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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 8, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI lETHBHIDGE HERALD Thunday, I, 1970 Richard Purser Senator Manning The appointment of Hon. E. C. Manning to the Canadian Senate is a brilliant piece of political statesman- ship. The nation's heartiest congratu- lations go to Prime Minister Trucleau for the selection, and to Mr. Man- ning for agreeing to accept the ap- pointment. There are some other good names in Wednesday's list, and some non- descript. Mr. Eugene Forsey and Mrne. Therese Casgrain, both identi- fied with the NDP, would be on any- one's unprejudiced list of persons qualified for the Senate. The only pity is that they couldn't have been appointed years ago. Mentioning their names in that context raises the ob- vious question why Mr. M. J. Cold- well wasn't appointed while age and health would have permitted it. Only a couple of days ago Mr. W. C. McNamara resigned as head of the Canadian Wheat Board. The explanation was not satisfactory. His appointment to the Senate explains it. With his wide experience in agri- cultural marketing he can be expect- ed to make a contribution in the Senate. Mr. Gil Molgat, former Lib- eral leader in Manitoba, will also be a strong Senator. But the Manning appointment is the most significant. Here is a man with a whole lifetime of experience in public service, and at the same time with many more good years ahead of him. Whether one agrees with him or not, he has much to say that Canada should hear and study. What better forum than the Senate? The Senate exists to contain people like him, but because of the tradi- tional system of appointments no member of a minority party has ever had a chance. Wednesday's appointments are good, but the system of appointments is still not good. This is one of the matters that must be corrected in constitutional reform. We suggest that every provincial premier, on re- tirement, should automatically be of- fered a Senate post. Mr. Manning should have the company of people like Woodrow Lloyd, Walter Weir and Jean-Jacques Bertrand. But Senate reform must go much farther than that. It is started, but if it is not accelerated public opinion is likely to force abolition in lieu of reform. Not A Slap In The Face The Commons finance committee report on the taxation white paper has been described by Conservative leader Robert Stanfield as "a slap in the face" to the government. But Finance Minister Edgar Benson does not give the appearance of reeling from a blow and his cabinet cohorts seem to be bearing up well, too. Mr. Benson has calmly described the report as promising to 'be "use- ful" in the drafting of new tax legis- lation for next spring. That, after all, was the purpose of the white paper and the studies of it conducted by committees of the House and the Senate. Why should Mr., Benson feel slapped in the face at this juncture? In particular, the House committee report hardly seems cause for alarm to Mr. Benson. By accepting some of the white paper proposals and modifying others, the basic intent of seeking a fairer system of taxation has support. That was not so evident in the Senate committee report. Perhaps one of the explanations for the difference in the two reports is that Senate members are secure in their appointments while the House members have to look to re- election. Despite all the furore that has followed the white paper be- cause of some of its points, legisla- tors realize that a tax system weighted on the. side of privilege is not endurable much longer.. Reform has to begin. A good guess is that Mr. Benson will bow to the pressure to ease into reform. He may not go along wholly with the House .committee recom- mendations for modification .but it is almost certain that he will produce legislation closer to their, thinking than to that of the Senate committee. Not Lethbridge Ordinarily Lethbridge would be in the throes of a civic election cam- paign right now. And there might have been another fluoridation plebis- cite. However the citizens will have to wait at least another year to say whether they want the benefits being enjoyed by so many millions else- where. In the United States, for instance, at the end of 1969, communities with 8 million people were using na- turally fluoridated water, and another communities and 80 million peo- ple were using water with the fluoride content artificially raised to the rec- ommended one part per million. What of other countries? It has been compulsory througout Ireland for six years. Almost the entire populations of Puerto Rico and Paraguay use it, and large percentages in several other Latin American countries. About five million Australians drink fluoridated water. New Zealand has found that one dental nurse can look after 700 children where the water is flouridated, only 400 when it is not.. Several Communist countries have done their own reasearch with similar results. The U.S.S.R. reports 40 per cent reduction in the need for fillings and extractions and 20 to 30 per cent reduction in the need, for plates. East Germany found 62 per cent less decay in experimental communities, and plans extensive fluoridation. About 10 per cent of Czechoslovakia's popula- tion is now on fluoridated water, following successful tests started twelve years ago. Coaldale, Red Deer and a large number of Alberta com- munities have voted to accept the benefits of fluoridation. But not Lethbridge. The people here feel it is a Communist plot to weaken public morale, that it is rat poison, that it doesn't work, and so on and on. Optimum Education By Terence AT a recent educational conference, one of the speakers said that we should try to provide our students with optimum education. One dictionary defines optimum as 'providing the most favorable conditions for growth' and this would be a worthy objective for any school system. There are rcany ways of providing for these conditions and everyone will have his pet ideas on what should