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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 14, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta THURSDAY. OCTOBER 14, 1920 THE LETHBE1BGE HERALD FARMERS CHALLENGE CONTINUED FROM FRONT PAGE .past two weeks. Now oa the eve ot the commission's departure from Western Canada, and In order that the 'issue 6! the tariff may be clarified still further so far as the organised firmer a are concerned, we beg to aoh- mtt for your a brief recapitulation and examination ot claims which, have been laid Before you. view of organized agriculture that the present tariff should, be re- duced In the manner proposed in the farmers' platform, has been strongly opposed, first, by of the Canadian Manufacturers' asso- ciation'in" the memorandum filed with. tie commission in Winnipeg.a month and secondly, and more recently, by tbe special representatives ot dif- ferent industries In British, Columbia and at or two points In Alberta. With'regard to the elaborate' stata- ment presented by the Canadian Mina- faclhrt-rs' association hefqro Ibis misslopiand Liter ;from one end of Canada to the other through the columns of the crltl expressed before you.a the time of-its -.we're of "ample opportunity to show-whelher or not our exceptloi v been correctly ''We'do not propose, to tajto up the time of the' commlslon by to follow-the manufacturers' case rfara graph by paragraph through a mas v of j irrelevant. Btatlstlcaltdata. i It i i iiot necessary to go "-to that trdaV. to 'reveal the fallacious character'o been estimated in Canada, but In the Julted States where conditions are ,ot dUsinllUr. economists and EOT- iroment statisticians have lung adopt- ed 1500 as a fair estimate on this wlnt. Thai would make tho second leductlble Item 857 million dollars. Dispute The third item to be deducted is .hat which the'niauufacterers refer o as "exports of unmanufactured and which they estimate, at lib to 361 million dqllars. Although lobody bat themselves .can tell how these amounts .were estimated, we shall accept them, for the year 1919. Add the lower of the two' figures. SIS to the other two deductible iteini alreidjr set forth, and we have a toUl of'oTer million' dollars to deduct from tile "grosc value" of The difference if the aeltul value of amount of Cana- dlaii' farm produce consumed in our home oiajfket, :and. the ilsure nearly 50 per cent, of the than SO percent.', A home, market to the (JanadlMi Manufacturer. is synoaymous with a protective tariff. That Is why he re- Taate so In commend Ing'it to the While agricul ture In Canada U responsible for main- Saining lie great this country's ex'port trade, -ind, aiI'we have Been, gives 60 rather than 80'per cent of its' production to" the manufacturers' home market, manufacturing Indus- the vsar swelled our export trade to abnormal figures, are dopend- cludlng returning American citizens, I Its present capitalization, but the con- was Or altoBCtbsr in past! turners, of the products of lie textile fifty.years, almost ZV- million This does not Include transient pas- traflic to and fro across the in pursuit ot business and company may; not'kgow ihSt a pro- tected home' market obliged" them to turn 90 per cent, of Its watered stock .EC-lid assets. Tho home market 'gave tho Dominion Textile company the privilege of tariff protection for Its cotton goods to the extent of 25 to 32W per cent., while at tba same it to Import for its own use, free of duty, all raw ma- terials. over 112 million pounds cflltori, .valued at 3t mlllldh'dollarjjt cahje into Canada free ansns show a persisted leuciency 10- dul, -AndUheso people talk about ardB the of the urban to seuger border pleasure. It is no wonder then that this United States rjport adds tho following comment: "This record in- dicates Canada's importance as a source of immigration." What are the facts with regard to rural Canada? The lastesl reports of the Dominion census show a persistent tendency to- even in the agricultural provinces of the west. (The increase of population In the urban communities has been more rapid during the past two de- cades than it has been in the rural districts, and In the old province of Ontario where urban Industry has flourished most, the rural people have been depleted and reduced in num- bers.. In the census ot 1911, the.urban population of Ontario was shown to have Increased by In ten years, while the rural population de- creased during the same period. Tn old Ontario in 1911, the urban com- munities represented 1.328.48S people as against people 111 tha rural districts. Urban industry in old On- tario, stimulated since .1914 by the war, has Increased further this'marked in: equality. Quebec's rural population from 1901 to 1911 Increased only as compared with an increase of in the cities ot that province. At the present rate of decline, this'artificially constructed The only reason for reduce. The manufacturers tural products here arc.determined by the western provinces, and here that as compared with Tho essential' difference