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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 10, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETVtBRIDGE HERAID Tuesday, Otlobci- 10, 1972 Martin Meredith Bad image Fears (Mat the Lothbridge Com- munity College would acquire a bad imagii from having a hospital for the handicapped on the campus are sure- lv unfounded. Most people are now free from Dark Age attitudes about mental retardation which once led to attempts to hide the menially handi- capped from view. Today there are special schools, shelters, and other facilities for the mentally retarded. They exist in the places where the non-handicapped are living, studying, working a n d playing. No contamination is expect- ed or experienced. Motivated by humanitarian concern for those who are born mentally handicapped, some people in society are striving to make Hie lot of the unfortunate better. 'Hie provision a special hospital facility is just one more evidence of that concern. Acceptance of such a facility by the LeUibridge Community College would not give the college a bad image but rejection would. To turn down the proposal on such grounds would re- veal a degree of unenlightenment that is shocking when associated with an institution of learning. An economic issue The issue behind the non-televising of the educational show Sesame Street is one of economics, as the production manager of CJOC-TV ex- plains in his statement on the oppo- site page. This is something that the Canadian Radio-Television Commis- sion explanation sent to all who write the CKTV, and which is also printed on the opposite page tends to gloss over. Sesame .Street is not really 'free" to the local television station. If it is shown, it is at the cost of using up revenue-producing time since Sesame Street cannot be sponsored. In the costly and competitive business of television Hie amount of time that can be designated for public service1 fs limited. The requirement of 60 per cent Canadian content established by the CRTC has complicated life further for the management of television sta- tions. Canadian shows do not neces- sarily produce the same advertising revenue as foreign mostly Ameri- can shows so lhat the best use of lime, economically speaking, be- comes imperative. It is aggravating to production managers and lo others outside tiie television industry that the CRTC makes such arbitrary rulings on what constitutes Canadian and foreign content. That Expo Baseball, a weekly two-and-one half to three hour show throughout the summer season, is classified as Canadian con- tent is ludicrous. Nothing about this show is Canadian: it just happens to originate in Montreal. If Ameri- can baseball can masquerade as something Canadian why can't Sesa- me Street at least pass as "neutral" and give everyone a break? Perhaps the solution lo the prob- lem would be for the public that wants shows such as Sesame Street to pay for them by subscription. But then the policing agency might rule this to be a form of advertising and the silualion would be back to square one. Putting the heat on the local station management to be benefac- tors to the community may work but fairness suggests tha't the CRTC de- serves to be hounded about its rulings instead. Colosseum-not for sale Rome may no longer qualify for the name it's been known by for cen- turies, the Eternal City. Grim stories are being told of rapid deterioration of its priceless treasures, of a crumb- ling Appian way, of falling statuary in the great Forum, now of danger to the great Colosseum. It's caused by modern metropolitan problems, over- crowding, smog, heavy traffic, and vandalism. Outright theft accounts for the complete disappearance of over Italian works of art in the past five years. An American businessman wants to buy the Colosseum for a million dollars. That sum might go a long Help Uganda's exiles to live Smith seeks support for compromise CAM SBURY, RHODESIA The Khodesian leader, Mr. ]an Smith, has made the first move to try lo break through Rhodesia's independence dead- lock since the British govern- ment's Pearcc Commission re- ported earlier this year that the Anglo-Rhodesian settlement proposals were unacceptable to Rhodesia's black population. Mr. Smith has indicated that he is prepared to pursue moro moderate race policies in an endeavor to gain African ap- proval of the settlement terms agreed by ttie British foreign secretary, Sir Alec Douglas- Home, and Mr. Smith nearly a year ago. Mr. Lance Smith, the internal affaire minister in the rebel Rhodesia n regime, held secret talks last week with leaders of ttie African National Council, which led the opposition to tho settlement deal. So far, the ANC's view has been that thero should be further negotiations with Britain. The Rhodesian leader is hop- Ing that liis new approach on racial issues will persuade large nuinljcrs of "moderate" Africans, who previously reject- ed t h e proposals during the I'eaice Commission's inquiry, to come out in support of them. But with or without a settle- ment, Mr. Smith has decided that Rhodesia's white rulers can no longer afford to intro- duce racial