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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 7, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta High quality farming protects China against food shortages New- York Times Service NEW YORK China appears to have raised agricultural production and evened the distribu- tion of food so successfully that she appears well protected against the food shortages now afflicting the under-developed world, according to 10 leading American farm researchers who recently visited China. "We were tremendously impressed everywhere we went with the high quality of Chinese said Dr. Wortman, the group's leader, in an interview. "I came away feeling I'm going to worry less about whether China is able to feed her people or said Wortman, a plant breeder who oversees agricultural research grants for the Rockefeller Foundation. With nearly one-quarter of the world's people and a history of widespread poverty, malnutri- tion and episodic famines, China has long been a major concern of those working to improve the world food supply. Until recently the country's isolation had restricted available information about Chinese agriculture. The 10 scientists, experts in nearly all major crops and other aspects of farming, found on a four-week tour that although China's isolation had kept her from achieving some of the scien- tific advances that have helped improve yields elsewhere, major strides have been made by combining traditional farming methods and domestic scientific advances. For example, to supply growing quantities of fertilizer needed to increase yields, the Chinese have augmented the traditional use of compost, manure and human excrement, with inorganic fertilizer produced by some 800 "backyard fac- tories" that turn coal and water into nitrogen fertilizer. Each such factory produces a few thousand tons of fertilizer a year. Together, they supplied half of China's consumption of inorganic fer- tilizer in 1973. The balance was derived fromfer- tilizers produced domestically on an industrial scale or imported. In addition, China has plann- ed or is constructing eight fertilizer factories Capable of producing a thousand tons a day. The American scientists said the backyard fer- tilizer plants, which produce ammonium bicar- bonate, a chemical not generally used as a fer- tilizer outside China, appeared to be using a sim- ple technology that might well be adapted to other areas of the world. Dr. Norman E. Borlaug, a world authority on wheat and a member of the group, visited one of the small fertilizer plants and is preparing a report. Wortman said he and his colleagues, who visited most of the major farming regions by train and private vehicle, found a wide variety of other innovations and techniques that might also be adapted for use in poorer countries. The group, organized by the American-based committee on scholarly communication with the People's Republic of China, stopped in Peking, Shanghai, Nanking, Sian and Canton and visited farms and research centers in the surrounding provinces and in Kirin province, north of Korea. Although the group had high praise for the quality of the crops, they noted they had not visited drier western and northern regions, where agriculture might still be poor. The Lethbridge Herald VOL. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1974 15 Cents 20 Pages Grits anticipate grain strike flak RICK ERVIN photo Low-flying Bronco Lethbridge Broncos' Doug Gillespie is right at ice level as he attempts to beat Regina Pats goalie Ed Staniowski in Western Canada Hockey League action Sunday. The game was the first event held in the Sportsplex. A crowd of watched the Broncos win 5-1. (See other photos, stories on Pages 11 and U.S. seeks to broaden Nixon nuclear treaty Inside 16-20 Comics.............6 Comment...........4 District............13 Family ............15 Local Markets...........14 Sports............8-10 Theatres............7 TV..................7 Weather............3 LOW TONIGHT 40; HIGH TUBS. 70; SUNNY, WINDY. New York Times Service WASHINGTON Officials have disclosed that the Ford administration, faced with what it considers almost cer- tain Senate rejection of the treaty former president Nixon signed in Moscow last July to limit the underground testing of nuclear weapons, is seeking to broaden the agreement to include peaceful nuclear tests. An American team, led by Ambassador Walter J. Stoessel Jr., will resume negotiations on the treaty in Moscow in the next two weeks. The treaty signed last Julyt limits underground explosions to those below 150 kilotons (the force of tons of TNT) but exempts nuclear tests for peaceful purposes, stating that they would be covered by an agreement to be negotiated later. Thus, of- ficials said, under the July treaty explosions of any size could be conducted under the guise of nuclear testing for peaceful purposes. The United States negotiators in Moscow will seek an agreement