Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 9, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
40 THE LeTHBfliOOE HERALD WtdnMdiy, October 9, 1974 Divorce, Portugese-style If laws change, cases will jam courts l London Observer LISBON Reformist lawyers in Por- tugal believe the civil code can be changed to permit divorce for church married couples now forbidden under the Con- cordat with the Vatican. If they succeed in convincing the Government in a review due soon that there is no immediate need for renegotiation, the nation would witness the astonishing spectacle of an estimated divorce applications. And only Spain and Eire would be left as the last stalwarts against divorce in Europe. Pressure is being put on the interim Government by the influential Pro Divorce Movement, representing tens of thousands of couples now "living in and the illegitimates born in Por- tugal since the signing of the Concordat in August 1940. Official statistics do not differentiate il- legitimate births., but experts estimate that 80 per cent are the result'of cohabita- tion between partners who cannot marry because one or both is prevented by the anti-divorce law. Altogether Portugal has an estimated one million illegitimates many past middle age representing one in nine peo- ple and fourth in world percentages, after Spain, Italy and Brazil. They suffer from discrimination, officially in certain areas of tax, social benefits and inheritance and unofficially they are denied access to top jobs. Their unmarried parents suffer in many humiliating ways such as not being able to share a hotel room because their com- pulsory identity cards reveal their un- married status. Couples have entered such subterfuges as officially designating the "wife" as a housekeeper or maid to quiet- en neighbourhood gossip and ease tax problems. Side effects of the problem have been trade in forged identity cards, oc- casional and bribery in advancing the careers of illegitimate sons. The Roman Catholic Church in Portugal and the Salazar regime have a lamentable record in applying the Concordat, it is claimed. According to lawyer Dr. Leao Franco, only Portugal and the Dominican Republic forbid divorce for church married couples but permit it for State marriages. But the State has connived to keep down State marriages, charges engineer Ar- mando Soares, leader of the Pro Divorce Movement. "Register offices are tucked away in obscure, run down buildings and no attempt is made to create a pleasant at- mosphere or ceremony.. On the contrary, it is like going to a bank just a form hand- ed over a counter. "In country areas, especially in north, priests say it is a sin to marry on any day except Sunday (when the register office is shut of and often denounce couples by name in church if they married in a State office." The difficulties of divorce nor State Wed couples are daunting. In 1960, marriages were by registrar and in that year there were only 749 divorces. In 1973 there were marriages and even fewer divorces. Grounds, other than madness" extreme violence and long imprisonment, are adultery (which must be definitely proved) and separation and .desertion, both needing a minimum'of three-years plus a further wait of two to three years for the case to be heard. Minimum marriagable ages in Portugal are 14 for girls and 16 for boys. In cases where the couple marries before 18, one must be 25 before any divorce proceedings can begin, so a girl married at 15 and then mistreated would not be divorced until 27 or 28. Lawyer Franco and others argue that the civil code published in 1960 makes the Concordat unconstitutional. By changing one .clause' in the code, rather than renegotiating two in the Concordat, divorce for church wed couples can be possible in Portugal in a matter of weeks, they believe. Dr. Franco explains: "Two articles of the civil code are relevant. One says no citizen may have his civil rights violated because of a religious question. The other states that nobody can renounce any part of his rights or juridical capacity. "But the Concordat says that by marry- ing in-church or sanctifying a State wed- ding, one renounces the right of divorce. We merely want the one article of the civil code revoked which supports this anomaly." Sears Color! 315 sq. in. of vivid Super Matrix solid-state colon In a Mediterranean, French Provincial or Spanish- style console. 3 days only. Fully automatic 26" one-button deluxe color console. Easiest to operate because it self-adjusts automatically to give the best picture possible. Plug-in solid-state components for cte- pendability and easy economical service, if needed. Super Matrix tube. Built-in cable connector. Ilium, channel ind. a-Medrterranean style, distress Pecan finish 576 214 335 G. b-Spanish styling, Oak finish to floor. 576 214 336 G. c-French Provincial, Fruitwood finish. 