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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 9, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, 1970 Richard Purser Eastern Arrogance Eastern Canadian newspapers and politicians are bemoaning the govern- ment's authorization of export of some six trillion cubic feet of natural gas. They say Canada cannot afford to let so much gas leave the country. And in a report prepared for the Ontario Liberal party it is stated that whereas the Alberta government gets 20 to 35 cents royalty per barrel of oil produced, the Middle East countries get ?1 or more from the same American-dominated companies. These two points illustrate why the West is uneasy about the way the East has been dominating Canada's economy. Too often the policies it seeks to impose on the country are founded on either selfishness or ignor- ance or both. The federal treasury will get half the profits made from gas export, but otherwise most of the benefit will come to the West. Most of the new jobs will be here, most of the services to support those jobs will be supplied here. The Alberta treasury will profit substantially. But the East would deny the West its gas market and the benefits of that market. The comparison between Alberta and the Middle East is inexcusable because it betrays complete ignorance of the subject. In the Middle East the companies deal with one jurisdiction and pay no taxes except the royalty on production. Even though the royal- ty is 50 and even 60 per cent, the ab- sence of other taxes and the extreme- ly low cost of production (compared with Canada) enable their profits per barrel to be far higher than in Can- ada where they pay not only royalty, but property and income taxes. Nasser's Successor Anwar Sadat, the man who will be the new president of Egypt on October 15 when a nationwide plebiscite is held to confirm his nomination by the Na- tional Assembly, is not well known outside his own country. To most of the masses of the Arab world Gamal Abdel Nasser was the father leader; it was to him they looked for com- fort, hope and direction. That Nasser did not provide for a successor, one in whom the Egyptians could put their trust, could turn to in their time of need, must be chalked up as his greatest failure. The Higher Execu- tive Committee of the Arab Socialist Union, to its credit, has wasted no time in appointing a successor to Nas. ser, and in choosing a man who has been closely identified with him since the very early days of the revolution which toppled King Farouk from his throne. Knowing the dangers of in- ternal political division, of a revolu- tionary swing to the left or a military swing to the right, it also avoided a troika type solution to the succession problem, although for practical pur- poses the new president will be forced to take the views of the executive under more serious consideration than his predecessor did. Nasser was God to his people, Sadat is not. Mr. Sadat is as firmly anti- American as he is anti-British, and has shown himself an opponent of co- munism as an ideology. There were rumors earlier this year that he dis- agreed with Nasser's acceptance of the American peace initiative in the Middle East, but it now appears that he will not oppose efforts to find a political solution to the problem. In spite of his anti-communistic views, Mr. Sadat will continue to seek Rus- sian advice in his foreign relations. Proof of this is that he and his col- leagues were in close consultation with Premier Kpsygin in the days of crisis following Nasser's death, prior to the announcement of his provisional appointment as president. But the question for the future re- mains. Can Egypt, under Sadat, con- tinue to maintain its leadership role in the Arab world without Nasser? So What's New? If newspapers were not such slaves to tradition, too, the usual comment on the throne speech would be miss- ing this time. It isn't that the mat- ters dealt with are not important but that they were anticipated in advance. Even what might have been an ex- citing development the creating of a new ministry of urban affairs had been predicted and was discussed re- cently in The Herald. This does not mean that the announcement is not welcome it is high time the im- portance of cities was recognized in this way! Legislation on pollution is inevit- able. There is not much that can be said about it, however, until the spe- cific nature of the legislation is known. The same tiling is true of the bulk of the projected business to come before the House as outlined in the speech. One exception to the expected is an oblique reference to a debate on abor- tion. Despite some clamoring for new legislation on the matter, it did not seem likely that the government would give it any consideration since Justice Minister John Turner had said the recent amendment to the Criminal Code had not been given enough time for a real test. Does a debate mean that the government is having some second thoughts on the subject? The day may not be too distant when the custom of the throne speech will be dropped. Its importance has obviously diminished. Mr. John Dief- enbaker would object to the elimina- tion of tliis archaism but most people probably wouldn't care. A Wider Vietc Of Frugality By Norman Webster, in The Globe and Mail, Toronto pEKING Should a Chinese inventor come up with the throwaway bottle, it is unlikely the world of the Orient would beat