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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 11, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Wedneiday, October 1972 THE LETHBRIDGI HWAIB J The structure is becoming complex Problems of change in Soviet society OUTSPOKEN spokesmei for the Republican campaign Sen. Kobcrt Dole, nationa committee chairman, finds friendly podium at Washing ton's Capitol Hill Republics Club. Reducing variety Gadgets sweep By JUDY KLEMKSRUD New York Times Service New York Eleanor More-l- ie's right thigh was wrapped in a beige bandage. She was help- ing out at a news conference called by the Better Business Bureau of Metropolitan New York to "blow the cover off" so-called fraudulent reducing devices. It was the beginning of a new bureau campaign against "medical in which the American public is bilked out of between ?2 billion and billion a year, according to Woodrow Wirsig, bureau presi- is swept dent. "The nation with gadgets and pills and body wraps that claim to fake inches off a person's body without the difficult regiment of diet and ex- he said at the bureau's headquarters here. "But since the claims for these products and techniques have never been he added, "the Better Business Bureau considers them decep- tive and their ac'vertising mis- leading to the public." Wirsig read his statement near a wall that was plastered will] advertisements for things as inflatable plastic "Trim sauna belts, pills, creams and body wraps, all of which promised miracu- lous eight ancl-or inch losses for Iheir customers. Wirsifi said the bureau was especially annoyed by the body wrap a system ol wrapping bandages dipped in a chemical solution around those parts of the body that, need reduction. So Ihe slender, rlarkhaired Miss Morcllo, normally bureau sec- retary, was pressed into ser- vice to show how the wraps arc applied to various parts of Ihe By DEV MUHAKKA London Observer Service MOSCOW Soviet sociolog- s and demographers say that recent years there has been fundamental change in tho ructure of Soviet society. With vances in technology and ed- ation there are more "brain" orkers, more students and ore pensioners. Three factors arc said to ive caused this change. In the jrst place, work as well as so- al activity has become more Dmplex. Second, there umge in the proportion ol lose who work and those who udy. Third, the life span of IB population has become larg r, this increasing the proper on of retired people. At work the proportion of the population engaged in ctual or material production ctivity is still high compared ilh those engaged in brain- 'ork and the service sector. Vhereas in the United States more than half of all the em- ployed persons are "brain" and ervice workers, that stage has not been reached here yet. The provided are some- vhat confused. For instance, in me article it is claimed that he total number of gainfully employed persons in the USSR s of which 66 mil- ion, or 56 per cent, are working class, presumably production workers. But in the same ar- ticle it is claimed that 28 per cent of the employed popula- tion is engaged in trade and public catering and another 28 per cent in mental labour and in services. This adds up to 112 per cent. What this does indicate, how- ever, is that more than half of the working population is en- gaged in material production. Evidently Soviet sociologists want this situation changed be- cause they contend that the fewer people employed in ma- terial production the higher the indication of labor productivity. And even Communist Party documents complain that pro- ductivity is still low in the So- viet Union and needs to be raised rapidly. As for the second category, the sociologists say that in the past the number of working people was many times greater than the number of students (i.e. those training for work of one sort of But today the situation has changed. The students number 52.603.0CO, or just less than half of the work- ing population. The general standard of cducai'Oi ers is nlso rising; a majority of them have at least secondary education, and it is the pro- claimed aim of the Party to raise the average educational level of the workers even more. This creates problems, since the more educated workers ex- pect rather different standards of conditions at work and at home. Numerous sociological investigations in recent years indicate that pressure is on for better working conditions and greater comfort at home. Retired people or pensioners number In fact this figure indicates only those whose main source of income is a pension. There are another seven million whose earnings from part-time work or other sources is greater than the pen- sions they receive. These figures relate to 1970, when 'he popu- lation of the USSR was along place rapidly in the So- viet Union, the pace would be aster if restrictions were re- moved from settlement in cities and towns and incentives not provided for younger people to stay on the farms. Tn spite of Ibis, the government