Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 13, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, October 13, 1973 The Israelis remember The Arab-Israeli war was not taken seriously, for the first few days, because most observers expected it to end quick- ly with a complete Israeli victory Instead the Israeli air and tank forces are already badly decimated it promises to be a long and bloody struggle. Russia is becoming heavily committed, and Arab oil, without which the United States could hardly function, may soon become a military issue. For Israel, for the United States, for the peace of the world, it is a serious moment. Until the advent of sea and air travel. Palestine was more critically located than probably any other place on earth Most of the major military, economic and social forces at work in the world had to pass through or near Palestine Although it was often subject to foreign rulers, Palestine was essentially Jewish from the time of Abraham until the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 A.D. Soon most of the Jews still living were scattered to the four winds. The Arab presence came with a vengeance several centuries later when Islam was on the march. Turkey ruled Arab Palestine for four centuries, until the Arab revolt, encouraged by Lawrence and the British, late in the First World War. The Turkish empire was broken up and several new countries established. Britain was given a League of Nations ''mandate'' over Palestine for instance, and France over Syria After nearly 2000 years of homelessness and still being very much a radical identity, Zionism emerged as rhe hope of the Jews Their home could be nowhere but Palestine, From all over the world Jews started trickling, back to Palestine, which was populated almost entirely by Arabs but ruled by Britain. The pressure was greatly increased by refugees from Hitlerism, and when the doors of Europe's refugee camps were opened after the Second World War. the flood of Jews into Palestine and ihe con- sequent confrontation with the Arabs was more than Britain could cope with. Zionist pressure for the creation of a Jewish state led to a bitter and bloody underground campaign against the British Finally, in February 1947. Bri- tain told the United Nations successor to the League of Nations, she was vacating the mandate, and the UN voted to split Palestine into two countries, one Jewish and one Arab, Britain left on May 14, 1948. the state of Israel was born, and im- Salute to carriers Today, and every publishing day, 157 young people in Lethbndge and 210 in the communities in the area will deliver The Herald to their customers. Corne what may bad weather, press delays, school detentions these young people get the job done. We salute them for it. While the carriers are really junior in- dependent merchants with contracts entitling them to buj. and sell papers they inevitably represent The Herald. We believe they bring credit vis Iivt- nnc another, for lovo is of T'od, am', iluit lovetli is born ot Gorl and knowclh God PRAVKR: 0 Love that wilt let me go 1 rest my weary soul in Ther F.S M Next election issue By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator mediately the Arab countries tried to destroy it. They failed, a ceasefire was worked out. but not for a moment was there peace Continued Arab hostility broke out into the 1956 war, which Israel won and then she returned to her former fron- tiers Still Syria and Egypt refused to accept a state of peace The Golan Heights, for instance, became signifi- cant because from there Syrian guns kept sniping away at Jewish settlements just below, physically just as ihe Gait Museum looks down on Indian Battle Park Then came the 1967 war, vvitri die Arab countries obviously getting ready to strike but with Israel not waiting ani.il the blow fell This time Israel refused to give up the territory taken, for two reasons. One, her old frontiers v.'ere militarily weak, and two new frontiers must be part of a peace settlement And still the Arabs refused to negotiate a peace The United Nations position was weak' Israel must return to her former fron- tiers. But with her destruction still the avowed purpose of the Arabs, she could not. The Araos have a big adviitsge. They can lose one war after anoiiiei anci still threaten Israel. Bui the first one they win will be the last one for israel. If and when Israel -.vins Lin? one. her diplomatic position will be firmer than ever This time she deliberately waited to let the Arabs strike firct so there could be no doubt as to s'artsc it And considering the cost of it never happen again The Middle East will oru> be peaceful and secure when the Arab states sdrnit Israel is there to stay, and has establish- ed a right to existence, and has better borders. On the other side, the plight of the Palestinian refugees must also be resolved Israel has some responsibility, but not