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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 10, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHMIDGE HERALD Saturday, 10, 1970 Anthony Westell Intolerable Delay Improvement in mental health ser- vices in southern Alberta is long, overdue. An almost immediate ad- vance could be made if the provin- cial Minister of Health, James D. Henderson would approve the neces- sary grant. Why the money is not available and has to wait for further legisla- tion is hard to understand. Surely the department has been looking ahead to just such developments as the Lethbridge and Region Mental Health Planning Council wants to im- plement. They are in line the recommendations of the Blair com- mission which caused the government to withdraw plans for new separate treatment centres. It is scarcely conceivable that the integration of mental health services into the Lethbridge Municipal Hospi- tal, for instance, would require new legislation. What may have happen- ed is that the funds for this plan were not specifically included in the department's budget as approved by the legislature. The department may be embarrassed by shortage of funds so that it cannot, rectify the situation out of its own contingency fund. If this is the situation it is inexcus- able. The Department of Health has been aware for a long time of what is wanted in southern Alberta in the way of mental health services. Further delay in providing the funds for the mental health program would be intolerable. There must be some way for the government to comb through its. budget and find something that can be deferred with greater justification than the too-long delayed integration of mental health Travelling By Train Canada's railways want to .get out of the passenger business, because they lose money on it and the losses have to be made up from other busi- ness. Yet from the national viewpoint the railways must stay in the passenger business, whether it pays or not. The only other ways to move people are in the air or on the highways. Many of the highways are too crowded al- ready and soon most of them will be. Some of the airways are also full, and many airports are working at capacity. Furthermore, getting to and from airports is frequently as big a public concern as moving peo- ple between airports. Then there is the pollution prob- lem. Obnoxious as are the fumes of a diesel locomotive, the pollution fac- tor from passenger trains is not near- ly as great as that from automo- biles moving the same number of people. Whose responsibility, then, is it to provide rail passenger service? It is not that of the railway companies alone. Governments must- be in- volved. x Europe's excellent passenger trains don't make big profits but the gov- ernments either operate or subsidize them because they are considered es- sential. Now the U.S. Congress is looking toward its own responsibility. It is considering a bill whereby a semi- public body, financed in part by taxes, would be set up to operate essential rail passenger business in the whole country. It would take over the exist- ing equipment, buy a good deal of new stock, and lease operating rights on existing lines. The pressure is not quite as great in Canada, perhaps, but Canada might well consider a similar course of action. It is certain that, if not now, in a few years railway passen- ger service will be an essential and integral part of an adequate national transportation program. What Canada Needs Dr. Claude Bissell, who is retiring shortly as president of the University of Toronto, has some apt phrases for those who criticize the presence of Americans (or other foreigners) on the staffs of Canadian universities. Any Canadian university should be proud that it can attract foreign pro- fessors, he states. "They will do more to help Canada define herself than a whole army of frenetic jingoists with maple leaves in their hair." Isn't that what Canada so desper- ately needs to define herself? Intelligent Apes That these two stories both should have been published on Tuesday, Sep- tember 29, is sheer coincidence: (1) From the Christian Science Monitor. At the Santa Barbara cam- pus of the University of California, Dr. David Premack has taught a chimpanzee 120 different words and concepts, including nouns, verbs, ad- jectives, adverbs and prepositions. She can respond to them in a variety of sentences, by using plastic colors and shapes. He said "I think she's at about the level of a two-to-three-year- old child in most ways, and I think she can go quite a bit further." (2) From the Calgary papers. The large apes at the Calgary zoo have television privileges. They get a lot of pleasure out of the noise and ac- tion. The affinity between television and apes might suggest material for hu- morists and cartoonists, but such would be quite uncharitable and un- called-for. Herald readers are as- sured they will not be exposed to any of it. Weekend Meditation It's A Lovely Life TT'S a lovely life, but few take time really to enjoy it. Not the way Jesus did, when he asked men to stop and ponder on the birds of the air and the wild flowers. The word "lilies" may mean scarlet ane- mones or just simply wild flowers. Most give them only a passing glance and never see them truly, never feel any thrill or excitement or solid joy. No one can read about Emerson and Thoreau without feeling a touch of envy. They had the gift Jesus had, of standing for hours meditating on wild flowers, with- drawing from the crowd and company, living simply, steeping themselves in the deep wisdom of nature. Think of Thoreau walking through the snow twelve miles to "keep an appointment with a beech or gazing in rapt wonder on a nigfit hawk in her