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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 9, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta 1 -V--I 1920 THE LETHBRIDGE DA'fliY HERALD PAGE SEVEN OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER annersln West Are Simply Tree Hungry of Barnwell With Growing 'frees v (Br lu CtaidUn jut ibottt wched (be earn- rait of our trip across ihe prairie ana ami 'will; Ijsturalag our faces in Saskatchewan and Manitoba.- far, hare met tome ftie throiand iu oieotlflES to the car and scores singly or In groups, all -tToiriBf'-w tie Us ..Very (he, not begun oh time, .and often six o'clock" bas found us still discussing some- b.ody'8 tree 'after the .three o'clock meeting, and JMny a time th'e flight o'clock mttjtriaji has closed at Sloven- or halfwit; .V, .Merest? Theje'ls T4Q end to the In erest, peuple arf tmnsrf tar tree and plant flue Ot them re- marked the other miss the old Institute. when- wu at least all' pur tree troubles .r The questions they. ask. af e.: both nuraeroui and varied, and rphge-lroqi the depth to sow Caragani to to do frith a plantation when the grit; i has taken possession of or "Why is !t my house plants doii't "Whel varieties of- applw and crabs would you advlso' for'thlai and "Why la It the evergreeni I transplant ed from the bilhi not or "Hoir Would you; 'about planting a shelter belt atross the Some are not eaBj- to aiiswer at first, but usually' a. few questions are' enough to 30! at. trie root of the trouble, and w have- always 'managed fo find some so- lution that seemed to fit the matter li liahd.; It is interesting too, how nnc's theories (the knowledge of experl (line and agala by someone who has feachgd the ajmav result 'by following the same processes we have been describing, Such- testimony is very and never fails to jmpreii. It Is at the juma time very encouraging lo tbe speatter Is the Dry Prairie Fatal? A very striking liutance of this oc- cured .where Mr. N. J. iAnderBon, [orBarnwell, wnfirmeil all we the possibility of growing' the dry people irrigated Bcctlons, especWIy KeptKal as to land .particularly in wheji ovwyiblng'bag.fte'en-'fQ qry, TV 'retre'shlti .io, say.! th le'aat, jff hep Mrv to" endof ie laying. Trees do Jfflii i: IrTJjntlon, planted even and with very little cuili- MUioli? afterwards, that the tonrlericy is toeipect the dry land trees to suc- ceed lu the'. Banjo way, anil witb little or no attention a mist-lite Is vfatal' every, time, inn veil down' about the anj cultivation was .carried 03 frequently. during the dry, summer of.'U, the. tamo system of not wilting tor-the weeds helug carried out. Tho. years IS and '19 were dry, Mr, Ander- eon believed In. the Irrigation ot the cullivalci.and keeping the and stirred all fummervond Ihe ro> IE hava grown tpfflll apiiearanro as well as It tfca ii'tna) rainfall bad been pUce Ihe laist three years. Fourteen feet'hleh Is as seed as can be expected ia any three years with normal rainfall with- out Irrigation, and is enough to satis- fy anybody. The whole plantation is A atandlnc proof ot what can be dons In tree .growing even In dry years] when correct methods are carried Aiding Town Schemes Every town or village has its own local little tree problem; -sometime! the wrong trees are being used, some- times they are being injured by a too frequent use ot the sprinkler, actually being injured by and some- times insect or are drj- Iiig damage. At every; yacVwe_ try to get through the Towp the first meeting, taking In lW local tree' troubles and successes and securing "specimens for-the -meetings In- the car, so'that can speak intelligently on whatever up, and advise accordingly. .We have eeen e great deal "of dam- age from'toll drift In, pur travels, and whenever It Is not difficult getting people's attention, Two Blown Out Mr. Aadsrson'a plantation Is a'strik- ine example ot the advantages of'tree belts In checking soil.drl't- Hi) trees are belts, about Ifj rods apart, running north and south. Immediate- ly west outer one there is a crop of flak which Is tho resullpftho third seeding this year, the twp'prfr vlous crops being blown" away com- pletely. For six miles west of him the crops nd soil were completely blown away, nd yet no drift passed through'the lird atrip to his house and garden, is belts are too narrow for perteot jccess as self-dustajnfng plantation n dry land, being only 3 to 6 rowa ide. If they had hcwi six rods wide and Ash and Ash and Maple being