Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 12, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Tueitlny, October 12, 1971 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID IS Conflicts have been, plentiful maintain strip mining is a threat to survival Many LOTTS CREEK, Ky. (AP) their welfare when operations. stripping away the land in Ap-lalaehia may find coal quickly ind cheaply, but tlie process i so bares lire angry tempers of lie local our mountains and streams? They're destroyin1' the last damn place on earth people may hope to exist on." The demand for energy Ihc surge in slrip mining has kindled tempers to a degree reminiscent of the mid-1960s, when angry mountaineers fought off coal companies with Strip muling has led to many 1 conflict, from the hills of Ken-ucky to the halls of the United states Congress In Washington. Many Kentucky residents view strip mining as a threat to heir in Die last 18 months, partly for coal because of a fear that promises of imminent nuclear power and inexhaustible reservoirs of natural gas arc pipe dreams. The renewed demand A Knott County houswifc, Bessie Smith, and olhcr menilx -s of the Appalachian Group to Save the Land and People recently held off bulldozers by sitting in their path near Hazard, Ky. And they resent it all the more because the coal stripped dway by Uie encroaching miners to extract the minerals as cheaply and as quickly as by we had the prettiest said Mrs. Cliff Davidson, the wife of a retired Jozers goes primarily to help eed generators producing electricity for bit; cities many miles the land acres at a time. Gargantuan machines enable strippers to mine coal far faster than underground W. Va., deep miner. "Now they're not fit for a jack-rabbit." National Coal Association "We could care less Carl E. Bagge views icople freezin' to death in federal laws future differently. York City or Washington, health and safety of 70s will be the decade f they're going to destroy also have driven which coal achieves ils natu- says Joe Begiey, a coal mine operators birthright as the principal grocer and head of the (he underground source for the zens League to Protect the favor of easier told a coal industry conven- 'ace don't have to "Them people in New mine-roof supports, said 610-million tons of are already in Begley says. "Why should we or many of the other requirements imposed on 40 per cent of it stripped, will be mined in the United Stales this year. Ten years ago, million tons of coal were taken from the ground. ATTENTION coal industry predicts NEW CLASS that 050-million to 685-million tons will be mined in 1974, half Wed., Oct. 13 p.m. United Church which will probably be FREE OPEN coai. By 1980, stripping will have (Registration Accepted After up 5.8-million acres, esti- the U.S. bureau of mines. the advent of mining in ATTENTION U.S., acres of the total 11.3-milIion acres affected NEW CLASS coal mining have been Thurs., Oct. 14 p.m. Taber Civic the bureau says. Although 22 states have sur- FREE OPEN mining laws, the bureau (Registration Accepted Afler that only two million have been reclaimed in fashion so far. Some talking, some listening, and a program that BY LAW Much of the strip mining in Kentucky is done with the lelp of m u c h -h a t e d broad form Upheld only in Kentucky, the DC CI Cf T H ?fj 1 AN ALDERMAN WITH THE COURAGE TO STAND UP AND BE COUNTED! VOTE VERA FERGUSON, VERA (Mrs.) INSERTED BY VERA FERGUSON CAMPAIGN documents allow a company owning the mineral rights to a jiece of property to mine the An work. "But give us a mo- Lo reclaim anil we'll show yml 50mething that's nice and land anytime it wants to, spile the sin-face owner's objcc-1 p reclamation, Icgisla- tion in Congress ranges from a In many cases, ancestors of: iyjxon administration proposal current land owners traded all t wouij set federal standards mineral rights away forever in state regulations to a bill by exchange for only a few dollars', i Representative Ken Hechler, To soothe the pain, coal com- i (Dem.-W. that would ban stripping within six panies usually pay a token fcr. In the present land owner. It cents a ton of coal or up to 5t cents a linear foot. Legally, property (wr.ers have no choice but to take the money and let the bulldozers rip. But some take the law into llieir own hands. When a bulldozer from Pi- oneer Coal Co. roared onto land owned by 76-year-old Katherino Hayncs, (he driver found him- self staring at a rille pointed by the woman's nephew, Joe, a dis- abled coal miner. "T told him there was no Haynes said. "The company offered her 10 cents a ton or 50 cents a foot but she told 'em that was no pay for all that timber and farmland." Nonetheless, a circuit judge later saw it the company's way. Not all property owners think they've been given the short end ol the financial stick. In Hcnrystarg, Ohio, an eld- erly man chewing a plug of to- bacco conceded he was satisfied with money paid him when Wasting damaged his house, but as to the amount: "Thai's none of your business." Harassed by vocal conserva- tionists and the news media, which generally have been hos- tile to strip mining, industry cf- ficials are on a campaign to beautify their image. Some top company executives spend alroos! sf fiieir time escorting visilo-s around show- piece reclamation lands. Tour- ing legislators and reporters are treated royally. 'RECLAMATION A JOXE' Conservationists and mine op- erators, meanwhile, art: ized over whether guCt... land can ever be satisfactorily re- stored. "Reclamation is a joke m this says Keiituckian Begley. "When I saw the streams go. when 1 saw the beaver go and when I'm seeing the hills and I'm only going to happen in 15 "Sure, it's as ugly as hell when the mining's under counters Don Richter, field director of the Ohio Reclama- tion Association, an organiza- tion termed by mining concerns to handle much of the reclama- all coal months. A bill dropped inlo Uic hopper by Representative Wayne L. Hays would place all strip mining and reclamation under strict federal control with no stale participation. Under Hays' bill, a three-man presidential" commission would regulate strip mines, issue lic- ences and place operators under stiff performance bonds. The bill would prohibit strip- ping on federal lands such as parks and the commission would he empowered to ban strip mining on lands where re- clamation could not be propcrK liibits for two years .stripping in of the slate's euunties yet untouched by strip mining. fn -Maryland, the General As- sembly recently rejected a pro- Hays's bill also would invali- posal to phase'out strip mining date the broad form deeds used I within three years. in Kentucky. I Gov Dunn A handful of states, including j siiys ]le wants a "slrong but heavily-mined West Virginia, fajr" strip mining hill. How- have passes laws governing state legislators arc hav- strip mining. jng difficulty .settling on what to West Virginia's new law pro- put into such legislation. Find paintings THE HAGUE (Renter) A 17th-century landscape by Salo- mon, van Ruysdael valued at and a number of other Dutch paintings stolen recently have been found, police said here. The paintings were stolen from the municipal museum in Alkmaar. 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