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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 12, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE EIGHT LETTIBRIDGE DAILY HE.P.ALO SATURDAY. OGTOBBR 12, 1918 OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER SUNFLOWERS FOR SILAGE (Winnipeg Free Press) The university, farm at Saskatoon ; b^e entered upon an experiment which may prove of very great value to the Canadian -west, namely, the testing of sunflowers as material for HUinE the silos. - Everyone knows that there is an enormous amodnt of mourishment in the seed of sunflowers, but tha use of the whole plant is something new. The eaqieriment has not been carried far enough to �#ar-rant the university issoln? anything official, but no possible harni can result from telling the story of what has taken place so far. The university of Saskatohawan does not claim ihat the idea originated with them at all. They are fo^loiring in the footsteps of the Montana Experimental station at Bozeman, where some four years ago a small patch of aunflowers was grown, cut green and fed to cattle. The result was so Batisfactory that the station has since grown large enough quantities to feed bath in th� green stage and cut up and put in silos. Several iiiTestigatioiis led to the belief that dairy cows not only liked the feed is either form, but they produced milk and butter in quite as satisfactory quantities as when fed com, cut green or as ensilage. Proceeding on this data, the university at Baskatoon has grown this year a suAclant quapitRy of sunffowers (some 36 to4B) to test It out along with epgUage made from green oats. The sunflowers were cut when the heads wore just forming. The stalks containing a large amount of succulence, about 90 per cent, water, and WUB flMily cut with an ordinary corn | harvester, and run through the ensil- age cutter as ace other crops used, for ensilage, such us corn, oats and paas. The stems are solid aiiU being very juicy, it is easily packed In the silo. The university also fed some of the freshly cut sunflowers lo tho dairy cows. They ata up clean what was given 10 them. It has a sweetish, rather oily waste. The sunflowers were sown on May 25 ,at the nito of 20 lbs. to the acre, with an ordinary grain drill, In rows 36 inches apart, by stopping up the Intet-drills. The late spring frosts did not injure the plants, and the cutworm left them severely alone, while they totally destroyed the corn and mangels in the same field. The early fall frosts did not harm them either. The average of sunflowers for the four years on the experimental plots was GO.700 pounds per acre, while the average yield of northwestern Dent corn for the same period of years was only 19,700 pounds. As has already bf-en stated, the university is making no claim to a. complete experiment, so far they have not had an analyses of the composite product, apd, of course have no deftii-Ite feeding results, but the experiment will be watched with very keen Interest, and if it is successful, it will solve one of the big feed problems in the more arid districts of the west. The wild sunflower groVs everywhere, and where the wild sunflower grows the cultivated sunflower will grovf also. The sunflower in the Canadian west attains an enormous height and seems to thrive under any conditions.  If it proves to be a good ensilage plant, it will be Impossible to over-estimate the value of the discovery. FARlREITES'iKE AGRICOLTURAL RSE A OLDS Pood Will Win the War Serve your country and yourself by rai*iM FOOO or> the fertile pUins of Western Cana^ The Cenedien ftcific Railway makes it ea^ for you to begin. Lands til t30 an acre: irrigated land iq> to $50; 20 years to pay. Loan to ff^iat.acttlen on irrigated lands. C^ti^ partieula�( and free iUuB> tnted^litierature ftiom lUMMpoUNCBHlSlpt CKllail C3 1*t St. Em�, caloarv POUICV OF CATTLEMEN IS SHORTSIGHTED (Edmonton Bulletin.) S. Aron of New York, who has been in the otty for a few days in connection with the inspection of meats fcr the British government, left last night for the West. Mr. Aron is the general manager of the bureau of inspections, meat division, of the British ministry of foods in the L^nited States, and was I here sizing up the situation as to the ' quality of product offered here. Speaking of the matter Mr. Aron thought that for the amount of beet that was being offered to the packing houses in this part of the province thil year, far too small a percentage was "finished" and ready to be put Into the export class. Considering the premium that was offered by the British ministry of ^ooSs for prime beet Mr. ATon felt that it was a shortsighted policy on the part of the cattleman and farmer not to fit tor a few weeks or a few months'longer as the case may be end draw down the high price. . ; The spread .between the export price, for the very best stuff and the ordinary stuB was very sharp and was worth consideration on the part of the man fitting beef for.Xhe market and the same was true of finishing hogs. Two Minutes to Gean The burnished steel-like surface of tie tpp of the Kootenay Range needs iao polisMng. The dusting off or wiping with the stove cloth which always follows the dishwashing, and ia done in a minute, will keep the Kootenay Range bright and shiny all the tisde. _ That it tlae only "polishing" it will ever need. No dirty blacking--ao cooUog down of the range V-^o back breaking toil-no soilii^ of the hancls. And the Kootenay- nickel-plated oven is juat an easy to clean as the outside of tlie range. On its smooth, bright surfaces unbroken by rivets or bolts- nuiitary as the inside of your bake pan9--Ftliei% is no hiding place for dirt or grease. ^ ' Just wipe it down occasionally with a,cloth, Jess than a'minute, and it will be idways sweet and dean.  