used. The three inner rows were al- most completely smothered with the dUBt bank, five feet deep of U, hut yet these trees are all growing through ,he pile of soil and have made from 2 o 3 growth this year, a conclusive iBiwer to the oft-heard doubt that the would be destroyed by the soil drift Instead ot the soil drift being stopped fcr the trees. Trree other places were passed on "the way to Taber, standing rebukes to, every other farm In the vicinity, standing bleak and bare as they were when Brat yeaft ago. and 'chining monuments of what cm be done.eyeu iu years on the prairie in the way of tree growing. .Time 1-ost, Time Gained i During the whole trip we have nql heard a man iiiiesllon the fact tha trees would-hplp the country, help I1 in retaining snow In winter and pre- vent evaporation In summer, -affor ererj.' -'The-third; sonslstlrig'of. six and.'countltig the -of Willow, :risslari Poplar, Ash Maple beginning to realize they havo made a mistake, arid thatt Indeed, unless they plant, they will not ha able to sell their land at nil. Many more have ..been so hard pressed lo-solve tho bread and butter question, they have not had time to attend lo trees, is, they thought they had no lime but when It Is pointed out that in most cases the" bread' and buter question is an almost-endless chase anyway, and that a week per year spent plant- ing and caring for a good belt of trees would never be noticed In the annua cycle, they begin to see- how much they have missed, both they and their families, socially and financially, by keeping their noses, too close to the dcilar-and-cents grindstono. The truth is, tbe people really are tree hungry, if they would only stop to think abput it, hut like-everything else, one does not understand, they are 'They forget tha tie a.treo beit all 'only, a" short tlmo.taken will never b of tha year's JMl Its Chief PurpOM ifl Weed Prof. U. B. Kirk In Grain Grorr- "1 er's Guide., The chief 'purpose' ot tall cultivation _ to control weeds. By term weeds In this article are meant all un: .'clcome plants, including the native grasses and volunteer planto of the sultlvated crops. It -this fsot wero. horoughly understood It would enable some men to do their -fall plowing nd uie their cultivators to better- lurnose. There are other advantages hat naturally they are secondary. The Is weed control. I.; ,.V.'i- In certajn, areas of Western. Canada :he rainfall Is sufficient to permit the jrowlng of a succession of crops with only an occasional fallow year, possi- bly every'fourth, fifth or sixth season. Jnder these fall plow- ng Is an annual operation. With no intertilled crop or summerfallowr to clean the land, fall plowing Is neces- sary, to destroy'a crop of weeds that usually start after harvest. The Abuse of Stubble Burning Over the .larger; areas, however, whoro It Is customary to fallow every third year oa account of restricted preelpilatlon the fallow cleans the land, the itubble is much leas In evi- dence and tali plowing'for the second crop Is not such a necessary operation. This has led to the common practice of-Vurnlng the stubble In the spring and seeding either with or without discing, or It the stubble is to6 short for burning, simply "Dtubbllng in" the grain. "While the loss ot organic matter rlile to burning stubble Is a serious matter in the long rnn and burning should he avoided it possible, carefully conduct- ed experiments have proven that these apparently Blip shod ways of putting In a crop many clrcum stances justified themselves ng tem porary methods. That Is to say, when the land is free from biennial weeds and creeping rooted plants, the In creased yield duo to fall plowing has scarcely paid for tho labor. But fail Ing to recognize the fact that only clean land produced these results too many farmers neglected to plow land that needed It badly and continued to sow their second crop on grassy stub ble Infested wllh biennials anl tef annuals. A biennial Is a plant that requires two years to produce seed'. The first year it usually .grows a rocHto of leaves and establishes a strong root system for the second year. Two nox- ious weeds of this Klin! are tansy mus- tard and bluo burr, Winter annuals are annual weeds that germinate in the fall the year, remain green all winter and continue their growth In the spring from where they loft oft the fall before. Typical examples ot thoso aro stlnkwced, tumbling mus- tard, ball muclard nncl shepherds' purse. It IB evident that for practical purposes of control both kinds must bo treated the aamo. It ntay he noted that winter rye and sweet clover aro also biennials and volunteer plants are best controlled by fall culllva-1 lion. I Biennials F'avorerl by Drought It very noticeable growli I t biennial weeds, has: flourished dur ng the recent'dry years. This'Is du o the their strong root sy: ems which were produced the p'roy iur fall gave them an unfair advau age In competition with the grai n the spring, anil tha more so whe be crop was held back by drough Their prevalence is also an evident of Insufficient fall cultivation. Grassy land has been a'far-.too.ffre> owed.