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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 10, 1914, Lethbridge, Alberta WORK, NOT TALK, IS KITCHENER'S WAY Britain's "Man of Iron" Pulsj Time First in Running Our Army at the Front. SLEEPS AT HIS POST Never Leaves War Office-A Fatalist, He Believes He Will Die Peacefully in Bed. TirE "Man ot Iron." ThcU exactly Eunaa up tlio character and cixreer of Lrord Kitchener who, during the proat European crisis. Js acting as Britain's Minister of War. Thoroug-h, resolute, and possessing that virtue of virtuoa, silence, the work Lord Kitchener has accomplisli-ed stamps hinivas one of the greatest eoUiicrs and administnitors Britain has ever produced. 'Worli, not t;>lk, is his motto.' Take the Boer War. for instance. Kitchener went to ir^outh .\frica in the  blaclv days, T\hcn -n-e liad suffereti a ^ succession of defeats-Stormberg, William II., Enemy of The World's Freedom-A Pen Picture Man Whom History Will Call the Greatest Criminal of All Time Believes Himself to Be a Ruler by Divine Right-His God Is Jehovah of Battles- The Stor>' of a Unique Personality. By HKNRY N. ttAT.T* Il.l.lAM 11.. �Der Kaiser," who precipitated the world's greatest an^i bloodiest war, when he might easily have avoided it, and thus will be responsible for the slaughter of possibly iiilliions of men. is the ninth monarch of tlie House of Hohenzollern to rule over the Kingdom of Prussia and the third of the house to rule over the Kmpire of United Germany. I-Ie is a prey-haired n-aii ut fifty-five, not more lijan S feet S or 9, with a distinct teiuiency to corinilenoy. He carries moit of his fat about his waist, and although he bears himself erect his shoulders are round. tStagersfontcin. Colenso-and our raili-;tary supremacy was in grave danger. 'Aiul how the "gentlemen" of the ranks. |�ind others, hated his methotls. Soon 'letters were arriving in this country complaining of his arbitrary ways. He Was "making himself hated every- His legs arc too short for his body, where:" - -.. ... lof noble b organization;" and so on. But never ft word from Kitchener until he broke ;the silence with the laconic despatch, "Send me more men." And with these lie won through. His thoroughness is proverbial: but he likes things done his own way. insulting volunt.ary officers j i,ut when walking he takes long bL-th daily:" "ruining the . j^.,, j^^^ g.^ij pp,.^ clank. Rash in Hit Daring IN tiMec early days in Bgj-pt Kitchener was daring almost to rash-inesi He thought nothing of dis-''E^iBinr himself as an .\rab and liv-iDg amODg the sons of the desert for montlie at a time, in order to acquire & knowledge of the Mahdi's movements and conspiracies. And so clever ;Waa heat disguising himself that even [his own comrades did not know him. !Indeed, one day a soldier flung a > brickbat a.t Kitchener, whom he mis-itook for "a bloomin' nigger," inflicting rather a nasty scalp wound. Kitchener's cleverntiss in disgu'is-Ing himself, coupled with a knowledge nt Arabic, which he had picked up in .'his wanderinBS in Syria, made him in-- valuable to the authorities. He was appointed chief of the Secret Service, and the foliowing incident, the truth of which is vouched for by one of J..ord Kitchener's relatives, strikingly illustrates his personal courage and cleventeBS. Two Arab spies had been caught, but they feigned deafness, and Kitchener conld get nothing from them. They were detained in a tent. In half an hour another spy was caught and bundled into the tent with the other two. They were left tor an hour, talking briskly all the time, and then the door was thrown open and the third spy demanded to he taken to headquarters. It was Kitchener himself, who had, of course, foOBd out all he wanted to know. Carried Life in Hand* FOR two years Kitchener practically lived among the Arabs, carrying his life in his hands, never knowing when he might be brought face to :e with a violent death, and all the hlle communicating to the heads of e Egyptian Intelligence Department information of the utmost importance. : Curiously enough, I^ord Kitcliener is a, fatalist, and on several occasions has expressed some very strong con-rlctlons as to his future. During the Boudan campaign he was once warned not to expose himself so recklessly