Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 14, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THI IEIHBRIDGE HERALD Wtdntiday, Otlob.r 14, CorZ T. Roivan Last! The Canadian government after months of negotiation with represen- tatives of the Peoples' Republic of China, has come to an understanding agreeable to both countries. Canada will have diplomatic relations with Peking, and Peking will send its representatives to Ottawa. The ques- tion of Taiwan's claim to represent all of the Chinese people, has been left hanging, for the present at any rate Canadian External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp has simply said that the government "takes note" of Peking's territorial claims to Tai- wan. Because both Peking and the Na- tionalists lay claim to represent alt of the Chinese people, and because both have consistently refused to accept the "two Chinas" policy ad- vocated by some diplomats, the rep- resentatives of Chiang Kai-shek's government have left Ottawa. It was a sad departure, made somewhat less poignant by the statement from Taipei that the severance of diploma- tic relations did not mean the end of the existing friendship between the two peoples, an announcement with which the Canadian people will fully agree. Canadian officials responsible for the lengthy and successful negotia- tions must be congratulated. At the same time it is reasonable to point out that all indications are that China itself is showing a willingness to be- come part of the world beyond its borders. Canada has led the way, and those countries, notably Belgium and Italy, which have shown interest in ex- changing diplomats with Peking will probably follow suit. Although Can- ada will add its vote to those mem- bers voting for China's representa- tion in the UN, it is not expected that the "ayes" will have it this year. But a break in the impasse has been reached. The Peoples' Republic of China will surely, within a year or two, represent the, Chinese people at the UN. The Peking regime, with or without Western approval of the ideological base on which it exists, has estab- lished itself as the legitimate govern- ment of mainland China. Claims to the contrary by the Republic of China in Taipei are totally unrealistic. Social Change Desperado tactics are increasingly being adopted by groups unhappy with the social order. This behavior is revolting to most people but it should not be considered apart from its context of alienation. People who have experienced the lot of the dispossessed without ap- parent hope of escape are prime can- didates for extremism. They can per- suade themselves that reckless gam- bles need not be eschewed since they have little to lose only their lives. The prospect of social anarchy does not hold the same terror for them that it does for people who find the social order tolerable, if not attrac- tive. However much Canadians as a whole had begun to understand the protest of the blacks in the U.S., the poor in Latin America, the Palestin- ian guerrillas in the Middle East, it is doubtful if many thought there were French Canadians who harbor- ed the same intense feelings about their situation. The shocking business of the kidnappings in Quebec has made it apparent that disaffection runs very deep. Whatever police action is ultimate- ly taken in regard to those who com- mit such offences, it should be ob- vious to all Canadians that the cul- tural oppression of the French-speak- ing people is a much more serious matter than most people had ima- gined. The question now is whether changes can be made sufficiently fast and extensively so as to dissipate the festering discontent that has erupted so nastily recently. If it is too late to bring about appeasing reform so far as some are concerned, the troubling question be- comes how a minority can be curbed or contained so that others can work for change without the threat of com- plete disruption of society. Can such containment be accomplished short of a police state which tends to inhi- bit change? There are urgent matters awaiting attention. The worst course to take would be to try to preserve the pres- ent order unchanged. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON As everyone knows, there is a "New Nixon" and an "Old Nixon." For the past two years, the New Nixon is the one that has appeared on TV and at press conferences, and the Old Nixon has stayed in the background. The only time the Old Nixon was allowed to make a public appearance was at the Pentagon when he called the students "bums." This so infuriated the New Nixon that he ordered the Old Nixon to re- main out of sight. But this doesn't mean the Old Nixon and the New Nixon are not still close friends. For example, when the New Nixon came back from his earth-shaking trip to Europe the first person he checked in with was the Old Nixon. "What's been happening since I've been the New Nixon asked. "We're doing great the Old Nixon said. "I got Spiro to attack the campus unrest report and call the whole thing a fraud." said the New Nixon. "You kept me out of it, I "Of course, Dick. Now that Spiro's pull- ed the rug out from the Scranton commis- sion, you can say anything you want to about it and people won't care." "Fine, What "Well, we really socked it to the porno- graphy commission. Spiro has the country believing the Democrats are