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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 10, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, October 10, Today's problems transcend ideology By C. L. Sulzberger, New York Times commentator After the war Tlie latest war in the Middle East is apt last longer than the short-lived one in lor the simple reason that neither side got the jump on the other. But unless the major powers allow themselves to get sucked into the fight which seems unlikely the odds are pretty good that Israel will onee again deleat the Arab forces. Contradictory statements have been made about who started this latest war but it seems extremely unlikely that Israel initiated the action. Despite the 1'act thai there are many non-practising Jews in Israel today, its beggars belief to think that the holy day. Yom Kippur. would be chosen for the launching of a war. Kven more convincing, of course, is the fact that the Israelis apparently didn't knock out the air power of the Arabs which was the result of the pre- emptive strike in the Six-Day War. The Israelis claim that they were aware ot the build-up of Arab military forces but sacrificed the advantage of a pre-emptive attack in order to demonstrate unquestionably that they were not the aggressors. This is believable. All along the Israelis have maintained that they only want to be left to live in peace but that this was impossi- ble without secure borders and recogni- tion of the existence of the state. Now they may have a chance of gaining greater world sympathy and support for a negotiated peace based on the fun- damental issue of recognition. What is happening in the war remains clouded in Arab hyperbole and the need of maintaining morale on both sides. Nothing, however, should obscure the fact that a negotiated settlement must come in which the Arab world admits the reality of Israel as a permanent presence in the Middle East and which makes a place somehow for the Palesti- nian refugees. Terrible as war is. maybe this good can come of it once the latest round of fighting is over. China-U.S.S.R. crisis According to rumors circulating among Eastern diplomats it appears that the ideological battle between the Soviet Union and China is heading towards a new climax. Evidence of increased hostilities between the two countries comes from a recent statement of party leader Leonid Brezhnev in Alma Ata and semi-official articles in the Russian press that Moscow no longer considers China a socialist state. Although officially not confirmed, the Soviet Union is planning a conference of all Communist parties throughout the world, probably in order to expel China from the World Communist movement. A number of recent statements made by premier 7hou-En-lai calling on Western Europe not to relax its vigilance towards the Soviet Union clearly point to increased tension between Moscow and Peking. On the occasion of French Presi- dent Georges Pompidou's visit to Peking, Mr. Chou referring to detente as "only a superficial phenomenon" said "Historic experience has shown many times that a fictitious pledge cannot br- ing true peace" and that the policy of some leaders "consists in carrying nuclear weapons in one hand and so- called peace and security declarations and treaties in the other hand with a view to committing deception and imposing their will on others." Pravda again stated in a recent article that "the Maoist leadership is now open- ly forming a political bloc with the most reactionary imperialist forces which represent the standpoint for militant anti-Sovietism, pursue aggressive, revanchist policies, oppose the forces of progress and support the continuation of bankrupt Cold War policies." Eastern European dipiomats, interpreting Moscow's attitude, claim that a pragmatic China headed by more moderate leaders desiring improved relations with Japan and the West would be a more serious rival to Moscow than an isolated China as a result of its Cultural Revolution. Another view to be considered is that while Soviet leaders are pursuing a policy of detente with the West the increased hate propaganda towards China could have been designed to side- track the hardline opposition to detente within the Soviet camp. Autumn on the prairie The prairie is sometimes more a feel- ing than a landscape. It generates a sense of dimensional freedom, of belong- ing in space: it challenges the mind and the heart to grow to meet the horizon. A prairie dweller belongs as much to the sky as to the land. He is used to the infinite. He lives with scenic wonders which change by the hour. Every morn- ing a prairie sunrise is like the dawn of a new world, just because it's there to be seen, and every prairie sunset simply opens the curtain on a star-studded un- iverse which takes him as close to infini- ty as he cares to go. Autumn on the prairie has a very special feeling. There is a touch of elegance to the landscape, a sense of dis- tinction to every coulee and an air of grace along every meandering river. To a prairie dweller comes an absurd sense of relief and contentment at this recognizable beauty. Time is another infinite quality of the prairie and in the fall there is a sense ot available time, after the mad rush to make the most of summer is gone. There is even time to laugh at the wind, as it scurries children to school and solves the leaf disposal problem over night. There is time to anticipate winter, the intimate season, and to hope that it com- es quietly in the middle of the night, to be there as a morning surprise. ART BUCHWALD A bushwacked time machine WASHINGTON Americans are groggy from keeping up with all the things happening to their government in the past year. So far, the people being blamed for this are the press, overxealous aides in the N'ixon ad- ministration, the justice department and the Senate Watergate committee. But Teebold Hatameyer. a compuler expert, has another theory. He thinks the lime machine is out of synchronization. He feels that unless someone gets it back in order we will never be able to sort out our troubles. "As far as I know." he told me. "the lime machine was working perfectly up until the election, received his mandate and the machine had been programmed to give us a peace wilh honor soon afterward. But