Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 14, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, October 14, Joseph Krail Gone but not forgotten The government's withdrawal of its wheat bill is a serious blow to the western grain industry, but appar- ently there was no choice. The blame can be placed squarely on the Con- servatives and NDP, who would ra- ther embarrass the government than look objectively at what was best for the farmers. Until a few days ago both groups insisted on the old law being applied, and delayed and attacked and distorted the new mea- sure. When the possibility of the new bill being withdrawn was raised, some of the Conservatives backed off but they were too few and too late. The controversy could not go on in- definitely. If early passage of the new bill could not be expected, the government had no choice but lo give up. It is not likely that the mat- ter will come up again this session. Yet if the old law is unsatisfac- tory and inadequate, changes must eventually be made; if not this ses- sion, then the next; if not before next year's election, then after. The pres- ent government, which cannot be sure of surviving the election, must nevertheless plan ahead, on this as on all other continuing problems. The general principles of the new bill were considered satisfactory by most (but not all) non-political farm leaders. Some of the details were widely criticized. The government's obligation is not only to propose good legislation, but to propose popular legislation, work- able legislation, legislation support- ed by the people concerned. It should therefore bring farm organizations into the discussions before the bills are drafted. It should be confronted with their comments and criticisms earlier in the proceedings, and should take them into account. Then the irresponsible opportunists in the op- posing parties wouldn't dare take the stand they did this time. They were able lo get away with their campaign of deception for so long only because most farmers had not been fully aware of Ihe value and advantages of the new bill. If the government has the support of the farmers, that is all that mat- ters. The best way to get thai sup- port is not. through trying to sell a finished product (the new bill) but to have Ihe farmers' collaboration in writing the finished product. Trust transferred It's all over. The shouting of the victors and the wailing (if any) of the losers has subsided. Now in the aftermath of the civic elections there cme'rges the realization thai the elec- tors have not so much bestowed an honor on those selected for office as transferred a trust. Those chosen as councillors, trustees and board members enter upon three years of decision making on behalf of their fellow citizens. The task has been growing more onerous for all three types of offi- cials and shows no signs of easing off in the foreseeable future. There have been clear indications that there are limits to the finances avail- able for hospitals, education systems and municipal councils. Setting prior- ities and holding to them, necessary as this is, never pleases everyone. Along with dedication for the under- taking, a certain degree of resigna- tion to the onslaught of criticism is needed. Congratulations are in order for those who have won the trust of the electors. And thanks should go to all who offered their service but were not chosen this time. Pooling the brains The "brains trust" of senior civil .servants in Ottawa which was form- ed recently may help in offsetting some of the alarming impact on the Canadian economy from President Nixon's 10 per cent surcharge on imports. Although the brains trust role is purely an evaluation and ad- visory one, the group is well equipped to be able to devise short term policies lo absorb Ihe shock of the surtax, at least for the time being. Tliis shouldn't divert Ihe govern- ment from its primary task, which is to offer direction in Ihe current effort to realign currency exchange rates and build up the international monetary system. It should also make an attempt lo assist the U.S. in its efforts to recover its balance- of-paymenls commitments. But the situation doesn't seem to De working out that way. Finance Minister Benson instead, made an jnsuccessful attempt to obtain an jxemption for Canada from the sur- tax and now is claiming that Can- ada is supporting the U.S. by hav- ing the Canadian dollar float. But questions can be raised about Ihe floating dollar. Didn't the Canadian government take this action as a move to cure domestic inflation? It certainly had nothing to do with the current "U.S. trade situation. Both Canada and the U.S. will probably be advised by the brain trusl group lo make overtures to Japan, Britain and the Common Mar- ket countries to undertake realistic revaluation of their currencies. The sooner there is a concerted effort of Ibis nature to accept the inevitable Ihe sooner the currency and trade issues will find a conclusion. Something missing Last evening's televised fourth game of the World Series was watch- ed not only by the baseball buffs who follow the'league play through- out the season but by hosts of peo- ple who normally cannot be bother- ed with the game. The viewers were treated to many of the things that make baseball fascinating but some- thing was missing the CBC failed to demonstrate one of its gems of programming. Come lately fans missed the "treat" the CBC has afforded the regular viewers of Wednesday eve- ning baseball all season. They miss- ed having the game interrupted along about the seventh or eighth inning for the reading of a packet of Buffs no doubt were glad this didn't happen last evening but it would have been interesting to have witnessed the reaction of those who suddenly become keen for baseball at World Series lime if Ihey had been tormented in the usual fashion. Education must be sold By Louis Burke 1 F people imagine that educational prob- lems have struck rock bottom and the only way is up, they are deluding them- selves, all teachers, parents, public, principals, superintendents and school board members. Of things problematic, the school act of last year has but scratched the surface as yet. There is much more to come. Once this difficult round of contract nego- tiations is over, everyone connected with education must turn right around to begin the job of selling education lo the public. Teachers have to sell education by doing the best possible job in the classroom. Par- ents must sell education because they want and need the best for their children, and that takes money. Education, in our day, does not sell itself. The public no longer sees education as the great cure-all. And it has real reason for doubt, too. Too many youngsters havo laken to, or are open to, tire wretched road to drug culture and trampdom. Too many, who have finished university, find them selves without employment, or the pros- pects thereof. And the idea of "Dr. Cabby- Drivcr" is not a good joke; it's a real shame for educators and public at all lev- els. Far too many of our young people are forced to take up dull, non creative jobs after twelve years of education. Certainly, our politicians, who pronii.se heaven on earth, must lake a full share ot the blame, but educators at the upper lev- els need to re examine their efforts, too. Principals, superintendents and school board members must do a better job for education. To dale, their efforts in selling educa- tion and engaging in public relations have been minimal in some cases, reasonable in others, but superb in none. This is not aim- ed at the men in our city. Smug people in other parts of the south should not sit back to smile cynically. All involved, have a serious task to perform. Everyone must engage in public relations. This is the only way left. Because of last year's school act, more money for educational investment will be needed next year. This demands that school boards and superintendents go lo the pub- lic and ask for the additional money something new for civil servants and pub- lic officials. In the U.S., where no public relations programs were established, it meant rejec- tion, after rejection, after rejection, until school districts went bankrupt. However, there mental bankruptcy long before it struck tlioir treasuries. Those on the educalional lop ir.usl learn to sell Ihe good things, the new programs and engage in much more public rela- tions. Parents, principals, triichcrs and others arc not exempt from shouldering the wheel, loo. Negotiated compromise: right course WASHINGTON Presiden- tial advisers all over town have been worrying about the way John Connally was han- dling this country's foreign eco- nomic policy. But they were loathe to take on tile secretary of the treasury while he has seemed to be riding high. Last week, however, he re- ceived a hard knock in a meet- ing with the other trading na- tions in London. Now the ques- tion is whether he will be turn- ed around by his colleagues, or allowed to go fulllilt in what could be a serious crisis in this country's relations with Eu- rope and Japan. At the centre of all the fuss is the president's decision of Aug. 15 to suspend convertibil- ity of the dollar into gold and to impose a 10 per cent surtax on foreign imports. The 10 per cent surtax was put on with the idea that il would be re- moved provided other countries responded in a satisfactory way. The big question among American officials has been what to ask in return, and how to get it. In many parts of the admin- istration there was a disposi- tion lo settle for quite a small package. The leading figures in the federal reserve board, the national security council staff, the office of management and budget, and the council of eco- nomic advisors were all pre- pared to abandon the surtax if, in return, the Europeans and Japanese agreed tto quick re- valuation of currencies and long-term reform of the inter- national monetary system. These officials were particu- larly reluctant to push other countries hard because they viewed the surtax as a wasting asset. The longer it stayed on, they reckoned, the greater the chance that foreign countries might put together a tough posi- tion decidedly hostile to the American interest. But these views were kept muled. For they were in colli- sion with the course favored by an official who was riding high with the president and the pub- lic on the horse of American national interest. That, o[ course, was Secretary Connal- ly. Connally felt the United States had earned Europe and Japan during the post-war era, and that they should now make good the debt. "That's what "It's a bird it's a plane it's Mr. Clean IT'S friends are he said Inst Wednesday as the meeting of the chief trading nations in London got underway. Specifically, Coimally wanted a trio of concessions cur- rency revaluation