to the enemy while in action. To this remonstrance he replied: "I shall never be killed. When my time comes [shall die peacefully in my bed." His capacity for work is amazing, and he has no patience with a man less energetic than himself. It was Dharacteristic of him tiiat his first question when he entered the 'War Office as Secretary for War was: "Is there a bed in the building?" "No, sir,' replied an official. "Then get one,' eaid Lord Kitchener. Then the officials knew that day or night would (ind liord Kitchener at his post. During the South African War he (seldom had more than three or four hours' sleep a day, rising regularly at A or 5 o'clock in the morning and working hard until night. Officers Ivnew that Kitchener always meant tjusiness. He liad no use for regimental orn.aments; practical soldiers were wiirii he wanted. One officer in comm-ond of a column had not been Iheard of for some days. Telegrams [were sent in all directions to find jhim, heaiin'.r two quc-sftions: "What ;are you doing? Have you taken any �Boers, and how many?' Grim and Laconic STORIES oC Kitchener'.s bluntness are legion. "Sorry to report the lo.-yj of five men through explo.sion o� dynamite,' was the gist of a. tc-lcgram he received one day during tile Ijoor War from a captain at the front.. "Do you want any more dynamite'"' was the immediate an.'jwcr. His grim, laconic humor wa.o, well I in position Illustrated by his reply on one occasion to the War Office authorities who were pressing a certain we;ipon upon hitn. "Keep the gun," he wired. "1 can throw stones myselr." "Twelve hours in which to carry this despatch?" he remarked to aii officer on one occasion. "You must do it in six." And the officer, who hod asked for twelve hours, did it in five. Time to Kitchener la everytliing. While engaged in building a bridge for the advance upon Pretoria, the engineering officer, apprehensive of danger to his workmen, hinted his fears to Ix>rd Kitchener, explaining that a different mode of construction would "be much safer than the one employed, which might, indeed, cost the lives of 20 to 80 men. Kitchener listened patiently, and then asked: "How muota longer would it take to do tke work by ttaia safer method?" ':Sot mon than an hour longer, sir." "Very well; do not change the plans. You will continue the work as it is begun," ' Of late years he lias worn a flowiug military cape, as it permits him to retain something of the martial air of his younger days. Xaturally he looks his best when on horseback. The real countenance of this much advertised man is perceptibly different from the thousands of portraits that are on sale all over the world and which show the dasliing, dauntless, somewhat defiant head of the Hohenzollerns. That is a iiose assumed for the photographer, a pose intended to idealize him to Itis subjects and to convey tlie impression Uiat "Der Kaiser" is devoted to lofty aims and is elevated above the common herd. All his official photographs luive the same expression, the look that the Germans call "ernst," but his natural face is a very sad face furrowed by anxiety; a casual observer might say that he looks cross. The upper and back part of the Kaiser's head is full and broad, the forehead is high and rounded, but slants slightly and the bones are clearly defined beneath the flesh. Deep furrows run from the temples to the nose, which is straight, thin and pointed. Tlie eyebrows arc ligiit chestnut in color and would be inconspicuous but Tor their contrast with the liair and rau.=tache, for the Kaiser is getting very grey. The eyes are neither sunken nor dilated and are a clear bluish gi-ey-really the color of steel-and they gleam rather than flash when he is excited. The head, thrown well baci:, makes le.ss apparent tlie heavy folds of the neck and the double chin which are in evidence when the Kaiser is at his writing table. The bones of his neck are of great size and strength. Faith in Divine Right IT is a face of high intellectual power, of boundless self-esteem and self-reliance, but it is not without a very deep sense of responsibility and a certain seif-restraint. He has a very stiff upper lip that tells of great tenacity and will power and there is a strange mixture of combativeness and veneration; the face of a man sincerely