TkUiaoolyoneof many features of'tbe Kootenay Range dtw�bed>ia a beautiful^tUe booklet, "Service in the Kitdien," wbidi wiHiSe muled free on'rcque^. It tells all a woman wants t�hBoijr�bcMit a reage faefoie she buy* it. Laadon . St.Jolui,N.B. Teronto Bamiltun Mod treat Calgarf Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Saskatoon 78 In view of the fact that so many young men have been called to the colors, there is a gi'owing tendency among farmers' daughters and others to take up tho profession of agriculture. L>ast year some thirty or t'orty of these young farmerettes attended the Guelph Agricultural College in Ontario. In Alberta, too, there 1= the same tendency among patriotic young women to step into the position made vacant by reason of the fact that brothers have gone lo the front. For the past two years young ladies have been taking the stj-aight agricultural course at the provincial school of agriculture. Olds,. Alberta. In most instances the heavier work such as blacksmithing. etc., has not been taken by the young ladies. In one case, however, a young lady, ' .Miss Erma Poedler, (now Mrs. Nelson, Cluny,) took the complete course. Under ordinary circumstances it, is not necessary for young ladies to take the heavier class of work, but there is no reason whatever, why young ladles who have to live on the farm should not be as interested in the stock and In fact every phase of the farm work, as are the men. The veterinary course appeals to many young girls who have a liking lor stock, and in many instances the girl makes a far better nurse in the case of sick animal;; on the farm than does a man. Many farmers' daughters have a decided liking for the live-stock, and in fact for all out door work on tha farm. A course at a Provincial School of Agriculture is the verj- thing that many young ladies are looking forward to, and it is gratifying to know that a considerable number are applying for agricultural work during the coming winter. The Military Service Act has taken a great many of the young men who otherwise might have attended the Olds Agricultural school, during the coming winter, but it is surprising how many boys of sixteen, seventeen and eighteen are applyjng for admission this fall. Already--thiri;y applications for admission have been received by the School of Agriculture at Olds, and we presume an equal number have applied at Vermilion and Claresholm. Last fall students were turned away from the Olds school-because the utmost capacity of the school had been reached. Present indications are that there will be from 75 to 100 students enroll In the Agricultural and Household Science classes .during the coming winter. j. A subject that?l� given special attention in the Household Science work, is the course in Home Nursing, which is given by a trained nurse. All farmers and their wives who live a considerable distance from a doctor, know just how � Important that work is for the young girls who live on the farms. In addition, of course, there is the cooking, sewing, household administration, English, Mathematics, Science, etc., that is given to make a well rounded out course for the girls. Many have written in asking if the tuition fees have been increased to keep pace with the high cost of everything else. To these we would-say that there are no tuition fees whatever, the school course is entirely free. Books and note books will cost from $4.00 to $7.00 for the whole winter. In addition a caution fee of $5.00 is a.sked to cover any breakage. The students, of course, pay for their room and board which will cost from $6.50 to $7.50 per week depend ing somewhat on the accommodation provided. To the young people who ai;e taking the place on the farms made vacant by an elder brother who has gone to the front, we need only say that the yoiinger the shoulders that assume the reBponsihllities of our western agriculture th'e hefter and more thor ough ought to be the training. new Instructors added to the staffs of agricultural schools at the University ho gra^uatea as gold medalist. He was president of tho class apij'ilsd, held other offices In the gift of.fils fellows. He was chosen fronv the^VMitire; university to-read tho fnj'ewell address to,Pre3ld.ent Tory, When he was leaving to take charge of the Khaki university. ,, . Mr. "Sinclair