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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 12, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, October THE LETHMIDOE HfMALD A collection of brief book "Education IB Caaada" by Joseph Krati (Dmiglai, David Charier Publishers, S8.50, 118 Here's a useful little book that offers a quick reference guide to the structure and function of the public and private educational systems in Canada. There are seven chapters devoted to the influence of national and provincial government on education, the role of elemen- tary, secondary and higher education, and finally some brief comments on problems faced by school systems. Education in Canada has a bibliography and index. Newly elected school trustees who need a brief survey of the educational scene will find this a handy volume to have on their bookshelves. TERRY MORRIS "I Came To The Highlands" by Velda Johnston (Dodd, Mead Company, After the defeat of Bonnie Prince Charlie in 1746, Elizabeth Logan, an Ameri- can, travelled with her dying father to Bowain Castle in the western highlands of Scotland. As a result of banishment from an American colony this was the only place where they had definite connections. Elizabeth had never under- stood her father's dread of his birthplace. She was soon to find out. Her father's death at the steps of the castle left her penniless. Thus, the castle kitchen became her place of livelihood, the moors her refuge. Hatred followed her as fate elevated her station in life from kitchen wench to rich man's ward. The roots of this hatred can be found in the pages of this suspenseful novel. The excite- ment combined with the strength of the characters makes a very enjoyable book. EMILY BURKE "Exploring Photography" by Fern Kennedy (American Photographic Book Publishing Co., 448 This is an ideal book both for those learning the fun- damentals of photography and for those that are more serious. The author, explains in easy-to-understand terms everything from how to load film into the camera to setting up a darkroom. There are many photo- graphs throughout the book illustrating errors in prints and how to correct them. Step by step instruc- tions are given for the development of film and the printing of the negatives. There is also a glossary of photographic terms. lam sure that anyone who is at all interested in photography would find this book of great assistance. PHILIP ILLINGWORTH of the North Wind" by Paul A.. Johnsgard (Double- day Canada Ltd., 150 Such is the skill of Johnsgard that he takes the technical life cycle and migratory habits of the snow goose'and turns it into a tender portrayal of life. But like all portrayals qf kfe there are tragedies. The tragedy within the book is the fact that is becoming all too evident in all eventuality of extinction. destruc- tion of marshlands are the main factors, revealed by the author, for the decline of North America's natural bird heritage and like most of North America's problems the main source of trouble lies with the United States. Unfor- tunately Canadians must stand by and watch, with lilUe control over the situation. GARRY ALLISON Pint Maa" (Hue Life Books, H.St, 151 Ever thought of tracing your family tree? This book will provide you with an explanation of what your ancestors at the very roots of the tree looked like, bow they lived and bow they evolved. It dates back some 400.000 years to provide die missing link between ape and men. What did your over great grandfather look like. Well, be was about feet tan, walked straight bacfced and had a receding chin, massive jaw and low, sloping forehead. It is a journey back into fine worth taking. JIM GRANT "Exoftu to HMdM Valley" by Emgeoe Morse (Reader's Digest Pren, dis- tributed by Clarke, Irwia aid Company Missionaries are some of the most interesting people. Most of them have responded to a high-minded appeal for service to others. The adven- turesome life in a foreign land, the responses and the of the personali- ty of those who go as mis- sionaries, are subjects for a great many books, most of which will never be written. The 'Morse' clan have given most of their lives to Christian (Protestant) missions in China, Burma and Thailand. This is an account of the final five years, out of 20, lived amongst a .country people of northern Burma. After an ex- pulsion'order from a xenophobic socialist government, the three Morse families attempted to walk through the jungle to India. Many Lasu villagers accom- panied them, leaving their homesteads. In the jungle, near the Indian border, they made a new home despite adverse climate, terrain, and a few outside supplies. The explulsion, or exodus, of the people and their hardships are