Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 12, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 TH6 LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thimday, Otlobor 13, 1972 Downtown develop ment Lrthtmdye City Council this week prepared tlie way for a massive de- velopment in the downtown west end. The importance of this is hard to appreciate, harder still to exaggerate. While details are stilt lacking, it is obvious this will restore the pre- eminence of downtown Letliuruigo. The suburban shopping centres are a great convenience and in this age are desirable, but without a strong downtown core any community loses its cohesion, its economic stability and to some degree its character and identity. Downtown Letlibridge was in some trouble, and therefore all Lelhbridge was in trouble. The slow movement eastward the downtown centre o( gravity was really not helping, for it was leaving a depressed area be- hind. Now thill depressed area seems to be headed for a major renewal (tie biggest development in the city's it has been called. One bit of advice to the civic au- thorities, however. A public hearing has been scheduled for two weeks hence. It is important to let tiic peo- ple know in advance what Ihe hear- ing is about, what the details are. The people will give this enthusiastic support, provided they are taken into city hall's confidence. To all who have worked on this, and especially the aldermen, all praise and thanks. Censorship A censor, according to the dicliou- arv. is "an official who examines books, plays, news reports, motion pictures, radio programs, etc.. for the purpose of suppressing parts deemed objectionable on moral, poli- tical, military or oilier grounds." Censorship on moral grounds is familiar enough; it is concerned with pornography and obscenity, the ban- ning of books, periodicals or motion pictures thought to contain passages or scenes that offend against public notions of morality and decency. Those who recall the last war will also be familiar with censorship for military reasons. This gave the mili- tary the right to suppress any or all information, including news and even weather reports, if it thought it might be of use to an enemy, or might damage the interests of this country or one of its allies. As most of us make the distinction between military and political, it can be said that Canada and Canadians have always been generally free political censorship. This week a special legislative committee on censorship is holding public hearings in Edmonton and Cal- gary, at which the public will have the opportunity to hear various sub- missions received by the committee. Predictably, most submissions will deal with censorship on moral grounds, the pros and cons of ban- ning objectionable books and movies. If current literature on the subject is to be believed, to ban or not to ban is of no particular consequence, so a debate on the matter should be innocuous enough. There is a point which is disturbing, nevertheless. Without defending anyone's right, to sell dirty books or show dirty movies, especially to those immature enough (regardless of age) to be in- fluenced by them, it is still proper to point out that the same general principle underlies all censorship, whatever (tie grounds that some- one else knows, better than you do, what you should read or hear or see. So dubious is that principle, and so devastating lias been its application in countries less fortunate than ours, that given Ihe choice between com- plete censorship or none at all, any thinking person must unhesitatingly opt for none. Until now, there has been safe ground between the two extremes. One trusts that it will always exist, and that the current committee will have no trouble finding it. Babies and beef Beef rationing is a racl of life in many Latin American countries these days. There is not enough for ex- port; there is not enough for home consumption. Uruguay is the hardest hit of all. For three months there has been a total ban on home con- sumption. Argentina, a country fam- ous for the quality and quantity of its beef, has a one week on, one week off, policy. (Argentina grows enough for its own consumption but its economy is highly dependent on export, and it has had to institute a rationing program in order that a percentage of its product is sold on the international Chile, Colombia and Peru are also so shorl of meat, that bans of one kind and another have been insti- tuted. In half a dozen other Latin American nations strict regulations govern the amount of beef for sale to the eager consumer. The near-crisis has been building up for a long time. One cause is the slightly greater prosperity in most Do they, or don't they? By Gregory Hales, School Bums, loopholes, where you find them By Maurice Western, Ottawa commentator for FP publications. OTTAWA Tlic great vcve- Jation of Hie election cam- paign, a n n o u n c e (I by David Lewis, is that corporations, like oilier laxpayors, pay no more (axes than the law demands. Mr. Lewis is naturally elated by this iliscovory. By closing loophole.'