Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 9, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
20 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD October 9, 1974 Ask Andy OSTRICH Andy sends a complete 20 volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Mike Schneider, age 12, of Louisville, Ky., for his ques- tion: How come the ostrich is a non flying bird? There are several reasons why the world's biggest bird is permanently grounded. His breastbone is the wrong shape. He has feathery plumes instead of the stiff pinions that flying birds need to beat the air. But the major reason is overweight. There is a limit to the weight of flying birds and the huge ostrich is much too heavy to qualify for a pilot's license. The largest flying birds have wide wings that span 6 feet or more. But their total body weight does not exceed 40 pounds or so. This seems to be the limit that nature sets for flight in the bird world. The average adult ostrich stands 8 feet tall and tips the scales at around 300 pounds. So far as we know, no bird of this size and weight ever was able to lift his bulk above the ground. A flying bird has a tapered, keel shaped breastbone to support his mighty flying muscles. The ostrich has a flattish, raft shaped breast- bone, and his mightiest muscles are in his legs. He is called a ratite bird, a name coined from an old word for a raft. Emus, rheas and cassawaries also are non fly- ing ratite birds. Nobody knows for sure whether the remote ancestors of the ostrich were flying birds. In any case, the_ big birds have been grounded for Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS Oct. 9, 1974 1914 Antwerp sur- rendered to Germans. 1918 Canadian troops cap- tured Cambrai, scene of bitter fighting the year before. 1940 First draft of Canadians reported for military training. ages. Other birds use their fly- ing skills to forage for food and to escape their enemies. The ostrich has other means to cope with these problems. He is a fierce fighter. His tyng, strong legs carry him far and fast. His keen eyes spot trouble from afar, and he has a pocketful of clever tricks to defend himself and his family. His large, farseeing eyes are fringed with thick though his head, his long neck and most of his mighty legs are almost featherless. His large wings and bulky body are clothed with soft splendid plumage. The male wears black with huge white plumes on his wings and tail. The female's plumage is brown, delicately edged with creamy tan. These huge fluffy ostrich plumes look magnificent dur- ing courtship displays. They also are fine for shading the eggs from the seething African sunshine. But even if the ostrich weighed only 40 pounds, such feathers would keep him on the ground. A fly- ing bird lifts himself aloft on cushions of air. To scoop up these lifting cushions, he needs the stiff pinion feathers of his wings and tail. Hence, flight for the ostrich is quite out of the question. He is adjusted to life on the sunny plains of East Africa, where large herds of his kinfolk roam through most of the year. There they outsmart, outrun and sometime outfight lions and other mighty predators. Such a fabulous bird was bound to start fabulous rumors, true or false. For ex- ample, though his main diet is vegetation, it is true that he may swallow a nail or two to aid his digestion. But the rumor that he buries his head to hide from his enemies is totally false. He is much too smart for such nonsense. Besides, he can run from his foes at 40 m.p.h., and when cornered he kicks like a mule armed with deadly daggers. QuMtiom asked by chil- dren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntlngton Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN Tht CMcaw Tribm East-West vulnerable. North deals. NORTH K32 V AK 102 AQJ976 WEST EAST J10 9 8 Void VJ10 VQ987654 QJ984 47653 K8 432 SOUTH AQ7654 V32 AK 1054 The bidding: North East South West 1 Pass 1 Pass 3 4 Pass 4 4 Pass 4 Pass 5 Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Opening lead: Eight of 4. When this hand was play- cd in a national team championship, one West found a startling but, as events proved, surprisingly effective lead against South's spade slam, and gained enough points to win the match. South became slam-mind- i-d as soon as North made a jump rebid. When North supported spades at his third turn. South elected to play in the major suit. On the way lo six spades he