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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 9, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta The Uthbridge Herald VOL. LXVI NO. 252 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 9. 1973 32 Pages 10 Cents War intensities-Cairo, Damascus bombed A News Analysis Arab strategy spells defeat By LOUIS HEREN The Times of London LONDON The element of surprise can be decisive in a war in the Middle East, but is difficult to achieve because of the terrain. Presumably this was why Egypt and Syria chose to launch their con- certed attacks against Israel on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, observed even by many non-practicing Jews. Nevertheless, the Israeli armed forces could not have been taken completely by sur- prise, since the first reports of an Arab build-up were receiv- ed last vveek. In an area where it is difficult to camouflage Hearing to view oil plan CALGARY (CPi Shell Canada Ltd. will seek permis- sion at an Alberta energy con- servation board hearing today to build a oil sands plant. The mining-extraction plant is proposed lor the Athabasca oil sands region of northeastern Alberta. 275 miles northeast of Edmonton Shell Canada and Shell Ex- plorer Ltd., a wholly-owned subsidiary of S1- -if Oil Co.. propose to tjild a 100.000- barrel-a-day plant starting in 197fi with production schedul- ed early in 1982. The board hearings begin against a background of un- certainty for the recovery of an estimated 300 billion barrels of oil from the sands. The Shell proposal, if ap- proved, would be the third massive oil sands operation lor northeastern Alberta. Sun Oil's subsidiary. Great Canadian Oil Sands Ltd. iCGOSi. now is operating a 60.000-barrel-a-day plant which has cost million and has not made a profit since it began operating in 1967. Syncrude Canada Ltd.. a consortium made up of Atnan- tic Richfield Canada Ltd.. Cities Service Canada Ltd.. Imperial Oil Ltd.. and Gulf Oil Canada Ltd.. has agreed to begin immediate construction on a 125.000-barrel-a-day plant. This project is now es- timated to cost SI.2 billion. The final decision to build the plant "is subject to agreement by the federal government that oil sands synthetic oil will be permitted to find realistic price level in international markets." says Svncrude. Seen and heard About town FERN DERSCH refusing a second helping of apple pie after three servings of Thanksgiving turkey Claud Stevens planning to harvest a substantial crop of bushes before he finishes building a garage on the site. successfully the smallest unit against modern air recon- naissance, there is no reason to question the claim of Premier Golda Meir that for some days Israeli intelligence had information of preparations for ihe joint assault. Given this information, why- did the Israeli air force fail to launch a preemptive strike? There are various answers, and one was provided by Defense Minister Moshe Dayan. Israel's dilemma, he said, was whether to strike first or lo sacrifice the military advantage to demonstrate beyond reasonable doubt that the Arabs were the aggressors. The potential significance of that decision does not have to be underlined. Given proof that the Arabs are determin- ed to resolve the Middle East problem by military means. Israel's demand for defensible frontiers can no longer be ig- nored or obscured in a miasma of great-power guarantees and detente diplomacy. To that extenl. Cairo and Damascus have inflicted upon themselves, and the Palesti- nian cause, a defeat from which (hey are unlikely to recover. The vital necessity of defensible borders for Israel will surely now be recognized by a majority in the United Nations. Victories cannot be counted before the last battle, but Israel's calculation, while coL'ly courageous, was not foolhardy. At least, not on the available evidence. Unlike 1967. Israel's present borders are defensible, or as safe as most land frontiers. That is why Israel thought she could afford to demonstrate that the Arabs were the aggressors. At this stage, it is not possi- ble to determine how large a price will have to be paid by Israel. On the Golan Heights, Syrian forces may have overwhelmed or savagely battered the frontier settlements. The Syrians may have oc- cupied one or two of the three defense lines they abandoned in 1967 Bui if this is the extent of their initial advance. Israel is still better placed to defend herself ihan six years ago. when