measures which would provoke the hostility of the African population; At a re- eenl three-day meeting of his Rticdcsian Front party iti Bul- awayo. he made it clear to party hardliners ttiat it would be senseless for the government to forfeit African co-operation by stepping up racial segrega- tion. He hinted that African chiefs, who had so far been the govern- ment's most reliable black sup- porters, were becoming criti- cal of certain aspects of Rho- desia's race policies' But more important he stressed the adverse effect that African discontent have on security problems. Defence officials have warned that the Khodesian army cannot hope to contain nationalist guerrilla ac- tivities inside Rhodesia without the support of local tribesmen, who, in the past, have kept tho authorities informed of the guerrillas' movements. Another pressing security problem confronting the Rho- desian authorities concerns guerrilla operations in neigh- boring Mozambique, along Rhodesia's eastern b o r d er where I lie Portugese army is having difficulty in containing the African nationalist offens- ive. Eventually, north-western Mozambique could become a base for Rhodesia's own guer- rilla groups, thus further stretching the government's se- curity forces. Mr. Snu'lh is also worried about Rhodesia's deteriorating financial position. Although the economy is in no danger of col- lapse as a result of sanctions, there is a serious shortage of foreign exchange and an urgent need for access to the world's money markets for develop- ment capital. Without a settle- ment, Rhodesia's economy will continue to stagnate wliile its numerous internal problems such as Africon unemployment, population growth and increas- ing alienation, mount up. Thus for both security and economic reasons, Mr. Smith is still holding out for a settle- ment. He has told his party that nothing must he done which would endanger settle- ment preselects. E'aiiy demands for further residential and so- cial segregation, the removal of African townships from white urban areas and the strict con- trol of the movement of Afri- cans from the tribal trust areas, where three-quarters of them live, to the white areas, are now to be given low prior- ity. In addition, Mr. Smith has spoken out against the dangers of "petty apartheid" and block- ed right-wing calls for separ- ate parks, separate queues at government offices and similar measures. Mr. Smith has halt- ed the steady drift to the Right; in Rhodesian terms he now stands as a "moderate" on ra- cial issues- way to liait deterioration, but the Ital- ian government won't sell the ancient spors arena, for obvious reasons. But the Californian should not be sold short. His offer has focused world attention on a modem Roman trag- edy, a threat that could wreak as much damage to the once splendid city, as the Vandals who overran it in the fifth century ever did. The salvation of ancient Rome is primarily a concern of the Italian government. One hopes that govern- ment pride will not prevent its seek- ing help from many thousands around the world who would be willing to give rather than buy. By Eva Brewster r'OUTTS Thirty-seven days before the deadline for Asians lo leave Uganda, we were sitting comfortably round our color television watching the first handful of these refugees set foot on Canadian soil. Somebody turned to me and asked: "How did you know so many months ago was going to happen Nobody had believed me then, but I knew I had lived with and accompanied that. 16- year-old girl ever since President Idi Amin had uttered the first veiled but ominous threats against her Asian community. Her parents, since then, spent their days visiting the consulates of the world to find refuge. Debhi stayed home. She could hear the thought of going away to a cold climate, a strange country, away from their lovely house, garden and pets. Yet she knev; everything would shortly be re- quisitioned and she would have to find homes for her animals, pack up and leave. One after another, she took her pony, dog, birds, and fish to native acquaintances who might shut their eyes to human suf- fering but drew the line when animals were threatened with destruction for want of a home. Debhi's parents told her one night they would probably go to Canada but there were yet a lot of formalities to go through. They would have to speiyl many more days, probably weeks, queuing for medical tests and filling out questionaires and so it would be left to her to pack up, sell what she could, and give away the rest. She made one last round through trin large, silent rooms, once so full of life, looked at. all their beautiful things and shrugged tier shoulders. They were, after all, a lot of very inanimate objects. Debhi was wise enough too to realize there was little chance of selling anything when every Asian frrinticnlly trying to do ttie same arid srmn, the nritivfin could help themselves to anything Asians would no' fw allrmftl to take with them. She therefore wrote postcards to her lath- er's old employees and househoys who had left them already, afraid to be associated with "enemies of the and asked them to call and take whatever they