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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 12, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHiRIDQI HERALD Saturday, October 12, EDITORIALS Thankful by comparison If Canadians are casting around this weekend for be thankful, the best fishing is in the headlines of any newspaper. "India reportedly has asked Russians to provide food aid." Behind this headline on a story datelined New Delhi lies the tragedy of millions of starving people, a drama of such dimensions that Canadians have little way of relating to it, although in India it is not an un- familiar occurrence. "Cabinet resigns throwing Italy into a new crisis." This headline for a story out of Rome hints at a political instability totally unknown on this continent. Italy has had 36 cabinets in the past 30 years, making any kind of coherent or effective government impossible. A news story from Paris is headed, "Europe rattled "by grim economic news." The grim news has factory and office workers wondering whether they will have jobs next year. Meanwhile, Alberta's unemployment rate has just been announced as 1.7 per cent, an un- heard of low. Every day, headlines from the Middle East are a reminder that people live in that part of the world under constant threat of war or guerrilla attack. And Southeast Asia is stiii 2 battleground even if the news stories are fewer. Even such a headline as, "House votes 75 per cent reduction in Nixon funds to gives Canadians reason to be thankful. This country has not had to un- dergo a distasteful spectacle like Watergate (and the agony of resolving it) which has tortured our powerful and influential neighbor. As a more personal reason for thanks, there is a story from South Africa telling of the arrest of a newspaper editor for reporting the truth. There is no denying that this country faces problems inflation, resource development and allocation, marketing agencies, transportation and housing shortages, bilingualism with all the social adjustment it requires, and many others. A recognition that these problems must be solved should wipe out any tendency toward smugness or self- satisfaction. Nevertheless, all things considered, it's good to live in Canada. A muted victory Increasingly, the popular reaction to the outcome of elections is one of sym- pathy for the winner. So daunting are the problems that confront politicians today it seems almost impossible to be anything but a loser. In no situation does this appear more evident than in the British election where the Labor party led by Harold Wilson has been returned to power with a narrow majority. Britain is in dire straits; it hovers on the the edge of collapse as a viable industrial state. Once a proud and powerful people, the British today suffer from a ioss of morale. In the past they have rallied magnificiently to ward off threats from external forces. Now the threat comes largely from within, in the form of putting self ahead of the' welfare of the state, and the question is whether Mr. Wilson can lead the people out of that condition. One thing is almost certain: Conser- vative leader Edward Heath could not have done it. The only hope for the country's reversing its downward trend is for the majority to support programs, probably requiring economic curbs, set out by the government. In a still class conscious society, which Britain is, there was no chance that Mr. Heath would get that kind of support from the large work- ing class element. That was clear before the previous election and has become clearer since. There isn't any assurance that Mr. Wilson can do any better than Mr. Heath in winning support for bis program for recovery. The signal that: he might succeed, however, may be seen in the fact that his social contract proposal wasn't refused by the unions. This may have been the slender thread of hope to which many British voters clung in giving Mr. Wilson his majority. It is a hope that a great many people out- side the United Kingdom also share because the collapse of Britain would have huge repercussions, including loss of morale so badly needed in grappling with world-wide problems. THE CASSEROLE Lots of ink anc sympathy are being lavished on a small group of prisoners in a Mexican jail, who are there for trafficking in dope. What's being done to them sounds brutal and unfeeling. Perhaps it should be mentioned that turning people into drug addicts for money that's what is is pretty brutal and unfeeling, too. There are those who insist that high speed doesn't lead to accidents on the highways, but a lot of U.S. Senators don't agree with them. The Senate recently voted 85-0 to make the 55 miles an hour national speed limit permanent, because they believe that besides saving gasoline, it saves lives. Not too long ago, there was general opposition to marijuana throughout the U.S., while Nepal was a place where anyone could get high whenever he pleased, on everything from hashish loaded cookies to hopped up milkshakes. Now, a general softening of attitude has resulted in several states in the U S. moving to eliminate all penalties for marijuana possession. Nepal, on the other finally acceded to heavy anti marijuana pressure, very largely from American sources, and is going to ban the stuff. People find some odd things to write books about. One example, a listing and explanation of the various defects for which manufacturers have recalled automobiles. The current edition lists over such defects. That's not only odd: it's downright frightening. Private members' bills usually fare badly in Parliament. Anyone with a grain