576 214 337 G. this is Sears best value from coast to coast in Canada through all i stores and selected catalogue sales offices, this very special offer is the sincerest effort Simpsons-Sears can make to bring you merchandise that combines fine quality with the lowest possible once Ufcormctofed on parts ijtetttog 4b0 Wfjfl jrMr today phone Simpsons-Sears Ltd. or inofMy i Use your AD Purpose Account Store Hours: Open Daily a.m. to p.m. Thursday and Friday a.m. to p.m. Centre Village Mall. Telephone 328-9231 Ann Landers Dear Ann Landers: My hus- band is 30 years old, 5'9" and weighs 240 pounds. Statistics shows that in about ten years he will have his first heart at- tack or stroke. Already he is uninsurable at his present weight. Last week be had two "unexplainable" cold sweats and last night he suffered his second "unexplainable" nosebleed in three weeks. We have three children, the baby is less than a year old. The future looks, dismal because I fear our two youngest will be fatherless during their teen years, when their need for a dad is the greatest. I am not asking for any answers from Ann Landers. I've been reading your column long enough to know what you tell people who ask what to do about a hus- band who eats too much, drinks too much or is hooked on cigarettes or dope. You tell them, "It's a do-it-yourself project and nobody can make someone else do or stop doing anything." I am asking you to please publish my letter so some overweight daddies out there will see themselves as their wives see them. Maybe then they will understand that we don't want to be naggers, we just hate to see them kill themselves. We Really Love Them pear Love: I can hear those scissors snipping away all across the country. This column is going to be placed on more dinner plates and pillows and. taped to more bathroom mirrors than any I've printed in a long, long time. Dear Ann Landers: I come from a family of very super- stitious every hour of the day or night our house sounds like it has been invaded by woodpeckers. Everybody is knocking on wood. How did this supersti- tion get started? Just Wondering Dear Jnst: Knocking on wood goes, back to the Druids of ancient England who believed the trees were inhabited by gods. When ask- ing a favor, the Druid priests would knock on the bark of a tree. If the. "tree-god in residence" was in the mood to grant a favor he would knock back. Today it's still a com- mon way of trying to make a dream come true. Dear Ann Landers: I'm in my early 40s. After 23 years of marriage I find myself thrust upon the world in a society I can't even remember. I'm a single woman searching for a mate. I've had two dates in the last several months and both of them wanted to check into a motel. I said "NO" and haven't heard from either man since. I've been called "hung'up" THE BETTER HALF and "too religious." I've been told I'm saving myself for nothing and that I'm out of my mind. My children are grown and the thought of going through life without a husband is very depressing. I'm a person who is only whole when I'm half. Am I being unrealistic, Ann? Statistically, do I stand a chance of remarriage? I have a good figure and am fairly attractive. Can you give me a little hope? Are there any men in their 40s left who want a woman in her 40s? Or .are they all chasing young girls, trying to recapture their own youth? Lonesome Dear L: Look for a man in his 50s or early 60s. Men in their 40s are looking for women in their 30s. But don't give up or in. Your high standards will protect you against getting mixed up-with bums and sex maniacs. Those two clowns who offered you a night in a motel on the first date were no bargains. Be glad you didn't waste your time on them. Child sues publisher SAN FRANCISCO (AP) A suit has been fil- ed against a San Francisco book publisher on behalf of a 12-year-old girl who thought she was going to be in the movies, but instead wound up on the cover of a book about marijuana with a cigarette in her mouth. Lillian Haddad was only seven when a photographer approached her in Golden" Gate Park and asked her whether she wanted to be in films, said her mother, Emily Fagell. "She was thrilled, of course, and so she said and the man started taking said Marvin Lewis, Mrs. Fagell's lawyer. Straight Arrow Books Inc. published a book entitled "A Connpiseur's Handbook on Marijuana. On the cover was a picture of Lillian, a ciga- rette in her mouth. The suit says that near the picture was a caption that read: "The danger in illegalizing marijuana is that you make criminals out of the most in- telligent, sensitive people in the Ginsberg. Lewis's suit, filed in Supe- rior Court Thursday, contends Straight branch of Rolling Stone graced both Lillian and her mother, causing Mrs. Fagell to suffer "hatred, ridicule and obloquy, causing her to be shunned and avoided." By Barnes "Does this mean we finally balanced our food budget? The cash register tape is the same length as our shopping list." NOTICE In accordance with Cemetery By-Law 2463. Section 17, notice is hereby given that after October 20th, 1974, it the intention of the Community Services Department of the City of Lethbridge to remove any grave covers, copings, fences, etc., that are located in Blocks "C" and "D" of St Patrick's Cemetery that through age or neglect appear objectionable. Any interested persons are asked to contact the Community Services Department for further information by telephoning No. 329-4877.