to limit all underground nuclear tests to less than 150 kilotons. Administration sources would not speculate on what Moscow's response would be to limiting all underground nuclear tests to that level, but Area farmer counters HohoVs criticism of imported labor By RUSSELL OUGHTRED Herald Staff Writer A Southern Alberta vegetable farmer employing imported Mexican labor has countered Labor Minister Bert Hobol's recent criticisms of import labor programs. Reuben Huber, a Brooks area produce farmer said to- day that farmers like himself are pleased with the perfor- mance of the current group of Mexican workers and want the Mexicans to return next spring to plant next summer's crop. He said in a telephone inter- view from his Rosemary home that without continued programs to assure a con- tinued supply of farm labor, the cost of vegetables to con- sumers will continue to rise as more and more land is taken out of vegetable production. "We've lost more than half our acreage in the last three years." Without the prospect of a similar import labor scheme next summer, he added, farmers will shy away from planting labor intensive produce crops and tarn to cash crops like rapeseed, which re- quire little manual labor in the field. As domestic vegetable production declines, he warned, vegetable importers will gain increasing control of the market and market prices. "How many consumers are willing to pay double for their he asked. He said vegetable producers are pleased with the Mexicans brought into the South earlier this year. "I haven't bad one adverse report not one complaint. "They're honest hardwork- ing... and willing to work as many hours as you give them." The province's labor minister has faulted the "parachuting" of aliens into southern farms and the Banff Springs Hotel as a short-term approach. "As long as we keep stick- ing federal and provincial fingers in the dikes of the employment situation in Alberta, we're not going to come up with long term Labor Minister Hohol said Friday in Red Deer. About town Marion Walker, visiting from Australia, sure that Marcus Welby most be com- ing, when a Lethbridge doctor agreed to a house call. they said they were aware that even if Moscow accepted that limit, the Senate might still refuse to ratify the treaty on the ground that the limit is too high. Bomb blasts kill five in Britain GUILDFORD, England (AP) British military units were ordered today to tighten security following a bomb blast in two taverns that left five persons dead and 65 in- jured. An army spokesman said the blast may signal a new wave of violence in Bri- tain by the Irish Republican Army. Two young women are being sought in connection with the bombings, police sources said. "We have little doubt that this was the work of the Irish Republic one detec- tive said. "Our first priority is to find two girls seen behaving suspiciously before the ex- plosions." Four of the dead were teen- age members of the armed of them young about 40 of the injured were also off-duty military personnel on their Saturday night out from nearby camps. There were fears of a fresh wave of bombings by the IRA aimed at disrupting the cam- paign for Thursday's general election. The attacks on the crowded Horse and Groom and the nearby Seven Sisters bar were the latest in a string of ex- plosions in Britain in the last two years. OTTAWA (CP) The Liberal government can ex- pect heavy criticism from the Progressive Conservatives to- day as the Commons interrupts the throne speech debate to consider the bill to end the West Coast grain workers' strike. Labor Minister John Munro already has said he expects a blast for the government's part in the lengthy dispute, which has virtually halted the flow of grain through West Coast ports. Last summer, the govern- ment appeared to take sides in the contract dispute between 550 grain workers and five elevator companies. It said Parliament would legislate a settlement based on the con- ciliation report prepared fay Dr. Neil Perry of Victoria. The Perry report, released in the spring, was adopted by the Grain Workers- Union but rejected by- the companies, which said it would be "ex- traordinarily" costly. While Conservative House Leader Gerald Baldin has said his party will help speed the bilj through -the Commons, speakers for his party are ex- pected to hit the government hard during the debate. Critics of the government say the dispute might have been resolved through negotiation if Mr. Munro, Otto Lang, minister responsible for the wheat board, and Prime Minister Trudeau had not stepped forward and said the Perry report would be legislated. They say that caused the companies and the union to bargain half-heartedly, know- ing that Parliament would intervene. Lincoln Alexander, Con- servative labor critic, also says that the settlement proposed in the Perry report will be a benchmark and set a pattern for other unions to follow. The Perry recommen- dations were initially es- timated