or should not be desirable for our children. Good physical conditions plus adequate resource material are certainly essential. We want well designed schools that meet the needs of the students. We need play areas inside the schools, class rooms where children can view films, filmstrips, and TV without the noise disturbing other students, and well stocked libraries for private study. The importance of the quality of the school personnel can hardly be overempha- sized. It is the teaching staff that provides for optimum education and we would ex- pect that such people would be able to work under the best kind of conditions so that they can give of their best for the children who are in their charge. Class loads of 30 or more students make it very difficult to give that personalized attention that students need. No matter how much 'space' there is in a school, crowded classes make good teaching very difficult There is also the peculiar atlilude that teaching, especially in the elementary school, is only a part-time job. The feeling is that looking after a large group of cMl- dren all day is so easy and enjoyable that at four o'clock the leacher should be brim- ful of energy and ready lo begin another day's work. Coaching teams, sponsoring clubs, attending endless meetings create such a demand on time that it is difficult to sec how n teacher can be adequately prepared for the next school day or enjoy Morris any kind of private life. It is as if the class- room teacher is a kind of neuter being who must be irrevocably wedded to the school and must renounce any other kind of ac- tivity. For physical and mental good health everyone should strive for a balanced life and as Dr. John Goodlad once said, 'teach- ers should leave school work behind when they go home and lead an enriched life as a human being.' Yet the myth about a part- time job prevails so that the teacher who is anxious lo take some part in community affairs or enjoy a normal social life with his family is accused of 'sloughing off.' Classroom teachers invariably have good qualifications and yet it is very difficult for them to be able to share their ideas or problems with the officials who run our school systems. It was refreshing to read Dr. Ecckiil's exhortation to the University of Lethbridge graduates that, 'you should not specialize to the extent that you miss the other person's point of ideas count too.' Teachers would appreci- ate this kind of consideration for they loo have idsas that may well help to provide our students with a worthwhile education. Then there are the alliludes of parents, students, and leachers about the whole pro- cess of education. There is such an empha- sis upon academic excellence with all its concomitant baggage of homework, doing work over again and getting rid of 'frill' subjects. Why c.w't we raise our sights higher than the goal of a paper qualifica- tion for everyone, whether or not they are capable of making the grade? Why not aim for an education, that ,vm help our chil- dren to grow so that they may learn, lo see in imagination the society lhat is to be created, where individuals grow freely, and where hale and greed and envy die because there is nothing lo nourish Ibcm." (Bcrtrand Ilusscll) Quebec's Inexplicable Medicare Stand "MONTREAL The present medicare crisis was not in sight in Quebec when the Bour- assa government took office in mid-May. The government was free to deride the previous Na- tional Union administration for the mess it had itself made and the cheap politicking it had in- dulged in over Medicare. The National Union had finally de- posited its Health Insurance Act in the National Assembly on March 30, two days before it dissolved the Assembly and called the election. So there was not the slightest discussion of the bill, let alone voting or passage. Yet, in an obvious election- eering move, the government mailed out to Quebecers during the campaign application forms for Medicare accompanied by pamphlets proclaiming "regis- ter now! Be ready for July The prospect of Medicare coming into effect on July 1 was ludicrous. When the new government look office it found that practical, as political, preparation had been minimal. The National Union had shilly-shallied over Medi- care to use it as a political ploy, losing heavy potential ben- efits in Medicare assistance from Ottawa and instead drag- ging in the political issue oC federalism by demanding in cash the equivalent funds, as if Ottawa were to blame, for Que- bec's Medicare laxity. Premier Bourassa at first ex- pected no delay in implementa- tion beyond September 1, once a revised bill was passed. Rapid negotiations with the doctors were expected. "Recent state- ments by representatives of the medical profession on their de- sire to resume the talks quickly lead us to believe there will be no' delays on that' said Mr. Bourassa. (Talks were be- gun with the National Union the day its bill was introduced, and immediately boycotted by the doctors because the government wanted to discuss only honor- ariums, not the modalities of Medicare operation which could have served as a warning to the new government.) The Federation of Medical Specialists promptly took Mr. Bourassa. up on his optimistic statement, sending him a tele- gram requesting immediate con- sultations. But less than a week later the first contrary note was sounded. Dr. Raymond Ro- billard, federation president, announced that no reply had teen received, that there had been no contact between the government and the doctors, and that he was pessimistic about the possibility of future co-operation. But talks did in fact begin on June 8, and the Liberal version of the bill was introduced on June 25. In only partial keeping with the doctors' insistence, the bill at that time would have allowed doctors to opt out ot the plan and still have three- quarters of their fees reim- bursed by the government, pro- vided a total of not more than three per cent of doctors opted out. The bill protected doctors' professional privileges, notably