viewed with the uttermost Christian charity. The story is told simply, without ex- aggeration or cant. The Morses' represent the best of missionary endeavor and per- sonality fulfilment. It is most edifying. A.R.F. WILLIAMS "Alberta Divorce Guide: A Step by Step Guide to Ob- taining Your Own Divorce" by Richard Garrison, B.A., LL.B, (Self Counsel Press, The work is one of a dozen books recently published by the Self Counsel Press of Toronto. As the title indicates, Alberta Divorce Guide in- forms the reader in a logical 'step-by-step approach all one has to know to untangle oneself from one's marriage partner. It is a simple "do it yourself" kit put together by Garrison. I was unable to find any details of the compiler of this guide. I would suggest it as required reading for those who have made up their mind on divorce. It could save the individual both money and heartache even if one gets a practicing lawyer to handle one's case. ERNEST MARDON "Soul Murder" by Morton Scbatzman (Random House, 17.95, 178 A disturbing study of mental illness. It is a shocking but true story of a father who practiced his child-rearing theories on his sons, driving both of them stark-raving mad. The father, a German physician, believed his age to be morally soft. (mid-19th cen- tury) because of its failure to discipline children at school and home. So he devised a variety of crude methods of making children obedient to adults. Cold baths, no heat in the children's bedroom, shoulder straps to keep the back straight, a mechanical devise that plilled a Child's hah- if the head was not kept straight and a threat of castration were some of the schemes he proposed to battle some of the weaknesses in children. His tactics become even more shocking when one realizes his studies and writings, on child-rearing strongly influenced others to adopt his techniques long after his death'. A rather frightening reading experience. JIM GRANT "Spreading Fires" by John Knowles (Random House of Canada Limited, 166 pages, John Knowles is well-known for his first book, A Separate Peace, published in 1960. None of his books since has ac- quired similar excellence. His latest one measures up even less. The characters seem bloodless, the events contrived, and the message, if there is one, is either too ob- vious (evil begets evil) or too cloaked hi mystery to be dis- cerned. The novel is a disap- pointment. ELSPETH WALKER The changing of the seasons Groenen Book reviews Krishnamurti discusses intelligence "The Awakening of Intelligence" by J. Krishnamurti (Harper Row, 538 pages, distributed by Fiuhenry and Whiteside "I am the world and the world is says Krishnamurti. Applying that sentence to my (culturally corrupted) existence, it makes the inherited membership of the kingdom of heaven shrink in size con- siderably. Intelligence is mind and body in harmony. It can only function when the brain is quiet. When thought, that only can operate in the field of the known; when thought, which has corrupted and imprisoned mankind within mile high walls of concepts, lives in the past and draws all his knowledge from the past; when this thought admits its limitations and is quiet, then in this vacuum intelligence will find room to operate. Since the brain can only com- prehend the measurable, it must be tranquil in order to allow the immeasurable to function. Toe necessity that thought must be "quiet" is pervasive. In order to combat fears and other phenomena it is essen- tial to "look" to without the knowledge of the past, which constitutes a con- tinuation of conflict, a life composed of fragments and concepts. To perceive the limitations of thought, Knshnamurti considers "the seed of intelligence." The author speaks of per- sonal morality, which is vir- tue; and of the morality of society, which is immoral. He is skeptical of people proclaiming to be good and humble, if there is no har- mony of mind, body and souL He stresses the indi Krishnamurti points out the sterility of analysis, since here one thing leads to the next and one will die analyzing without ever knowing. He ad- vocates independence instead of dependence and reminds again and again to to dispense with concepts. One should not question before questioning one's question critically, live a life of reality and distance oneself from "these useless brains that theorize" within the realm of concepts and fragmentation. Fragmentation ensures us everlasting torture, dulls sen- sitivity (highest 'form of prevents us from seeing and under- standing the whole picture and continues us on a path paved by images (knowledge, traditions, After defining different concepts, he usually goes on attributing to them the deri- sion they deserve, wasting his energy while explaining