of sense or morality will wish a better fate for one be- ing re-introduced by Lloyd Francis, M.P. for Ottawa West, intended to outlaw subliminal television advertising. This is a covert form of advertising aimed at the subconscous mind, and the proven instances of its use were directed at children. Letters Democracy desired More working women i By Brace Whitestone, syndicated commentator What we have been told, and subsequently complacently assumed, about Latin Americans is not true. These people burningly desire democracy and justice much more, I am sure, than we do. They know more about what the reality of its absence means. The recent events in Chile, where U.S. intervention of such a magnitude as to be decisive, replaced a democratically supported government with a military dictorship should lead us to review Latin American history in this light. President Monroe's doctrine: "Walk softly but carry a big stick" is unambiguous and antedates communism as a world political threat. Perhaps it will be one of the last but it certainly hasn't been the first such intervention.. The so-called Communist menace is a red herring in the full sense of pun and cliche. This individualistic people would be unlikely to accept what we think of as com- munism, except in reaction. No, the real threat is surely the threat of the U.S. hegemony or, to be precise, access to raw material. Even in prehistoric times .the de- mand for raw materials, ex- pecially metals, led the otherwise self satisfied centres of civilization to become immoralists. Thus copper (nitrates not communism, is the reason for U.S. intervention in Chile A government that governs not by the will of the people, but because of covert U.S. power, is the ideal solution. They are more likely to accede to the essential re- quirements of the US. business interest. Thus we must credit our big neighbor with skill and wisdom that the other imperialistic powers lacked. .Colonial areas like Chile, and I submit Western Canada, are always tempted to change their overlords in the hope of changing their luck. Wiser ones try the difficult trick of balancing one against the other to achieve maximum autonomy. Our strength is lessened by the disunity caused by federalism so long unjust and imperialistic to Western ,Canada And most unfor- tunately John Diefenbaker's party has only one mortal member himself. His like is nowhere to be found on the Canadian political scene. What can we expect in the future? Would the membership secretary of the Committee for an Independent Canada please get in touch with me? I want to join1 But I'll need a card from the Western Separatist Party as well Lethbridge DR. L.J KOTKAS In the universe of tomorrow, will our rising standards of living mean that fewer will seek jobs? Today, in fact, do more people, or fewer people seek work, than say in 1890 or 1900? What percentage of the Canadian population wants to work today? Now about 60 out of every 100 persons over the age of 14 seek paid employment. This fact does not provide much of an answer to the other questions. Is the working part of the population growing or shrinking? Here, the answer is surprising. One would ex- pect, perhaps, that as a socie- ty grows richer and mote affluent, fewer people would seek employment. But that is not the case. Looking back to 1890 or 1900, only about 50 out of every 100 persons over 14 sought work. Looking forward is more uncertain, but if we extend current patterns to the end of this century, we may expect that as many as two out of every three adults will be in the labor force by mat date. Young males are entering the laboring force at an age far older than those in the past because a larger number of young men now remain in high school or go on to college. Older males now show a dramatic withdrawal from the labor force. The reason here is the advent of various pension plans. Counterbalancing this fall in the number of males seeking jobs, is a spectacular rise in the percentage of working women. In fact, the over-all trend toward an increasing search for work within the population at large is almost entirely the result of women seeking paid work. The surge of women into the labor market reflects several changing factors. One of these is the growth of non-manual as contrasted with manual jobs. Another is the widening cultural approval of working women and w >rking wives. The trend is less widespread in Britain or Canada than in the United States. In Canada about one-third of the working force is composed of women, whereas in the United States the figure is approaching 42' per cent. Another reason for the influx of women is that technology has released them from household work. The normal round of household chores has been eased by appliances "mechanical servants" and prepared foods and by the trend now un- derway to smaller families, particularly in rural Canada, most notably in Quebec. Actually, the growing number of women in the labor force is part of some very old economic phenomenon whose roots can be traced back to the Middle Ages the monetiza- tion of work, that is being paid in money for work. For the trend of women working in the labor force does not imply necessarily an increasing amount of labor performed. Rather, it measures a larger amount of paid labor. In the 1890s many persons worked long and hard hours on a family farm or in a family enterprise and, above all, within a household, and, therefore, were not counted as part of the labor force: In.a large number of cottage in- dustries, the women in a fami- ly group often helped with the work on a part time basis and contributed what