to the point of restoring their land to them or absorbing tnsm This is a world problem, and especially that of the Arab countries that have constantly provoked the underrninme of the Palesti- nian Arabs Clearly an Israeli victory would con- tribute most to such a peace The alter- native is too horrible to conteniplate A race that has suffered so much throughout history as the Jews have, a nation that has paid such a price for its life, is not going to die easily The remember Buchenwald and Dachau and Warsaw and MasaJa and even the Pharaoh. Get the land speculators From The United Church Observer The land speculator has become one of Canada's most unwanted citizens. He should be taxed out of business It's a major Canadian disgrace to permit what is happening to once-beautiful produc- tive farms, especially in thp rich agricultural lands of Ontario There they are along the highways, thousanfls of fertile acres growing weeds among the tumbling-down barns and houses. Food costs are soaring. The world faces a food shortage. The high cost o) building lots makes it almost impossible for young couples to have a home of Ibeir own And the spoculaloi s waiting to become multi- millionaires hold Mnd neglect ihi- Kind and let houses and barns fall into In stop OTTAtt The outbreak of war in the Middle East has sharpened lecent speculation that oil policy will be the central issue of the next Cana- dian general election. Compared to the economics of oil. which is very complex, the recent politics of oil has been an open book. If there is obscurity it is not to be found in the utterances of Donald Macdonald and David Lewis but on the side of the Conser- vatives, whose caution reflects an uneasy suspicion that they may be drawn into a political trap In the feud between Ottawa and Edmonton, each party has hinted darkly that the other is violating tHe spirit of the con- stitution. But we are far from the classical struggles of Social Credit days There is a good chance that the specific actions of both governments die legally defensible, given the division of constitutional powers Mr. Macdonald does not expect to fight in the courts although he sounds willing enough to accept, or provoke, political Dattle As perceived by Mr Lewis, the problem is essentially simple. It is a case of the peo- ple versus the international oil companies. To bnng the com- panies to lieei, the NDP calls for "the establishment of a national pet; oleum corpora- tion which would engage in all aspects of the industry ex- pl-jration, development production, transpor- tation, refining and marketing We propose to do this by taking over one of the existing companies now operating in Canada We fee! that this sort of competition is the only effective way to give the Canadian consumer a fair deal through real com- petition But the oil that matters to consumers today is not in the Territories, which are federal domains, but in the province of Alberta How, in the face of certain Alberta opposition, does Mr Lewis propose to put the corporation into "all aspects" of the business? The exact limit of Alberta's jurisdiction may be shadowy but it manifestly exists and is substantial Some four decades ago the federal government formally sur- rendered natural resources to the province, the agreeement being validated by the British North America A'ct 1930 Federal-provincial disputes of this magnitude commonly go unsettled for many years The differences over James Bay and off-shore oil are ob- vious contemporary ex- amples. It is. however, Mr Macdonald's central conten- tion that the federal government, facing a crisis, had no choice but to act im- mediately for the protection of domestic consumers. It acted, of course before Anwar Sadat of Egypt sent his tank force across the Suez Canal and before the Iraqi government made ib iirst move against the oil com-, panics. But these events provide diamatic confirma- tion nf Mr Macdonald s warn- ing that the national and inter- national energy situations'are evolving with such rapidity as to compel swift responses by the various governments Mr. Stanfield's problem is to appease Alberta without alienating Ontario. The remarks of Oct 4 were par- ticularly revealing. The minister suggested that Alberta was demanding "sky high" prices and that the con- sumer would be "gouged" if Mr Loughced had his way. The implication, presumably, is that the Conservatives, if they are too zealous in defence of Mr. Lougheed, will be attacked in Ontario as a party dominated by Alberta which in turn can be depicted as a province dominated by the great oil companies. (It was perhaps argued that the oil companies should absorb the higher provincial royalties i It was m Ontario last Oc- tober that the Trudeau ma- jority crumbled away The Liberal hopes of a new ma- jority are centred in Ontario, a province of oil consumers. In contrast the producing province of Alberta appears to offer little at the moment ex- cept a potential whipping boy who happens, conveniently for the Liberals of central Canada, to be the most forceful Conservative leader in the country Mr Stanfield cannot relish the role assigned to him in the Macdonald script, as it is currently being interpreted by Conservatives. If he is to avoid what could prove a dangerous trap, the Conser- vative leader will have to ac- cord high priority, when Parliament resumes, to clarification of his energy policies Where's the referee? 