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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 8, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Friday, October 8, 1971 Take another look A new library is needed in Leth- bridge. It has been needed for a long while. Yet. now that action is being taken toward that end, there is rea- son lo believe that a halt should be called to what is envisaged in order to take another look at the possibil- ity of a regional library. The fact that both the city manager and Ihe librarian, as well as some aldermen, have suggested another look, should be taken as a warning that present plans may be inadequate. To embark on a program that could prove to be disappointing in relation lo the service that might have been possible to the residents of the city and district would be tragic. What is done in the near future will necessarily stand for a long time. The new library might become a monument to lack of wisdom. Perhaps the financing of the new building in Lethbridge has been al- lowed to take too much precedence in the planning. Since the province apparently does not provide assis- tance for capital expenditure, that might seem to he adequate justifica- tion for rejecting the concept of a regional library, especially since it Manpower's dismal figures The report on the Canada Manpow- er program issued recently by the Economic Council of Canada present- ed some disturbing facts. It seems that federal Manpower offices have been finding fewer jobs for Cana- dians each year since IflGli. despite an increase of more than 50 per cent in their expenditures over the same period. Prevailing economic conditions do not make Manpower's job easier, hut the statistics presented go back to more stable times when the old National Employment Service was divided into the Unemployment In- surance Commission and Manpower. Since its inception Manpower seems to have been producing disappoint- ing results. Among the flaws listed by the coun- cil was the questionable way Man- power evaluates its programs. It par- ticularly challenged findings that for every dollar invested in training, be- tween two and three dollars wore generated in the form of jobs and higher pay. The council recognizes that the centres probably are doing their job when they refer people lo training programs resulting in up- grading of skills. But the objective is not education; it is the labor ket and it has been the unfortunate experience of many re trained per- sons to find (hat on completion of upgrading, the Manpower centres are unable to find them jobs as they have hoped. The council also discovered that private placement agencies are prov- ing to be more popular with the un- employed than the federal Manpower centres. This may indicate that pri- vate concerns take more pains to find the right job for the right person than the government sponsored agen- cy- Manpower is an expensive opera- tion and the council's findings will disturb many Canadians whose tax money goes to its support. The government may well be ad- vised to take a good look at Man- power's present operation to analyse why it isn't operating more efficient- ly and finding jobs or more of the unemployed. ERIC NICOL High heels AS we all know, high heels are in this fall. For men. that is. I have no idea what is in fcr women as footwear. Last time I looked, they were marching out in Roman gladiator's sandals and puttees, looking to carve up a Christian. A man can get hurt, scouting the lower reaches of the Amazon. But at least one U.S. shoe manufacturer is betting S20 million that men will buy "heets with soul." The blacks are snap- ping up the sloir.pers. and the vogue is spreading to college campuses where high- er education gains altitude from the extra inches of stacked leather. The prediction is that by next year Mr. Suburbia too will be wearing clogs on his dogs, extracting confidence from the sound of his smiting the pavement when he has to walk because his wife is using the car. The high-heeled shoe fcr men responds to that part of the American Dream that is part Gary Cooper, part Nazi gaulciter. Otherwise lost in the urban crowd, a man longs to be seen as (all in the saddle- even if the saddle i.s on a Honda mini. Unlike the old Adlcr Elevator shoes that some of us shorter bucks contemplated twenty years ago as an aid to dominat- ing high-rise blondes, the new versions of priming the pump make no altempt to he unobtrusive. On the contrary, what New York magazine The Fat Red Mother (.580) is red embossed with silver stars and a sii'.er Takes a and the Joe Twitch is "pink- and-purple spccl.Mors with multicolored laces and natural Marked heel" Clearly the heights lwing ascended here involve more than taking the Mickey out of us Rooneys. A man doesn't, need to be Margaret Mead to identify three-inch stacked heels on men's slxjos as an effort to regain some of the stature lost to the women's libcra- Hon movement. Males would not be court- ing acrophobia and the charleyhorse. tee- tering on dreamy spires of Oxfords, were they not fundamentally convinced that the war of the sexes had left them standing in a hole. Let's face it, chaps: we're compensat- ing. The Kate Millets and the Betty Friedans have turned back our High .Voon to the wee hours of the male mystique. In our stocking feet we can't stand up to tne sex that outlives and outloves us So we try to rise above the situation by stepping into space-needle bluchers and turning our head into a revolving restaurant. When we put our foot clown, we v.ant the satisfaction at least of a resonant clonk, as we take our place at the sink to wash the dishes. Yet problems