lessoning the degree of political control over professional stand- ards, more than the National Union had proposed, but less than the doctors desired. Then Quebec's bizarre politi- cal forces began to make them- selves felt. The very day the Liberal legislation was intro- duced, four of Quebec's biggest labor unions, all leftist and with. a total membership of formed a common front de- manding that all doctors be made salaried employees of the state and that their' profession- al corporation bs abolished. They especially opposed the opting-out clause (which the doctors would have preferred to be even more claiming, in a position paper that it would subsidize opting out by allowing the doctors concerned to charge exorbitant fees since they were guaranteed 75 per cent payment. "This clause is likely to make super-rich people who are already, rich." The union leaders, as is their style here, soon were engaging in vituperative public meetings in the Montreal arenas which one at times comes to think are used for little other pur- pose, and threatening general strikes and disruption of the legislature. Dr. Hobiflard meanwhile was 'not long in claiming that the government had gone beyond the state of negotiations in pre- senting the bill, and demanding further assurance of profession- al control of medicine and of opting out privileges. But this was early July he said there was no question of a strike. The Federation would simply refuse to sign an agree- ment with the government un- less Hie bill was modified. Pre- mier Bourassa called even this "a form of blackmail." It was at this point that he started hinting at coercive legislation, or, in diplomatic language, "ne- cessary measures." The doctors, pushing for full opting out rights with full pay- ment, and for full control of professional, scientific and ethi- cal standards, became dis- mayed. Their dismay was greatly toeased within days by Health Minister C.'iude Cas- tonguay's release of a report, largely masterminded by him- self, calling for government control of all professions something unheard of in North America. The doctors have been convinced ever since that they have no friend in Quebec City. As if to confirm it. all, the government then took the ulti- mate step, which to this day re- mains inexplicable. At the last moment, just before third reading, Mr. Castonguay alter- ed the opting-out clause to allow any number of doctors to quit Medicare but _ now with no government reimbursement It was widely said that the government had succumbed to union pressure. It had, after all, legislated' striking construc- tion workers back to work, and could not appear to push the workers around while treating doctors as a privileged class. Mr. Castonguay himself spoke as if he honestly believed he had achieved a happy compro- mise. It was, of course, no compromise at all. It gave doc- tors theoretical total freedom to opt out, and then totally re- moved it in practice by leaving such doctors to collect every- thing from their patients. But they would have no patients. This is contrary to Medicare practice elsewhere. Doctors elsewhere do not opt out in sig- nificant quantity and had no in- tention to here, despite the gov- ernment's seeming fears. But the full freedom to do so rep- resents to them the difference between medical insurance and stale medicine. Mr. Castonguay viewed himself as steering be- tween two extremes, one of which was "complete liberty for doctors." But that is the basis of their professional ex- istence. (Herald Quebec Bureau) T. Roiixin Some Heretical Views On Smut And Agnew WASHINGTON As much as I resent the notion that some squeamish sex starved kluck can tell me what I can read or see on the screen, I can't bring myself, to a stir- ring defence of the President's Commission on Pornography. I don't buy all this nonsense about how Denmark has be- come decadent, or a modem So- dom and Gomorrah, since her turn to "sexual freedom." But I have seen more than a few of the pamphlets and films pro- duced in Denmark with the sole purpose of dredging dollars out of the prurient interests of the curious and unstable. These booklets and films are fine for individuals and groups to view, if they so choose, and Letters To The Editor there is nothing more absurd than the cops lowering the boom on adults for viewing what the cops will gaze on with bugged eyes once the owners are 'locked away. But I have never believed that a drug pedlar, finding a gold mine in the colleges, would not move down to high school, then elementary school, to sell his evil wares. Until someone tells me how a pornography pedlar can keep an adequate supply for adults and not wind up selling it to the boys and girls who still think hopscotch is the essence of sex, I'll have trouble defend- ing the commission's recom- mendations. I can only get so irritated with Vice President S p i r o Agnew for lifting the wallets of Republican fat cats while titil- lating them with attacks on the presid e n t' s commissions on campus unrest and on porno- graphy. When presidential adviser Robert Finch is harpooning Ag- new for intemperate remarks about a report on campus un- rest that Agnew obviously had never read, and probably never seen, why should a columnist risk another personal attack by Agnew because he pointed out the absurdities of the vice-pres- ident's rhetoric? So why be angry if Agnew says the commission lacked "moral courage" and "moral Or dismisses the un- Firework Makers To Blame I am an interested reader of your paper, especially "The editorials." On the firecracker issue, may I voice my personal opin- ion? It seems to me the an- swer is definitely not to ban the sale of such explosives which should not be in the hands of children but to put a ban on producing such dangerous items. Hunter-Fanner Friction The outlook of some farmers and ranchers is very simple: I shall hunt what is on my land for that is mine and I shall hunt what is on public land for it is mine and thine. I wonder if anyone could calculate how many cases of whisky