Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 13, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
36 THE IFTHBRIDGE HERAID Wednesday, Otlober 13, 1971 GROUNDED Pedro del Rio, o 19-year-old Spanish- knocked down by his first enemy when he tried to give apprentice bull fighter, lands upside down after being it the first pass. He escaped with minor bruises. 1 ?s both rapped and praised Transportation act still as controversial as ever By BOB Railway, says the of between 250 to Rail of discouraging traf- OTTAWA (CP) The a "realistic recognition can be profitable tional Transportation Act of 1967 is an attempt to bring some order to the cluttered transportation picture in facts of life." He adds that it sees that if there is to be adequate competition among the different forms of transport, the passenger services. And that must be in a thickly-pop-ulated region. That seems to be a strong argument for slashing says an order was sent out by CP Rail March 17 to its Ottawa office not to sell coach tickets on the transcontinental train. The Canadian, from Ot- It has brought all federal regulatory bodies in the transportation field under one uneconomic rail passenger routes has to be lifted from the service. The Canadian transport commission has indeed to Sudhury, on the grounds all space already was booked from Montreal. the Canadian transport railways argue that airports and highways discontinuance of some service and reduction of COMPLEMENT CP Rail was operating only And the philosophv of provided by It has estimated that day coach rather than the act calls for a maximum for less than the train reductions coaches it was required competition with a fair to the user. tween October. and run by the transport com- bution of costs among the railways on the 1971. have resulted Mr. Callaway said. ferent forms of transport. In the railway industry', have not only got to provide all their own of S16.8 million. This is like a red flag to said that it now is limning the full complement of day act has been roundly pay the taxes on unions. They do cized by tlie unions and generally praised by R! AI. Veenis, manager of the southwestern area economics as (lie main consideration in the rail is also critical o' J. W. Pickersgill, president The unions argue that Canadian National business and have the transport commission. concentrates on economics in a January speech the act for what was the transport minister the expense of other Ont. regard as its economic piloted the National factors while railway TO SUBSIDIES In Right-of-Way, a Act through approve because they say Olynyk. CN's written by free-lancer Commons. recognizes that the public purse ought to pay for manager of passenger sales, said that under and sponsored by several rail unions, the union book says Mr. Pickersgill has sided with the on services imposed on the companies as part of public railways feel entitled to subsidies for passenger train that "no efficient transportation system is possible in this country until the on reduction of passenger service. Publicly, M r. Pickersgill Economics does play the National Transportation) Act certainly seemed proud of large part in the act. It opens with the declaration that Act was introduced government policy was to Changed in what way? commission's record in reducing cost to the taxpayer of "economic, efficient and railways a general factors other passenger train quate transportation system" is essential to protect the for losses on all railway operations. In profitability of a passenger line, the unions He has said the only way of terests of users of to S110 rail passenger serv- tion and the "economic act requires the commission at the expense of the pas- being and growth of to produce figures at whether there is and not of the public LOSING BRANCH lines so that alternative is to allow reduction Much of the section on be pinned down more transportation to rail service on lightly used ways deals with steps to be taken if a branch line or passenger service is found to be losing money. If a Canadian railway is burdened with an The railways say that no amount of promotion will overcome the problems of rail passenger service- CN lost money in spite of its on a particular route. But the rail unions want to go further. They say the gov-e r n m e n t should promote faster and better rail Railways had to provide the service if there was enough traffic to justify it or there was no adequate alternative means of transport. passenger train route, it may apply to the transport and blue fare program introduced in the early service to draw people away from the a question in the Commons transport commit- mission for abandonment woo point to the last March, Mr. Pickers- the line. It must take this trains air pollution and said: proach even if it is only seeking a subsidy to continue compete in speed with the airlines and sometimes by cars. There is also the high cost of highways don't see how you can expect railways to provide erating the find themselves the as much capacity as If the commission fewer passengers of is traffic." the service is unprofitable they argue that is logic in that view if should continue, the railway short distances between j transport commission and passenger services eligible for a federal the automobile and the railways are not to be operated at a profit. of up to 80 per cent of arc stiff competition. along these it is accepted, the outlook losses on the Altr.UMENT Jim Callaway. public rail passenger lines is F. S. Burbidge. senior Veenis suggests director of the considering the com- utive officer of the the medium-range Union, they face. World's first for Neivfotuidland Underwater laboratory built By ED WALTERS ST. JOHN'S, Nfld. (CP) Lora 1 cost just So ,000, con- sists mainly of a fish-digester tank and is the world's first undersea "liahitat" for the study of arctic waters. A project of the engineering Mid applied scie'nce faculty of Memorial University of New- foundland, the underwater laboratory was built under the direction of Dr. Robert Dempster, a native of Dun- dee, Scotland. Dr. Angus Bnmeau, dean of engineering, says previous un- dersea experiment have al- ways been conducted In tropi- cal and sub-tropical waters. By using Lora 1, on tlie bot- torn in 31 feet of water 300 feet offshore from Broad Cove 11 miles north of here, Cana- dian scientists will be able In carry out research and de- velop engineering procedures needed for work in the Arctic. Dr. Bnmcau, directs ttie university's program of ocean engineering, says that while Canada has jurisdiction over the world's largest conti- nental shelf, information is scanty on productive activity in cold .LIKE BAFFIN' "It's arctic wntcr of! the Newfoundland coast, no dif- f o r e n t than water found around Baffin he said ui an interview. Memorial was in an unique position to conduct underwa- ter experiments in arctic and sub-arctic conditions. About If! months ago Dr. Dempster was given tlie task of building Lora 1, an abbrevi- a t i o n of low-temperature, ocean-research activity. There was liltlo money available for what could be a I or project, so Dr. Dempster began scroung- ing. He founrt the fish-digester lank discarded near Bonav- ista, 200 miles north of here. It was 16 feet long, eight feet in diameter and built of five- cighth-inch steel plates riv- eted together. Tile tank had been designed originally for a fish plant that never was built. The owners were traced and gave the tank to the univer- sity free of charge. .MUCH FOR NOTHING Before the project was com- plete, a d07.cn firms, individu- als, the navy and the trans- port department contributed of it for noth- advice. The lalwratory stands on a steel frame, now in the proc- ess of being ballasted and bolted to UK sea bottom. Inside, it is insulated in ure- tliane, fitted with, two sink, table, small electric stove and a chemical toilet. It also is planned k> install a tel- evision set. Entry by divers in wet suits is through a round opening in the bottom. Air pressure keeps the out. An umbilical cord from a shore station supplies air, electricity, communications and drinkini, water. MANY STUDIES Dr. Bmneau says Lora 1 will contribute to a variety of underwater studies, including engineering techniques, phy- siology and biology. It also will be used in gath- ering information on stresses, anchoring in currents and un- derwater fabrication. "SALE DAYS'7 THURS., FRI. and SAT. Oct. 14th, 15th, 16th SUPPORT YOUR LOCAL INDEPENDENT GROCER GET PERSONALIZED SERVICEI D A Y S NABOB, REG. GRIND Mb. pkg. 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