swayed by religious sentiment, but whose god is Jehovah of the Thunders, the Lord God of Battle. It has been truly said that in every act of his public life tlie Kaiser has based his autocratic commands upon a divine mandate. He has consistently regarded himself as exercising authority by tlie divine right of kings, as being in very truth the Lord's anointed, the visible and vicarious vice-regent of God on earth. The Kaiser's face is always pale and pasty, and after fatigue or in illness he looks ashen grey. He lias been a cripple from birth. His left arm v/as injured so severely by the stra'ning of the main nerves that it is atrnphicrd and ."hrunken, and hangs limp and practically useless save to repose on the gold sword hilt at his side. The extent to which this cripples his movements can best be judged by the fact that he cannot even hold a. fork in lii.vi left hand and eats with one which he holds in his right and which has a specially h�avy outside prong with a flat cutting edge that answers the purposes of a knife as well. Yet by a wonderful display of oluck, perseverance, and suiipleness be has mydo himself an adept at most sporl.=!.. He can fence, swim, i-ow, .�hr,ot, ride, and play billiards a great (leal better than many men who ! have the use of both their arms. jIn shooting he takes aim with his 1 ripht arm, and only when hunting I big game does he use a resting rod; at l,!lli;;rds he places his left arm A Cripple From Birth-Unable to Use His Left Arm-Army and Navy Supreme in His Affections-Does Tilings in a Hurry-Never Forgave His Mother. Who Was Queen Victoria's Eldest Daughter. The German Emperor and the Kaiserin 'PHEIR domestic relations have been happier than tiiose of most European monarchs. yot on the occasion of the celebration oi their golden weddin.g, the Kaiser declared that the army and navy heldrthe first place in his heart. on the table with his riglit niid Tlifn re.sts the cue upon it in thi; fjrdinary way; on horseback he. liien.-ly suprtorts the reins in his left, hand, which is held in place by rtn in^'.-niou.-i contrivance, , and [;uidf5 hi;, c!il.i g.-r witli his , i l\nees. constitution. Two years ago the Kaiser began to use glasses for reading, and yet, despite all these handicaps, his wonderful strength of will has enabled him to do as much hard work, physical and mental, during the past twenty-six years as any man on or off a throne. Since Frederick the Great no German ruler has understood the business of being Emperor as well as the Kaiser. He has many traits in common with his illustrious ancestor -^a love of order, a love of business, the taste of things milit.ary, abound-less extravarrance in some lliiiis-s, and the meanest par-siniony in oth  crs, an imperial spirit and an irritable temper. His mind is like an elephant's trunk, which find.-; it just as easy to pick up a needle as to uproot a tree. 'r;>ke his hobbies, for instance. One is fne navy. In ISTl the ships that flew the flag of tlie JCorth. German Confederation-that strikinjr design of black and whi;e and red which is the battle emblem of the Kai.'jer's navy to-day-v.-cre so weak that they could take lililc part in the conflict, and France was able to boltle np th'- North Sea with impunity. To-day the Gorman navy is second only to that of England. Creating a Grest Navy THE German navy is literally the Kaiser's own personal crcr.r lion. lie is one of the greatest living authorities on nav:il construction, and his collection of ship models is perhaps the finest and most costly in the v,-orld. No error of proportion is too sli.irht. no mistake in construction is too insignifi.cant to escape h.s critical eye, and his knowled.L,'o of Ihincrs naval can truly bo said to spring from a rc-al love of the sea. For years he labored to fire his people with the same spirit, and at last succeeded. He forced enonnoiis credits from reluctant parliaments, built the ships and found the crews to man them. Not only did lie build up the navy, he also built uj) a merchant marine, and when the war started Germany had nearly four million tons of shipping on tlie seven soas. In contrast, the Kaiser's other hobby is collocting old shoes. He has the sliPIJcrs of Voltaire and those of the gre,-it Napoicon, the riding boots of Wallenstein, and the tiny dancing shoes of Talma. �The same extraordinary contradictions are carried into hi.s finances. The Kcii.'icrs income i.s derived from his hereditary kini'dom of Prussia and from .a vast amount of private Iiroperly comprising castles, forests, and landed eKt:ites. .Vlso he is credited v/itli having made millii>n3 in bosinesH ventures, owning a consid-eraitle interest in on':; of the trans-AllaJitic lines and in mo.