! in (tie system, ci wliich the "bums" are now tak- ing advantage, he calculates [hat he will lie able to reclaim same ?2 billion in revenues, lluis financing expensive NDP programs while alleviating the tax burden borne by (he non- bums of tliis country. But Ihe problem is more complicated than Mr. Lewis concedes. Bums are where you find [hem and so are loopholes. The co-operative movement in Canada is vast, ami highly di- versified. At one end of the scale are the small groups of Latin American countries, and there- lore increased purchasing power. In other words more people can af- ford to buy meat and then. People are concentrating in the cities, less land is available to support cat- tle growing, and when the land is found the feeder and breeder slock is difficult lo purchase. High prices en- courage too-early slaughter. These are a few of Ihe contributing factors. But the main one, and in Latin America the most difficult one to deal with, is that tiii: .'Hunan growth rate is simply too high for the food growth rate. This food growth rate applies not only to beef, but other foods as well. More people, less meat, and less of everything else too. The warning is plain. So is tlia solution, which is essentially popula- tion control. World food production, in spite of new methods to increase it, will decline to the point where famine will be widespread in large areas of the developing world unless the birth rate goes down. The Lelhbridge public school system is attempting to determine the public think- ing regarding the goals of education, As of last Saturday only 15 per cent of a ran- domly selected portion of Lethbridge house- holders had demonstrated any interest in the future of public education in this city. Only 620 of the persons to receive the questionnaire were sufficiently inter- ested to reply. The deadline for return of the question- naire was to have been last Friday; but this has been extended to tomorrow in hopes of increasing the response. This lack of public response becomes noteworthy in light of readings taken from two social barometers. The one, of course, is the radio hot-line, phone-in show; the other, a government sponsored commission into education, known as the Worth Report. The first barometer usually registers cloudy, hot and windy; (he latter indicates an outlook of mostly suraiy and generally warm, with an outside chance of cold. Both our barometers profess to register public attitude toward education (allowing, certainly, that the former has other equal- ly important sotia! concerns to occupy it- Keif and that the latter hopes to effect pub- iic attitude as rnucti if. w If our barometers are reliable fit all (and who is to doubt v.'e can only conclude that the general public is vitally concerned about the future of education: the goals of school systems, tlie cost of education and who has to pay trie shot, the "fancy ncM' the over-paid teachers, and the discipline or lack come no- Eskimo carvers; at the other the great commercial co-ops, with enormous investments (in- cluding such items as head of- fice buildings with space which can be rented to banks and other a busi- nes volume in excess of bil- lion and a demonstrated capac- ity to compete on better than even terms with private com- panies. An indication of their strength is the manner in which they have swallowed long-es- tablished line elevator com- panies in western Canada. Taxation of co-operatives has long been n controversial sub- ject. The root question is: do they simply perform a service (or members or do they earn profits which should be taxed? Two royal commissions have examined the matter. The McDougall Commission, report- ing in 1945 said: "It is our un- hesitating opinion that the (co- operative) association and its members, as a result of tho trading venture wliich they un- dertake, do make a profit." Accordingly the legislation of 19-IG removed the tax ex- emption. Co-operative.s w ere permitted lo deduct' patronage dividends in computing Ilieir in- come, although sucli deductions were not to reduce taxable in- come below Ihree per cent ot employed capital. In the hands of members, dividends were taxable unless they related lo goods or services for personal consumption. Many companies felt lhat these provisions gave the co- ops an unfair business advant- age, especially as dividends al- located, but not paid in cash, went free of tax. The pheno- menal growth of the co-opera- tives has been attributed in part to tho fact lhat ttiese tax- free funds have been available