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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 8, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta TUB UTHBRIDGE HERAtO Friday, Oclober 8, 1971 Indian Education 011 Trial is theme of Lethbridge meet ,e electronic synthesizer. Electronic music synthesizer at University of Lethbridge most important developments sound like a conventional piano in 20th century music. Ex- keyboard, or be altered to pro- By HERB JOIIXSO.V Staff Writer _.....____. _____ _.. i periments have been going on j duce any desired intervals be- When you re trying to figure j for many veare ta ma differ. i hveen the keys. >ut how to on an cnt dictions. ;lectroruc synthesizer n, helps _ One of the basic techniques is to take a "natural" sound siiii'. is tile human voice ov musical instrument and alter it ihrcugh elccironic means. Play- By R17DV IIAUGENEDER Slarr Indian Education On Trial, is the theme ot a two-day Alberta Indian Education Association teachers' convention which be- gan in Le-thbridfie Thursday. And the Iliciuc was followed, as Indian reserve, teachers from Uiroughuul Ihe province j Ihe system. j The Indian education system, I its method of preparation and administration discussed by teachers and education re- searchers. "I woutdn'i wan! to send my child to a reserve said W. C. Thomas, department of Indian affairs regional superin- tendent of education. He said Indian schools are of sub-standard construction, in addition to other problems. Mr. Thomas was replying to a question from Howard Beebe, Blood Band Indian council- or, who questioned why in- creasing amounts of money are being spent for facilities off the reserve. "Facilities and teachers on the j reserve are not what theyj should Mr. Beebe said. j Agreeing with the statement, Sir. Thomas said the situation resulted from attempts to inte- j grate Indian educational pro- grams which backfired. The system is "stuck" and the federal government, at the moment, will not make any ad- ditional efforts other than those budgeted for. Mr. Thomas said. He said the Indian affairs de- partment docs not have much contact witli Indians when pre- paring curriculums. However, he added the de- dall pointed out that two years ago the Alberta department of education offered band educa- tional consultants an opportun- municipal school boards. But the Indian Association of i Mi-. Hyndman told the teach- ers his department will study Alberta rejecied the proposal the Indian Associations ity to sit as full members of I restrictions. because Inere were too many quests for a new hoard formu- la and consider new legislation. Indian education has failed says a provincial consultant I you have a good background h physics. Dr. Ken Hickcn, assistant professor of music at the Uni- rersity of Lethbridge, has B.Sc. in physics from the Uni- versity of Alberta, plus a Ph.D. In music theory from Brigham University. Right now he needs them both, and all the spare time he can lay his hands on. He's in charge of a brand new Synthi ing a tape recording of a song at double speed is a simple example. Dr. Hicken's equipment is dif- ferent in that it generates the sound itself. It is bnsicallv the same type of unit that was used in !he very ponular Switched- VCS3 an electronic synthe-j On Bach a {ew years sizer capable of producing an i incredible variety of sounds j fficken it, Sounds that can be shaped into lhf.re baslc music, provided one knows all i -tlle the tricks involved in achiev-1 ing the effects one wants. In adding sounds to make a osite, he has five sound others can come very close to reproducing the sound of a con- ventional instrument. Electronic music, as every- one knows, has been one of the jse, plus two that can be plugged in. A microphone and I a prepared tape, for example, could be added as extra sound producers. There is also a key-: A 1 board that can be set up to! All For the subtractive approach, Dr. Hicken uses a noise gener- i ator that pror'uecs frcquen- i cies at once. The trick then is to subtract unwanted frequen- cies and alter the remaining ones to produce the desired re- sult. The synthesizer's most prom- inent feature is its complex- ity. In the same way that mu- sicians and composers over the years hr-.ve developed nnd re- fined techniques for convention- al instruments, the music com- munity is now learning to ex- ploit the resnurrr-s of the syn- thesizer, in the latter case, the process will be a long and complicated matter. There are literally millions of sounds