^t of the Oannan raiho;idK. In V.ilO it was conservatively esiim:ited that hia total revenue cxceid.d $7,000,000 a year, but it was jirobably more. Extravagant Ostentation AL'l'lIOrGH he is modest and simple to a .degree in his personal tastes, and smokes Penny Dutch cigars, he is extravagant .n the maintenance of an imperial show and display. He spends millions upon millions of marks cvcr.v year and has incurred immense debts in order to uphold Iho standard of imperial luxury suited to tlie power, prestige and dignity of his poaiMon. No court in l^irope since thai uf Loui.s XIV. of Finance Ikim appro.ach-ed the splendor of the K;iiser's, no monarch has had more servile courtiers, .and it is aytonishing tliat he has retained as many homely virtues as he has. Wherever he goes, whatever he does, he Is surrounded by aristocratic .s.itellitea, and he lives environtnent that _....._ his haugiiliness and imperial pride and the sense of l:iH own importance. ��I'he lioinp and ceremony of the foMii^il court functions are imposing in I)].- liiL;!!^^ defiree, but although 'I": k": isc.-r iiiiiists unrelentingly upon 1!.': ri:,i(l .tisiict laid dov.n by the |fiirin;:ii protocol, .-uid will not per a es over quarter of the globe Ihey might arise, and I'an-Gcrmauism made little secret of its desire to gather in the succession of the old -Vustrlau Emperor. Had Francis Joseph not lived so long there would to-day be but one great nation from the Baltic to the Adriatic, from Holland lo the Balkan Stales, and in that nation democratic ideals would liavo no place. Tlio Kaiser's antagonism lo England, which has been shown in various ways, seems to luive its j-ools far deeper than political intrigue can reach. Although the goo'as ad- in Sir Edward Seymour's expedition to relievo the Pekin Legations, of which expedition he was Chief Staff claimed to be legal rights. He put an end to the pilferlnif , oil her for por-sonai profit or n.-,tionol a:i'grandize-mcnt, I,. inr-nds with men v.'ho are I 111 1,1-: hirth. the dominant povver in l-;uroj)e, and as such itussia was her natural antagonist. His policy also contemplated a vast colonial enipiro that would afford lui outlet for German products and ijring wealth and riches to the Path -riaiul. But when tlie German Empirr; w;is created the Vv-orld was pretty well colonized, and Africa about tin- only continent available tor e.vliloilalion, but there l''rance h;id the richest colonies, and as tho Hairier well knov,- that the loss ot Alsace-Lorraine rankled deep in llio heart of tile Frencll n.ation and tli;it one day it Would seek revenge, ho never lost sigliL of the fact that he would sooner or Later havo to flglit Franco .and that her African colonies would bd the rieiiest spoils of the war it he v,-ero thi- -victor. But the growth of Gerniany's col-lonial .spirit, tho strong commercial rivalry with Great I'iritain and tho determination of the liaiscr to havo a fleet that might .some day dispute the empire of the seas with the British navy led him to direct his policies also against England. He went about hi,s plans with consummate skill, and almost before England was aware ot it he became a power In the Moslem world, and was getting concessions to build a railway in the valley-of the Euphrates which would have given him control ot n portion of the iiowe:ress, surrjiindcil by their childrr-n, his first tliouglits were not for thom. "iVty fir.st and ia.st care is for my fighting foi-ces on land and sea." Life of Ceaseless Activity SUCH is the War Lord of Jio German Emiiire. A most vemark-alilo man, whose energy is proverbial. Ho never rests, and jirofo.5so.i tho deepest horror of idleness. .Some call him a genius, others insist that lie is merely ,a paranoiac. Certain it is that he is very vain, and always wislies to be first in evno hour after rising ho sits down to his brea.kl'ast. which used to be a very substantial meal, but of late has been cut down by his iess indicative of an undermined' Indic-d l,^ /^^.