fan- cied the day she and her parents had to leave. Only a few days later they got clearance to leave the country arid Debhi banged the front door for the last time, shutting in a cacophony of voices belonging to people who had called themselves friends, fight- ing, arguing and almost coming to blows over knick-knacks. Not one of them had asked where she was going, too greedy to get their hands on things left behind. They reminded her of vultures. She ignored shouts from by-slanders: "Asians get and helped her parents into a taxi taking them to the airport, happy to be alive, glad to go to Canada, a country, she had heard, was as warm-hearted as its climate cold. "That was your my liusband said, looking at me curiously. "Only you did not get away. You made up the happy end- ing." Yes, it was my story but it is also the story of Debhi and of children all over the world born into the wrong race, color or creed. It has happened in every gener- ation and will continue happening as long as there are people with prejudices and hatred in their hearts. There will be many who, unlike Debhi, will not survive and a few, like me, wiio have to go through hell before IJiey can live again long as Iliere are people who shout loud enough: "We don't want Asians here. We have enough trouble and unem- ployment of our own." If you are one of those people, reconsider: Debhi's father, until recently a wealthy man, is prepared to sweep the streets of Canada and her mother would gladly wash other peoples' clothes or doors MI that (heir child can live. Help these refugees. They htvc only a few moro days licfore the trap closes. tews Item: DOCTORS. LAWYERS 5HQUU> TObi vKicta un wait "We're having a special on heart transplants this week." Nevertheless, lu's basic apar- t h e i d policies remain. He is processing ahead with plans for "provincialization" the separ- ate development of the African tribal trust lands along lines re- sembling Soulh Africa's Bant- ustans. Two provincial councils consisting mainly of cliiefs one for Mashonaland and one for Matabelclond are to be set up next January as the first step towards local African aut- onomy. In addition, Mr. Smith has stressed that the government lias no intention of revising the Land Tenure Act, the main pil- lar of Rhodesian Front strat- egy, which divides Rhodesia into white and black areas and controls the right of each group in the other's territory. The Act, which tho Smith-Home agreement last November left untouched, allocates about one half of the country to the 250, 000 whites and the other half to the five million blacks. The most serious obstacle facing Mr. Smith in his new quest for a settlement remains the African National Council, which the British government clearly believes represents the majority of Rhodesia's blacks, tip to now, the ANC leader, Bishop Abel Nuzorewa, has sug- gested that there should be a new round of constitutional talks, tills time involving Afri- can representatives. But tha British government (and Mr. Smith) says that there can b9 no further negotiations. Sir Alec Douglas-Homo tm urged black and wliile parties in Rhodesia to discuss the prob- lem between themselves. But Mr. Smith refused to talk to tha ANC, which he claims was re- sponsible for the violent distur- bances during the Pcarce Com- mission's visit to Rhodesia. Tha ANC, in him, remains distrust- ful of Mr. Smith and, In any case, would want concessions from him for example on tha Land Tenure Act far beyond any which he is hi a position to make- If Mr. Smith Is lo win a suf- ficient measure of African ap- proval of tiie same settlement proposals, he will probably have to circumvent Ihe ANC. Tliis means that he will have to rely on more "moderale" Africans, on whom he is clearly setting his sights; but whether there are enough of them re- mains to be seen. The- basic conflict between white and black interests which led to the failure of the Anglo- Rhodesian settlement plan ear- lier this year still exists. Mr. Smith, however, is now firmly committed to making another effort to find a way through the stalemate. (Written for The Herald nnd The Observer, Bruce Hutchison First stage in northern development miracle T COKING down from (he dizzy spider web of the White Pass and Yukon Railway through the golden autumn foli- age, you can see the Trail of '93 and, with no strain on Ihe imagination, the dark column of mad men marching toward the placer creeks of real gold at Dawson. But the great rush for a metal which has lost its magic nowadays was a hrief madness and a minor incident in the North American econ- omy. Soon it will be almost for- gotten, except in the lively rhymes of Robert William Ser- vice, when the rush for Acrtic oil gets under way and changes the whole economic balance of the continent, fn southern Canada we have hardly begun lo grasp the meaning and magnitude of this latest aciventure. Or at least I hadn't, until by a set of curious chances I stumbled upon Ihe American who, more than any- one else, is responsible for tha approaching northern rev- olution. And then, for the first time, I realized that it must embrace and change Canada as much as the