are used, if any, in Alberta for ex- change purposes so that certain people can hunt pheasants, ducks, and geese on privately owned land. How on earth can counties get along when people in one province cannol? I realize lhat some farmers have had frying limes wilh some hunlers while some hunl- ers have had equally Irying times with some farmers. With the pheasant season coming, could hunters and farmers try a little harder lo get along? Some ranchers in Ihc Pinchcr Creek area have formed, or are trying to form, an associa- tion to beat the hunlers. When you try to beat someone, no one wins! People must realize that the animals in the province of Al- berta belong lo everyone, not to the person who owns the property they happen to be en. We depend on the farmer and rancher for food and they de- pend upon us to buy this food, and when limes are lough for Ihem, they depend upon the government (which is laxpay- ing hunters) lo help them out. We get along fairly well oth- erwise, so why does there have to be this friction every hunt- ing season? JOE GIZA. Blairmorc. Therefore, the ban or restric- tion should be placed with Ihe manufacturer, is that not right? The soap companies were very soon restricted and in- formed to get rid of products which contained phosphates and not to produce any more. Why then the discrimination on the manufacturer? If one is guilty, all are. I do become tired of always blaming the merchant. My husband and I had a store and we sold firecrackers one year only. We both real- ized the danger lo children, and my husband would never sell them again, bul others did. Now please tell my why the restriction should not be placed on the one who makes these dangerous Hems? (MRS.) F. LOUCKS. Jaffray, B.C. animous commission with the observation that nine different commis s i o n e r s might have reached different conclusions? The public is bound to dis- cover that the nine men on the commission were appointed by Richard Milhous Nixon, and not by Dr. Benjamin Spock or Jerry Rubin. And that the commis- sion was headed by a Republi- can, former Pennsylvania Gov. William Scranton, and not by one of those Democrat "radi- cal liberals" that Agnew de- tests. And that on the commis- sion was a police chief who can hardly be called a "cod- dler of burners and and a former air force general whom the Nixon administra- tion thinks highly enough of to choose him to run the program to stop the hijacking of Ameri- can airliners. But my coolness does not arise tolally from an expecta- tion that sooner or later the public will look at the mem- bership of this Commission on Campus Unrest and conclude that their nine heads might be smarter than Agnew's one. My satisfaction arises from the fact that Agnsw unwitting- ly is killing one of the most cynical, wasteful copouts on the American scene this busi- ness of presidents ducking and stalling around the problems that really test their leadership by naming a commission to study them. So a petroleum commission reports; the president doesn't like what it recommends; tne president picks another com- mission that will report what he wants to hear. If other commissions seem certain to say things lhat in- terfere with your political ma- chinations (because logic and decency and justice run against your discredit the commission before the port comes out. So what Ihe hell if you did waste a few hundred thousand bucks of taxpayer money? And if you can't discredit the commission adequately ifl ad- vance, unleash Spiro when the report comes out. All this may not convince peo- ple that the commission's rec- ommendations are wrong, but it surely by now has convinced a lot of people thai this name-a- commission gimmick is wrong. So I pay tribute to Ihe vice- president. He went after a mole- hill and may have knocked down the mountain of commis- sions that have for too long been an abominable American phenomenon. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) LOOKING BACKWARD Coaldale Plebiscite THROUGH THE HERALD Raymond School of Agriculture will open on Octo- ber 29th. The school stands on an irrigated plot of 290 acres northeast of the town of Ray- mond. Several carloads 'of southern Alberta honey have been shipped so far this year. The -crop will reach at least pounds, almost double that cf last year. will build 100 additional ships next year at a cost of approximately 000 and will increase naval per- sonnel from to by the spring of 1942. newest and most up-to-date theatre, The Paramount, opens October 9. The movie to be shown for the opening is "Fancy Pants" star- ring Bob Hope and Lucille Ball. 19GO Canada's first station designed to track satellites and record signals from vehicles in cuter space will be built near St. John's, Nfld. The Coaldale Town Council gave the decision to the citi- zens. The Economic Bond of Development, if it slill exists as has its head in Ihe sand. Granted, Hie lown is desper- ate for business but is this the answer? A liquor store is not unique, they do not create much employment and their limited hours will not draw many shoppers to Hie lown. Slill, like aiili-fluoridalion- 'isls, our pro-liquorilcs would toil Gallup himself lhat their poll shows 115 per cent in fa- vor. (The impossible 15 per ccnl could be explained quite logically by any of llicse Being neither nn alcoholic nor a prohibitionist, want lo consider bolh sides. I wanl lo decide where lo place my I'm lircd of pushers, whether it's alcohol, drugs, bi-lingual- ism or just the many TV com- mercials wilh their belter Ihan best brands. CITIZEN. Coaldale, The Lethkidgc Herald 50-1 7lh St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1005 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN second Class Mall Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Asscciatlon and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager jOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Edllor Associate Editor ROY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Pago Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;