to them for purposes of expan- sion, The Carter Commission agreed with Ibis criticism. H found that the corporate hum, (whose social status had not at the time been established by Mr. was at a "signifi- cant disadvantage" in com- petition with co-ops. It more equal treatment and the closing of certain example, patronage dividends would be deductible only to tho extent that half were paid un- conditionally in cash. Art impression exists that the NDP regards Carter as an au- thority second only to Holy Writ. Mr. has also ex- plained that Edgar Benson kill- body straps kids anymore Careful readings of both our barometers indicate people are chomping at the bit to say what's right or what's wrong with ed- ucation (and have you noticed that it's usu- ally Why then the Ixitiibridge public school system met with so little re- sponse from those very people on exact- ly that topic? The first possibility is that our barom- eters are not accurate. But how could that be? The Worth Report costs hundreds of thousands of dollars and required several years to complete, and as everyone reared on this continent knows, anything with those credentials must be good. And the phone-in shows constantly "put the next caller on the so we don't miss any- thing there. That seems to leave one other possibility that in fact no one cares about educa- tion. But what does this do to our barom- eters? We've just admitted to their efficacy but can it be that they are in fact inac- curate that phone-in shows are really prerecorded comments by the announcers' in-laws; and that the royal commission re- port was really just pie-in-the-sky think- ing (and left-over pumpkin at If this Itist alternative is correct, and no one does care about education, the puolic scnooj system will have to be .satisfied with a IS per cent response to their questionnaire, But if people do care, but just haven't the time to fill in the four short pages of questions, weli then they don't really c-arc- either, do Ihey? So either not many people in Leth- bridge are veiy concr.rned about education. Which, when you think about it, is kind of interesting. Don t you think? "Aim higher, ed lax reform in Canada, Ac- cording to his forcings, most of the worst lax concessions and loopholes continue to exist de- spite Carter, the White Paper and Ihe now legislation. The record is rather odd. Al- though diverging from Carter, Mr. Bonson did seek to realize Ihe objectives of the Commis- sion. He sough t greater fair- ness, as heUvecii co-ops and corporations, in distributing tho tax burden. He decided that loopholes should lw closed. He described the three per cent capital employed provision as "far loo low in current circum- stances" juirl proposed to in- crease it to eight per cent. Ho did not tackle the? allocation oE patronage dividends, as recom- mended by Ilio Commission, but did agree Curler that cred- it unions and popu- Jaires, hitherto tax exempt, should be frested like other co- operative enterprises. The sequel was, a great row in Parliament with "the NDP fighting, not to close the loop- holes, but to keep them open. W i t h Carter forgotten, Alt Gleavc attributed the proposed changes to "stupidity or malice aforethought" ;iml John Burton .spoke of a step "that actually will destroy the co-operative and credit union movements." Various concessions anil modi- f icat i cms were offered and re- jc-ctcd. Mr. Benson, in the end, able to appease the NDP only hy offering the co-ops a heller deal than they had pre- viously enjoyed, It seems a safe prediction that iMr. Lewis not deal co-operative balance sheets in the manner in which he has dealt with those of cor- porations. He would find, if he did, that the three pools over the period 39-J6-19YO have shown net operating earnings of hnve paid taxes of thus contributing at the vale of 7.2S per cent. This may, from, a co-opera- tive standpoint, be a desirable result. A taxpayer guided by I r. Lewis m hf, however, draw a different conclusion. It is all very well to point a finger at the corporate hum, but what if the same finger exposes the co-operative bum? Mr, Lewis must bo careful with his revela- tions. There may he more bums in this country than the NDP dreamed of when it launched its fax researches. Arctic, richest mineral area in the world The most influential, im- aginative and impresslve man in Alaska is Walter Hickel who, as governor of the state, sponsored the g real oil dis- covery at Prudhoe Bay and, as secretary of the interior, broke with President Nixon and re- signed from his cabinet. Now out of office but still at the cen- tre of Alaskan affairs and again close to the president, Mr. Hickel is waiting patiently for the United States and Canada to realize, very late, that Lheir Arctic regions will soon shift the economic gravity of the whole