nest on an exposed hillside in the pelting rain, a flat, stony, grey creature. His friend, Emerson, also liked solitude and found mystical enchantment and ela- tion in the sounds of falling water, the piping of frogs, the rustling of grass, and the forms, incense, and color of the forest and flowers, the shadows and beams of sunlight, the squirrel on the long bough and the lowing cattle at the quiet pond. In the ancient church of St. Mary the Virgin in Hitchin, near London, a church mouse is carved on the altar rail. It is the signature of the wood carver and the carving of the little mouse is exquisite, though it will be seen by few, most pass- ing it without notice. He must have looked at a mouse with the same sympathy and keen observation as Robert Burns did. The poet, F. W. Harvey, on the other hand, found delight in ducks "from the troubles of the world I turn to ducks." Robert McCIoskey, the artist, also liked clucks, keeping them in his studio where he could observe and sketch them and even crawling on his hands and knees on Boston Common so that he might "get a duck's eye view of the world." One often encounters people who have a worm's eye view of the world, but a duck's eye view, how does one get that really, not having the mind of a duck? Having the mind of a worm comes easier to many of us. The point is that very few really enjoy life, since enjoyment requires contempla- tion, the quiet mind, withdrawal from dis- traction, and concentrated attention on life's "simple" things, where "The rabbit leaps, The mouse out-creeps, The flag out peeps Beside the brook No writer in English so evokes Ihe as- tonishment of nature as does Mary Webb, who savored it with infinite delight. The height and poetry of the clustered pillars of the forest which made man's architec- tural columns dwindle, the continual reap- pearance of the cross and the circle, the winter sunset that drew all the colors from heaven's treasury, the bumble bee paying house-to-house calls on nasturtiums, the dipper with his knee-strengthening exer- cises, a boy plunging into a green pool in early morning so she leads us in end- less excursion. Can't you picture her in the moonlight tiptoeing over the seeding moss looking for little owls? She likes ducks, too, cackling hysterically on a pond, and every time they right them- selves they shriek hysterically again in re- buke to man's solemnity. There is truth in Sir Thomas Browne's words, "We live the life of plants, the life of animals, the life of men, and at last the life of spir- its." Prayer: Grant, 0 God, that I may not walk through this world as a sluggard or 'Ironc, with unseeing eyes, insensible to the beauty Thou has made. y. s. M. Nationalism Remains Dominant Theme "TORONTO Ottawa-Na- tional Leadership in the seventies belongs to the politi- cian best able to give shape and color and life to the sense o[ national identity which mil- lions of Canadians fesl glow- ing within them but find so hard to define and express. The political challenge is to explain Canadians to them- selves, to describe Canadian- ism in terms which they will recognize as realistic and yet reflecting their own pride and expectations. The political reward will go to the leader and the Party a r t i c u 1 a t in g a nationalism which, can reconcile the con- flict Toronto's wealth and the Maritimes' poverty, Quebec's nationalism and the West's hunger for development. Canadian independence, the daily problem or survival, has always been at the heart of our politics. But through much of the decade of the sixties it was muffled and confused. In the Diefenbaker years, na- tionalism became hopelessly entangled with nuclear weap- ons, defence and alliances. In the Pearson years, the bright hopes were dashed by the misadventures of the 1963 nationalist budget, and the gov- ernment, the Liberal Party, and much of the country, re- coiled in dismay to concen- trate on other problems. Pierre Elliott Trudeau swept to power in 19fi8 as an anti- nationalist. But since the rebirth of na- tionalism last year, it has spread rapidly to overshadow all of current politics. Nationalism will be the con- tinuing issue, perhaps the dom- inant theme, of the new session of Parliament, with angry de- bates on the sale of energy to the United States. Hie report of, the all-party committee on ways to control foreign invest- ment, and cultural invasion, the recurring question of Arc- tic sovereignty, and many oth- er manifestations. Tile national Liberal Policy Conference next month will be forced to come to grips at last with the clear choice between nationalism and continental- ism, reversing or reaffirming the vote of the 1868 convention in favor of free trade with the United States. The NDP is building its new appeal to the electorate around the central policy of national- ism, hut its internal debates on tactics and strategy will inten- sify as the contest for the lead- ership develops over the next few months. The cabinet is struggling to produce its own coherent pel- Maurice Western Latest Example Of Misdirected Energy Q.TTAWA The latest ex- ample of misdirected en- ergy, a Quebec cost-benefit study of federalism, demon- strates to the satisfaction of mathematically minded civil servants that the. province merely broke even in its rela- tions with Ottawa over an eight year period. Mr. Bourassa observes very rightly that it would be wrong "to consider the case of federalism closed" adding that, as far as Quebec City is concerned, "it is up to the fed- eral government to make prof- itable the extremely flexible policy called federalism. The study is open to at least three objections. In the first place it is suspect. What comes out of a computer de- pends on what goes into it. This was the problem