a path to his door. He would more probably receive a visit from his lo- cal revolutionary committee telling him to forget it. This is a frugal society. That miracle of capitalist ingenuity, planned obsoles- cence, would be known hi China by its other Old equipment here is repaired and used to set up new small-scale factories. Indus- trial wastes are reclaimed and made into byproducts. Clothes are patched and repatched. Pa- per, boxes and tins are saved, not thrown away. Chinese society has traditionally been thrifty (and short of consumer goods.) The habit is reinforced in modern days by con- stant exhortations and propaganda about front-line f i g h t e r s in the frugality war. Chao Yuan-shou, for example. Chao, a Communist Party member, works at the Yichang Number 1 People's Hospital in Hupeh Province. His phil- osophy is that, just as "high buildings are built brick by brick and tile by tile, so is the mansion of communism. One must be frugal bit by bit." His labors of economy can have few equals anywhere. When Chao was put in charge of hos- pital supplies, he begun to consider the possibilities for things usually discarded after use. Examining used cotton swabs, he concluded that the pus and blood could be washed out and the small bits of cot- ton sterilized. He immediately began collecting, drying and washing the hospital's discarded swabs. In the past seven or eight years he has collected more than 400 pounds worth. After this cotton was sterilized and processed, it was made into 62 cotton quilts for hospital beds. Chao's attention has not been confined to cotton. In the same period he collect- ed 120 pounds of aluminum b y saving small bottle caps; 40 such caps weigh just a fraction over one ounce. Then there were the straw pallets cus- tomarily junked when they wore out. Cliao learned to use a sewing machine to mend1 or combine them and saved 433 metres of cloth. Discarded mops were collected and re- furbished by the addition of more strips of cloth. Chao made mops and they have proved more durable than the ori- ginals. All this is hot to speak of the needles the hospital used to throw' away when they became dull. Chao collected over the years. After grinding, more than could be reused, and the state was saved "Waste and non-waste are relative terms not says Chao. "Waste in one place may not necessarily be waste in another." Applying this theory, he sorted discard- ed medicine bottles according to size and contacted other institutions to see whether they could use them. It was found that small penicilUn bottles could be used by a foodstuffs company for condiments, larger bottles by a hardware company for fur- niture paint. On frugality, Chao takes no narrow view: "Only when everyone practises economy can the country become prosperous and he says. "Broadly speaking, one's work is linked with the Chinese revolution -and tho world revolution." Confederation And Quebec: Loss Or Gain? MONTREAL Does Que- bec gain or lose ly from membership in Con- federation, or does member- ship make any difference to it? A recently revealed docu- ment seeking to answer this question has spawned 'consid- erable controversy among French Canadians, who are in- creasingly aware that 1974, rather than 1970, will provide the .real showdown between federalism and separatism. English-speaking Quebecers, upon whom this fact has shown little sign of dawning, are vir- tually unaware of the docu- ment, a provincial government study of the cost of Confedera- tion from I960 to 1968. Com- pleted in March of this before the present Liberal gov- ernment was elected it was prepared by researchers and economists of the Department of Intergovernmental Affairs. Although the department is heavily infiltrated by separat- ists tin's became especially noticeable under the previous minister, ultra-nationalist Mar- eel Masse, one of whose top oivil servants defected to the Parti Quebecois after the Lib- erals took office the au- thenticity of the figures has not been questioned. There is not much need to question them: they are adapt- able to any interpretation. Mr. Masse himself said they could be taken to mean Quebec comes out ahead, behind, or even, in answer to the ques- tion: does Quebec receive more or less financially from the federal government than it contributes to Ottawa. All the study could say, in effect, was "Oh, I know it's capitalistic but think, comrade, of the royalties I'm missing out Letters To The Editor Technocracy's Massive Threat As the letter Kathleen Mc- Millan (5 Oct.) by offering, as it were, joint congratulations to Professor Beum and myself, could give the impression that I share Beum's political judg- ments on questions like apart- heid and on a range of radi- cal issues, I would like, brief- ly, to make several points clear. On apartheid and on Rho- desian race laws and attitudes, and with regard to the capital- ist status-quo, I am definitely on the left rather than the right. But these terms are very inadequate. In what I mean is that basic justice de- mands, in my view, radical critique of and creative op- position to, the assumptions of industrial military establish- ments. And Communist states are much closer to monopoly capitalist ones in their aims and in their manipulative and totalitarian characters than is realized by most people. There is, because of a precarious pluralism, more political free- dom in western-type capitalist societies, but the technocracy is a massive