and reform, sharing of the defence burden, and reduction of barriers to freep trade. The figure he used last week to express the mag- nitude of what he favorable turn-around of billion in the balance of pay- ments suggested a return to the post-war period when this country had everything and the rest of the world was pros- trate. Moreover, the secretary was prepared to get very tough in seeking these objectives. His attitude was thai the United States was number one and that Japan and the Europeans should come up with a pack- age which this country could accept or reject. In keeping with that strategy he even re- fused to block out specifically what package would be accept- able to the United States. In the London meeting of the Group of Ten last week, the Europeans and Japanese met him head-on. They said they were ready to consider early revaluation of currencies and long-term reform of the mon- etary system. But they said nothing about any further con- cessions. And they indicated that currency realignment might have to be accompanied by a step distasteful to the ex- treme American that is, a devaluation of the dol- lar against gold. The resistance apparently Jolted Connally. He flew back to Washington boiling mad, and the issue hitherto suppress- ed inside the administration is squarely joined. There is a choice between be- ing tough and being reasonable, between crowding on more pressure and looking for a com- promise. Since being tough would only stimulate retalia. lion, the right course is, clearly, a negotiated compromise with the Europeans and Japanese. But that means the president's senior advisers will have to find a way to save face for Connally a way that will make it possible for him to climb down from the import surtax gracefully and of his own accord. (Field Enterprises, lnc.1 Tim Traynor Controversy continues over energy deal WASHINGTON At the mo- ment. Canada is hearing harsh chords being in respect of energy dealings with the U.S. What should not be overlooked is that there are other important sounds in the background. Amid mounting discord over economic relations generally, it has taken very little to set off questioning as to Canadian in- tentions in the energy trade field with the U.S. causing a major disruption of Canadian trade, it is easy to conceive of a Canadian government back- ing away from talks with the U.S. looking toward the match- ing of Canadian energy re- sources to mounting U.S. needs. There was more than a trace of this in Prime Minister Trudeau's statement recent- ly, that, while the recent defer- ral of energy talks was not re- taliation against U.S. economic measures, Canada was preoc- cupied with the measures to Ihe extent of not having time for the energy talks. Without a great deal of stretching, it would he possible to make out a linkage between this and the comments of U.S. Interior Secretary Rogers Mor- ton on the question of moving Alaskan oil to the U.S. by means of a Canadian pipeline, rather than the controversial Trans-Alaska pipeline It was indicated that the U.S. is oriented strongly towards the TAPS line and away from the notion of a line along the Mackenzie River as a direct al- ternative. It has long been an open question whether U.S. environ- mental protection law should be read as requiring a firm de- cision on the relative merits of the TAPS and the Canadian line. In a late September maga- zine interview, Mr. Morion had lent some support to postpone- ment of TAPS pending a full study of whether the Mac- line would be environ- mentally preferrablc. This week, however, Mr. Morton was much more nega- tive, contending that there was little lo IK done beyond urging the oil companies involved in Alaska to talk with the Cana- dian government, and studying n v i r o nmcntnl situation "up In Ihe Canadian border." In the absence of the applicalion by the oil companies for Ibc con- sideration of the Canadian route, "we have about run our course under Ihe authority we Mr. Morton said. As further negative factors, he asserted that the Canadian line would be twice as costly as TAPS, and would principal- ly serve a midwestern U.S. market, while the immediate need was on the west coast. Also, oil from the TAPS, line is to be moved southward by tankers, and this would mean vessels built to U.S. safety standards would be servicing west coast ports in place of foreign tankers, as at present. Mr. Morton looked ahead to completion by mid-December of studies of the environmental aspects of TAPS, the results of which will be incorporated in a report to serve as a basis for a decision for or against the line. It was said the oil com- panies had largely satisfied the Nixon administration on envi- ronmental questions, and ac- cordingly, "we are moving to- wards the position that it should be built.'' What all this may seem to add up to is a fairly rapid ap- proval of TAPS amid, and par- tially because of, a deteriora- tion of relations between the and Canada. Other factors also have to be weighed how- ever. Assuming that Mr. Morton gives approval for construction of TAPS by the end of this year, it is expected, by his own estimate, to take nine months to get a final ruling on court chal- lenges by environmentalists. In the event of a favorable ruling, the Nixon administration would thus be faced with sanctioning a beginning of work on the con- troversial project in the midst of the presidential election campaign. If, as