arise too, in wearing high heels to build up our male ego, such as that there is a limit to how high Ihe heel can rise before it violates city building regulations. More serious in the long run is that even the shorlrun lakes on a hip rotating sass we once asso- ciated with the girl on spikes un- dulating into the wings. The only way lo overcome this ambiguous toddle is lo de- velop the bow-legged gait, of Ihe cowboy. Tte average man may be able to afford the high-heeled shoes, but stabling a horse can run him into money. Much as I yearn to have women look- up to me, literally or otherwise, I sus- pect that I am not yet ready In put funky chunks on my Hush Puppies. I keep gelting this mental picture of fueh- rer Norman Mailer taking his salute, atop his wedgies, from massed battalions of male chauvinists chaining "Sick heel! Sick heel! (Vancouver Province fealnresl Bitter pill By DOUR Walker The Herald golf tournament is over Charlie liuijert failed to show so I had to abandon the goal of trying to beat him out fur the hoohie I T couldn't win the low score title hut t thought I had a chance lo be tlio winner in oirr tircctome. Helen Kovacs eliminated herself from contention wilh a H on Ihe first hole hut Elwoojl Ferguson put up a fight all the way and won by a single stroke for the round. II. was a hitler pill lo .swallow be Ireateu by a guy who only plays once a ye ar I Bruce Hutchison he strange adventure in the field of economics would possibly requirr a larger fa- cility than is envisaged now. Yet the sustaining grants fur the operation of a regional library might offset the added initial expense. There isn't the slightest doubt about the value of a regional library for the smaller communities sur- rounding the city. In a study pre- pared some months .igo, Librarian G. R. F. Dew stated, "the only bene- fits accruing to the City of Leth- bridge that one can see is the knowl- edge that the city is helping to im- prove the standard of libraiy ser- vice in the district." As urban society continues to over- whelm the rural there may be some constraint imposed on the city dwell- er to be mindful ol his country broth- er. It is difficult lo believe, however, that the equipment and administra- tion necessary to serve an extended community would not yield some div- idends lo Ihe city dueller in addition to a feeling of largesse toward those in the environs. Much more public discussion of the factors involved in Ihe planning for optimum library services would seem to be in order. 'THAT iiml spicy oni- cloth......naming many dif- fercnl kinds of eggs iiml vague- ly called I lie New Economics has suddenly failed lo nourish the Western wurM. The- failure is clear to everyone by this time but generally attributed to the wrong cause. Thus we are told that the New Economics have failed be- cause they arc Km new and reckless when, in truth, they arc already too eld and timid. Or we are told that they arc too complicated when obviously Ihey arc too simple. The strange adventure now entering another not yet known began, if we must date it, some Ml years ago with the arrival of Franklin Roosevelt at the White House. But of course he didn't know what he had under- taken and would die in 19-15 without fully knowing. This fact was visible as early as 1934 when Maynard Kcyncs, inventor of the New Econo- mics, visited Roosevelt, vainly tried to expound his theories and later remarked lo Miss Frances Perkins, secretary' ot labor, with icy British sarcasm, that he had "supposed Ilia president was more literate, economically speaking." (You will find the conversation re- corded in Miss Perkins' auto- biography, "The Roosevelt I The president's economic ig- norance, often noted by his friend Mackenzie King, did not halt the march of the New Eco- nomics under the banner of the New Deal. They just rolled on, gathering additional experi- ments, refinements and bound- less hopes like a snowball until, on Aug. 15, 1971, the snowball melted lo engulf Roosevelt's current successor and the New Economists of Ottawa as well. Perhaps the only surprising thing about the latest world crisis is that it should surprise anyone who can read a few plain figures. For the figures, in the last three years at least, "Yeh, well if he's normal why isn't he turning into a hippie, rebelling against society, using drugs, dropping out or No obvious answer to Indian question By Shallli Herron There don't appear to be any answers on "the Indian question." There does appear to be a bewilder- ing multiplicity of Indian points of view and a good deal of deep and not very friendly In- dian disagreement. In the cir- cumstances, it doesn't seem that the ordinary Canadian, who has no or almost no knowl- edge of the problem, can help much in solving it or' have any views about it that are useful and informed. But he can and docs have a lot of questions. The first is: Is it not time to drop the ''white men's injustice to the Indian" talk in a situation that derives from the fact that the Indians wanted to preserve something of their aboriginal life in a country through which the white man was spreading, and could not have foreseen any more than the white man could foresee, what social, political, economic and technical devel- opments would do to all their plans and hopes? Isn't it a fact that at the root of the matter nobody is lo "blame" for the situation because mankind is not too wise and cannot read Ihe future? Is it not also lime to drop the "work shy and drunken Indian" talk which implies that there are in fact, and for rea- sons inherent in the character of the Indian, no solutions of any kind to the plight of the Indian