has con- siderable difficulty in retaining educated people in the vil- lages. Most of them spend a good deal of effort and ingenu- ity in arranging their transfer to cities and towns under one pretext or another. Space shuttle is tested By BtLL STOCKTON AP Science W LOS ANGELES names have as much glamor as a mud flatiron, lilting body, flying bathtub. They reflect little of the excite- ment of man's conquest of space. Ditto for the dumpy cross between a sleek rocket and a graceful fighter plane. But a small band of engineers and test pilots at a U.S. Mr- Force base in the Mojave De- sert are using the strange craft to prove that the space shuttle United States' manned space spectacular of the 1980s work. Piloting their wingless birds I shimmering dry lake beds here, Administration's flight research 111 _ .VI-JTI centre nt the bflso. "We showed that these hyper- sonic shapes were feasible, thai they could be controlled in flight and that we could guide them to powerless landings at near nor of space from 10 miles above earth down to powerless, 200 miles-ajn-hour landings on the I'ritcr the pilots have shown that man AP) The doesn't have to encase himself n a metal can to return from ipace. SPLASH OUTDATED Soon, the dangling parachute return followed by an undigni- ied splash in the ocean will be outdated. Instead, U.S. astro- lauts will gently ease their earth-orbiting rocket ship into the atmosphere and begin a 100-mile spiral, descent to a landing at an airfield, almost like a normal jetliner. "I think our work here with the wingless aircraft definitely had an effect on the decision to go ahead with the space shut- said Milt Thompson, as- sistant chief of research at Ihe National Aeronautcs and Space mal landing speeds." The "hypersonic shapes" thai Thompson, a former test pilot alks about are the wingless lift ing bodies. The curious research aircraft have written an impor :ant chapter in aerospace his lory here in Ihe last decade. RE-ENTRY IS PROBLEM Safe re-entry into the earth atmosphere is a major problem The United States and RU.SSI both use "ballistic" re-enlrj plunging a blunt-nosed spac craft with a heat shield into the atmosphere like a rock sinking in water. Alt IS CALM Tho calm before the blastoff is captured in reflective view of Apollo 17 Space Vehicle Assembly Building at Cape Kennedy's Complex 39A. Saturn booster will lift aslronauls Eugene Csrnan, Ronald Evans and Harrison Schmill the moon Dec. 6 in man's most elaborate moon mission on record. anatomy. "Elastic bandages are used in the body Wirsig in the angry lone be used throughout Ihe news confer- cnce, "These bandages have also been called lapcs, glamour clothes and mummy wraps, and they all claim or imply to have a secret formula in a solution that brings alxnit girth reduc- tion. Most of the lime this se- cret formula is Epsom Salts." Wirsig admitted that no tests had been made nn humans to see whelhcr Ihe wraps actually would lake inches off the body, so one-sixth of the total population has already retired and the proportion of retired people is steadily increasing. It is becoming quite a prob- lem to provide facilities for the retired people, some of whom are quite active. Although there have been general appeals to provide them with some kind of employment, mainly in the so- cial and political field where Uieir experience and seniority can be put lo use, a large prop- ortion of them in fact must still depend On their pensions. The Soviet sociologists draw the conclusion that their society as a whole is becoming more advanced. They point out for instance lhat of every 10 per- sons employed five are work- ers, three are Intellectuals and office employees, and two are collective farmers. Approxi- mately six out of Ihe 10 live in a cily. But tliis Is not all. Recent studies have shown (hat a kind of transformation is also taking place among agricultural work- ers. Their number is declining, but because of the grealcr use of machines more of them are now skilled rather than purely manual workers. Soviet sociol- ogist.? infer from Llils that lech- nologica! change by il.self K bringing alxnil a certain degree The medical consensus was I of equality between the (own Ihr.l the only way person cou'd successfully lose weight and inches was by "not putting so much fowl in (the and pulling more energy out." and countryside, although the differences are still very sharp compared with tho more ad- vanced countries. Indeed, though urbanisation Is SIMPSONS hears Today you can pocket cold cash on rugged boys' snowclothes of weatherproof nylon. Three styles. All low priced! a-Eskimo parka. Basket weave nylon quilted rayon lining and Orion trimmed hood Knit storm cuffs. Jumbo zipper front. Navy only. Sizes 8, 10, 12, 14, 13. 12.99 b-The snowmobile suit. A terrific bargain at regular prico, sensational at this special saving. Made of lough nylon with nylon lining. Zip front. Two patch pockels. Knit cuffs. Navy only. Sizes 8, 10, 12, 14, 16. 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