continent. This, he believes, is just as inevitable as the sudden shift in the earth's polarity long ago which turned a hot jungle into a frozen sea. For out that buried tropical vegetation must come the oil, gas and coal to rescue North America from an impending fuel crisis. Mr. Hickel commutes so often to Washington and else- where that I was lucky to find him in his headquarters, the so-called Little White House above the harbor of Anchorage Letter to the editor short, scjuurc, Napoleonic figure of hard, outdoor muscles, far-ranging mind and crisp speech; a philosopher, Loo, in h is own fashion and a socin 1 heretic among his fellow mil- lionaires. What, he asked abruptly, did I want to kn ow I want- ed of course, to know about the projected pipeline from Prurilioe Bay to Valdez because its oil will be carried south- ward in tankers likely to spill their cargoes on the Pacific coast of Canada. Having listen- ed to such alarms in high places, to the point of polite Mr. Hickel dismissed them, somewhat wearily, as nonsense. To be sure, he once wrote: 14 The Arct ic is li ke para- chute-jumping when it comes to development. It has to be done right the first time." Otherwise a pipe full of hot oil across some 800 miles of fra- gile tundra could produce an ecological catastrophe. But as secretary of (he interior he had ensured that the pine would as safe as human ingenuity JL JL J-JL .6. J. 'W J- V'VJ- JL-fc- J Ry Bruce TlutchisuTi, spccinl coinmenlator for FP publicaliwns Napoleonic could make H. Foi1 two years the i could make it. Foi1 two years h c had held up t he whole scheme until the impatient, oil companies surveyed every foot of their route, bored the earth at short intervals and took ev- ery precaution against possible damage. In his brisk monologue (which Republican audiences in many states will hear during the present election campaign) Mr. Hickel did not mention the risk of the tankers but obvious- ly he was not worried about it. After all, as the powerful An- chorage Times is never tired of repeat i n g, numberless tankers move daily through the world's oceans and must move or mod- ern ci vili zat i on wi 11 collapse. The hypocritical Canadians, the Ti m es add s, are protesting tanker traffic along their west coast while depending entirely upon it along the Atlantic. At the moment, the develop- ment of the North hangs on a forthcoming decision by the high courts of the United Stales. They might find, as the Cana- dian govern men t undoubted ly hopes, that the pipeline would Tours ior young people T want to direct Ibis letter to the hundreds of young farm boys and girls in Canada who could he spending (he, next six: months or a year working, playing, and enjoying Inmig away from home in a foreign country, e.g. Denmark, Ger- many, England, Nev; Zealand or Australia. An outline of the tours available was listed in the last edition of The Chinook. The Internationa! Agricultur- al Exchange Association, based in Copenhagen, Denmark, with an office at Olds College, Olds, Alberta, is a non-profit organi- zation that organizes six month tours for young farm people in- terested in working and living in another country. At present ten other countries ;ire v, or king wit.h the association. r or me past, fight years, up to TtftO young people hrtve ar- rived in Calgary each spring, spent six months in Canadian (mines, ami then ret u rued to their homelands after harvest. IL is a fantastic six months for Ihe slndenls and their host fam- ilies, and young boys and girls go home with rnrmy new friends, morn ones, knowledge r and an excellent understanding and use of the English language. It is impossible to buy the fun, excitement and happiness that these six months provide our students. This opportunity also exists for young Canadians, 18 years of age and over, and I know from working with the associa- tion for the past six years and now having gone to some of these countries personally, it could be the most exciting lime of a young person's life, if he So They Say People think 'open adm is- sions" is a euphemism for black admissions, hut the bene- fits accrue to all ethnic groups, lo explain his theory of mankind's hopeful fu- ture. Tirfhiy, bmiuver, he could not for ddailcri explana- tion. After a cigar from his scicrelaiy ilio little gi- ant of the north dashed off at high speed to catch a plane for some my.storioj's in bis lovely land nf dreams. And I wislicd, vainly, that I could fihai'tj them. The Letlibridge Herald 501 7th St. S., Lethlu-hiLie, Alberta iDGF: IIEKALD LTD., p'ropririor.i and Publishers Published Ifi05 by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Wemhcr tif Th Pufclfihcrs' al io anrl Ihe CLEO W. Editor THOMAS H. GenC DOfl PILLING If ft fnr ROY F MILcS K WM KTR "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"