that caused hard words lo pass be- tween Mr. Benson and the On- tario government in the affair of the white paper. What went into the computers in Quebec City has not been revealed. Secondly, the research is out of date. Quebec has been a major beneficiary of changes since 1967-68, notably through the regional development pro- gram. But the most basic, objection is that the whole exercise is invalid. Many of the larger benefits of federalism are not measurable. They cannot easily be isolated. In addition, no true basis of comparison exists. With what is a Quebec within Confederation to be compared? A Quebec existing as an independent state? If so, in what relationship with its neighbors? A Quebec absorbed in the United -States or linked with some other country? No one knows. Letter To The Editor Suppose the .Quebec City technique was applied to On- tario. The computers, almost certainly, would show that Mr. Robert's province puts more into the federal treasury than it takes oui. Its citizens do not benefit from equalization; they contribute to it. Unlike their neighbors across the Ottawa, they are not at the head of the queue for regional disparity grants. They have various oth- er disabilities, of which a good deal is heard from lime to time at federal-provincial confer- ences. But Ontario cannot qualify as an alienated province. It is conspicuously lacking in aroused citizens hammering at doors to get out of Confedera- tion. By the Quebec test, this complacency is remarkable, federalism being clearly un- profitable. The simple but ade- quate explanation is that On- tario, regardless of the figures on the Ottawa-Toronto balance sheet, does very well out of the federal partnership and its citi- zens know it. No accounting can be serious unless it takes full account of the great, protected Canadian Common Market, throughout our history the label "Made in Canada" has stirred particular pride in the hearts of citizens of the central provinces since it has generally meant, "Made in Ontario" or "Made in Que- bec." There is in fact a con- siderable and diversified indus- try staffed by persons who pro- duce nothing more tangible than briefs and arguments to impress on government the im- portance of maintaining the market in its protected form. Without federalism there would have been 10 individual markets (on the improbable assumption that all would What About 'Rapport' The public was invited by City Council to attend a meet- ing on October a, ID70 to dis- cuss with City Council and in- dustry representatives matters pertaining to industrial waste treatment and disposal, rates. Obviously it, was considered de- sirable to let the public voice its opinions nnd concerns. These arc public problems: we have the right to participate and to be informed in detail. We cannot imagine any cir- cumstances which would nul- lify such welcome democratic procedures pertaining to public business. It is a disgrace that City Council very rudely cancelled their invitation three days be- fore the meeting. Such untime- ly disengagement of our par- ticipation and concern is dis- courteous and shows a callous indifference to each taxpayer. It creates mistrust of City Council and industry and oyokos fear that something is hidden from the public. What about "rapport" with the taxpayer? K. JERICHO. The Board of Pollution Control Southern have escaped the energetic hand of manifest No doubt each would have been appropriately protected by tar- iffs, quotas, dump duties, artifi- cial valuations and the other devices developed by dedicated bureaucrats to shield consum- ers against foreign tempta- tions. This, of course, would have removed the incentive for outside investors to establish plants in this country on a scale large enough to produce the industrial concentrations of Ontario and Quebec. In such circumstances it is improb- able, to say the least of it, that Toronto and Montreal would be graced today by soaring sky- scrapers housing the head of- fices of most of our great cor- porations and financial institu- tions. Nor does this take into ac- count the commercial empire of the St. Lawrence which in fact extends far beyond the St. Lawrence. Owing to the Com- mon Market the great port of Montreal attracts to itself the vast traffic, outbound and in- bound, of a rich hinterland. It was Canada, naturally, that paid for the seaway (or more accurately pays for it, the debt having acquired an interesting quality of There is traffic of a different sort, Montreal having managed against all official predictions to attract to itself Air Canada and boasting also the head- quarters of the Canadian Pa- cific Railway. As Mr. Bourassa says, fed- eralism should be flexible and no one has better demonstrated the benefits of flexibility than Jean Drapeau, the mayor of Montreal. The largest industry is gov- ernment. An idea exists among some Quebec separatists that an independent stale could pro- vide even larger opportunities in the way of public service jobs thfln those now open to provincial citizens. Certainly such a stats might bo expected lo have a larger governmental industry than that now to be found in Quebec City. But the size of a bureaucracy will al- ways be limited by the costs that citizens are prepared to support. The post-Confederation es- tablishment would have to bo sufficiently larger to compen- sate for the positions Qucbec- crs would lose in Ottawa and the country generally. The number of these is large nnd growing, a situation made pos- sible by the fact that the cost falls on the country as a whole. How is one to feed into com- puters t h e intangible benefits of -federalism? Canada is a large advanced country ca- pable (despite the modesty which of late has suffused ex- ternal affairs) of