available. Sound sources not only make (heir own sound, they can be used to alter a sound from another source. The possible combina-' tions boggle the imagination. But out of it all must come, i not a of cleric tment i on how' to diange Beitison, a University Indian education has failed, teachers attending the Alberta Indian Education Association convention in Lethbridge were told Thursday. Cultural differences between Indian and Anglo Saxon cul- tures and teacher attitudes are to blame, said Herb Callihoe, a provincial department of edu- cation regional consultant. "To say anything less than that Indian education is a fail- ure is an untruth 94 per cent of Indian students starl- ing grade one don't make it to grade he said. "Teachers, as a group, are as well qualified as any group of teachers in Canada for students of the majority (whit e) so- ciety." But he questioned whether re- serve and municipal teachers are qualified to teach Ind i a n students. Mr. Callihoe said just as teachers are not qualified to teach people from otter coun- tries who do not have a work- ing knowledge of English, re- serve teachers are not qualified to teach Indians who have cul- tural and language differences. "Differences exist between the Indian and white societies which, when ignoredi condemn Ihe native student to mediocre performance and becoming an early drop out from the school he said. Asking teachers to question whether they believed "that na- tive children have as m uc h potential as non native stu- Mr. Callihoe: cited a study recently conducted in Ihe United States. A number of students of sim- ilar abilities were formed into three three tiie class was quickly trans- mitted to the students, who re- acted and performed according- ly even though the students ac- tually were all of the same in- telligence level. "I have wondered how much teacher attituucj has contribu- ted to the failure ot Ihe native student." he said. "Teachers must take into full account Ihe Indians' aspirations and needs as the Indians see them, before embarking on any program of action. Callihoe said. ''Indian groups and taught by people must be involved when teachers with excellent educational programs are for- mulated. "A great many changes in Indian education must occur quickly, or these changes may come 11) late." performance records. However, during individual briefing sessions the teachers were told they were instructing classes who were either above average, normal or below nor-1 mal. After several months the classes were tested. One group performed below average, the other above and the third in an average man- ner in direct relation to what each teacher had been told. The study disclosed that the attitude of the teacher towards in the "creation of not tinscriiiR srwrd by of Lcthbridge sociology sor said a Ddual profes- svs. tem be consldered _ -an At resent, the music is m a intfigratedi Off-the-reserve sys- gains familiarity with the syn- V" e UKV< on order and there are plans to set up an electronic music lab as soon as possible. tem as sys. Education system is ited basis by students next sem- ester, ban-ing unforeseen diffi- culties. As the equipment bpc o m p s more sophisticated and the in- tern. Alberta's new education min- ister, Lou Hyndman, at the conference, agreed the two-sys- tem policy is possible but said due to the nature of the Cana- dian constitution his depart- ment could not bear much in- Cultural differences between Indian and white students make the curriculum taught on re- between the teacher and stu- dent. He advised teachers attend- inappropriate and ing tte EAwa_ j lion Association Convention to make more use of local re- inadequate. Merv Kowalchuck, an inter- election SAVE ON irnet AMPLIFIERS (DOWNSTAIRS) "The Sound Cellar" LEISTER'S WE ARE CLEARING GARNET AMPS with savings from to OU to maks way for new models. -Buy now fall new) with exclusive lifetime sound of "Guess Who" Canada's band use Garnet Amp: 'Made by Musicians for Musicians) waronty. greatest rock GARNET Sound of the pros. 1-MACH 5 TWIN 2-12" Reg. 269.00. Special 90 wott. 1-llt ROCK BASS 150 watt speaker Reg. 269.00. Special 1-MACH 5 REVERB 1-12" speaker wilh reverb, 90 walls. Reg. 299.00. Special 1-BANSHEE BASS 21 walls, 1-12" speaker. Reg. 129.00. Special 1-SWINGER 120 wilh reverb and tremolo (piggy back Reg. 435.00. Special..... 