they could without being counted as strictly wage earners. Hence, to a very considerable extent? the rising dumber of women in the labor, mirrors the transfer of there unpaid Jobs' onto the labfir force where the same labor is now, performed in an "Time people fought may factors that will help to answer the fundamental ques- tion of how many will seek work in our population. The current pressure to raise liv-% ing standards by having two incomes within the household is an important Consideration. At the present time., it appears that the concepts of family and name have been diluted somewhat by increas- ed emphasis on material welfare. Over-all, what the complex trends seem to show is .that for many decades we have of a society where employ- ment absorbs "a larger frac- tion of the life but not of the day of the average woman and a diminishing fraction of the life and day of the average man. Unless and until our cultural values' change and, equally important, as long as job opportunities are present, these trends win continue. I thought we bad kicked the idea of fluoridation for Lethbridge out the window definitely for the last time the last time around. But here we the citizens must again for or against it. can be bought in -toothpaste for those who want it.r Why does government in all levels keep bringing in new expenses to the general public? We, the public, are fpaying- day for something new authorities think we should have. It's -time, much more than high time, the people fought many new and costly and unneeded, and in some cases unknown, expenses they pay for in the .end. With the cost of food what it is today the public deserves the best and we probably could have the best at a lower price if we fought about it. That doesn't only go for food it goes for materials put into stoves and refrigerators and automobiles. They don't build them like they used to but we pay three times the cost for what has to be junked much sooner The workers don't turn out the quality they used to but they are getting more money just the same And the poor working stiff who belongs to no union, who has worked his heart out for every nickel all his life, is hav- ing to dip into his savings to survive. So first, let's fight, fluoridation. Then let's ,get some action on lowering the cost of food and so on Every tune unions demand higher pay they get at least some of it, but they pay at the other end in higher costs for goods they buy. The plumber may get S10 an hour but he has to pay the T.V. man for a trip. CLAIRE SCOTT Lethbridge Hockey series coverage Herald reporter evaluates incumbent school board members I am appalled at the blatant Irresponsibility of the reporters and television per- sonalities concerned with the coverage of the Canada Russia Hockey Series. As a prospective journalist and sports writer I realize there is a new style of reporting called "the new This philosophy, By Jim Grant, Herald education reporter There are few measures by which the public can evaluate the performance of those they elect to school trusteeship. The stance trustees take on certain controversial issues is one measurement Another is their responsiveness to parent and teacher concerns. Still another is the standard of education in the schools. However, since trustees might only serve a short term (three the quality of education in local schools tends to reflect the decisions that have been made over a number of years by the local board and the department of education. So one can really only evaluate trustees' perfor- mance by how well they represent the local com- munity's interest in educational decisions. And possibly the only method the public has of monitoring how well its interests are represented is the school board meeting The regular meetings are particularly important for evaluating each board member's performance It doesn't necessarily hold true that each board member is pulling his or her own weight just because the school board is fulfilling a satisfactory role. Since the report card has served over the years as the main method by which schools communicate a child's perfor- mance in school to the home, this reporter has decided to prepare a report card on each trustee. The report card evaluation is designed to provide those responsible for the trustees being in office with some in- dication of how well trustees performed their respon- sibilities during the open meetings. It is based on the bi-monthly school board meetings attend- ed by this reporter during the past 14 months. While the trustees will be passed or failed on the basis of their performance at meetings, those responsible for electing them most realize that trustees' responsibilities extend beyond the board meetings. A trustee may be an ex- cellent researcher, an effec- tive committee worker or a strong representative of local concerns in discussions with provincial authorities. However, their perfor- mance at public meetings is about the only segment of their role that can be evaluated by the public First, a report on tne separate school trustees. JOHN BORAS John is a very conscientious trustee and is a strong supporter of being totally open with the public about school'matters. He ac- tively participates in debate and clearly indicates Ms point of view on issues. However, he tends to use his position to promote his political philosophy and is often far too over-powering. He appears to do his homework, is alert dur- ing the meeting and has a good attendance record. Decision: Pass. PAUL MATISZ Paul has a good attendance record and appears in favor of being open to the public about school business. However, be