responsible for all the dirty movies and books in the United States." "I like the New Nixon said. "But you kept me out of "They can't touch you. Every time someone starts screaming about Spiro's rhetoric we say he's only speaking for himself. Then we leak it later that he's really speaking for you. We have the best of both worlds." "Good the New Nixon said. "I don't know how I'd get along without the both of you." "You should see Spiro, Dick. He's better at demagoguing that I ever the Old Nixon said. "He learns fast, and I've never known a guy who enjoyed going for the jugular as much as he does." "As long as he keeps me out of it" the New Nixon said. "He uses words that no one's even heard of, and still gets standing ovations. The press can't get enough of him. And the money, Dick, it just keeps pouring in. Every time be says 'Doctor we raise another "Fine, What's going on politically around "You're going to love this, Dick. Agnew attacked Charlie Goodell, who's running for senator in New York." "Did he keep me out of the New Nixon asked. "Yup. He said Goodell was a radical lib, and he practically endorsed James Buckley of the Conservative Party." "I hope people don't think I was behind the New Nixon said. "You're clean Dicky, absolutely clean. Only you and I know how much you want- ed to zap Goodell. It also puts egg on Rockefeller's face, which I'm sure doesn't shake you up." "As long as no one connects me with it. Hey, by the way did you see the TV pic- tures of me riding in the rain with "No, I haven't had a chance to watch TV. I've been spending all my time with Spiro trying to think of new ways of at- tacking college administrators." The New Nixon nodded his head "I hope nobody thinks I have anything to do wtih it." (Toronto Telegram News Service) That Proves It By Doug Walker pEARCHING for an explanation of the terrible game of golf I played in The Kuraiu iuumameiiL I iuuciieu briufiy tm liie possibility it might have been due to tlio company I was keeping. Then I settled for the likelihood that it was in the stars that I would have a bad day. But soma new evidence has been ac- quired to return me to the first suspicion. Tiie other day I returned to the scene ot disaster and played the same nine holes and got the best score I've hod all year. 1 was in the company of my minister, the Rev. Brian Jones. Magnitude Of U.S. Defeat In Asia WASHINGTON It you have your newspaper if Indeed any doubt about the mag- they were printed at aU. The first was a month ago when Tun Abdul Razak, Ma- laysia's new prime minister, told newsmen that all foreign nilude of the United States de- feat in Indochina, take a look at a couple of news stories out of Malaysia that got buried in troops should get out of Cam- bodia and South Vietnam so the people can "determine their future themselves." The second was last week when Malaysia announced that she is ready to establish dip- lomatic relations with Com- munist China so as to bolster the neutrality of Southeast Asia, and that Malaysia will now support moves to admit Red China to the United Na- tions by a simple majority vote. Malaysian officials tried to dismiss R a z a k's statement about troop withdrawals as "no change of but merely a "public call for what the Uni- ted States is going to do any- how." But last week's announce- ment makes it clear that Ma- laysia has made a long, fateful leap from a staunchly anti-Pe- king hawk on Vietnam to a neu- tral posture where she is open- ly courting Communist China. This is the development I predicted in July 1968 when I reported exclusively from Kuala Lumpur that Razak had met secretly with top officials of the Soviet Union to ask if Russia would join the United States in guaranteeing the neu- trality of several small coun- tries in Southeast Asia. I re- ported a similar drift toward neutrality in Thailand and said: "That once-hawkish Thailand and Malaysia should opt for 'neutrality' is a stark illustra- tion of the profound impact of the Vietnam stalemate on the small countries of Asia." What it means is that one of Asia's prime "dominoes" has concluded that the military ap- proach to the "domino theory" must be abandoned because the United States is incapable of applying her military power in such a way as to police South- east Asia. The seriousness of this shift becomes obvious when you re- member that in 1968 then- Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman said to me: "If the Americans for some reason de- cided to give up this war in Vietnam and the North decided to take over the South, then It will be the end of us all." Malaysia had fought Com- munist terrorists for 12 years before declaring an end to the emergency in 1960. Subsequent- ly, Malaysian leaders were ad- amantly anti-Communist and of the apparent belief that no sane or safe compromise could be made with Communist China which Rahman accused again trying to subvert and ex- ploit Malaysia's huge population. But Malaysia is now saying that she dares not put all her eggs in Uncle Sam's basket, for the U.S. looks like a sure loetr a quitter. A similar attitude is gaining strength in Thailand where top officials recently have spoken publicly of the U.S. as an un- certain, shaky ally. Thailand will not be abb to make the jump to neutrality as swiftly as Malaysia, however, because of the thousands of U.S. airmen and what are in effect