exerting a considerable influence in the world community. The voice of a Quebecer, who happens like Pierre Elliott Trudeau to be Canadian prime minister or like Jean-Luc Pepin, federal trade minister, is likely to get far more attention abroad than would their counterparts of an independent Quebec. This is not unimportant since what they say reflects our domestic interests including those of Quebec residents, All tills amounts to a mere outline of the case for federal- ism. It may be enough to sug- gest that the input-output tech- nique of Mr, Bourassa's civil servants is wholly inadequate as a means of measuring the value of federalism. Collective- ly Ottawa cannot give back to provincial residents more in its various programs than it takes from them in taxes. Some will do belter on such a balancing Quebec probably being one; others will do worse. But even those prov- inces which, on this balance, are donors do very well out of federalism; Ontario being a conspicuous example. It should be possible in Que- bec City to find better em- ployment for those overwork- ed computers. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) icy on foreign Investment, while seeking to promote Ca- nadianism through such con- troversial agencies as Informa- tion. Canada, Central Control of Cultural Policy and a flag-wav- ing citizenship branch. Conservative leader Robert Stanfield has placed the prob- lems of independence high on his agenda for Canada, chal- lenging in a recent speech; which foreshadows his attack in the Commons: "I accuse the government of drift and uncon- cern in this vital question at Canadian independence." The new Committee For An Independent Canada, an- nounced recently, appears in- tended primarily to ensure that nationalism remains in the forefront of public and govern- ment attention. While all this political activ- ity reflects growing public awareness and .interest, it is probably, for the present, more confusing than unkying for the average Canadian. The differ- ent schools and parties of Na- tionalists often seem to con- tradict each.other, or to ignore practical considerations out- side their own region of the country. The Waffle group of radicals within the NDP has appeal to young people, particularly stu- dents, because its nationalism comes complete with ideology. Positively, there is the pro- posal to create a socialist Can- ada, partly by nationalizing foreign corporations. Negative- ly, there is bitter opposition to current U.S. policies which are deemed imperialistic and a ro- mantic alliance with all. the other so-called liberation movements in the world. The Waffle brand of national- ism is rejected as Anti-Ameri- can and self-defeating by the partisans of the committee for an independent Canada. With former Finance Minister Wal- ter Gordon at its head, this or- ganization appears to concen? trale on legislation to limit and control foreign business own- ership. In the West and the Atlantic regions, this Gordon brand of nationalism is regarded with some suspicion as a selfish plot by fat Toronto which has fi- nanced ils own development with foreign capital but now wants to change the rules. Another trouble with this form of nationalism has al- ways been that it is a matter of laws and rules and taxes and statistics, with little taste appeal in the gut where most Canadians feel their national stirring. It seems a question for debate by bankers and Bay Streeters and econ- omists, rather than for Joe Lunchpail in the factory or the homeowner in the suburbs. Regional development minis- ter Jean Marchand conceded recently that U.S. economic penetration may be a scandal, but still felt that the. more im- portant issue is to attract more foreign capital to raise living standards in underdeveloped areas of Canada, reflecting another view of national priori- ties. The French writer and politi- cal leader on the left, Jean- Jacques Servan-Schreiber, was in Ottawa recently to lunch with Ihe Prime Minister and air his view that political na- tionalism is no answer to the American challenge. Political separatism in Canada or else- where, he argued persuasively, can only make countries too weak to resist economic col- onization by U.S.-based busi- ness corporations. Ssrvan Schreiber suggested that the only defence is of- fense, and that countries must pool their resources in federa? with compete successfully with the United States. This is a view which Stan- field has been developing re- cently as Conservative policy. But Canada still awaits the politician who can synthesize from the great debate a unify- ing statement of national iden- tity and purpose. (Toronto Slar Syndicate) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD .1920 Men's paper suits made in Germany are making an appearance in the U n i t e d Stales. The suits sc.l for 60 am' upward. Boyd, Toronto air- man, has completed his flight across the Atlantic, having land- ed at Tresco in the Stilly Isles off the coast of Cornwall. has chalked up 170 days of frost iree weath- er. The previous record of ISO days was considered unusual for this bitter over the role into which she has been cast by the Soviet led Comin- form, charges Russia is feath- ering her own economic nest at (he expense of her east Euro- pean neighbors. The Letltbtidge Herald 5M 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisheri Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No OOU Member of The Canadian Pies! and Iho Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor nnd Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager jUE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Assocl.ilo Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pagt Edilor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;