threat to personal- ity and freedom in our so- cieties as well. We need to get back to a true vision of man, a vision obscured by anti-meta- physical scientism and distort- ed by commercial technology enslaved to profit. Thus, radicalism, as I see it, is wedded to dynamic tradi- tion. And the key word here is restoration; restoration of a Socratic search for truth, res- toration of permanent, basic values applied in changing cir- cumstances, restoration of property to the people; decen- tralism and devolution of pow- er; an end to war and the major effects of greed (for we Funerals And Fees Re the news report on the possible takeover by U.S. firms of Canadian funeral companies this reader feels there is a need for more clarification of the regulations and govern- m e n t requirements regarding disposing of dead bodies. Are there laws that require an ex- pensive box to be used in such cases as when cremation is wanted? Is it necessary to have the disposal of the re- mains carried out by the or- ganized funeral companies who set their own minimum (exor- bitant) fees? The government provides free service for the disposal of garbage and other wastes for public health reasons and I feel they should also provide this, service for those who don't want to waste money on a silly custom of glorifying the human remains after the soul has de- parted. If there is so much money to be made from the undertaking business that Am- ericans are buying up the Ca- nadian undertakers then there should be an alternative for the public who can't afford to be taken in by a monopoly situa- tion. If the act pertaining to fu- nerals and the disposing of the dead gives monopolistic pow- ers to the embalmers, then the act should be changed. In the case of cremation and where the people don't want an open casket, there should be no em- balming required. The cost should be not more than for a container that was to be burnt up during cremation op- erations, in my humble opin- ion. A memorial service can be held with just as much mean- ing and reverence without the presence of the physical re- mains for those who are not slaves of a custom. Some of the best residential areas in our cities are taken up with cemeteries. PAUL C. ANDERSEN. Claresholm. The Unborn Child In every paper one can read about abortion but seldom is anything said against it. Why? Because Christians keep their peace. They are a silent ma- jority. But to do nothing is sometimes a greater sin than to do things wrong. We have to Cruelty To Animals Last week our cat came home singed all over; whiskers gone; eyebrows gone; four blistered paws; and shp was crying. She was taken to the Animal Hospital immediately and her burning was diagnosed as hav- ing been sprayed with some- thing inflammable, then set on fire. This incident was report- ed to the City Police. I wonder just how many peo- ple who have read The Lclh- bridge Herald have read of the plague of mice which hit Aus- tralia this past six months or more? Without the domestic cat, mice could invade your home. Have you thought of that? How would you feel to have mice running all through your cup- boards, hiding in your shoes and clothing, running holler and skelter over your floors? This can happen right here in Letlibridge just as much as it did in Australia, if anything happens to the domestic cat. There are other mice preda- tors also, but with Man's de- structive propensities so prev- alent today, worse disasters can destroy his daily living of comfort. Man's desire for his own comfort in every way, has minimized his qualities of per- ception and foresight. Is the domestic cat so dis- liked that it must be destroyed so cruelly by spraying and fire? 1 pray that those who dis- like cats enough to treat them so cruelly, may in turn bo brought to an awareness of cruelly and suffering in any creature, sufficiently to make them understand the error of their attitude, so they will never bo guilty again of cruelty to nny dumb creature of the animal or bird kingdom. MRS. DORIS DIXON. Lethbridgc. speak up for the truth reveal- ed to us in the Bible. We have to show respect for the life of the unborn child loo. The expectant mother has a God-given commission to fulfil and Ihe Bible says that the killing of unborn children is the height of brutality and Godlessness. We have to pro- tect the life of the unborn child, tlie doctor too. He is a healer, not a killer. We hope more Christians give liieir views on this mailer. A READER. Coaldale. Bravo! Thank you so much Mr. Ku- bara for lowering Ihe boom on Mr. Beum. Even we grade eleven drop- outs could delect the holes in his logic, his grasp of current world reality, and his head, to say nothing of Ihe (altered stale of his common human decency. You found all Ihe right words to say so. Bravo! Thanks also to The Herald for printing both letters; no reason for embarrassment on (heir part about Mr. Beum's they knew what they were doing. MRS. ENID WUATK. Lclhbridge, cannot wipe out all and to luxury of affluent nations and groups in the midst of mis- erable poverty. And Christian- ily is Ihe only way lo bring it about. Let me add lhat, although Professor Beum is well able fo rise lo his own defence, Profes- sor Kubara's leller misses en- tirely the fact that Beum in at- tacking modernistic liberalism, was taking on in combat a dragon with many heads; hence the many strokes and thrusts and blows and torren- tial verbal barrage that, far from being needless