stopped off lo cue-bid diamonds, hoping 1ha1 when he nest jumped to North wouid realize that the key to a grand slam was the quality of the dub suit. Since North lacked the king there, he decided that the small slam was enough. West gaife considerable thought to the opening lead. He knew that his trump holding would come as an un- pleasant surprise to de- clarer. However, the chances of a second trick seemed slight. His king of clubs in front of dummy's suit was a distinct liability, for almost certainly declarer would be able to run the club suit with the help of a finesse for all the discards he might need. In an effort to convince de- clarer that a club finesse might prove hazardous. West chose to lead the eight of clubs! Consider the hand from declarer's point of view. It seemed that he had no loser anywhere except in clubs. To take the club finesse at trick one would result in immed- iate defeat if the lead were a would win the king and give his partner a ruff. It seemed far safer to to win the ace of clubs, draw trumps and concede a club trick. Declarer therefore went up with the ace of clubs and led a spade. When East showed out, declarer had to lose a trick in each black suit. Consider what would have happened had West led a red suit- Declarer would win and test trumps. After dis- covering he had a trump loser, he would have no option but to take the club finesse. That would have re-- suited in the slam rolling home. U1ABNEX Your horoscope ByJemeDixon THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10 Your birthday today: For some groups, this is a day of historic commemoration. A life begun today is full of strong emotions, high skills. Your year ahead is exciting, rewarding in proportion to the energy you put in. Relationships improve after a period of difficult candor. Today's natives work hard, often pursue mystical goals. ARIES (March 21 April Make full use of the fallout from the first half of the week. Close out matters that are pending. Do something special for your loved one. TAURUS (April 20 May Despite differences of opinion, you can accomplish a great deal for yourself. Possessions can be increased in value. Sentimental ventures thrive. GEMINI (May 21 June Rapport is your guideline. Forgive the shortcomings, lapses of communication among associates, continue to do your best. Celebrate in later hours. CANCER (June 21 July You're fairly free to spend money you've saved and earmarked for special pro- jects It's easier to get agree- ment among influential people. LEO (July 23 Aug. Let your real feelings show. Abandon temporary positions recently adopted, seek new co-operation. Help from relatives is available if you go after it. VIRGO (Aug. 23 Sept. Continue looking for informa- tion by careful listening, sen- sible questions. Conflicting ventures complicate your per- sonal life. LIBRA (Sept. 23 Oct. Haste saves nothing. Reflect a moment, then take the basic step; the rest will happen naturally. Above all, sign no long term papers today. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. Estimates, yes; final figures, no. Recruit the help of well placed friends, make a new try at resolving old problems. Repay past favors. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22 Dec. With due care, you make progress today. Ask for whatever rewards you've earned. Don't forget your friends, anybody who has been helpful. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 Jan. Again the keenest source of guidance is your own intui- tion invoked by deep meditation. Clear up business details first; play later. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20 Feb. Disagreement now crops up on any co operative effort you have under way. See that it gets no worse, mainly by leaving out personalities. PISCES (Feb. 19 March Expect critical com- ments from all sides. Before you do an about face, find out what motivated them. Go on in good spirits, ask help where you need it. Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. Lamb My husband, 42, had a moderate heart attack eight weeks ago. He still is off work, weak and tires so easily. We both live in fear of another attack. I'm hoping with proper care, a proper diet, and rest he will live a long life. I have heard you have a book on food and diets with recipes. This is a whole new world to me, and I need all the help I can get. The book store here does not have the book. Please tell me how to get one as I want to do everything I can to help my husband regain his health. Dear Reader Your hus- band is fortunate to have a wife to wants to make the ex- tra effort necessary to help him. It's true that you need help, to plan meals that are low in fat, low in cholesterol and designed to prevent heart and vascular disease. It is well and good to tell a patient he needs to do these things, but you can't do it very well without some guidelines. To limit the fat calories in the diet to 35 per cent of the calories consumed you need to be able to know how much fat in calories, not grams, is in the food you eat. The book includes a listing of almost all common foods and their values in calories, plus the recipes you mentioned. It is designed for people like you. You can get it by ordering it direct. Write to The Viking Press, 625 Madison Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10022, and ask for my book, "What You Need to Know About Food and Cooking for Health" (price It is good to follow such a plan after a heart attack, but I would be much happier if peo- ple would follow these prin- ciples before they get sick. A good program can go a long way toward preventing a heart attack in the first place. Dear Dr. Lamb Please tell me what to do about leg cramps. Sometimes at night a cramp occurs in the calf of my left leg. Nothings relieves it but to get out of bed and walk around. Dear is best to prevent them and to do that it is helpful to know what is causing them. Some of them are from poor circulation to the legs. If the problem of cir- culation is bad enough then in selected cases surgery is in- dicated. A detour around a blocked artery can improve the situation remarkably. In other instances there is a problem in circulation stimulated by smoking cigarettes. The cramps are a symptom of this problem. Certainly it is important to receive good treatment for this and, of course, to stop smoking. Some people are helped by taking calcium. A high percentage of the American population has a dietary deficiency of calcium. Many leg cramps are not related to any real disease or problem the doctor can define. If you keep the legs warm it will help a lot in preventing the cramps. Many of my readers have reported success by wearing good, warm socks to bed. If you have cramps in the summer months wear them to bed then also. A warm blanket or any means used to keep those feet and legs warm at night seems to work wonders. But, if you have lots of trouble or keeping them warm doesn't help, then I really think you should have an examination to be sure you don't have a problem with your circulation to your legs. Fun with figures By J.A.H. Hunter We have 1569 for the game today. Using all four digits each time, one of each but no other digits at all, you form expressions for consecutive numbers from one up. Any arithmetical signs may be used, but no summation or factorial symbols. Don't forget decimals, regular and repeater, also powers and roots (no extra For example, 51 minus nine plus 6 is solution for 48. The limit without a break in continuity seems to be 171 with several tough ones along the way. I shall be glad to check solutions. Yesterday's answer: EDDIE was NO CAW WAIT: weeor J 273 e J J HCW MUCH FOR A PRIVATE PLANE fftOKS THAN YOU U'L HAWT 'MOTHER TO LONDON UNTll-TONIGHT WE" THAT COMES TO A S D-OLUAR A 1F PlANOl! IT'S FLOATlNS POUINTHE RIVER! FEAR HERE COMES THE MEMBER OF THE EMEKSENCV RESCUE SHORT MBS PARSONS... ..ANDASAWED- OFF A MAN OF THE CLOTH GO AROUNP WITH TWO SIX-SHOOTERS... MY MOTTO GIVE THE DEVIL AN EVEN CHANCE: HI AND LOIS BIKES ARE KiKlD OF FUMNV f I EVERVrrMe PERSOMALLV X. BUGS BUNNY I OKAY, STOP TH1 RACKET AN' MEAL'S ON' TH' HOUSE IF YOU ARE. DOING THIS TO SILENCE THE SOUNDS OF Mf WONT COME IN I ACCEPT YOUR APOLOGY... DROOL.' BLONDIE WHY DIDN'T YOU WANT TO PLAY BRIDGE WITH SUZANNE AMD FRANK BECAUSE THEY CHEAT BY KICKING EACH OTHER r UNDER THE TABLE DA6WOOD, THEY DON'T DO WELL, HOW COME THEY BOTH WEAP SHIN GUARDS WHEN THEY PL.AV? ARCHIE JU6HEAD PUT THOSE SIGNS UP JUST TO KEEP ME AWAY IT'S HERE COMES THE J MONSTER .__S V ,----J 11 SHE TRIPPED HAGAR THE HORRIBLE TMINK OlJC 5 IN A MOTHER CAN ALWAYS TELL. J BEETLE BAILEY OKAY, JUST AT WELL, I'M JO PP ABOUT IT TUMBLEWEEDS THERE YA GO AGAIN, CARRY] W OUR MULES AROUNPI YOU KNOW THAT'S THE MULE SK1NNEKS' COPE 0' YOU PiFTY-MlUJONTH TIME I'VE CHEWE7 YA OUT A0OUT IT! PONT THAT MEAN ANYTHING TO YAJ? HAPPY ANNIVER5W?