American bases on Thai soil and because Thailand is intricately involved in the Indo- china fighting whereas Ma- laysia's involvement was minor and peripheral. What it all adds up to is a d r a s tically "lowered profile" for Uncle Sam in the Far East, whether Uncle Sam wants it or not. What will be the political re- percussions in Japan? Or South Korea? Indonesia? Or Burma, whose strongman ruler Ne Win once told Lyndon B. Johnson secretly: "The Burmese people will never forgive you if you pull out. of Vietnam." The hawks in Asia will argue that Uncle Sam's halfhearted conduct of the war effort is what was wrong, not the "domino theory." They will say that Malaysia is now simply following the old rule of sur- vival that you don't go down with a sinking ship. But it just may be that Charles de Gaulle was right years ago when he urged that Southeast Asia be neutralized. Red China is so close and so powerful that it was probably foolhardy at best for the small, weak nations of the area to as- sume that .Uie distant United States could guarantee them security and serenity if they adopted policies of hostility to- ward Peking. Perhaps the only real secur- ity, all along, was for these small countries to work out what the diplomats call a modus Vivendi, or a way of get- ting along, with Communist China. If is, in fact, a move that the big, powerful United' States is going to have to make sooner or later. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Clive Cocking The Impatient Men Who Want A Free Quebec The kidnap- ping of British diplomat Jasper Cross by militant Que- bec separatists in Montreal re- flects the growing desperation among those French speaking Canadians who seek indepen- dence for their province. Sep- aratist leaders have spoken re- cently of "one last chance" for Quebec's French majority to achieve their independence without bloodshed. As the kid- napping shows, there are others who are not prepared to wait Letters To The Editor for this last democratic effort. M. Rene Levesque, leader of the Parti Quebecois, claims the wealth and power of the En- glish speaking Establishment were "scandalously" used to "manipulate" the decision of French Canadians in this year's election in which his party won seven seats in its first cam- paign. M. Levesque told a meeting in Vancouver that many French Canadians are increasingly im- patient since they see a "dead- Travesty Of History I was fascinated by a recent letter on this page by one John MacKenzie in which he seeks to saddle the W e s t with guilt for the A r a b-Israeli war. In some circles it is fashionable to saddle the West with guilt for everything from unwanted pregnancies to hurricanes but I feel that the Arab-Israeli war is one of the things that we in the West are not responsible for. For his argument he gives an amazing travesty of history that one can only hope is not due to what the teachers have told him but rather due to his not listening. As its simplest this hostility is the result of the Jews being driven from their homeland and scattered throughout the civilized world of the day by the Romans in their conquest of the near East. This was made worse by further con quest by the Arabs from the ninth to the thirteenth cen- turies. In the latter part of Ihe nineteenth century, due to the appalling persecution of the Jews in Russia, the Zionist movement was born and a de- sire spread amongst Jewish people to return to their home- land. With money from the West, land was purchased from llie Arabs in Palestine and many Jews fleeing the persecu- tion of the Russians were set- tled there and these settle- ments became the basis of the modern state ot Israel. As a matter of interest, con- early Zionists to forming a nn- tional home in a sparsely peo- pled part of tlie world and South America was considered but it was felt that the Jews would still be living in a for- eign land. The state of Israel came into being due to the terrific drive of the Zionists coupled with the desire of the Jews to live in their own land. Your cor- respondent, John MacKenzie, suggests that the Jewish guerril- las be invited back here to their "res.1 If he could spare a few minutes to thumb through the Bible he would be- come acquainted with the fact that Israel is their real home which the Arabs had usurped in their absence. There was a very moving scene in the film "Sword in the when an old man on landing on the beach in Israel picks up a handful of sand and a young S'abra says, "Welcome back Father, How long is The old man says, "Two thousand years." If the middle eastern Arab state spent a tenth of the mon- ey the Russians are giving them to buy arms on settling the Palestinian refugees, their kinsmen, they would do a lot more good than fighting Israel, and if they spent some of their not unsubstantial revenues on raising the standard of living ot their people, instead of on a war, there would be an end to the middle east problem. NORMAN EASTER, M.D. Lelhbridge. So They Say It is quite all right to write about politics as long as you don't have the conceit to think you will change (lie course o( history W. II. Audcn. line" fast approaching where Quebec must either secede or see its unique French culture die. Consequently, he warned, unless tie Parti Quebecois achieves greater success at the polls in 1974, then the control of events may