^j,^ ^^^^j^j thulfelt In all political affairs iu wJtot- Battlo Squadron, flying his flag in the new battleship Marlborough, He is EC years ot age, and has been in the n.avy since LtTO. A. torpedo specialist, ho obtained the .CSQ prize for this branch at Grf-eiiwich College in iSS-l. (m two oci-nslons ho has seen war service, in Asli.'intl in 187.1-1 and during tho Egyptian war ot 1SS2; he was al.so employed against Congo pirates in 1S7.">. As commodore of the Homo I'lcot dcrtroycrs hp did much to iir.amoto the erticioncy of  he t!o; il'.a.-;, and was aftorw.-^ird.'i li!.ii-L-il in coi-fimand ot tlie W.ir Col-it ge from 1S0.S to PHI. \'ico-,'v(lmir;il Sir George \A'arren-dcr has th" diidinction of commtmd-iiig oor most iiowerful batlio ,= i|u.-id-ron, the second, for Us ciKht ships Trc ail armed wilh 18.ii in. guns. Ho joined Iho navy in 1873. and was .1-1 yo.'ir.s of age on Jtib' 31. Twice Ik^ has soon fighting on land, in the Zulu ii-;ir ot 1H7^ and the China war of 1900, 111 the hilttr ot which ho was flag captain to tho rear-admiral of tho Cliina Squadron, As a commodore and rear-admiral he was commander-in-chief in the East Indies in 11)07-9, .and after two years in tlie Seoimd Cruiser Squadron in ]!I10-12 ho was appointed to his present command on PJocember 16, li)12, his flag flyitig In the King George V. Vice-Admiral E. E. Brad.''ord In the Tliird Battle SnuaOrpn has cliargo ot our principal lire .Dreadnought bat-tlcsiiips,. in .�ne , ot which, the King Edward VH,' his flag tiles. He is a gunin-r-y - sj)�clall..lie Jliuals.of material prosperity and iteep it al-i ways in the waters of courageous Eiiiritual progrc--.-^? IjOcky, in a fine pass.igc, doclareii that "once religion flourislied liy nuan-i ot establishments and coercive power; now politics and rcligitin are diva?rced fiir-evor." That, too, was cmhr.iced in till- intein.al policy of Pius. '.Vill tho choice of the Conclave ot J9I1 be a man liorii of these tlioiiglits'.* The- anssvcr i.s the comp.-isilion of the: Sacred College to-day. it is es-seiiliall.v a col;i-;;i.- of mon of iliti new times, hard set in the old s|jlritual w,iys ot tho religion they .jrofcss. Plu.^ -V. lias made it po,TSlblo lor them to go about tho busiiio.-^s of liclecling his successor witliouL fear of any living man. For the first lime in tho liistoi-y of Uic P.'niacy tho New World will ho ;ible to make its Infkicnce felt in tiie persons of Cardinals Ciibbons, O'Connell, and Farley. The.--o, with C;ardiiial� Bourne and Gasquet. of Engluntl, and !-;gln, of Quidii'c, -will give :\ new itind oi stronytli to tho tlo:;llon. physician's orders to a ciip of coffee, ji,, isiio aii'aVss'ay from hlH pen on the with a couple of eggs and yomo bread 1 and butter. He has an ins.atiablo p.i-ssion for work, and nothing is too small for his attention. He can turn from the v.'cightlest Stale paper to select a new model button for his Guards, and from Mti Woltpolillk to give ihe world of masculine fa-shion a nt;w stylo of mustuche. --New Vorlv World. marilimo defeno'o of the United Kingdom -vand it.-*' ^r'adc in a war with a r.aval Power was fdacod sccruul In tin-coinin lition for the United Service Institution's gold medal. A'leo-Admiral Sir Douglas Gamble, with ills flag ill tho ].lre:tdnought, is in command of the Fourth Battle Squadron. He -was .�)7 years of ago In Novoinber last, and has been in the navy since lb70. HAD THE RIGHT SPIRIT ClViO pride displays itself In varl-ou.s wa,vs. Congressman Hal-vor Sleenerson, of Minnesota, tolls ot an incident that haprieued in the American West. A stranger blew Into tov/n one af-lernoo.u and w-is Bomewh.at surjirisc i to see a.rather dilapidated looking lot right in the midst of a wcU-kepi section of Ihe city. "Wonder tho owner ot that lot doesn'^.build on It." he remarked to it native. "Evidently ho hasn't got the right kind of civic spirit. '"I'here'.s where you don't guossi straight, stranger," responded llm native. "It's public spirit that i,re-vents him from building." "Come again," smiled the stranger, "1 don't seem to gi^t you." "That lot," c\pluined the native, "i� wiiore the circus �.li<)w.-< when It comes to town." ;