Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 10, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
32 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, October 10, 1973 Anthropology is study of exotic, commonplace It's never dull, says professor Home sweet home A Son family of New Guinea preparing lunch. The Sori do not have cooking pots and use only bark containers and baskets. In the right background can be seen the slender sticks that support their hOUSe Photos by Jean-LucChodkitwicz The study of anthropology is never dull, says a new assis- tant professor at the Universi- ty of Lethbridge. In his relatively short career, Jean-Luc Chodkiewicz has already dined on grubs and bats in the jungles of New Guinea and been shot at by In- dians in the mountains of Mexico. This fall, he tem- porarily put aside these adventures to join the Univer- sity of Lethbridge anthropology department. Following such activities might not a position in a small Southern Alberta university seem somewhat dull? The thought has never occurred lo Dr. Chodkiewicz. He brings to his new job the same enthusiasm and regard for humanity's variety which characterized his travels abroad. "Here in Lethbridge. there are combinations of many fac- tors which cause unique cultural says the PHILCO and ACME TELEVISION LTD. present their FALL featuring PHILCO COLOR TELEVISION LIMITED QUANTITIES Many, Many, More Unadvertised Specials GLEN TANAKA Acrfle Television North Sfore PHILCO 25" COLOR TV Trim line contemporary cab- inet, finished to match walnut. Features include: Auto-Lock Channel Tuning Transistorized Solid State Signal System Transistorized tuners Harvest Sale Special PHILCO 26" COLOR TV Finished in popular Spanish Pecan and Contemporary Walnut. Features include: I tuning system Transistorized solid stale signal system Transistorized channel indicators Instant response HARVEST SALE SPECIAL MAS SHIGEHIRO Mcnager Acme Television Cjllt.gr Moll PHILCO 26" COLOR TV Full Console finished in rich walnut. Features include: Philcomat'C 1 tuning system. Jus; select Ihe channel, a pusri of Hie PhiicomatiC but- ton puLs into full opera'.ion automatic tint, color, and A C.T lor a beautiful color picture Trans'siorized solid state srgnnl system TransistOI'zerJ UHI7VHF tuners Harvest Sale Special 569 PHILCO 26" COLOR TV Fine cabinetry achie- ved in contemporary walnut finish. Features include; Philcomatic I tuning system. Transistorized solid state signal system Transistorized tuners Memoiy-matic pre-set (me HARVEST SALE SPECIAL 599 Harvest Sale Specials available at both locations, ACME TELEVISION LTD. 535 -13th Street North "We Service What We Sell" College Mall slight, bespectacled professor. "Anthropology is the science of man, including ethnic groups in the Lethbridge area, as well as the more exotic cultures. "In daily he adds, "we encounter a number of different cultures, but we are not aware of them, and tend not to discuss the interesting aspects of our backgrounds with each other." He believes that anthropologists have a duty to share their knowledge of other cultures, so people will come to appreciate and respect life- styles different from their own. DIVERSITY NEEDED "Cultural diversity makes sense, and is justified." says the anthropologist. "People must cope with life in ways best suited to their en- vironment. It would be ridiculous lo expect everyone to adopt customs suitable to the North American way of life." Born and educated in Paris, Dr. Chodkiewicz studied at the Sorbonne and at Columbia University. New York, receiv- ing his Pn.D. from the latter. While at Columbia, he spent a total of 12 months in the mountains of Mexico, study- ing the economy and social organization of a village of about 1.200 Mazahua Indians. Living only 100 miles from Mexico City, the Mazahua have managed to maintain a 8jod deal of their originality, nee in their village, Dr. Chodkiewicz' first step was to learn the Mazahua of the people did not speak Spanish. Studying Mazahua kinship patterns, Dr. Chodkiewicz learned the Indian courtship involved 'bride capture', an action which might be described as kidnapping and elopement in our society, depending on the age of the participants and the wrath of the families. LAND COMPETITION Dr. Chodkiewicz found the Indian village had remained isolated because the Mazahua fiercely fought off neighbor- ing Indians who were in com- petition for their land, resulting in an average of eight murders a year. At the outset of his visit, the anthropologist