by the companies to cost 61 per cent more than the present labor costs. They later revised that figure to about 48 per cent. Major proposals in the Perry report were a two-year agreement to Nov. 30, 1975, with pay raises of 87 cents an hour in the first year and 65 cents an hour in the second year. The raises, added to the basic existing wage of 14.96 an hour, would bring pay to the grain handlers to about par with Vancouver longshoremen in the 16.30 range. The Perry report also sug- gested a cost-of-living allowance to help workers beat inflation. The allowance would take effect after the Consumer Price Index jumped by four per cent Court to decide crucifixion blame TROYES, France (AP) A French district court sits in judg- ment today over the question of who bears the blame for the crucifixion of Jesus. The case is a libel suit brought by Jacques Isorni, one of France's foremost lawyers and legal historians, against a Roman Catholic priest. Isorni maintains that Pontius Pilate, far from washing his hands, took the initiative in sentencing Jesus to death as an agitator, in accordance with Roman law. He published a book in 1967 entitled The True Trial of Jesus, in which he sought to ab- solve the Jews of blame for the crucifixion. Rev. Georges de Nantes, a leader of the ultra-conservative wing of the Roman Catholic Church in France, strongly at- tacked Isorni's book in his monthly bulletin last year: Father de Nantes accused Isorni of "falsifying the New Testament" and being guilty of "ignorance, error and lying to make himself the apparently benevolent advocate of the Jew- ish people." Isorni considered the article a "grave calumny" and sued Fa- ther de Nantes before the Troyes court, asking damages of one "symbolic or 20 cents. Legal sources said it was the first known instance of a regu- larly constituted court in a modern state being asked to rule on the circumstances of the crucifixion and determine the respon- sibility of Romans and Jews. Portugal gov't tightens grip LISBON (Reuter) Portu- gal's new left-dominated regime completes its first week in power today with an ever-tightening grip on the country. The government of Premier Vasco Goncalves, a radical left-wing brigadier, achieved a major political triumph Sun- day in getting the country to put in an extra day's work on the traditionally sacred Latin Sunday of rest. "The votes of confidence ex- pressed Sunday are from the heart, the hands and the brains of the Portuguese workers, who thus show their convinced decision to march onwards with the armed forces to build a new and democratic Portugal for which we so the pre- mier told reporters. The extra day's work came just a week after a major political crisis that led to the downfall of President Antonio de Spinola Old reports nutritious CANBERRA (Reuter) Australian government organization has found a new use for its reports feeding them to sheep. Research scientist Dr. Barry Coombe of the Com- monwealth Scientific and In- dustrial Research Organiza- tion has been using old printed reports as part of an ex- perimental diet for sheep, and the latest bulletin says the animals are thriving. Cyprus problem 6internationaP A third major issue was pensions, and Dr. Perry recommended that the com- panies put up funds to imple- ment a non-contributory plan, plus paying annually into the fund for the .years 1974-78 inclusive. The cost-of-living proposal and the pension recommenda- tion were the basis for a last- minute attempt by Mr. Munro last week to end the dispute before Parliament intervened. But those proposals were turned down by the com- panies. ATHENS The Greek government is taking steps to counteract any tendencies in the international community to regard the Cyprus crisis as something to be resolved by Greece and Turkey alone. In a radio-TV address dur- ing the weekend, George Mavros told citizens that in his 70 days as Greek foreign minister he has been "almost totally preoccupied with the Cyprus drama." "The problem of Cyprus is nota question between Greece and he stressed. "It is an international matter, and the survival of all the post-war international organizations and also that of Western civilization depends on its settlement "A small, unarmed, inde- pendent and non-aligned state was the object of a barbarian attack by a strong neighbor and lost its independence." A Greek government of- ficial, meanwhile, told a reporter Turkey wants to ig- nore even the Cyprus govern- ment and instead make the solution of the crisis a matter of bilateral negotiations between Turkey and Greece. He said Turkey has already started to create a "separate infrastructure" on the large sector of Cyprus now under Turkish military occupation and to "link" the infrastruc- ture with Turkey. Turkey, in this view, was following a policy of partition under the guise of a bi- regional federalism for Uie Mediterranean island republic where Greeks out- number Turks four to one in a total population of ;