people? When you get beyond these questions others that have noth- ing to do wilii Indians as such but have everything to do with the development of modern so- cieties begin lo asked. For example, does anybody really believe thai the reserve system can survive in a mod- ern society? It's interesting to see Indians in some parts of Canada move in the summer from their reserves looking for work as guides, going under canvas as if the last shred of the nomadic life was still with us. It may be a picturesque remnant of a life that is past, and perhaps it wa'-ns us that the folk roots of the Indian people are still there. But if Canada's economic dev e 1 o p- ment is what we expect it to be and her industrialization proceeds and her population in- creases as it is now expected lo do, how much longer can this poor remnant of a once-free life survive? At what cost to society and to the Indian? Can it be that tile only rea- son for' the Indian pilgrimage into our cities is misery on the reserve? Or is it that the In- dian young are as drawn by ur- ban life and its promises, just as much and for the same rea- sons, as are their white con- temporaries? Is (here nol in the Letters to the editor Indian communities as well as in the white, a revolution of ris- ing expectations that has noth- ing to do with Indian culture, Indian inheritance, aboriginal rights or any of Ihe things some spokesmen talk of? Is it not a fact that what an increas- ing number of Indians want is a normal place, as people, in Canadian life? The same schools, the same jobs, the same clothes, the same pay, the same chances, the same education, the same rights? And this business of the pres- ervation of Indian culture? When one society is overrun by another culture and that isn't a new thing how much of the original culture can sur- vive? How much Indian cul- ture has survived? Isn'l a so- ciety's culture closely tied to the gut base of its economic life and if some of its culture sui-vives into another and alien economic structure, isn't what survives a kind of folk mem- ory, a psychic recollection and Open letter to Homeowner Vou must be at least 21 years of age since you own a home. No man worthy of his salt who believes in what he has to say sincerely would write a letter and not sign it with his own honorable un- larnished name. I retired a year ago but would like to leach another lesson. To me you illustrate the kind of thinking and doing which has Iwcome prevalent in our society locally, provincially, nationally and internationally. And that is that no one can Co nspiracy to discredit 'flic reason we arc not hav- ing a fluoridation plebiscite on Oct. i.s due entirely to coun- cil taking no positive aciion on the matter. What is vitally im- portant, however, i.s I lie fact that tuo re.spon.siblr aldermen have been publicly subjected to unjustified and malicious at- tacks, and unfortunately in some, instances by people who should know bctler. The fads are that although first reading of a fluoridation bylaw was nol. unanimous when presented to council on Sept. 20, a special meeting could have been called for the following day. and if council had then voted in lavnr of a lluoridalion hylavv a pli-iiisrilfl could have been held. la oilier words, even Illough the city solicitor classi- fied (he pet.ition as being im- properly submillcd, a vote on lluoridalion could have been in- stituted had the majority of council wished it. A recent let- ter liv a former alderman slalc.s emphatically "the coun- cil lias the power to pass on its a fluoridation bylaw." For some reason unknown to the ordinary citizen there ap- pears lo lie a conspiracy lo dis- credit Iwo trustworthy council members. This is something that should bo of the utmost concern to all citi- who on Oct. l.'l have an opportunity In show Iheir dis- gusl with Ihcse smear accusa- lions. A. F. SMITH. get at the truth of things. Lo- cal politicians, school board representatives, provincial and federal bodies shun the real truth. We live in a world of niter deception, far removed from the Truth, the Way and the Life. Everything becomes artificial wilh tile sense of val- ues walered down so insincer- ity, intrigue, waste, milnithful- ness, unfaithfulness, murder of h i 1 d r c n unborn- fornication, lesbianism. He. etc. ad infmiium. Surely our Middy will pay dearly for this in some way or other. We cannot possibly hope to get away with cheating and lying and pretending what we fire not. lias man's conscience so deteriorated that he has no soul? I would surmise that. Home- owner, somewhere along the lino, you fit into one of these categories. Why nol examine ycur conscience, Mr. Home- owner? if come lo any con- elusions lo which you can .sign your name we shall be glad lo listen lo your views. Arc you sure yon weren't expounding the view of someone who clupsd you inlo expressing such nonsensical opinions as those expressed in your unsigned letter, Voters beware of leachers? llomember loo that the Trulh shall make yep fm., nnd the (laics of Hell '-.hall nol prevail against il. E. S, VASliLliNAK. Lctlibridgc. nostalgia? That is not to deny the survival, even in some mea- sure its revival, but its contin- uance as a separate and whole culture is improbable im- possible. The attempt to make it appear to be possible is sure- ly precious and the belief that it can survive untouched by and if you like uncorrupted or un- changed by the dominant cul- ture, an illusion? Is it not therefore the future of Indian culture that it should take its place with every other cultural tradition in this land, each affecting the other as peo- ple pick and choose voluntar- ily and involuntarily, among