the Golan Heights had to be stormed. In the Suez. Egyptian forces have crossed the canal, but this is nelierh a surprise nor a defeat for Israel. The Egyp- iians have long been assumed to have ihe capacity to raid (he east bank. The question is the size of the Egyptian forces, and whether they can be sustained and reinforced At (his stage for Egypt, the canal is no longer a defense line but a hindrance for her attacking forces. The Israeli air force could inflict unacceptable damage unless the bridgeheads quickly ex- ploited. One musi assume the Arabs arc counting upon United Nations intervention, and this may prove to be a disastrous calculation. Meanwhile their troops appear to be fighting better than in the past, a fac- tor that Israel would be wise to include in her calculations if. and when, a negotiated settlement is attempted. 'Suppose we do manage to hijack her, how do we hold her Inside Classified....... 26-29 Comics........... 20 Comment........ 4. 5 District........... 19 Family........ 22. 23 Local News 17. 18 Markets 24 Sports.......... 10-13 Theatres........... 7 TV................ 6 Weather........... :t LOW TONIGHT 25, HIGH 50; SUNNY, COOL Israeli tank column attack in Golan Heights Direct Support Arab bloc versus Israel Agnew charges branded as 'fishing expedition' New York Times Service WASHINGTON The justice department branded as "frivolous" today Vice- president Agnew's allegation that it had engaged in a cam- paign of news leaks directed against him and said sub- poenas to newsmen to prove there was a campaign were merely "fishing expeditions." In a memorandum delivered to United States District Judge Walter Hoff- man, the department declared its opposition to Agnew's ef- forts to call off the Baltimore Grand Jury that is looking into possible criminality on his part. At the same time, lawvers for 11 reporters and news organizations called the sub- poenas ''virtually u n precedented" in their sweep and indicated today that they would attempt to have the court throw them out. The newsmen's lawyers fil- ed a motion asking for a week's delay in responding to the subpoenas. But the re- quest was summarily rejected by Judge Hoffman. Several of the 10 lawyers in- volved said they did not know of any grounds on which the motion was rejected and said they were considering a possi- ble appeal of the judge's ac- tion. The rejected motion was fil- Tokyo lunch stop for Irudeau party TOKYO (CPi Prime Minister Trudeau. heading for a seven-day trip to China, stopped in Tokyo today and took his wife Margaret to an expensive downtown restaurant. After a 15-hour flight from Ottawa, the official party went immediately lo a restaurant where reser- vations had been made for eight persons. His guests in- cluded Ross Campbell. Cana- dian ambassador to Japan. Trudeau will leave Tokyo Wednesday to begin a visit to China. Mrs. Trudeau. ex- pecting their second child at the end of this year, left their son Justin with her parents in Vancouver. The visit will be the first to China by a Canadian prime minister and Trudcau's third. The 53-year old prime minister and his entourage will land at Peking airport Wednesday afternoon. They will be driven in a motorcade through Peking's centre along tree-lined Changan (Eternal Peace) boulevard to the state guest house in the city's western suburbs. Trudeau will immediately have a brief meeting with Chi- nese Prime Minister Chou En- Lai. At some point during his visit. Trudeau is expected to have an audience with Chair- man Mao Tse-tung. Trudeau and his wife, ac- companied by Chou. will leave by train Saturday for Loyang the fabled capital of China's emperors for over 1.000 years until the seventh century and rich in ancient relics. The party will fly on Oct. 15 to Kweilin. the South Chinese city surrounded by beautiful scenery which inspired timeless Shanshuei landscape paintings of Chinese masters. The state visit will end on Oct. 17 when the Canadian party flies back to Canada by way of Canton and Hong Kong. ed today in U.S. District Court in Baltimore where the grand jury has been sitting since January investigating scan- dals in suburban Baltimore County and in the State of Maryland. Waffle group not happy MOOSE JAW (CP) Membership in the New Democratic Party is no longer compatible with the goals of socialism and Canadian in- dependence, the Saskatch- ewan Waffle movement decid- ed in a three-day convention that ended Monday. The 200 delegates two- thirds of total Waffle