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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 10, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta mt IIEKALU weanesaoy, uciooer m, Trudeau's China visit Chinese may not want to talk about trade By JOHN BURNS Special to The Herald has 1 een suffering the reactions of isitors to China ever since Marco Polo first set foot in f ibled Cathay, and there is no jason to suppose that the i adio, television and press jntingent of nearly 60 that v ill accompany Prime linister Pierre Trudeau on !.is journey here next week he any exception So it i lay be as well to define the 1'mits of what the prime i unister can accomplish 1 etcre he and his party set out r.om Ottawa on their adven- ire Mr Trudeau has been uoted as saving that the pnn- i .pal objective of his visit will 1 o his discussion of trade with i le Chinese leaders, but it is 1 -inl to believe that this will I'Milv be the dominant issue. I ospite us huge population. (inna s trade is relatively s nail about the same as s scarcely a fifth of I u'.adci's and is likely to re- r am so as long as the first p mnpie of Chinese economic f'lKj icmains that of self- i Chance Even if Mr. Trudeau's ords are taken at face value. ,e indications are that time ill militate against any ex- -ruled discussion of trade 'ihc schedule provides for the I rime minister to spend only days in Peking and protocol tor past visits by heads of government suggests that not more than six or seven hours of this will be spent in formal talks with Mr. Chou. More important still, there is reason to believe that Premier Chou En-lai, usually predisposed to leave trade matters to subordinates who are expert in the field, will ex- haust his patience with trade talks more swiftly than Ot- tawa may have supposed If his meetings here last month with French President Georges Pompidou are any guide, what the Chinese pre- mier will be most anxious to discuss will be security, not trade, and it is this that almost certainly will dominate the exchange Within these limits Canada's sales, at million last year, are already dis- proportionately large Yet they are still tiny compared with Canadian exports to such major trading partners as the United States (S13.5-bilhon) the United Kingdom bilhon) and Japan (S958- milhon) and not much larger than sales to the Netherlands which Mr Trudeau has not been so con- spicuously anxious to promote. Moreover one can doubt that Mr Trudeau has much to say about trade that has not been covered already by the regiment of Canadian ministers and officials who have preceded him to Peking in the past two years The no- tion undoubtedly exists that the prime minister, by per- sonal intervention at the highest level, can persuade the Chinese to further develop their trade with Canada or at least make it easier for Cana- dian businessmen to lay their wares before Chinese buyers, but experience suggests that even Mr. Trudeau's entreaties are not likely in themselves to bring a change in Chinese trading policies. These policies have always been rooted more in a hard-nosed calculation of China's economic interests than in any desire to please friends In recent times China's international perspectives have been conditioned almost exclusively by a professed fear of the Soviet Union and Mr Trudeau. as the head of a NATO government that has embarked with its allies on a quest for detente with Mos- cow, will be subject to the most insistent representations on the matters from his Chinese host Countering them will be as tough an assjgnment as Mr. Trudeau has' faced in his diplomatic career, requiring all the wit and debating skill that he and interior Excellent Choice for walls or ceilings in your home, wide selection of custom colours. Stock up now for Fall decor- ating. Semi-GloM Enamel Has a tough, scrubbable finish. Colors to match our Latex. Shop new and r-c 5 .97 Gallon Pre-Pasted Vinyl Coated Wallcovering Give your home a beautiful new look. 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DEPARTMENT STOWS IF YOU TAKE AWAY OUR LOW PRICES YOU'VE GOT A REGULAR DEPARTMENT STORE, his advisers can command. The case Mr. Chou will lay before the prime minister hinges on the contention that the Soviet Union, by the ex- pedient of mutual troop reduc- tions, aspires to weaken West- ern Europe and render it sub- ordinate to the Soviet will. But behind this lies China's acute concern for its own security, which the Chinese believe would be immediately and adversely effected by agreements in Europe that left Moscow free to concen- trate its attentions on its smouldering border dispute with Peking. The intensity of Chinese feelings on the matter can be judged from Mr Chou's re- marks in his report to the re- cent Party Congress. "The West always wants to urge the Soviet revisionists eastward to divert the peril towards he said, adding that China should prepare for a "sudden attack" by Moscow Too many diplomats here the words read like a warning that China's rapproachement with the West, undertaken as a hedge against the Soviet threat, was under review and could be halted altogether if the Chinese leaders become convinced that the West is ready to sacrifice China's security for the sake of peace in Europe. Whether Mr Trudeau is the man to allay Chinese suspicions on this score is open to doubt. The Chinese have not forgotten the prime minister's visit to the Soviet Union two years ago and the statements of amity (for ex- ample, his pledge to strengthen relations between the two countries on the basis of friendship, good neighborlmess and mutual trust) while there Nor are they unaware that the Trudeau government halved Canada's NATO contingent shortly after it came into of- fice, leaving a force of men behind as its contribution to European security, and subsequently committed itself with some enthusiasm to the mutual and balance force reduction talks which will open in Vienna at the end of this month Mr Trudeau, like Mr Pom- pidou before him is assured of a spectacular show of public enthusiasm during his visit. There will be red banners of welcome wherever he goes, thousands massed in the streets to greet his motor- cade, lavish banquets and warm for all visiting dignitaries save those from the two superpowers, but not without a tinge of irony when con- sidered in the context of the Trudeau government's differences with economic nationalists at his efforts to promote the "state sovereignty and national inde- pendence" of Canada But the prime minister, again like Mr. Pompidou, may find that his accomplishments here fall short of his expectations un- less he can fashion some sort of accommodation with his hosts on the question of detente Judging from the Pompidou experience, it may not be enough for Mr. Trudeau to offer the Chinese leaders his assurance that Canada will approach the talks with Moscow without illusions and insistent on mutuality and ironclad guarantees. The prevailing view here seems to be that the hottest place in hell is reserved for those who remain neutral in a time of moral crisis. And there is no disposition to sym- pathize with those western countries which seek to develop the best of relations with Moscow and Peking without taking any kind of stand on the issues raised by the dispute between them. When the talk turns to bilat- eral issues Mr Tnideau will have his chance to say his piece on trade. Most of the potential sources of conflict have already been resolved by negotiation at the official level. Where Mr Trudeau may score is on wheat A wheat board delegation will have been in Peking for more than three weeks by the time he arrives and the suspicion lingers that the timing of its visit here was contrived, by the Chinese if not by the Canadians to permit the an- nouncement of a major wheat purchase during the visit. Speculative figures being bandied about speak of a million, about average for re- cent years, but if the prime minister wishes to take some of the credit for any deal that may be concluded he must also be ready to accept responsibility for any purchase that falls sub- conrliirioi) on I'age 15 Features World Series Specials from SUPER MAX STYLING DRYER Superpower with 5 style- drying attachments No 8735 21.95 (Available only in Coimatie Dapt.) "PURR" ELECTRIC DETANGLER De-tangles wet 01 dry hair Helps pre- vent hair damage. No 8815 (Available in the Coamatlc Dapt.) GILLETTE DRY LOOK I i- gnl.ir or Ir i Hold 6 OZ Your Choice GILLETTE FOAMY SHAVE CREAM ,83 GILLETTE TRAC II RAZOR Includes 5 cartridges 1.99 GILLETTE SUPER STAINLESS STEEL RAZOR BLADES TON! 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