the elements that surround them and please them? Indian painter's, for example, are a part and an exciting part of Canadian painting. They have been affected by the develop- ment of painting in Canada just as much as have white paint- ers in Toronto or Winnipeg, I don't know the answers to any of these questions and I haven't met anyone who does. But they are the kind of ques- tions people ask everytime the Indian question comes up and the future of the Indian people in Canada as a separate peo- ple seems as improbable and as undesirable to them as the survival of closed communities ol Ukrainians, Germans, Eng- lishmen, Scotsmen or French- men would be. The central questions being asked in many quarters where there is no expert knowledge and where opinion is never sought by official minds, are these: Is there any case for, or any chance of, the survival of a separate Indian people in Canadian society? Is not inte- gration the inevitable future, whether or not governments or some Indian leaders want lo avoid it? Is not the proper course forward, to ensure the Indians the education they need and the opporlunitics more and more of them crave, so that Ihcy can take their place and their chances, like you and me and the next Canadian, in one Canadian sociely? (llorald .Special Service) showed beyond doubt that, tho United Stales, il was going, was going internationally broke and taking the other nations wilh il. President Nixon re- sisted the most obvious of all facts as long as he could and then, forced lo admit them, plunged the world inlo confu- sion and himself inlo an ex- periment as incalculable as Roosevelt's. Despite all Ihe warning sig- nals, the Canadian government and people had long assumed, incredible as il appears in re- trospect, that nothing really basic or dangerous was under way. To be sure, inflation and unemployment were rising sim- ultaneously, contrary to all eco- nomic theory, old and new, the national economy was behaving in an odd way but this aberra- tion would soon pass. Edgar Benson and other high author- ities reassured us on that point over and over again, right up to the moment of chilling truth in mid-August. Whereupon official Ottawa cried havoc in a choking voice, the back-room experl.s who had long misled the government felt betrayed by an unjust fate, Ihe prime minister, a brooding Hamlet, delivered his myster- ious soliloquy on television and Robert Stanfield said every- thing would be all right if only taxes were drastically reduced tomorrow morning. Now we can see that the New Economics, having fallen on their face, were too simple, naive and ehiktlikc in their as- sumptions. Among other things, Ihey assumed, from Kcynes' time onward, that a modern economy operated in a free, flexible market; that competi- tive forces would adjust all dis- tortions; that purchasing power would balance production; that wages and profits would not ex- ceed the real output of the in- dustrial system; that inflation, therefore, would not occur or, if it did, that government would correct it with infallible wis- dom and unfailing courage. No man wilh any experience of human nature could make such assumptions and yet they underlay the policies of all Ihe great Western nations. They underlay, for example. Presi- dent Kennedy's New Frontier (now closed for Presi- dent Johnson's Great Society (now Mr. Trudeau's .lust Society (now in traumatic suspense) and "President Ni.x- on's return lo normalcy (now moving in the opposite direc- If we can sec all this at last, we can also see that the New Economics have failed not through their newness but through their oldness. They be- came obsolele in the prime of middle age because they could not keep abreast of actual events which move along re- gardless of theory. The actual cvenLs have de- stroyed most of the original as- sumptions, particularly that the market is still free when it can- not be free so long as the two giants of managcm e n t and jabor dominate a large part of it and the public be damned. Until recently Mr. Nixon de- nied these facts and denounced economists like John Kenneth Galbraith who had tried to ex- plain them. But on the historic day of Aug. 15 he accepted them and almost claimed their authorship for himself. He re- paired nol lo the Old Econo- mics, as some of his business and labor friends had hoped, but to a method even newer lhan the New Economics. Here was a painful act of self-swallowing, hut what else could he do? And while he says that the act will soon be re- versed, thai Ihe good old Amer- ican way will soon he revived, nothing is so permanent as a temporary arrangement. In short, the wage-price freeze, to be followed by some longer- lerm method of controls with legal "teeth'.' in them, accord- ing lo Ihe president, is usher- ing the United Slates into an unknown, unmapped countiy. Does any Canadian suppose lhat Canada can contract out of the same adventure and ex- empt ilsclf from the galloping history of Ihe world? As Welling said on a rather different his- toric occasion, a man who bc- lievc.s this will believe any- thing. (Ncralil Special Si'rvicc) The Letltbridge Herald 501 7lli St. Lelhbrklfic, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprielors and Publishers Published 1005 1954, ty Hon. W. A. RUCUAiNAN second Class Mall RcnlMrntlnn No Member of The Canadlon Press flno' inf C.innoir. Publishers' Association and tho Audit Outran mil? Dtiilv Nnw.R'irft fit Circuiailnnr CI.EO W. MOWERS, Ediror nntt Puhll-hffr THOMAS H. ADAMS. c.cnnr.-'i win-Kior JOt OALLA I lAV MAY Editor A-. ROY F, POUOLAs K WAI KCR Advirtiilng Mana0ir [fdltorlcii Pago Edilor "THE HERAID StRVES THE SOUTH" ;