membership in the province decided almost unanimous- ly Saturday to leave the provincial NDP and set up their own political party. Sun- day was devoted to launching a policy-formulation process and Monday's session con- sisted of debate on organizational tactics. Except for part of Saturday morning's discussion, the con- vention was closed to the news media. From AP-Reuter Israeli jets were reported to have launched bombing raids on Damascus and Cairo today in a major escalation of the fighting in the Middle East. Ground battles raged along the Suez canal and the Golan Heights. Associated Press correspondent C. C. Miniclier reported from Cairo that "we are in the middle of an air raid." He made the report in a telephone call to the AP bureau in Athens, but the line then went dead. Israeli Phantom iets bombing in Damascus were said to have damaged the Syrian defence ministry and the government radio station across the street. The Lebanese defence ministry said Israeli jets struck an army radar station 18 miles east of Beirut and there were reports of Israeli armor crossing into Lebanon, so far not involved in the fighting, as the four-day conflict widened. Polish diplomatic evacuees leaving Syria after their embassy was hit during the Israeli air raid on Damascus called the strike "a terrible tragedy that killed many civilians." "I saw so many dead and wounded; it was said a sobbing Marta Servic, a Polish official's wife arriv- ing at a border post in a group of 20 women and children from embassy families. "We saw many dead and wound- ed in the streets." Air power rules The Israeli strikes on Cairo and Damascus were taken as an indication Israeli air power was having its way in the Mid- dle East skies despite Egyp- tian and Syrian reports that they have downed nearly a third of Tel Aviv's approxi- mately 490 planes. But Cairo said that on the ground its tanks were pushing back Israeli armor in the Sinai and had stabbed nine miles into the desert captured by Israel in the 1967 war. A Syrian communique said the Israeli jets hit civilian tar- gets in the capital of Damascus and on the out- skirts of Horns. 90 miles to the north. "This aggression caused some civilian casualties." the communique said. _ The United Nations head- quarters in Jerusalem said a Norwegian air force captain working as a UN military observer was killed in his home along with his wife ari'd young daughter during the Damascus strikes. Israeli officials in Tel Aviv said their jets were hitting military headquarters and radar sites in Syria. The raids were in retaliation for Syrian missile attacks on civilian settlements in Israel, they said. Syria threatened retaliation for the raid on Damascus and Tel Aviv residents were warn- ed by loudspeaker trucks to double-check blackout measures and stock up supplies in their air raid shelters. A senior Israeli air force officer said Monday that Israel had command of the skies but the Egyptian and Syrian air forces "are still basically intact." "We did not attack and eliminate them on the ground as in the six-day war." he said in a television interview. Another interviewed Israeli officer, fighting on Che Suez Canal front against Egypt. praised the ferocity and dis- cipline of the Egyptian attack and said he was encountering weapons and tactics he hadn't seen before. Polish diplomatic evacuees, arriving at the Syrian border post of Jdeidah. said many ci- vilians were killed and injured in the Damascus bombing, which they said also damaged the Polish embassy and other buildings. Stefan Bozhym, the Polish ambassador to Damascus, was slightly injured by flying glass, said S. Hodorek, the embassy's first secretary. Hodorek said many houses were damaged by the bom- bing, including the Soviet cultural centre and a building occupied by Soviet military- advisers. He added that Syria's general military head- quarters, the nearby air force headquarters and a .large school building between the two were heavily damaged. The school had been readied as a war hospital. Hodoreck said, but no casualties had been moved inside it yet. In a side development, Ku- wait called for a meeting of Arab oil ministers, an in- dication, many observers said, that the flow of Arab oil to western countries might be cut as an indirect weapon against Israel. Both sides are still claiming successes, but there is no talk in Israel of a six-day blitz to match their 1967 victory. SADAT ..in battle dress Fast UN action seems unlikely UNITED NATIONS ;