be 5.39 per cent, of tho population being the proportions In 1916 whi hit does, no W to draw-proof country in tho world to snow that tue manufacturer is content .with It la rather a bold trick to try. auch another illegitimate child upon some nine years later The .value of .agricultural prodnction In' Canada foir 1919, gay 'the manufac- turers, has been officially estimated at without giving the Informadon In their they say: tfrodneevin-iriiryeaVt were" 'SIS to'jtt million and that, 16 to 18 all. produce of Canadian farms 'was between 81.5 and 84 per centr was marketed In Canada. The fallacy of this contention may be seen on the very face of the mannfac- turerV own statement when they reler to "the'gross agricultural production-being In 1919. V, TheyVma-ke aa'. allowance for deduc- in tbe.form of Bee's %T feed'for livestock, food con- farmer and hisifainlly, and a fair share of that portion of our dairy fruit'-'and yegeUMo t, whldr.foriglriale on .the farms of the Ttien" Select '''fiscal ycariiaii ns an example or as cultural production, insl ;nearly every' exports, due years .since the Canadian manufacturer emerged from tho war, demanding that'the government sup- >ly him wllh an export roarket tlirough .he medium of .'national-.credits to such countries as Belgium, Koumania Jreece, Se'fbla and-France, "Then the lome market not big. enough to hold the Canadian .manufacturer who eyen tslked' prMucts of lirltlsh "manufacture right in the Untied Kingdom itself. But the credits fortunately'did-not extend a [ar as was expected, and our manu faclurer is back" against the old stand glorifying market and ask ins for continued protection. By far the greater part tnejnemo- rahdum submitted by the Canadia Manufacturers' association falls t the ground when considered In th light of actual facts which It ha avoided. In addition to the fallac already cited In connection with th capacity of tue home market. In al Borbing farm, prod ucls, reference i i majejtp the.eirtehslve growth of th ftte influence'of th llem of agricultural to a "very lean sea- son, was about half the amount and In 1918 and 1920. But even taking 1919, and making due allowance for the items which must bo considered If a fair net estimate of the capacity of, the home market for agricultural products is to ho ar- rived at, he found that Instead consuming 80 per cent, ot the total production from Canadian farms, the home market absorbs only about .60 per I >V In 1919, according to Dominion gov- statistics; .there were over v head of horses, cattle, sheep and swine in Canada: We shall omit fj.bultry from the estimate. On a very {'conservative basis, it would cost at per head per the of feedstuffs produced on the of the Dominion to. maintain '.that number of animals, There you have as the first {tern to ire deducted from the gross amount tariff 'Is ere 64.31 per cent, rural aud 35.09 chequer the' of raising revenue to Snance the nation! In order that they might strenglhea the position the Canadian home ,the manufacturers hava argued av.erage tariff rate of duty, libwevtrj Is'one thing, and the amount'at money it is raising Is an- other'thing'.fin th? fiscal year 1918-19, when raised by cus- toms 'the average tariff on dutiable goods was about 30 per cent. Now when' the average rate of duty on dutiable goods is said to be only 2314 P" Sir, expect to raise million .dollars in revenue. Sir Thomas Whlle'teil Into the samo mis- take as the "manufacturers, .when in 1919 after reducing the tariff some- what, he estimated there would be a loss millions in customs revenue during the ensuing year, whereas an actual gain of 12 millions was real-zed. The -hioral hero is to continue reduc- ing the tariff and -show tbe difference between a protective tariff, and oile for revenue only. Our homo market protectionists are on tho horns ol a dilemma in.Ibis matler, from which theV cannot escape. All the way through the manufacturers' memb- randum, 'concern: for tho protected hdme'market is almost outweighed hy a perfervld anxiety in! behalf of tho national revenues. Thinking of the home market'for Instance, they say If tho. farmers get their way and the who have the fttsuoa of saying that they make a natlci: self-supporting. Mr. writes tio following sent- ences: "This great Increase was on- ly rendered possible by a far, reach- Ing transformation of the economic structure of the country. From'belng agricultural and mainly self-support- ing, Qer.Tiany transformed herself Into a vast and complicated industrial ma- chine, dependent for its working ou the equipoise ot many factors outside Germany as well'as within. Only by operating this machine continuously and at full blast, could she find occu- pation homo for her Increasing population and the menns of purchas- ing their subsistence abroad. Thfc German machine was like a lop which, to maintain Its equilibrium, must splu ever faster and taster. In the Austro- HuDgarian Empire, the same tendency was present in less degree." Germany an Example This was. Germany in 1914, the very acme of finished