how to'conserve energy. As the book wears on, Krishnamurti involves himself in contradic- tions which he so vehemently tries to dispose of. The deri- sion with which he is treating 'the world of theories (and I think entirely justifiably makes one wonder why he is theorizing at such length. Granted, his world would be a much better one when lived to its potential but so would the world of numerous other philosophies. How can there ever be an awakening of intelligence the way Krishnamurti is proposing it, when all his assertions are based on the known? The answer (if there is any) might be as complicated as the book, as old as man himself, since defining intelligence after all that is said is still an ar- bitrary, intangible phenomena and making use of it and being recognized as such as well. I'm afraid that Krishnamur- ti's teachings will eventually bejdestined to go the way of all philosophies and become one more fragment of our civiliza- tion. The wisdom of the author is undeniable and his sincerity strikingly refreshing; his book is a testimony of man's con- tinuous, often frustrating and seemingly never ending struggle for self recognition. HANSSCHAUFL Descriptive journal of Canada ty of this harmony which brings order and ends the domination of the shaped mind and its insistence to function within a certain pattern. of Cajuria" by Hugh MacLeaau (Macmillaa Corn- pay of Canada, Getting the feel of a country as vast as Canada is difficult, if not impossible. Hugh MacLennan has attempted it by describing the rivers that constitute its lifeblood. He succeeds admirably. A merely descriptive ac- count of the rivers would like- ly fail to hold the attention of any but hydrograpbers so Hugh MacLennan has added a great deal more to the details of length, flow, principal tributaries and other such things. He has woven together information about the Euro- pean explorers, merchants and settlers who used the rivers before other means of transportation became available, personal ex- periences and anecdotes about people living near the livers. Following introductoiy es- says there are sections on the St. Lawrence, the Ottawa, Che St. John, the Miramichi, streams of Nova Scotia, the Niagara, waters of Ontario, toe Red, the Saskatchewan, the Mackenzie, the Saguenay, the Hamilton, and the wild waters of B.C. The extra attention paid to the Maritimes is due to the author's interest in the region where he grew up rather than to the importance of the rivers. Some other regions and their rivers are shortchanged by contrast. Interspersing the sections 'are albums of photographs by John de Visser and other pic- tures of great historical interest Over 100 pages are devoted to these pictures that add so much to the mood created by the entire book. Most of John de Visser's splendid photographs are in color. Hugh MacLennan has magnificent passages in his text Has anyone ever done better than be has in the following description of Niagara Falls? "A linked rank of liquid wheels more than a half-mile across turning on an unseen axle of unheard of dimensions, turning over and down with the overwhelming indifference of nature herself, of duiliwse green bound together by narrow hoops of the most delicate snow, unchanging; never brusque, never plunging, just rolling and roll- ing forever down into the white roar of its cloud." A single sentence helps to con- vey the sense of prairie solitude: "Standing on the banks of the Saskatchewan, seeing it come out of one horizon on its way into another, many a newcomer must have felt he could go no further into this enor- mousness without losing all sense of who he was." The philosophical rum- inations at the beginning and end of the book are not apt to stand up nearly as well as the rest of the text But the spell the book as a whole can cast over a reader already appreciative of his country is something to make the possessor believe he has a treasure to board and be- queath. My problem now is knowing which of our four children can receive this benefaction without suspicions of favoritism being aroused in the others. DOUG WALKER THE VOICE OF ONE Dr. Frank S. Morley A lie is a lie is a lie The Manchester Guardian with pain and outrage published its Sept. 28 issue with the left hand front column headlined, "Lies and Mr. Healey's In view of the British chancellor's deceptive use of statistics, the Guardian says he should think twice before talking about anyone else's "bla- tant untruths." On the right hand front column the Guardian has the headline, "Lies from the state department." Here the Guar- dian attacks the subversive American interference with Chilean politics and Presi- dent Ford's wretched efforts to wriggle out of complicity. The damage done