United States. On that improbable revolu- tionist, disguised as a big busi- ness tycoon, I crept up gradu- ally, by ship, railway, bus and airplane to observe, in a jour- ney of several Ihousand miles, a minule slice of the North. Still, it was worth all the troub- le, and even Ihe outrageous prices of Alaska, where infla- lion on the grand scale is nor- mal, as in the gold rush cof- fee at 30 cents a cup, a dinner of crab legs at and a fairly good pair of Eskimo hunting Ijoots (with white men's rubber soles) at Such prices are well Justified In terms of scenery if not of economics. The Yukon and At- BERRY'S WOBLD "Don't miry, dear, I bought il with my own cl a (excuse (he ctfitiiivn) 'secret fund'. aska mountains dwarf our Ca- nadian Rockies. McKinley's col- ossal wedding cake soars up more than feet, the ulli- inate pinnacle named for one of the smallest American pres- idents. Between the lovely, crazy ranges stretching to the edge of Siberia the valleys look wide enough to hold a European nation and, just before the pop- Jar leaves fall, are gold-plated across four separate Alaskan lime-zones. For the most part, however, they contain little of value be- yond Iheir beauty and their herds of wild animals. No crops or towns, nothing but starveling Mack spruce, will grow in the muskeg of spongy permafrost. Only the endless highway built within a single year for defence against the Japanese, or a dingy hot-dog stand 50 miles from its nearest neighbor, marks tho human presence in this terrify- ing immensity. But after two hard days in a bus, through alternating s u n- shine and snow, the thriving city of Fairbanks, with its lat- est skyscrapers and gaudy tour- ist hotels, suddenly warns the visitor that there is more to Alaska than Its size and splen- dor. Forty minutes later, by air, lie finds himself in Anchorage, America's first northern metrop- olis, now enduring a state of -surging boom, unlimited expec- tation and furious anger. About half of Alaska's people, live here, all nf them impatient- ly awaiting a miracle when li- quid Ircnsure pours at last out of the Arctic. They bitterly re- sent the United States courts that threaten to delay Iho course of nature on absurd technical grounds and mean- while hoast that their city has grown faster Hum any in the na- tion but admit thai it probably has the highest unemployment, price and venereal disease rale; also the most costly social ser- vices. They are worried, too, by the prospect of some more fortune hunters arriving over- night and crowding them, once the oil pipeline is built from norther sea to the southern coast at Valdez a nighlmare for the Canadian government and all ecologists but, for Alas- ka's inhabitants, a final vindica- tion of their destiny. Anchorage is an ancient town by Alaskan standards. One. building erected ages ago, in 1915 A.D., already has become a solemn historic monument. Beside it the hotels built yester- day are as high, wide and hand- some as those of Montreal, Winnipeg or Vancouver, and far more expensive. Every day more tiny cardboard houses, worth about each, surge up the mountainsides. Broad streets arc crammed with aulo- mobiles, usually moving al 50 miles an hour. The shops offer Eskimo carv- ings of exquisite workmanship which only rich travellers can afford, along with a vast litter of tinsel imitations manufactur- ed in Japan, Germany, Czecho- slovakia and even California. A candid merchant informed me lhat most of his genuine native art came from San Diego, of all places, and by a rapid cal- culation I estimated that some exiled Eskimo artists must be toiling there, day and night, to maintain Alaska's tour- ist Industry. In Anchorage few Eskimos have time for art or lhat unique culture of Arctic survival prac- tised by then- fathers a genera- tion ago. They are employed in all the white men's occupations. They attend the state univer- sity and travel everywhere in the world's largest fleet of pri- vate airplanes that fill the sky like flies between the big jets landing, at half-hour intervals from Seattle, New York, Tokyo, London, Amsterdam and way points. Every nation on earth seems to be represented by the pilots, stewardesses and passengers in the swarming airport. At any moment Richard Nixon, Ed- ward Healli or some famoiw foreign statesman may land here en route to Asia or Eur- ope. Except for the local news photo- graphers, no one takes much notice of them. The residents are exclusively interested in tho approaching Alaskan cl i m a x. But, as I shall try to explain in another report, the great pipe- line will he only the first stags of the northern miracle. (Herald Special Service) The Lethlnidge Herald 504 7th St. S.p Lethbririge, Alberta LETHBIUDCE HERALD Proprietors and Publisheri Published 1905 1D54, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall ReQlsTraNnn No 001? iV.emter The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Daily Association and the Bureau of CirtufaUom CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILL.1MG WILLIAM HAY tfnr.aging Atsnthie Editor ROY f- V.ILEi DDLJGtAj K WALKEfl 4dvnlliiflg Manager Editorial Page Edifor THE HERALD SERVES THE: SOUTH" ;