repetition, were really a creative attempt at the impossible: the refuta- tion of an amorphous, chame- lon-like- monster. And although as Beum admitted, The Herald is enlightened up to a poinl, it is inconsistent. I applaud The Herald's printing of articles ex- posing apartheid, but reject as vicious those editorials recom- mending abortion and eugenic political intrusions on personal liberties. Paradoxically, it happens that people who agree on basic principles of human nature can disagree markedly in their judgments of particular situa- tions in which principles are applied. But I have never been able to understand how tradi- tionalist conservatives can get themselves into the position of defending a status-quo which is surely destroying human val- ues and culture in a welter of wasteful and polluting mass- production. PETER R. HUNT. Lethbridge. that while Quebec does, not significantly lose from Confed- eration, it certainly docs not gain either. Or at least it didn't until mid-1968, when the Tru- deau government began tackling the regional dispari- ties problem. Ths study used two methods of analysis. One, cash flow, measured federal revenues from Quebec against direct federal expenditures in Que- bec. On ibis balance sheet, Quebec lost out by sums rang- ing from millions in 1966- 67 down to millions in 1967-68. The other, more realistic, method includes among federal benefits to Quebec not only di- rect expenditures but also fed- eral government services to QiMbecers. By this reckoning, Quebes never lost more than millions during the period under study, and even gained in two years, notably the .last, when the gain was mil- lions. (The study, of course, does not take inlo account any of the social, cultural, commer- cial or other ingredients of Confederation just the ques- tion of federal revenues and ex- penditures. Even if its figures were less equivocal, it could not provide a definitive argu- ment for or against Confedera- tion.) The controversy among French Canadians is between those who say that there is no great loss from Confederation, why tamper with it, and those who say lhat since Ihere is no great gain, why not try inde- pendence? The document at least set- tled once and for all the long- standing controversy over "Quoi de the notorious docu- ment circulated by the provin- cial wing of the federal Liberal party in the last week before April's election. It claimed that Quebec received a billion dol- lars more from Ottawa than it paid out. It outraged the other parties Rene Levesque still raves about it and even had to be disavowed by the provin- cial Liberals. if anything, lie new docu- ment has done less to help the federalist cause than the other. The Parti Quebecois has used it to best advantage. Party ex- ecutive committee chairman Jacques Parizeau's economist's eye immediately lit on the fig- ures for the last five years of Uie period under study. One set shows that during that period Quebec gained only a trifling the other that it lost more than a billion dol- lars. Others, less committed than the PQ, have not used the docu- ment to the advantage of Con- federation either. Former Pre- mier Jean-Jacques Bertrand used some of its figures during the end of the campaign to re- fute Liberal claims of Confed- eration's benefits. Premier Bourassa later waved it around at the federal-provin- cial constitutional conference as an illustration lhat Quebec must do better. Premier: Bourassa, showing signs of becoming increasingly shaken in his commitment to the virtues of Confederation, noted when he officially re- leased the document after its leak to a French-language newspaper that the case of federalism must not be consid- ered closed. "It is up to the fed- eral government to make profitable the extremely flex- ible policy called federalism." Its viability will be tested in 1974, and Mr. Bourassa joins former premiers hi considering that the proof to Quebecers lies largely with Ottawa. The issue has attracted little mention and no analysis in Quebec's E n g lish community, which again shows its laxity in sensing the matters of great- est concern to its French breth- ren. (Herald Quebec Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920-CPR officials are en- deavoring to have farmers plow fireguards to control prairie fires this fall and next spring on their land which borders tho railway tracks. A certain sum of money will be paid for the distance of the plowing. Victorian styles continue lo dominate aulumn fa- export of copper from Canada, except to British Empire coun- tries and possibly the U.S., will be issued after a meeting of the War Cabinet. prices in (lie city have dropped as much as eight cents a pound. Pork prices are also down, with sirloin steak sellbg for 70 cents a pound. I960 Defence Minister shions Muffs are definitely the Pearkcs has been named as newest thing, with those for eve- lieulenanl governor of British mng wear made of velvet. Columbia, succeeding Hon 1919-No further permils for Frank Ross. The Letlikidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprielors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No 0012 Member pi The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Daily Newsnaner Publishers' Association and Iho Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE 8ALLA Managing Editor HOY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKEft Edilorial Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;