- This Is memberlng. a rule well worth Biennial weeds can best be con ,lled by fall or sprfng plowing. Disc will klil'the young plants oily If e dies arp sharp and the "soil flrhi: iprough cultivation ,of the.fallow t'q'ln the fall with a duckfoot cultlya- r will kill post ot the winter an- jals aiid weeds that havo tarted.: It should be remembered that to1 cultivation Is essential letter early cultivation has been ve'n or npt. Dpnhlp dlscine or plowing shal- w early in tho fall so as to re germina.tlpii and subsequent death freezing Is a good way to get rid of ree" numbers annual weeds. If it bo asked whether spring or fall owing !B best, the answer Is to do It i soon can and when It will jrn beet: Plowing that Is one In th'e fall is ready for crop.-and nee tho spring seaEon is very short Is as much done tho possible. It Is bettor, owever, to leave II until spring rather ian-plo.w-the land in a dry, lumpy plowed when hesl.. STORING THE VEGETABLE CROPS The vegetable crop has been an dbuudant one in most places iu Can- ada Ibis.year, and many persons will lave a to store. It Is mportant that caro be taken In ing so that losses will De reduced to a minimum. Potatoes should be dry when stored and where possible put where the tem- pefsture will -fcot go above forty degrees r. or be-low thirty-two de- grees. In order that the surface, of the. potatpes can bo kept dry find the best condition to avoid rotting, provision should he made for air to pass underneath anil through them, If I they are stored iu considerable or' large quantities provision is' made by keeping the potatoes about six Inches off the floor by first put- ting dowu a slatted temporary floor with the boards Just close enough EO the potatoes will npt fall through, and a similar siotleil temporary wall a few Inches from the permanent wall would permit a slXl freer circulation of air. Keeping them in crate-like hoses with openings between tho boards on tops and sides is a good method, parsnips, carrots, salsify and turnips keep best under conditions Bomewha.0similar to potatoes, though it-Is" not" so Important to keep them dry. Indeed iu the average cellar they aro liable to become I ,helr firmness. If there danger :hls may.he kept in and with a lath or other pieces of wood to keep the tops somewhat apart and better to ensure a circulation; of sir. The soil should be kept moist but thn tops dry. Avoid wetting the leaves and stalks if watering Is necessary. To store green tomatoes to ripen them put In closed boxes or drawers where they will be in the dark In; a moderately warm place. W. T. MACOUtf, CONVENE LEGISLATURE REGINA, October slon ot the Saskatchewan will be conveaed'Taurtday, November 4. This announcement was mado a4 er a meeting .of the executive council, It Is hoped to finish the session, betorv Dominion Horticulturist. Christmas. Bight.shei'p oivnel Jiy Jerry Mc- onald, of Long Point, Wolfe. sland, were killed by lightning whlje aking shelter.undor. a .tree. Collections For Business Houses The satisfactory service which in the matter of collecting Notes, Brafti and other financial paper, is dte to 'tha nuroberahdstrategic location of its branches throughout Canada, and the efficient system in force.'. Special attention is given to 'returns are.promptly made and.credited; losses are often prevented by the care ana thoroughness with which we do ft1 is part of our work. MERCHANTS BANK Head Office: Montreal. "OF' CANADA jiaec itrrHnnrnnF nrtik-ru :oo dry lose :re Is dancer ol Brlifdieii Established R. I covered ,witb a sacH U.ept wet. arm cellar grow, i Onions are very liable to rot unless kept In a dry place.' Keep out asj thinly. quantities- qte small, an attip room where there 'Tib frost will be found a good i.ld.sVoro Cabbage wilt in a- >-arm, dry cellar.' as long as pOEslble by protecting tliein with leaves, straw, o.'r If Ihey bagln to crack is to pull' (hem, lopsen them In'the ground by twisting the plant and thus.' Rlcrliig ,whe' 'grow ijelfje ve dry they; keep-better with the roots and stems'lfeft oh, and wrapping each head In a newspaper will prevent wilt- ing to some extent. '_ Celery Is.