doesn't do his homework, appears to be bored by meetings and only voices a firm opinion when controversial issues are dis- cussed He tends to belittle other trustees for their concern about educational matters by making satirical remarks and is a poor listener. On most issues being discussed, his remarks are often distracting and irrelevant Decision: Fail. STEVE VASELENAK Steve is an agitator. He is always probing educators for more information, is very vocal about all school issues, challenges statements by fellow trustees and holds firm in his opposition to a motion even when all others favor it. He appears to be better prepared and more interested than other members of the board and has a good atten- dance record. Steve's reluc- tance to accept changes in education often slows the progress of the board. Decision: Pass (with FRANK PET has a good attendance record and is relevant when he speaks about issues. However, he very seldom participates in the discussion and tends to hurry trustees into making hasty decisions. He appears to be bored at every meeting, doesn't do his homework and seldom makes suggestions to the board Decision: Fail. RON FABB1 Ron improv- ed his performance during the 14 months of surveillance and now willingly participates in debate, introduces new business and makes his stand known on all issues Ron is an excellent listener but could show more respect for the -opinions of others. He tends to rush debate at times with a quick motion. Decison: Pass Since two public school board members are not seek- ing re-election Wednesday, only the report cards of the five incumbents are released below. DOROTHY BECKEL Dorothy is a very dedicated trustee and conscientiously does her homework. She shows interest in all educational issues and takes an intelligent approach to all debates. However, she doesn't always clearly indicate her point of view on issues and doesn't appear to be an ad- vocate of discussing all issues before the public. She has a good attendance record. Decision: Pass. CARL JOHNSON Cart does his homework, has a good attendance record and actively participates in the debates. However, Carl is often irrelevant and tends to interrupt discussions with lengthy recollections of the good old days and comments about other experiences that have no bearing on the issue under discussion. He also appears more interested in his membership in UK Alberta School Trustees Association than local schools. Decision: Fail DOUG McPHERSON Doug could improve his homework habits. He tends to take advantage of his position to make political speeches during board meetings. However, be clearly indicates his point of view on all issues and his voting habits are con- sistent with his point of view. He appears interested in educational issues and has a good attendance record. Decision: Pass. DOUG CARD Doug's attendance is good and he has good homework habits, fie participates and shows an interest in most discussions. However, Doug tends to be more concerned about procedure and technicalities than the educational issues be- ing discussed. He appears to be easily swayed by ad- ministration recommen- dations. He at times displays an arrogant attitude toward parents. Decision: FaiL REG TURNER Reg comes to each meeting totally prepared, often introduces new business and appears deeply concerned about what is happening in the schools. He is an excellent debater and takes care that the public knows bow he stands co every issue. He is an advocate of open meetings and school board involvement in curriculum and the education atmosphere in schools. He at times ignores consultation with teachers and parents. Reg's attendance record is good. Decision. Pass {with point which was done during the final two games of the series. Referee Tom Brown was criticized world wide for his so called inept handling of the seventh game. Johnny Esaw and his colleagues repeatedly chastized the man for his actions. The strongest point that was made was that 33 minutes in penalties were levied against Canada whereas Russia received only nine minutes. Had two Canadian players kept their heads and not received a 10-minute miscon- duct each the penalty situa- tion would have been much Another point made was over ths controversial goal. Mr. Brown called it as be saw it The puck did definitely enter the net after the final buzzer. Had the situation been reversed would Canada have allowed a late goal by Russia? They never allowed the goal which was disallowed in the second game held in Canada. But then that was a Russian goal. Statements were made by other people concerned that such a thing would not have happened if an NHL referee had. been used. An almost duplicate of the incident did happen in the NHL only last season. .The attitude of Billy Harris irked me considerably. When he couldn't get his own way he and his team decided to declare themselves winners anyway. In my opinion Canada was completely disgraced by the whining that went on. The original series in 1972 was organized to promote relations among the Russians and Canadians, not decide who the better hockey players were. That would take a hundred games of each level and age group of hockey and even then I doubt if anything would be settled BRYAN L. BEERLING Lethbridge The Lethbridge Herald Tlh Si S. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Second Clew MM RegittrMon No 0012 CL6O MOWERS. PoWistw DON H name DONALD R DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER BtfUorW Page ROBERT M FENTON Of cototion Manager KENNETH 6 BARNETT Business Manager THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;