to American good faith in foreign policy is enormous. The American ambassador in India has warned the state department that the news has con- firmed Mrs. Gandhi's "worst suspicions and genuine fears" of U.S. foreign policy. All this sounds very naive on the part of the Guardian, long noted as a most idealistic newspaper. Back in the days of Woodrow Wilson an effort was made to establish honest and open diplomacy, but it was soon abandon- ed and lying became a way of life for the state department. On May a U-2 plane flown by CIA pilot Francis Gary Powers was down- ed by a SAM missile when flying over Sverdlovsk, miles inside the Soviet Union. Though Eisenhower knew that such flights had been violating Soviet territory for years and he had personally instigated the program and approved flight schedules, he denied all knowledge of the flight and was caught hi one lie after another. When David Kraslow asked Eisenhower his "greatest regret" as president, he replied, "The lie we told about the U-2.1 didn't realize how high a price we were going to have to pay for that lie." But that was'not the only Eisenhower lie When the CIA organized a coup against Guz- man's leftist regime in Guatemala, Eisenhower ambassador to the UN, Henry Cabot Lodge, denied any U.S. involvement in the coup and said that what the world was witnessing was "a revolt of Guatemalans against Guatemalans Similarly when the CIA supported a revolt against Sukarno in In- donesia Secretary of State Dulles assured Congress that the U.S. was not intervening in Indonesia and Eisenhower told a press conference, "Our policy is one of careful neutrality." The most humiliating moment in the life of Adlai Stevenson came when he was American ambassador to the UN and assured the delegates that the U.S. was in no way involv- ed in the Bay of Pigs operation against Castro's Cuban regime. The Kennedy ad- ministration permitted him to be trapped in a lie as Russia demolished the American case for innocence. Arthur Sylvester, the assistant secretary of defence for public affairs, said later that the government had the right to generate news. "It's inherent in the government's right, if necessary, to lie to save itself when it's going up into a nuclear war." So Kennedy continued to keep lying as a part of public policy. Thus when Diem was overthrown, the Kennedy administration denied any-complicity and Lodge assured Americans that "the overthrow of the Diem regime was a purely, Vietnamese affair." This was not true, but it was the beginning of a long and sordid story of deception in Viet- nam. Actually Eisenhower had begun the deception by a secret loan to Vietnam, but Johnson would escalate the system of lying into the most sordid and abominable episode in American history. Indeed Johnson seemed to have an aversion to the truth. In the horrifying survey, The Politics of Lying, David Wise notes thatva substantial number of Americans refuse to believe that the U.S landed men on the moon, that it was all faked. Thus Americans have been con- ditioned to disbelieve anything the media tells them. Little wonder after Watergate, but .Watergate was just one episode and not the worst in the lying jungle of American policy. The frightening thing, about it for Canadians is: does anyone believe that Cana- dian officials.are more honest and truthful? Lying has become a way of life. Thus a report in the sports pages of a statement by a sports figure said that he obviously did not expect to be believed. Lying pops out in strange places. Back in Reformation days, Philip of Hesse, married with seven children, decided to marry another woman. In trying to cover up the bigamy Luther advised "a good strong tier" Philip in manly fashion declared, "I will not lie." Bismarck, however, would lie out- rageously to annex Schleswig Holstein from Denmark and. to provoke war with France, making lying a system of diplomacy. Hitler said that people would believe any lie if it were big enough. He should have remembered the German proverb that "lies have short legs It is frightening that in America the instinctive reaction to an of- ficial statement is that it is false. The day will come when public confidence is urgently required by the state and it will not be forthcoming. 