it is to be hoped, de- velopments on the economic front lessen tensions between the two countries, the climate may become more favorable to consideration of the Canadian line in the first half of next v e a r. Political considerations Sesame Street bad? By Don Oakley, NEA service this? First the British Broad- casting Corporation bans Ses- ame Street as "too authoritar- ian." Then a homegrown psy- chiatrist slams the highly ac- claimed series for children as "too slimulating." Were we all led astray by Ihe almost universal praise la- vished on Sesame Street when il. first appeared? Or is it mere- ly a case of a few belated sour gripes? In the first instance, British supporters of "Street" do, in- deed, suggest thai the BBC is jealous. "Obviously, it's hard for them to conceive that anyone can do anything belter than the BBC." says reading researcher Sirv James Pitman. However, Monica Sims, head of BBC's children's program- ming, says she is "particularly worried about the program's authoritarian aims. Right an- swers arc demanded and prais- ed As for the psychiatrist, Dr. Natalie Saltiness, her criticism is that program elements come at children "at such a rapid rale that they have hardly lima to absorb it, let alone think what it is. "There is a kind of keyed-tip quality that these children will develop from watching this pro- gram over and over." she told a U.S. Senate subcommittee. "They will have no tolerance of an empty second anywhere." Kids will learn, she says, if will just leave them and make reading or other things interesting ami show that we like to do it ourselves. It is the problem al leasl as old as Socrates: How on the one hand do you import great quantities of dry knowledge lo kids without making schools into "grim and joyless" places, as some critics claim they are today, and how on the other hand do you make learning an exciting adventure without suc- cumbing lo lite superficial and the flashy? In years no one has come up with an answer accep- table lo everyone, including tho kids themselves. Thus we shall probably still be experimenting with teaching gimmicks ami iir- fiuing about their effectiveness years from now, might make the Canadian al- ternative rather attractive. And, looming increasingly large in the background, arc the development of plans for southward movement of Arctic natural gas lo meet soaring U.S. needs. U.S. projections, as detailed most recently by a senior en- ergy official in the interior de- partment, are for an increasing natural gas squeeze, as domes- tic reserves are eaten up and as U.S. utilities and consumers look increasingly for non- polluting fuel sources. According to one estimate there will be a shortfall of one Ihird of natural gas supplies as against demand by 1980, even taking into account such devel- oping sources as imports of li- quified gas and gas manufac- tured from coal. On current trends alone, the interior de- partment o i f i cial estimated, imports ot Canadian gas would rise to supply per cent 0. U.S. needs by 1975, as against per cent at present. There has been every reason to expedite exploitation of the natural gas associated with the oil on the Alaskan north slope. And, with plans for a pipeline through Canada taking shape, the initial momentum increased in tune with successive gas dis- coveries in the Mackenzie delta and under the Canadian Arctic islands. Talk in the U.S., for in- stance in a Wall Street Journal article, is now of a possible po- tential Arctic gas supply times proven U.S. reserves and equal to the amount of gas esti- mated lo be under the lower 48 states. In view of the prospects, the expectation is that there soon will be applications to the Ca- nadian energy board for ap- proval of various pipeline plans, looking towards com- mencement of construction by 1973. The initial pipeline to carry Alaskan gas would, it is assumed, eventually be supple- mented by branch lines, pos- sibly stretching to discoveries in the Arctic islands. In short, entrepreneurs, including many U.S. firms, are gearing up to feed Canadian as well as Alas- kan gas lo the U.S. market, despite the complications in ot'ter areas of the energy pic- ture. Applauding the trend, the in- terior official said, "The favor- able relationship lhat we have enjoyed as neighbors suggests thai from the standpoint of re- liability and scarcity of supply we should concentrate our ef- forts" on Canada. (The Herald Washington Bureau) Looking backward Through The Herald payroll is not so heavy. During lite past Iwo weeks the mines have been working only part time due to the farmers refusal to buy. 1931 The Thanksgiving and Harvest Home Festival was very fittingly celebrated in Coaldale last Sunday. first class of stu- dent gunners to start courses at Lelhbridge bombing and gun- nery school at Kenyon Field, began their courses on Monday. swept across the Lelhbridge area this morning. As much as 12 degrees of frost were reported. I9B1 Building permits for the erection of three air raid sirens in Lethbridgc were is- sued Friday. The LetHbridtje Herald 504 7th St. S., LoLlibririgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press ana trie Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Msn.irier JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Ediior Asioclaic Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advirtlslng Manner Editorial Pago Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"