3y Anthony Sampson, London Observer commentator It's been eight days already, Moshe What's keeping ram By Anthony Westell, Tortonto Star commentator Alert governments should tmri ways this sort of thing OTTAWA If you were try- ing to put together a package of programs which would give fhe government a new, bold, forward-looking image, 01 which subjects would you To'-us0 To put it another ww. what, .ire the issues io '.vhich politicians should be aa- clressmg themselves if they want to win ihe attention and favor of opinion leaders-those involved, ar- iiculate people who tend to set tne mood of the entire pop- ulation? Food priors9 Right Every- body is talking about inflation and shortages, and they ex- pect their politicians to do something about them, or at least to have intelligent things to say Women's liberation7 Right again It's no longer a radical cause championed by a few scruffy freaks Even the most respectable ladies are con- cerned nowadays about the stains of females in society .'T.d male chauvinists Will concede-- outside thr pnvarv of the locker any way-that women should" suffer from outright dis- crimination Commeicidl policyn Wei! perhaps If it means thai c process more raw materials m Canada, make more work, earn more revenue, have a bigger and better trading role in the world, everybody's in favor of ll.al f'ul ic concern ;ibout food prices offers the- astute politi- cian Ihe opportunity to bring together the interests of town and country, of consumer and farmer Usually the interests are opposed Cheap food in the supei market means low puce5 on the farm, and this is often reflected in the House of Commons, where one party tends to represent the rural areas and another the Cities But consumers are now ac- customed to high food prices, and they have been educated to understand that at least part of the pioblem is world shortages The long term solu- tion must be more production on the farm. The farmer, on the other hand, is pleased with the current skyhigh prices for his produce, but uneasily aware that boom may quickly turn into bust He may be will- ing to accept prices a little lower than they are today in return for a guaranteed market at moderate prices in future So Trudeau and the cabinet will probably try to come up with a package of programs which promise to increase farm production while stabilizing prices Liberation of women, like ending racial prejudice or religious bigotry, really means changing the way peo- ple think People have to stop thinking in discriminatory terms, and governments can- not legislate that But what governments can do is to remove legal barriers to equality. Mostly, that is a time-con- suming and routine activity unlikely to attract much attention The royal commis- sion on the Status of Women m Canada, made 167 recommen- dations and many of them deal with maltors of detail For example1 "53 We recommend that the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Superannuation Act.be amended so that its provisions will be the same for both female and male con- tributors Or, "81 We recommend that section 3ib) of the federal Adult Oc- cupational Training Act be amended so that full-time household responsibility be equivalent to participation in. the labor force as far as' eligibility for training allowances is concerned At some stage, a govern- ment has to take the time of Parliament to put through a package of legislative changes designed to reduce dis- crimination against women. Thai may be a policy thrust next year The government promised at the Western Economic Op- portunities Conference m Calgary in July that, if necessary controls will be introduced to ensure that raw materials are processed in Canada instead of being shipped abroad in bulk Legislation may be required The new oil policy imposes a lax on exports, but this may be replaced by a publicly- owned corporation set up to market Canadian energv abroad In either case, legisla- tion will be necessary Many other ideas will be discussed by Trudeau and his ministers during the next few weeks. Finally they will make a selection from the proposals before them, and then try to write them into a persuasive throne speech H they do the job well, Trudeau may gain a new lease of political life. If they fail, ho will soon pass from the national scene. WASHINGTON American environmentalists surveying the mounting energy crisis have in mind two opposite