Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 11, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
_____________ Wcdno.day, October 11, 1972 THE IETHBR1DGE HERAID 4t Trade is key to Japan's new diplomacy FRIENDS They get the message evsn though neither is very words Young John Paul Keel of Lake Elmo, Minn., and o permanent resident recreation near Webster, Wis., seem 1o be slrikin-g up a perfect friendship. __ much with the idenl of a Crusading editor keeps shotgun in office By HOMER CLONTS MADISONVILE, T e n n. (Renter) Dan Hicks, editor and publisher of the weekly Monroe County Democrat, carries on two traditions of wr i t c s crusading editorials and he keeps a loaded shotgun in his office. Hicks' recent troubles in this small east Tenessee town resemble the perils Mark Twain wrote of in his 18th century esay Journalism in Tennesee, in which Twain complained of being shot, b o m h e d, beaten up and carved up in his first and only day working on a small-town Tennesee paper. Hicks, whose editorial con- cerns range from selling beer on Sunday to exposes of politi- cal c o r r u p t i o n, has been burned out twice, most re- cently on Aug. 23, shot at twice and beaten up once. .STICKS TO GUNS But the 50-year-old award- winning Twain, who said he quit after his first day and fled north- stays with it. Hicks set up business again in another building, six blocks from the burned printing plant of the paper his family founded in the 1920s. Probing the charred ruins, fire marshals found two cans they think had been filled with gasoline. The odor of gasoline could he smellcd in the Workers reject an LONDON (AP) The Trades Union Congress, representing 10 million British workers, re- jected today Prime Minister Heath's wage and price re- straint program to curb in- flation. Heath has proposed limiting all wage raises lo (JI.BO) a week, and limiting price creases to five per cent. Thr- voluntary program is designs to curl) inflation running at about 10 pev cent a year. Un- less a voluntary program is ap- proved by labor and business, the government is to call for a mandatory wage and price freeze. lint the Tl'C council decided to tell Heath week the limit is unworkable and rr.emlicr unions would never agree. At Ihe same time, spokesmen said. Ihe TUG will argue that a limit of at least is more realistic. Th TUC did, however, reject a motion to break off [he talks with Heath, leaving room for further negotiations. Meanwhile representatives o[ 400.000 retail enterprises prom- ised to limit price increases to five per cent during the next year, if the unions agree to their side of Ihe package. burned building. Valuable records and equipment were destroyed. The heat was so intense it melted the keys off typewriters. "Nothing left is any Hicks said. Two years ago. a fire .was started" by someone who threw gasoline under a side door and ignited it with a paper wick. Hicks was unable to get insurance on his plant after the first fire. .MAKES ENEMIES Hicks' adversaries primar- ily are in the political arena. Monroe County has a power structure that has gone mostly unshaken since the 1830s and IMOs. But opposi- tion is also aroused by his frankness in news and edi- torial columns. Every citizen booked on any charge at the county jail or city police station, even if it's just for speeding, is identified in news stories. Divorce slo- r.vrv aii (he details, and sometimes spicy allegations. in an editorial, Hicks questioned the qualifications of a Monroe County physician. He rejected the doctor's re- quest for a correction or soace for rebuttal. The physi- cian paid for a full-page ad to give his side. Two years ago the news- paper reported alleged embez- zlements in the county high- way department and de- manded an investigation. On Ihe day of the hearing, the highway superintendent re- signed. SURVIVES ATTACKS But that same evening, Hicks was beaten and kicked by two young thugs. Eventu- ally he was able to identify them and both were con- victed. About the same time, he was fired on twice from outside the building as he sat at his desk typing biting edi- torials. A pet project of Hicks, who Is also police commisioncr, is his drive against taverns that sell beer on Sunday and to the under-aged. His city board everybody else says 'Let Dan do so I'm George." Mrs. Hicks has since re- lented about moving away, particularly after learning that many people consider them friends. Since Ihe fire, Hicks has been swamped with help from volunteers and ben- efactors. By MARK FHANKJ.AND London Observer Sevvlcc TOKYO The visit of Jap- __._.o.. all's Prime Minister Kakuci 0( Tanaka to China has been sal- Japan's utcd here as the start of a truly independent Japanese diplom- acy. In the opinion of most ol the Japanese Press such a start is overdue and there is consider- able satisfaction that the days of heavy American influence over Japan's foreign policy seem al last to be over. Asahi Stumbun, Japan's senior news- >aper, declared 'hat the normal- zation of relations with China 'should properly become the starting-point of a new course in Japanese foreign and defence policies." It is quite wrong, though, to suppose that Japan will at once conc'tjct its foreign policy just like any other big Power. The facelcssness of Japanese diplo- macy in the past was not en- tirely a matter of Japan follow- ing too readily America's guid- ance. It was also a question oi Japan not having the same range of interests in the out side world that other grea Powers have. Japanese diplomacy is a present more straightforward 1 than that of any other impor taut country's because it is cor cerned almost entirely wit Irade. The chief aim of Japan rse diplomacy is to keep trad flowing: Japan's