protcctlsm. Since tho end.of the war with their false structure smashed to atoms, Germany and all central Europe have famishel, and the flret step towards a solution of their troubles as Indicated by Mr Key'nea IB a ifjeo Trade Union which would, embra'c'e the continent and en able itho'se Impoverished and war-rid den countries to rehabilitate them selves. To conclude our criticism of the evi- dence submitted to the commission by the manufacturers, the attitude of several ot those who appeared before you in British Columbia, has seemed to us -moat1'eel Ash and arrogant. No South Africa aud Mexico, as well as to Britain; but he wanted Ontario anil' tho Maritime Provinces for his boxes and baskets, therefore, raise the tariff. The lumbering industry of British Columbia also expressed sim- ilar views on the tariff, regardless ot the fact that in the fiscal year 1919, exports of unmanufactured wood from Canada, amounted to over 70 million dollars as against imports of the same product amounting to 14 million doi- less than seven particular-requests! lars. Manufactured wood was, also were made of the commission to have! exported to the value ot 3C millions, materials admitted free of duly, to i 31 millions of which went to the enter into the manufacture ot their j United States, and on tho other hand goods.upon the tariff should not only Eomc five million dollars-worth only be maintained, but increased In of manufactured wood was Imported certain instances. Can it be said that1' reduced, .the national a5 as 'd these manufacturing interests in Brit- ish Columbia were actuated in their demands by a full consideration ot the national interests of Canada, or rather by the to get as much as they can out of protection? Ono man ask- ed for free :crude oil refining indus- tries to-flourlsh'Iu British Columbia. Another man, a fruit canner, com- plained about; the duty on- tin .cans, anil intimated into Canada. Tho farmers' platform iu Its pro- posals goes half way with the manu facturer in British Columbia, in that it would give him free raw materials; bat we are not in favor of trying to overtop the Rocky Mountains with a tariff on their finished product which would burden of Canada. Our liiial plea for a reduction, and a fundamental change in the tariff is that he would like his raw materials based on the fact that the present er cent, urban. For a country scarce- y 15 per cent, of whose available agri- altural .lands are yet under cultlva- a division of the population in.Canada are a s Is shown by Ihese figures, is abubr- that" statement, nal and unhealthy. -In the census of 911 the urban (population of Manitoba, a'skatch'ewah and Alberta was" shown q have increased 92 per .cent, during he previous -ten "compared an at only 52'per cent, n the rural districts. ,The recent ceh- i of 1916 shows that since 1811, this endency towards" expansion in the ities of tho west has. continued. In Saskatchewan, the predominant agrl :ultural province of the Dominion, the percentage of rural pepplo In the popu- atlon has decreased'- from' per cent. In 191.1 to 72.79 per cent, iri 1916. ?tor alliCanada the latest figures show 45.5 per cent, of a.rural population as compareil with 78.9 per cent: in 1881. The manufacturers quote Usurps, showing ttfe growth herds of five-. stock on the prairies between 'tho years 1911 and 1915. They will find lhat such. Increases as laKen place, are largely the result of Ihe Underwood Bill 6M913 which opened the markets of the United States: to the Canadian livestock Industry, aiid not of the home.market. Any com- mercial livestock man In these west- ern provinces will testify to ths stabilizing influence anil general value of the- open market in the United States, In relation to Ihe this side ot tbe line. Growth'of Urban Centres The propomlering growth of manu- facturing centres and urban communi- ty life has been the feature of Cau- imported of duty. Both were equally strong for tho protection of their finished goods. A box and bas- -_ i Mo'thef Hubbard's cupboard. The manufacturer even asked for in- trend of -the tariff and the resultant customs revenue of the past two years In'.Canada are a sufficient answer to Misrepresentation Tho InconBlstencies and misrepre- senCatlons "iii the argument of the just as striking iu to conditions ciist- In-' other countries as thoy are iu their' references lo. Canada. The United States'is.' pictured in one scene as'a magniflcent model of the home market, even went so far Kills Barker, alias Horr' Otto Elsbacher, to prove that the development of manufacturing under protection In Ihe United Slates had agriculture in that country. -He did' not show that while 50 years ot protection in the United States was building iip large Industrial hives of communities, creased protection for his product so that be might entirely abut out im- ports from the United Slates. He showed that'alrea'dy he possessed a big share ot the western Canadian market as far an Winnipeg, and was also exporting lo Australia, China, customs tariff Is the last survival of tbe palronage.