1-REBEl IEAD 1-12" speaker, 1-5x8 horn, 100 walls, wilh fuzi and tremolo. Reg. 449.00. Special 89 it'll r J I J different P.A. system! to chose from. All power ranges, prices nnd sizei. Downstair'- at leiiter's Music Also we stock over 20 MAKES OF GUITARS 70 Different Models All itylei ond prices LEISTER'S MUSIC LTD. 715 Paramount Theatre Bldg. Phono 328-4080 or 327-2272 The advance polls for the i out of the city Oct. 13 or those fluence on federal department Air. Hyndman said however, ?1'.'CT" Itnat more subjects dealing with about what it can do, there j should be taught triguirg and exciting modern j reserve schools. ids emanating from i A northern Alberta teacher charged Indian affairs with phasing out its responsibility by developing Indian education facilities off the reserve. Mr. Thomas said the money is not spent without consulta- tion of Indian bands. The reason for off and on-re- music the U of L department of mu- sic. open Oct. 13 civic election opened who are handicapped and will; serves schools is tl cultural education consultant with the provincial department of education said in Lethbridge Thursday, subjects currently taught on Indian reserves have to be adjusted to meet the needs of Indian students. The subjects currently taught on reserves are designed to meet the educational needs of white students living in a white environment. However, he said, due to dis- tinct cultural and social differ- ences apparent in Indian society the reserve school curriculum is not suitable for the education- al needs of Indian students. sources including use of a stu- dent's past work or that of classmates. GRAVEL SALE! We ore overstocked In inch washed gravel. This gravel Is excellent for roads, parking areas, driveways, Reg. Price cu. yd. SALE PRICE CU, YD. TOLLESTRUP SAND and GRAVEL CO. Phone 327-3610 Persons who anticipate being I day and Saturday. Federal tax reforms costly for most low-ivage earners C_7 Proposed federal tax reforms i gary chartered accountant and will cost mone. for the same Canadian Institute of Charter- ed people it was intended to serve low-wage earners. About 10.000 new accounting personnel will be required by Canadian busincrses to prepare tax statements .vhen the new tax reform, Bill C-259, becomes law. The costs for the extra per- sonnel will be passed on to the consumer, D. A. Grant, a Cal- ELECT EXPERIENCE For COUNCIL VOTE TOMMY FERGUSON Inserted by T. I. FERGUSON Accountants tax r e f o r m course instructor, told 30 Leth- bridge professional and busi- nessmen. "Outside of the capital gains tax imposed, the new tax re- form is nothing more I ban o cleaning up of loopholes in the old tax said (i. J. Robinson, an Edmonton char- tered accountant. The new bill plugs many lax- cut loopholes used by large cor- porations in the existing tax structure. Under the terms of tlie new bill, only Canadian farmers and ranchers receive any special consideration, such as a SI.OiH) per year capital gains tax ex- emption which is redeemable when a property chances own- ership. The CICA feels the proposed tax reform bill will become law regardless of any corporate lobbying done in Ottawa to re- tain the old structure. Included in the tax reform bill are provisions which pre- iiipposc that the provinces will follow the federal tax formula. The danger to the smooth op- WATCH FOR GRAND OPENING of the MEW betty shop _ including Blackfoot-Sarcee area, E. Dos-1 lives oriented and place little I emphasis on places or objects. Subjects taught at reserve schools should be developed on a local level so that students, particularly in primary grades, can relate to their immediate surroundings and events. He said the present system 1 does not allow clear communi- I cation between the Indian stu- dent and the teacher teaching a subject. The communication break- down often leads to isolation eration of the bill lies in the i provisions which permit provin- i cial governments to go their j own way and impose provincial income taxes. j How eve r, the government does not anticipate that the provinces, excluding Quebec which already charges a pro- vincial income tax, will do so. I Q I I I Cer I C Kmm QUALITY DENTURE CLINIC EDDY DIETRICH rtified Denial Mechanic apitol Furniture Bldg. PHONE 328-7684M MASONIC LODGE BARBECUE 702 WING HAH AIRPORT THIS SATURDAY Oct. 9th p.m. SATURDAY BOMBSHELLS GIRLS' STRETCH SLIMS Herringbone pattern nylon slims. Sizes 4-6x. Reg. Kresge Price 2.99. BOMBSHELL SPECIAL ,99 CHRISTMAS WRAP 12 roll package, 1200 inches. BOMBSHELL SPECIAL .96 CAM for COUNCIL Re-Elect CAM BARNES for Alderman For a CONTINUING PROGRESSIVE PROSPEROUS CITY On Oct.. 13th VOTE-BARNES, J. 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