wealth an future hopes of increasing it de- pend on and trade alone All countries protect their e onomic interests but Japan unique among the major ers in the degree of its depem cnce on foreign trade. Americ Russia and China are contin- ental Powers with considerable resources of raw materials ami foreign trade is not the key to their development as it is to Japan's diplomacy is further simplified because its armed forces are by constitution al- lowed to only a heavily-arm- ed home police force. Japanese (Xplomals cannot devise mili- tary security pacts or em crgcncy plans to protect their long lines of sea communica lion. Nor, because Japan relics in the long run on the Amen can deterrent, does Japan hav to worry about what it would d if the security of the Japanese islands was itself directly threatened by nuclear attack. But what is most signifi- antly absent in Japan's diplo- lacy is the sense of political n d cultural aggressivnoss hich is so strong in the other major powers. China. Russia nd America all believe their ystcm to be best not only for icmselves but for the rest of he world. The danger of nu- lear war has increasingly lim- led what they do about this >ut in their different ways (hey a 11 remain missionaries a heart. By contrast most Japan ese telieve that what is good for Japan is good for Japan alone: there is liltle feeling tha Ihe Japanese way of doin things could or should be spread around the world. This is very clear if you com pare Japanese and Chinese b havior in South-East Asia. Tl Japanese trade heavily wit South-east Asia but their re ntelost stops at making mon- ey. The Japanese who work in he area typically live apart in irtificial Japanese colonies. The Chinese do little trade with most of South East Asia but China's influence Is always there, even in those countries where the Government is firm- ly anti-Peking. It is maintain- ed through local Chinese com- munities (which, unlike Japan- ese, have cteep roots into tho native communities) or through local Communists and their sympathisers. Mao and the Chinese way of life arc either feared or ad- mired in South-East Asia. There is little interest in Japan apart I on Asian development do not, from the products H sells and buys because the modem Jap- as far as Is known, include tho deep penetration of South-East anese, unlike the Chinese, offer Asian economies by Japanese no solutions to Ihe social and political problems of South-East Asia. For Ihe momenl the Jap- anese seem content that this should he EO. Newspapers here are now v.-riting abDut Japan and China creating a "new order" in Asia but the truth is that is is China alone which has the big business. The question is how much longer Japan's present onc-di- mcnsional diplomacy can con- tinue. As Japan unties Itself from the United States and starts a more active relation- ship with China its leaders may think it necessary to develop the stunted political part of its ideas and the missionary spirit 1 diplomacy, and at some late: for such an undertaking. And date, more traditional military though Chinese attitudes I cspecls as well: unorthodox to the cutside world have soft- ened since the days of the cul- ihough and unwelcome though such thinking may still ba in tural revolution, China's ideas' Tokyo today. p You can take a WHITE HORSE anywhere Distilled, Blended and Bottled in Scotland by White Horse Distillers Ltd., Scotland Bargain fore N'FW YOHK (API Visitors lo Manhattan who take the scenic fmy ride nrross York llnrbor will bn able lo ir.nkc a rnund trip without get- off al Slaten Island stari- ng Tucsdcy. That's because the bargain fare of a nickel rp.ch way across the five-mile hay now will IK; collected as a in.ecu! round liip fare on Ibe Manhattan side with free bciirding on Ktalen Island. motions have led to cancella- tion of beer licenses. He is also concerned with moon- shine making and alleged "protection" for bootleggers of homemade liquor as well. His columns have blamed il- legal liquor and highway tav- erns for at least a dozen traf- fic deaths in recent years. His editorials are equally frank in the endorsement of candidates for public office and denunciation of those he op pases. .OPINIONS DIFFER As for "lotal Hicks said: 'I can count no more than 40 in the entire county, and I'm not sure whether these real enemies were caused by newspaper posture or by my actions as police commissioner." What do average citizens think about him "Just about everybody hales said a 14-year-old hoy on a street corner. "But I don't, and my par- ents don't either." A woman secret ary said of Hicks: "I've been furious at some of the things he's printed, and I know that if I'm stopped by radar for speeding, even, my name will be in his paper next week. We need Dan Hicks and his paper. Somebody must re- mi n d our conscience and walch out for us when the au- thorities don't. Dan is a neces- sary evil." WIFE OBJECTS Hours afler I ho most recent fire, Hicks' wiu> has a heart ailment, said the family would "move away tomor- row." She objects Ip her husband's crusading tactics. George do it." Hicks quoted her as saying. "But TheTimelsNow Save and set a style Solid crepe long sleeve sport shirt. Long poinl collar. 3 button cuff, balloon sleeve. S.M.L.XL. Plum, black, rust, ivory, navy, wine. Reg. Save and Men's Perma Prest get something solid. shirt Solid colour, 100% Polyester knit shirt. Long sleeves. Long point collar. Plaquet front, 2 butt. cuff. S.M.L.XL. Plum, brown navy, wine. Reg. 599 5" STORE HOURS: Opon Daily 9 o.m. lo p.m. Thursday onb Friday 9 ci.m. lo 9 p.m. Centre Village. Telephone 37.8-9231 SIMPSONS bears long sfeeve sport sliirf, polyester ;3S% cotton. Wide spread collar. Solid shades. S.M.I.XL. Reg.