then someone ietl Watergate into Ihe machine and it's been acting erratically ever since." "How do you "Well, for one thing, this is the first time in history thai you've had gasoline rationing after a war was over. In fact it was only after we slopped fighting that we had shortages of any kind." "It does sound I admitted. "Now look at Watergale. The time machine was programmed for a scandal in Nixon's administration...every ad- minislralion must have at least one. But Watergate produced a dozen, plus two conslilulional crises in one year." "That's correct. You have the question ol the president being forced to give up his tapes, and you have the question of whether a vice-president can be indicted lor a crime before he's impeached. In the past, the time machine has only given us one constitulinal crisis every 20 years." "Maybe someone has speeded up the machine." I suggesled. "That's a possibility." Ratameyer said. "It might explain the rate of ini'la- lion. We know that we must expect a certain amount of inflation every year, but what's been happening in the last six months is ridiculous. Only a time machine that's gone completely berserk could allow prices to increase at the rate they have." "Do you think the Democrats have been messing with the time machine to make Nixon look "I doubt it." said Ratameyer. "They're just as much victims of il as the Republicans. Here they have the greatest political scandal in Ihe history of the nation, and they don't even know what to do with it. Anyone who could fix a lime machine would be brighl enough to have a plan." "I musl admit your Iheory has some validity." "The time machine is not only out of whack politically, but it's also out of whack socially. More people are gelling divorced lhan are gelling married this year." "That in itself is a constitutional crisis." I said. "We've gone to the moon, but we can't heat our homes. And the higher the standard of living gels in Ihis country, the more chance you have of choking to death." "What can we "Someone has gol to get. to Ihe lime machine and repair it. We've got to put it back in working order before it gels In all of us." "But who could do I asked. 1 It's really a job for Superman." Why I called said Ratameyer. "But he told me he doesn't make house calls." HONG KONG Despite visible improvement in political relationships and growing trade between West and East, there is obviously no belief in Ihe Communist world thai this betokens ideological con- v e r g e n c e and a n a r o r r o w i n g of the philosophical gap. Indeed, that ebullient tourist Leonid Brezhnev told Pravda only last year: "we must be prepared for this struggle to be inten- sified and becoming an ever-sharper form of the confrontation between the systems" (communism and Nevertheless a wholly unexpected and dis- agreeable kind of con- vergence is forcing itself p r a g m a I i c a 11 y on the West, not by choice, in the lead and with the Easl perceptibly catching up. This con- vergence comes from the unsought sharing of some of this generation's least wanted problems which have a habit of transcenr ding ideology. These in- clude existing or looming difficulties with energy, environment, and money. It is expected that within seven years the Soviet Union and its East Euro- pean allies will be con- fronted with an energy shortage. This is unlikely lo be nearly so critical as those predicted by then for the U.S.. Japan and Western Europe. Yet its almost certain arrival con- t r a d i c t s Moscow's previsions of even a year or Iwo ago. By 1980. statistical evidence foresees that crude oil and natural gas consumption in the Cornecon lands (equivalent to the U.S. plus the Euro- pean Common Market) wil II far exceed the area's production capacity. It is calculated that by then Comecon will have to import almost 175 million Ions of crude oil annually, primarily from the Middle East and Africa. Similar imports of nalural gas are estimated by a Hungarian expert at up lo 130 billion cubic motors a year. The Soviet Union gradually reduced its own long-range energy produc- tion goals during Ihe 1960s and even Ihen failed lo meet those lower targets. "Can'l you see we're in the middle of a policy meeting on the office lamp bulb that burned out last week No corporate extortion for charity By William Saffire, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON Arthur Goldberg, the toriner everything, used to tell the story of the rescue party that approached some trapped moun- taineers in a snowy ravine, yelling to them "it's the Red to which the desperate men yelled back "we gave at the The Krvm committee's look into political fund- raising, which could lead to specific: legislative reforms, opens up a related subject that is rarely discussed: the ele- ment of coercion in much ol today's fund-raising for charity. Gilts by corporations to political parties are against the law: similar gilts by corporations to organized charities are within, and even en- couraged by, the law. This is what happens: Charily X approaches the public relations man lor a large company and says 'let's make a philanthropist and a civic demigod out of that old skinllml you have for a chairman of the board. We'll give a dinner in his honor." Chairman Tightwad coughs up a lew thousand dollars to the fund for free computer access for precocious children, which makes him a and then hands over what the charity really wants: the corporation's list of suppliers. Soon alter, any company thai sells raw materials or any kind of service to Tightwad Industries gets a letter from the dinner chairman, known to be a crony of their important customers lop mar, in- viting its executives to come and do homage to this lilelong philanthropist. T h e c h a r i t y w i s e ad agencies, unions, architects of the corporate head- no im- mediate commitments, but wait for the next step: the telephone call from the professional fund- raiser "on behalf" of Chairman Tightwad, telling them how many tables they are expected to buy. In case the corporate cousins do not get the word, the presidents of those companies find themselves appointed "vice chairman of the dinner committee" and in- vited to a cocktail party at which old Tightwad in per- son watches with beady eye as they pledge to pass the pressure on to