'There can be no justification for falsehood as an way of life. As Walter Lippman said no man has an in- alienable or constitutional right to deceive his fellow men no matter how high his position. "There is no more right to deceive than there is a right to swindle, to cheat, or to pick pockets." But business and political ethics were never lower than they are today. SATURDAY TALK By Harry Bruce Loafers arise! HALIFAX You really should know about the international conspiracy to get you off your duff on Sunday afternoons. Maybe you like to guzzle beer, grow your beard, and watch TV football on Sunday. Or maybe you're a girl, and what you like to do is guz- zle beer, listen to the radio, and bake your bare bod in the last of the summer sunlight. That won't do, you know. That simply will not do. The conspiracy may not tolerate your abominable behavior much longer. You are not only lolling in a slothf ulness that is next to death itself. You are also being antisocial. You deserve correction. Like many of the mentally ill, you may not know you have a problem. You think you feel fine, don't you? Hah. Well, I'm telling you, there are now tens upon thousands of trained "professionals" who know'your type and they're itching to help you. Sometimes they call themselves "Recrea- tion People." Sometimes, they're or even Leisure Leaders." You need one, baby. You need a leisure'leader because, as a psy- chologist from Manitoba recently told a gang of superkeen Nova Scotia recreationists, "ac- tivity characterizes life, and without it there is no life." He was Dr. E. J. Tyler, a professor at Brandon University, and he believes recrea- tion people must try to fill with activity the lumps of uncommitted leisure time Canadians now endure. You see, people define themselves by what they do, and what they do gives them their vital sense of "belonging." Dr. Tyler's argument goes something like this: without a sense of "fitting people get apathetic, become depressed, feel mis- placed, withdraw from society so completely that sometimes, they kill themselves. Moreover, people move around so much these days they never get to know their neighbors, and the "impersonality" of life leads to suspicion, hostility, a loss of leadership. Without "shared activity" then, life a bummer. And if recreationists can only come up with enough activity to bring us all together to "experience some joy in a world which is fill- ed with strangers" then they "will be honored among all other great men and women of the past and present." So there you are. Watching the roughies, the Rams, the Redskins. You're nothing but a TV pigskin poltroon. And you, yes, you with the -suntan Alone and brownly loitering. Dozing off while the autumn sun grills your grateful flesh. Frustrating those who would not only help you put make themselves "great" at the same time. Why, you're practically betraying your country. Pull yourself out of your hideous depression. Go watch birds with some other birdwatchers. Go make a pot with other pot- makers. Go sing a folksong with other folksong singers. Why don't you round up a volleyball team, anyway? Actually, I'm not knocking Dr. Tyler. A lot of people agree with every word he says. Indeed, in Halifax he was preaching not merely to the converted but to the mis- sionaries. The Recreation Association of Nova Scotia (RANS) got its provincial charter only this month and, already, its agents are rescuing people from deadly inac- tivity in every corner of the province. The conspiracy is old and powerful, you know. Ten years have passed since one of its prophets, an American political scientist named James C. Charlesworth, talked about stimulating "inerts" to self improvement People, he said, must be "compelled to like things they presently dislike." "But I kind of enjoy just sitting around on my butt." said the playwright, Jean Shepherd. Such plaintive protests are no longer enough. We inerts need a revolution. Loafers, arise (slowly, if you In- dolent hermits, arise, spare time bums, weekend do nothings. Friday night idlers, Saturday morning dreamers, 'pan bench thinkers, all of you millions of downtrodden hammock lovers and believers in the glories of blowing the time that is yours on blissful shiftiessness arise. You have nothing to lose but your vulnerability to those who would change your way of life. The cosmic party line From the Wall Street Journal 'Astronomy is an other-worldly pursuit, dealing as it does Witt cosmic happenings and events millions of light years away. But traffic problems of a sort are invading even that lonely occupation, Thomas OTooie of The Washington Post writes. It seems that a couple of stationary communications satellites pot op under NASA auspices last May use radio frequencies that interfere with astronomers' radio telescopes. Tins, there are times when the stargazers have trouble ludjfig in on quasars, pulsars and other im- pulses from The scientists have a legitimate gripe and we agree with them that NASA should take greater pains in the future to dear its radio channels. Who knows, we may someday get that momentous call from intelligent creatures in deep space. It would be a shame if they had to bang op because the fine was busy. ;