scenarios for the future, one a Utopia, the other a nightmare. But as winter approaches and tht becomes more acute the nightmare scenario looks the more likely. The Utopian prospect, in its extreme form. runs something like this The Americans, faced with the acute shortage -A oil. coa! and other forms of energy, and becoming pamfuilv dependent on oil imported fru.T, un- desirable Arab countries, be compelled io change a life- style which is wasteful, greedy and acutely damaging to the environment Higher taxes u.i petrol and petrel rationing will encourage use of smaller cars anci publ'c transport and will begin the process, wh.ch a 1! en- vironmentalists iniM dream of. of weaning the An-jncan people away frcm tho automobile The nightmare scenario, on the other hand, imagines the energy crisis drastically putting back the whole en- vironmentalists' campaign, for the sake of great self- sufficiency in coal and Faced with the demands of Arab sheikhs and American consumers, the oil icbbv and the automobile lobby wil! have tne ideal excuse for ruthlessh developing resources inside America, and for dropping the restrictions on pollution and environmental damage liie automobile, far from b.sing its politico! powei would bo allowed to causo more damage to the air and t-nri, and to the healtli of the pop- ulation Ir- the "last weeks this second prospect become much nicrr. of a ryahty. The new of President Qauhiiii .r. Libya and of King ir, Saudi Arabia both to use oil as a weapon to change u S policy uinarcis Israel, has clearly sirengthc-ned the hand of the big-busnpss iocby inside America The debate between the en- dn teh big bubirev; looby wii! certainly ficr-'er as winter tofnL'i on (he colder the A ni'jr me holier the debate Th'j nev, of the En- nu' Protection Agen- i-v Russell Train, who heads a 8.000, sounds op- 'iniist'c about th'i eventual outcome "The environmen- hi aid qualuv-ot-Iife issue is the- major issue ahead for the itr u! the century." he when he took over the i.Jr Train is hopeful that the 1 ritjn public will come to EC-G importance of the q'jjl'iy Ue He regards the of the Alaskan pipe-.ine cs a "son of visceral react, i n to the energy crisis which will not seriously weaken his agency "We re at ,1 in HIP environmental i "rro-i-poriding to a mid- course coirection in a space flight ho explained llu I the Nixon ad- reactions H) the eiergy crisis suggest that Mr Train is up against m-uc-h than a mid-course correction i! is 3 confronta- tion will' very powerful who still appear to opsumers solidly behind The future of the en- vironrnei.i icoki- closer to a nightman; than, a I'topia them The front page picture (Oct 2) of equipment pushing 6 Avenue South down the coulee and into the river r.iav be pleasing to land and ur.iver- sity speculators for when this, second west-side bridge is built it will bring the universi- ty and West Lethbr.dge Ucscr to the rest of the city Ir, my estimation it will save the non-taxable motorists approx- imately five minutes time 1 would like Herald sub- scribers to know a few true facts regarding the mis- management of government spending, and I quite agree with those who say, politics is a dirty game Picture Butte is known as the Heart of the Lelhbndge Northern, separated from the city by the Oldman River Agriculture is the backbone of the economy in Southern Alberta, and our district produces hundreds of thousands of tons of food products annually, which must be trucked on a loumJ- about highway to c i f y markets, doubling the ciis- tanoe for lack of a bridge straight north of Li-thbridgc and less than two miles south of Picture Butte. Ex-Minister of Highways Taylor led us to urlic.e there was priority for .'ujl'Jinfc bridge over the Rivei >.o our district i h ia area was fully developed when British Columoia bless- cr, b'uHmg their sugar in 1935 The fac- brought a change from pov-vly to piospenty for farmers Both the city of Lei Abridge and our provincial treasiuy have reaped groat benefi'.; indirectly from the Rogers company of Van- couver, ana directly from the good people who work long hours on their irrigated farms With all the new govern- ment departmenl.s passing the buck from one to another, such as the department, of health and department of the environment, I see the need of a department of efficiency ex- perts who would .study the pic- ture, .mo have the power to The honorable Clarence Copithorne would t'li'n ciilier shift Ins bridge dc'vn siroam fo Section 28 or 27 in Voviishin 10 Range 21, or park his bag I'KTrRK HUTTE PIONEER b047lhSt S Leihbridqi' Alhorla LDTHBRIDGK HERALD CO LK' Propriflofs a'-cl Publishers Published 190r) 195-1 by ft, i WA DiUCHANAN Second Class Member of The Canadian Newspaper "nblisinv., A soi fluriMi. o( Cirri I O W VIOWi i CniiHdian ,iliop ,ind Iht1 Aurlii i i i "i WIL I IAlu' Associ He Ftlitor DOUdl AbK WAI KFJ-R I F'.iqe frtitor "THE HERALD SERVRS THE SOUTH"