is regarded as having had especially good experience. In that he was bi^ought up on a farm on which has been one of the best herds of cattle in the province. His father has been noted for h's well bred herd. A. Blackstock. Gallivan, Sask., and B. S. A. of Manitoba College of Agriculture, has been etyployed In a similar position at the Olds School of Agriculture. He was for a time employed as Instructor in animal husbandry at the Manitoba college, and has been employed by the Saskatchewan government to buy stock which they distribute among the farmers. He has also been doing extension work for the Manitoba Institution each winter. In addition, Mr. Blackstock has been operating a large grain and stock farm at Gallivan. A. E. Meyers, superintendent of Alberta schools, feels that he has been especially' fortunate in having secured the services of these men, all of whom are enthusiastic live stock men. OCTOBER RETROSPECT ^(.Experimental Farms, Note.) Threshing throughout Canada is in full swing and the final estimates of the crop will soon be available. The yield per acre will vary greatly in the different provinces according as the weathej; conditions have been favor able or otherwise. In contrast If the returns from a series of farms in any locality were compared, the yields per acre of these farms would be found to vary much more than the average yield per acre of the various provinces. The reason for this wider diversity Is not weather conditions so much as the methods employed In growlni; the crop and the difference in varieties and seed. It is absolutely essential If one is desirous of Improving their crop, yields that they know the exact yield in bushels per acre that their fields return. Guessing will not do. There has been too much guessing about this -important question nad many have fooled themselves to their own detriment. Many estimate their grain on'the basis of the bushels sown. This method is without practical value. For Instance, oats sown at the rate of two and a half bushels will give just as large or a'larger yield than oats sown at the rate of three or three and a half bushels per acre. If a field has yielded only fifteen bushels of wheat pr twenty bushels of oats, now is the time that the reason for such a low yi^ld should be ascertained. The past season's work should be reviewed while it is still fresh In the mind. The factors that enter into the suocessful.--'growIng of a crop are many.and vjitifi'd-and each shotild F^ACILITATE ABANDONMENT S OF SOLDIEKO ENTRY .(Reglnfi Lejider) S. F. Dunlop, in charge of tho Soldiers' HSdttlsment iBoard ottlces in the city, hafl' received Insti'iictlOns froBi the board at'Ottawa ' outlining Uie prbcedilie in the matter of abantlon-nient Of entry by returned soldlerd,, In some cases retutned soldiers hayo entered for homesteads and after wards found the Jand to be unsuitable. The soldiei's wished to abandon this land and the procedure was ii lengthy and tedious one. The depart ment of the interior has now aiTung-ed the prosodure, which is outlined in the following letter to the super visors: "The necessity for arranging for prompt abandonment In tho chse of soldier entries has- come to our at teptlon and tho interior departnieiit have decided that where a returned soldier makes an entry under the act and finds the ,land unsuitable, and wishes to abandon the same, ho may do so and receive permission from them to re-enter in the ordinary way, but the first entry will not be disposed of until our board-reports that there is no loan against it. Some considerable delay has been occurring in previous cases of abandonment, because the interior department refer here for a report to whether there is a loan against the land. We in turn have to ask for a report from the provincial offices. All this involves ^considerable delay. - "The interior department, therefore, desire that the offices of the Soldier Settlement Board, whenever, they receive an application for loan in connection with an unpatented quarter-section which does not reach them through the Dominion lands agent, should Immediately advise the Dominion lauds agent affected of the receipt of that application. Whenever a loan is approv�d against a quarter-section of unpatented I>ominion lands, the agent should bo immediately advised. Later the agent will note the charge against the Dominion lands l|n the ordinary course but advice as to the receipt of application and approval of loan should go to the agents In all ca^es." AGE OF TWINS EASY FOR U, 8, DRAFT BOARD Wllllamsport, Pa.-Mark and Twain Brewer, twin sons of Mark Brewer of Muncy hfive, registered without pnz-zllifg' the drift board as to whether they' had reached the age of IS years. Mark "Was born at 11 o'clock on th6 night of Sept. 12, 1900, but Twain did not arrive until three hours later, 2 n.m, Sept. 13. Both have celebrated Sept. 12 as their birthday. Twain Is detorrairied that Mark shall not got into the army ahead of him It ho can help it. , Medicine Hot council has voted abolish the war4' system. to CtT'D ia73 STANDARD BANK OF CANADA hbao ornom .  