e to a'i my is hanging aboiui dented coast, like that h; leave v.-ea- many miles .'along: ;'the vater1 (Continued on page OF- the Atlantic pur task on the j to jruard against tha visits Of hdstiie I tp i if left alone stop ouj trade towns. Thrrt- are several methods of coast defence and batteries, cornmonlv called fixed fort, the of r but as Tlu- by mines he fugitive a most Capital, Rest did Undivided Total Assets Over Mail Your Deposits to us, with your, Pass- _____-book, and-we'will return the book, written-tip. .When you'wish Money, snail us the say Bow much'you waiit, and we will send_it to you at onceJ If you are far from a Banking Town you will-, find- this; of ours a great convenience. Call and see ourManager about it. Main Office cor. Round Redpath Sta I G. R. TINNING Sub-Offico Westminster Rd., N. Ward j Manatcr Stirling H. Roach, Acting Manager. '--W. SaiiHe, ship onl a min, olT, and treated "HALIFAX HARBOR wouidcome to tach several good keep them paradir.c; up -down the coast. Jo satisfy the scared It ships might carry their mrther by capturing any whom th-e stop. The hostile operations of our fish- Of torpedo craft To know at a glance the Seal Semi-ready Tailoring" Torpedo craft. A combination and eruisrrs. The two last named methods are described as mobile or active defence. Sea-coast batteries can See-that mark: It's :n the pocket of every Semi-ready Coat. Do not take" any chances. Better be.sure thai sorry. We emphasize the" Trade" Mark and silk-sewn price mark on every genuine Serai-ready Garment because so many counterfeits arc being sold in Canada. The mark is plain and it's your guarantee that the garment Is a genuine "Semi- iliaL port with profound iv.sprct. i ss in power of Muffin.; that the greater ad- actual run iij'i for its efficacy on the rnemv _ some one particular thing. If the enemy JTIK-.S somewhere else Ihevi are i-ie'TocUve, rxvrpi in so .far as' Hicy torbid certain stretches of the "oast ;0 !iim. The worst, damage to Canada cm be inflicted hy vessels her iradc at sea "out of, range of eoaM-guns, beyond sphere of mine fields. In any event IHE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE SIR EDMUND WALKER; c.v.o, LL.D., D.C.L, ALEXANDER LAIRD, GENERAL MANAGER PAID-UP CAPITAL, RESERVE FUND, BANK MONEY ORDERS are safe cheap and convenient. They are payable free of charge at banks in Canada (except in the Yukon The Money Orders issued by this Bank are also payable free of thepnnapaldtiesof the United States, and af the rate of to the sterling in Great Britain and fretend. obtained at any office of the ro THE The A. Southard. lly powerful. j guns v-iiii be mounted, steel land concrete protection can labo'.ii them, they can be hidden jlhat no warship can see them. Ex- i ingenious arrangements j in ;iie way of position fuuiers, range I tire control stations, telV- jphoiie connections, el'-., can be in- j stalled v.'hicli make ihn aim the tlu'orc'iitaily perfect. This ierficicr.ey js hi- heaping Jepfnplicjitcd scinntifir: a'pparauisT aiid 'til? general effect, thai it is impos- si'jle for any warship to lie within of modern coast, defences hut; f this sort ON largest: infantry xull kick their heels in idle- "rss- am9ynls that build-1 -o-si Tnn- t v.i.'uat he piled j meet llu- encniv's ships in ships of Thus we should seek to de- unu' our coast by beating the enemy before he comes'near them. That is what is called active defence. Uefore I irav- this branch of the subject I may interject that if our coast were seriously .and pcrsistentlv attacrrcd by an enemy who showed a disposition to land, or to use anv of our uavi, as bases, it would he neces-' sury tti organixe .small, quickly mov- mg land forces, so disposed as to bo able io rush at once to the place! Letbbridge Branch on application. G> L Nourse, wotil-d be more important railway skirting of Xbva Scotia from .'ire shot. But if less and allow the forts to decay ,j, U) be badly manned, the cm-my'mav ihe lact through his spies rush the pl.icr- entertained certain landlocked bays the loc-il i.- j authorities might do worse than build ifniL roads to, the sum Moreover, there is always the Bues- Capital, Paid Up Reserve .Pund............. Head Office: Montreal. 78 Branches in Canada. BANK 8 SAVINGS DEPARTMENT Deposits of 61 and upwards received and in- terest allowed from date of deposit. U. 8. and Foreign Exchange bought' and sold at lowest rates.. A General'Banking Business Transacted. LETHBRIDGE BRANCH DIAMOND CITY BRANCH K. D. JOHNSON, Manager D. C. MORRISON, Manager ;