slip out of the hands of those working for a ra- tional solution. "It could lead to he said, "to some chaotic situation where God knows what could happen." The present Quebec Liberal Government of M. Robert Bour- assa is clearly worried about the continued growth of the PQ, which is attracting increasing membership, not only among professional people and urban workers, but particularly among the yonng. Essentially democratic socialist in ideology, the PQ advocates the peaceful secession of Quebec from Can- ada and its establishment as an independent nation. The Federal government under Liberal Prune Minister Pierre Trudeau is equally con- cerned about growing separa- tist support. Under various schemes, the federal govern- ment is providing considerable financial support to boost the province's lagging economy. Bilingual requirements have been expanded in the Federal Civil Service and in Crown cor- porations to increase job oppor- tunities for French Canadians. And as a further step to meet French Canadian complaints the federal government is es- tablishing bilingual, bicultural districts across Canada wliere- ever the French speaking pop- ulation is large enough to war- rant it. The aim is to facilitate the French Canadian desire to v i v r e en francais (live in French) in Canada. But while it is concerned about separatism, the federal government has never indicated that force would be used to stop Quebec from seceding if the people democratically chose this palli. Quebec nationalism is at Iho root of the desire for secession. M. Levesque says the people of Quebec increasingly feel them- selves to be a distinct nation, united by a common language, tradition and culture. They feel prevented from achieving na- tional fulfilment in the Cana- dian federal system where nine of the 10 provinces arc English speaking. At the same time, Lcs Que- becois feel they are victims of lingering colonialism. Mr. Le- vesque noted that Quebec has always had its institutions im- posed on it by others. Three hundred years ago when Que- bec was the .colony of New France, they were imposed by France; after the French de- feat in 1759, they were imposed by Britain; and after 1867, when Canada became self-governing, they were imposed by Canada's English speaking majority. Today, the economic power and best jobs are controlled by En- glish speaking Canadians. M. Levesque says Inat, after a long period of backwardness, Que- bec now has the competent, trained people to take over and they are going to do so. He told the Vancouver meet- ing that the people of Quebec are aware that they must move quickly since immigration is threatening the rapid disinte- gration of their culture. Immi- grants from all over the world are coming to Quebec and aligning themselves with the English speaking minority, since this is where the jobs are. "To us this means that in 20 years, according to demog- raphers, we will be a minority in the Montreal metropolitan area, which is the engine of Quebec's M. Le- vesque said. "This Is the cru- cial deadline." As immigration is a federal government responsibility, the policy is to encourage immigra- tion from all countries. But for Quebec's survival, said M. Le- vesque, there must be a Que- bec immigration policy, attract- ing people only from French- speaking nations, and this can- not be done without Quebec being independent. These are the pressures which are creating the growing mood of impatience in the prov- ince. And while M. Levesque is adamant that he and his party will continue to work within the democratic process even if the PQ fails to form the govern- ment in 1974, observers here do not overlook the fact that he is a passionate Quebec nationalist first and foremost. Most ob- servers feel that the PQ must make significant gains in the next election or it will join the extremists in no longer playing the game according to demo- cratic rules. This would be particularly true if the English speaking Establishment again abused its power as M. Levesque claims it did in the last election. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Tom Bassoff has been found guilty of the murder of Constable Bailey, in connection with the Crowsnest train, rob- bery, and has been sentenced to hang December 22. 1930 The Lethbridge Ro- tary Club will take over the op- eration of the Arena, making it a recreational centre for sports with emphasis on juvenile hockey. 1940 The Canadian Bank of Commerce block on 13th St. N. has been sold to the man- ager of the Lealta Theatre and plans are being made to build a modem theatre to serve North Lethbridge and other pa- trons. 1950 The privy council sustained a judgment by the supreme court of Canada which declared the sale of mar- garine in Canada a matter of provincial jurisdiction. i960 Learners permits will no longer be required by those taking instruction in how to op- erate a motorcycle, a power bicycle or scooter. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1903 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class'Mall Registration No OC12 Member pi Canadian Press and Iht Canadian Dally Newspamr Publishers' Association and Iho Audit Bureau of THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing'Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advtrllilng Manager Editorial Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"