their subcontractors. Thus, a lit- tle viggerish is added to price, quality and service as the criteria for doing business. At the dinner in Ihc grand ballroom, where the entertainer in the hotel's nightclub makes a "free" appearance (that's the hotels kickback for the dinner business) some up- right people extol Tightwad's career while his suppliers and industry associates sit grim-faced on the dais and junior ex- ecutives fill up the tables and listen to the speeches. A nil a s u b s I a n 11 a I amount of money goes to charily." The donations had nothing to do with ihc spirit of charity: they were coerced, given at the direc- tion ol corporate officials to protect business currently done or to curry lavor with a good prospect, or given by competing cor- porations who have the right to demand an equal when their chairmen need ego massages. Business is business, one might all. isn't the money for a worthy cause'.' If we did not permit this little clement of self- aggrandizement Ihrough corporate coffers, would nol innocents suffer and diseases go uncured? Perhaps. I3ul consider who is doing Ihe con-' intuiting. Not Tightwad In- dustries and its suppliers and banks and depen- dents. Corporate con- Iribulions are deductible. Up to five per cent of that "contribution" out of cor- porate profits would have gone to Ihe U.S. treasury and deductible corporate charily currently adds up to more than a billion dollars a year. The other half of the cor- porate conlribulion is or- dinarily lacked on to the price Ihc suppliers charge Tightwad Industries, which it in turn passes on to the consumers. (If this is not done, then the money has been taken out of the profits dividends of millions of stockholders.) Old Tightwad and his dais guests are nol especially out ol pocKci. Hold on, now harm is really being done? Even if the money "con- tributed cornes from tax- payers and consumers and stockholders, isn't il better thai the money be channeled through private- ly run charities rather than Ihrough the government bureaucracy'.' Doesn't this guarantee diversity? A n s w e r p r i v a t e charities are and have been enormously important to the American spirit and are often more innovative than government. That is why some lax deductions should continue to be per- mitted on personal con- tributions by individuals. Hut charities should be truly privately supported, not publicly supported, which means we should make corporate charitable contributions as unlawful as corporate political con- tributions. And id's cut the coercion out of charity. Creative lund-raisers should be able to come up with the most heartrending appeals, or rational and sensible motivations, to get people to they will do only if they are denied the corporate or union power to twist arms. The spirit of generosity dies when the practice of corporate extortion is tolerated. We can discover more faith in ourselves and hope for our fellow man if we shake off the hypocrisy in our daily among the greatest of these is much of what goes on under the name of "charilv." One consequence is ap- paienl determination to develop greater access to Middle East supplies to satisfy Coinecon's internal market. Fuel shortages have hitherto not trouble in- duslrializalion plans in the Communist area whose economy has been at a generally lower stage of development than those of America. Europe and Japan. Thus, for example, the current stock of privately owned automobiles in the U.S.S.H. is million as compared with a U.S. in- ventory of million. Combined with much lower popopulation density, this lias lessened the en- vironmental threat. Nevertheless, whiie the air above the huge Com- munist empire is more pure than in Japan or the West. Soviet engineering has taken collosal gambles with the natural water balance by diverting the courses of great Siberian rivers. Moreover, inadequately treated sewage and in- dustrial effluents have poisoned vast riparian systems, above all those leading into the Caspian Sea. Lakes and streams are being polluted by agricultural chemicals. The Soviet planned economy seeks to fight back before danger becomes too great. Moscow is removing from its city limits some 200 dirtying enterprises. The national press MO longer- boasts that "our state would never permit such a thing" as air pollution. Most curious of all trans- ideological developments is the spread of capitalism's monetary the Marxist world which has carefully es- chewed any relationship to a gold exchange standard, convertibility, or links to international bodies such as the International Monetary Fund. One wonders if Moscow, as it deliberately expands trade with the West, will be more eager to participate in global currency dis- cussions. L. Faluvegi. Hungarian iiunisU'r ol finance, urged this year that the Comccon monetary system be more elliciently integrated in order to work out "a com- mon currency, a currency which would play the role' of a realistic rate of ex- change." lie would like this hi be "closely tied in with tiie other monetary systems of world." The Hungarian, whose country has been given the short end of the Soviet commercial slick, says: "the clearings made in Iranslcrrable rubles bear every sign of being Iruly multilateral, but the mui- lilaieral clearing of sur- pluses and deficits still only account for a small portion of the trade among Comccon countries. One of the main reasons for this is the fact that the common currency still does nol play Ihe role ol a realistic rate ol exchange." Much as S o v i e I orthodoxy wishes to dis- miss the heretical thought ol ideological convergence with other systems, the implacable problems of a planet grown too small lor .its inhabitants are im- posing upon them a problem-sharing that ig- nores preferred d i 11 e r e n c: e s in a d rninislrafive and governing me I hods. Such con- vergence may be in- escapable. The Uthbridge Herald 504 7th Si. S. Lethbridge. Alberla LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954. by Hon. W.A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ol Circulations Cl to W MOWERS. Crlilor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS, General Mun.ifler DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Fditor Associate Editor ROY MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;