-left" dnlslcle uutll danger of.severe '.frosU. 'To keep well In storage It needs n moderately dry, well ventilated cool cellar for best results. The celery should be planted iu tho cellar hi' rows together in saud or light soil, separating each rov. AGE know" a man 6r woman getting on in whoso life Ik made a torment by swol- stpne, .painful urination, liiior n tillmg1 them that Gin Pills VU1 and healthy old age. consulting engineer mltei ni: 'Tour y, I find at 60 years of age, to give'me per- trom'kidney and' bladder troubles.' I- tly recommend them to friends of my age as being the.only thing that does me good." .You don't Gin Pills to try Write for a free Dniff Chemical Co. of Canada, U. S. Inc. NJf, good I times and bad times fo JL the 45 years thi Bankhas steadily givenits bes efforts to the development and upbuilding of tlie agricultural, ipanufacturing and commer- .cial business of this Country. O ent service is available for the benefit all customers. THE STANDARD BANK OF CANADA T. K, LOCKWOOD MAKAOCT 13TM STREET NORTH G, E. GLETCHER MAMMEH 4lrt AVENUE SOUTH P. BILUNOTON DArrOH AND STSBLFNO BF1ANCHE5 L. G.THOMAS MANAOCT COALHURST BRANCH W. B. FERGUSON KAKACCH COALOALE BRANCH C. T. McKINNON BURDETT BRANCH PILE MACHINERY Monday, October llth, At 10 ON THE AART BROUWER FARM T 11 MILES STRAIGHT SOUTH OF BUHDETT in Ihe perfect I ifftuina of hit com, ploiion. Ptrmintnt temporary skin troubles ere effectively un- nalural color and correcu Highly istd betieflcial rtsulu >i wtiivc for 70 yun. A'r. ftOChlMSh JAMES L. LARSEN, Auctioneer. Sub-As CACjr h tnd fridiyt. IMPORTANT, AUCTION SALE OF FARM1N.G STOCK AND IMPLEMENTS i To be held at; the Weeks' Ranch, half-mile East of CarrJston ON pJRDAY, OCT. i COMMENCINQ AT 1 0'CLOCj< FRkNK WADDINGTON INSTRUCTED BY THE OWNER, WILL SELL BY PUBLIC AUCTION, A3 ABOVE 20 Good Milch Cows, 15 Light Horses, 4 Heavy 17 1, 2 and 3-year-old Heifers, 7 Calves, 1 Registered Durham Bull McCormick Tilndor nnd Truck, Dccrlns; Mower, HcCormlck Mower, Van Brunt Donblo Disc Drill, Diamond Tool.h Harrow, Chatham Fanning Mill, Ualn Bob Sleigh, Small Hob Slolgli, Feed Chopper, 3 Wagons, Clang I'lows and Harrows, National Miiniiro Spreader, DsLavel Cream Reparalor, Largo and Small Churn, Cement Ijlock Machine. Wlilto Rotary Sowing Mnchino, and small items. A punctual attendance Is rttniesled. AUCTIONEER'S PHONES 770 AND 469, LETHBRIDGE TERMS CASH banking- requirements, of mej-ciiaiite: "will receive full con- 'sideration !.ljy the officers of this Bank.i Artangfe to open a current account aiifJL every banking facility is assured.; "MA' THE CANADIAN BANK RESERVE FUNp' Manager. HaveVmmte Your Will? Every'person owning property of an'y kind. Should make a will. If YOU have neglected tMs ,very; iipportant matter, relieve yourself frorn woriy by .rectifying this oversight, ami .ap- point us your BRITISH CANADIAN TRDST CO'Y LETHBRIDGE GEO. W, PARSONS, MGR. PHONE 1M3. ALBERTA Ydur May have all. the qualifications to act as Executor under your he may die. Would you care to have him replaced by someone, over selec- tion you have-no control? A Trust Company does" not die and is the ideal modern .WRITE FOR OUR BOOKLETS' TRUSTS and GUARANTEE Company, Limited 220 8TH AVE. WEST CALGARY, ALBERTA LETHBRIDGE OFFICE: BANK OF COMMERCE BUILDING, J. W.focNICOL, INSPECTOR ALBERTA PROVINCIAL SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURE AT RAYMOND OFFERS COURSED IN Agriculture and Domestic Science CONSISTING OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC SCIENCE Agrpnemy Animal Husbandry Mechanics Veterinary Dairying Poultry Farm Management Horticulture Economics, Science NO'TUITION FEE Cooking, Sewing Laundry Horns Nursing English and Arithmetic Household Management Sanitation Dairying Poultry _. Physical Culture NO ENTRANCE EXAMINATION Courses extend over two winter sessions of five months each commencing Oct. 29 and closing March 26 Open to boys and girls who have reached sixteen years of age.' Calendar of studies in'ij Application of'Admittance Forrns obtainable from: O, S, LONGMAN, B.S.A., Principal School of Agriculture, Raymond HON. DUNCAN MARSHALL, Minister of Agriculture', 'fftmon'lon A. E. MEYER, LL.B., Hupt, of Schools and UemnnEtratlon Karniti, Gdmonloti ;