Toronto Save! SUCX:BSS comei to thow who are prepared for it, and those with money in the Bank can open the door to Opportunity. A Savings Aoeount it always aa available asset. Start to>day. Open an account with this Bank and by systematic saviaf be prepared far �11 emergencies. latcrasf paid > or compounded half-yearly. *" receive attention such as, the previous crop, the tillage operations, the treatment of the seed for disease, the rainfall, the variety sowa, the quality of the seed, the date of seeding, etc. Each of these should be considered until you establish in your mind just 'M-hat factors are responsible, for the low yield. This cannot be done intelligently unless one knows exactly what his land has returned la bushels per acre. Just as each man is able to place.his finger on the weak spot in his methods during the last season so will his fields respond in bushels of grain the next. Critical retrospect is invaluable in planning the next year's operations. , J. C. SCOTT, Manager G. E, BLETCHER, Manager P. BILLINGTON, Manager D^^A^CUR^IE^AccoM 13th St. North. 4th Avenue South. New Dayton, Alta. Coalhurst, Alta. CANADIAN BANK :oiy^ERCE SR EDMUND WALKER. . j^^^^SOt JOHN AIRD.GencnlMtMaw C.V.O., U_D., D.CL, Prctideatn^VjlV. C. BROWN, H V. F. JONES. An't Cm'L Muiifv ^^^^ Sup'i of CcnMl WeMem BnnchM Capital PAID Up. J15.0oa.OOOTRESEicvE Fund, . $i3.500.ooo Enquire from Local Hardware Dealers Three new instructors have been added to the staffs of the agricultural schools of the province, and begin work with this present term. Henry Evelyn Wood, graduate of the Manitoba Agricultural College, has been appointed professor of animal husbandry at the Vermilion school. Mr. Wood has just graduated from the Manitoba college, but has had all sorts of practical and academic experience in the judging of live stock. He. organized and managed tor four years the Belmont Boys' and Girls' club and a most successful organization it' proved under his leadership. He has done a good deal of fudging at the summer fair during his college course, has acted as judge of live stock and of seed grain and /dressed poultry. At � the Brandon Winter Fair in 1918 he won the gold medal in the judging competition for horses and the silver medal for sheep judging.' _ .During his college life, Mr. Wood ijad the distinction of being one of the ablest debaters in the college, but his greatest triumi)h during liis college days was the organization of'the College Co.'ope.'^tive store of which he was madef^ynanager. He has aiso heen.a ;^raetlouI rurmev for some years; " ^-f - Tlip �f!W IisBtnictor of animal bus-ijufidry at the f'lare.sholin nchool Is HobeH ti. Sinclair, of liiiil.Hfall, u graU-uatu of tiie A])inviii College of Agricul-tuie and one of the nioKL brilliant pup-tlH who have i-ver taken work at tl)at institution, lie took a cour.se at the Olds Bch(*)l first and won exceptionally high .stan*'^ �^j-o. Afterwards A GOOD INVESTMENT The money you save e^xna interest when deposited In our Savings department, and both principal and interest are siife and can be Obtained when required. Why keep in the home more money than is needed for immediate purposes ? laow Lethbridge Branch ----- R. T. Bryrnner, Manager Warner Branch' - - - - - - J. H. S. Gordon, Manager Milk River Branch -.....J. V. Steele. Manager THE ROYAL BIINK OF CANADll INCORPORATED 1869 Capital Paid-up . .\...........:. .$ 14,00Q,000 Reserve and Undivided Profits ..... 15,000,000 Total Assets..................... 386,000,000 SZb Branches in Canada, Newfoundland, British West Indies, CulMr Porto Rico, Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, and Venacuela. . SAVINGS DEPARTMENT Accounts may be opened .with an initial deposit of One Dollar. Interest Is credited Half-yearly. Business Accounts 'uarried upon favorable terms; ^ LETHBRIDGE BRANCH ........ W. A. PARKER, Manager A Prosperous City $50,000,000 worth of Grain and other field products pass, annually through the City of Lethbridpe. Mr. Farmer, are you putting aside a little for the lean years which will come? Buy a Victory Bond or two and see that your Will is properly drawn. The British Canadian Trust Co. EXECUTOR. ADMINISTRATOR, ASSIGNEE, ETC. HEAD OFFICE, SIB FIFTH STREET �. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA PHONE 1843- What Cksh You Need When Travelling -^nd more particularly, when large sums are required-is best carried in the form of a Letter of Credit, issued by The Merchants Bank. . This old established form of international banking:, is preferred by many experienced travellers because of^ts absolute security. Letters of Credit tire cashed only by banks or (ranking corporations, and after the identity of the ^bolders is established to the satisfaction o.f the bank Officials. This insures safety, and fuarda against i , loss and theft THC MCRCHANTS BANK Head Office; Montreal. OF CANAP.A. Established 1864. LETHBRIDGE BRANCH,  .  R. J, DINNING, M.S{i lAL, HARDWARE AND FARM IMPLEMENTS. BOX 189, OR PHONE 516, LETHBRIDGE ;