was personally threatened and shot at, until he succeeded in curing some of the sick and making friends with respected members of the Indian community. As an additional measure of keeping outsiders off their land, the Mazahua marry only people of their own com- munity. Dr. Chodkiewicz learned that the inter- marriage for several generations within such a small village does not seem to result in genetic defects. "The close 'interbreeding' tends to increase likelihood of the combination of deleterious genes in the same he says. "And since the In- dians receive little or no medical care, they die early from these diseases and do not transmit bad genes." QUITE DIFFERENT The anthropologist observed a quite different culture when he lived for nine months in the West Sepik district of New Guinea with a band of hunters and gatherers called the Sori. He was the first white man to stay with the Sori, who had been 'discovered' by an Australian patrol officer in 1968, iust a year before his arrival. The Sori population numbered about 60 remnants of a larger group. About 10 tears earlier, the Sori had een nearly wiped out by other hostile natives who, in an attempt to escape from the control of the Australian ad- ministration, took over a por- tion of Sori territory, killing off the population of two villages in the process. Again, after learning to communicate in the Sori language, the anthropologist eventually came to be regard- ed as a friend, particularly because he had medicines and a shot gun with which he hunted for the Sori. says Dr. Serenity A family of Mazahua Indians of Mexico in front of their house. The round building on the left is an oven used only to bake bread on ceremonial occ- assions. The woman is weaving a belt, similar to the one she is wearing. Chodkiewicz. "the Sori weren't at all interested in me. They were more concern- ed with cultivating their taro (a potato-like crop) and living on long and unrewarding hunting trips." Equipment like the anthropologist's tape recorder and camera held no excite- ment for the Sori. However, they were fascinated with his umbrella! ENVIRONMENT HARSH Dr. Chodkiewicz wanted to study how the Sori culture helped them to adapt to their rather harsh environment a combination of swamps and dense jungle, with few animals to hunt and a few fish in the rivers. Like most of the bands of hunters and gatherers left in the world today, the Sori are "refugees" who hide in poor areas. "Other people in New Guinea knew so little about the says Dr. Chodkiewicz. "that they believed them to be can- nibalistic women who lured men into their clutches, only to kill them." This tale is very similar to the myth of the "Amazons" told in the 16th century by Spanish soldiers when they were assaulted by the women and crippled left behind in an Indian village while the men were away on a war party. "I had a great deal of dif- ficulty because of these stories." admits the anthropologist. "I hired several bearers, only to awake mornings and find they had been overcome with fear and had fled in the night usually taking some of my supplies with them." When he finally reached the Sori community it was with much less gear and fewer basic supplies than he'd started out. Three-quarters of the way through his stay with the Sori. he ran out of supplies and contacted malaria. As a result of the illness, he had to shorten his stay with the Sori by about four months. However, Dr. Chodkiewicz hopes to return both to New Guinea and to Mexico, in addi- tion to visiting parts of South America for the first time. "An anthropologist cannot just pack his bags and leave on an he emphasizes. "He must learn as much as he can about the people and the country he will visit. "You do not need a tropical sun to make a meaningful anthropological adds Chodkiewicz. "The 'clamor' of exotic travel and adventure is just a trivial and cumber- some aspect of the job. Anthropology is a scientific inquiry, and for the anthropologist, the true ex- citement comes from his search for a better and more systematic understanding of his fellow man." Teens plead not guilty to murders HOUSTON, Tex. (AP) Two teen-agers pleaded not guilty Monday to murder charges in the Houston mass murders in which 27 young males were slain. Elmer Wayne Henley, 17, and David Owen Brooks, 18, said "not guilty" after each of the six indictments against Henley and four against Brooks were read by District Court Judge William Hatten. Hatten set trial dates of Jan. 14 for Henley and March 4 for Brooks.