Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 7, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE 1ETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, October 7, 1971 Peler Deshanils Disgraceful attendance The freqmiil expressions of con- cern uiirwl by InxjKiycrs nlxiul Ihc iiicreasniL! ninounls oi' money bcinK expended" In elected representatives on Ihcir belialf a little hollow in view of the pitiful number oC people who at I ended the forum to hear Ihc candidates I'm1 the U'tli- Fu'nlic School Bo.'.nl. This is a board that handles fib1 per cent of the taxes collected in the city and thus could be described as it was as a more important body than the city council. Perhaps the citizens of Lethbridge know that I he eight persons who have offered their services as trus- tees are so v.ell informed, so able, and so conscientious that whoever is elected can he trusted to do an acceptable job. Nevertheless the people who are running for office would probably appreciate an ex- pression of interest to offset any suspicion that they function in a sea of indifference. It would have been good for most citizens to have been exposed to the candidates and (o be marie to real- ize what an extremely difficult task it is to try to implement sound pro- grams within the fiscal limitations imposed. Some criticisms that have been aired, in the safety provided by insulation from those who really know what is going on in the edu- cational system, would have been shot down'at the forum. Maybe this is a reason why some people stay- ed away. Getting across to the public the issues in education is something that concerns those who are most inti- mately involved. A regret was gent- ly expressed at the forum that the voices being heard through the col- umns and letters in The Herald do -not always present balanced views. That caii be rectified. The Thurs- day spot for educational opinion is not a preserve of the lew who regu- larly contribute it is open to any- one in the field: teacher, trustee, administrator, home and school offi- cer. And almost all letters, providing their authors are identified, are pub- lished. This will not solve the prob- lem of communication but it should help. Canada cannot fight the U.S. Given the present Nixon policies and their effect on Canada, and the present temperament of the Cana- dian people, the Canadian political scene is highly vulnerable to dema- goguery based on anti American- ism. If the Liberal government mounted a campaign of retaliation and made it the basis of an election call, and if the Conservatives counselled re- straint and reason, the Liberals could be sure of re election. Indeed, that is probably the only issue that could give them thai assurance. On the other hand if the government con- tinued on its present course of con- ciliation and negotiation, even while pressing Canada's case with vigor and persistence, and if the Conserva- tives advocated a go-it-alone policy for Canada, they could very well re- build their public esteem to the de- gree of perhaps winning the election. Remember 1911. It is to the credit of both parties that neither has yet gone this far. Each has exercised statesmanship ahead of political expediency. The danger is that the NDP is left alone, at the moment, to capitalize on the anti American emotionalism building up in this country. The Canadian people need to be reminded that they would emerge from a trade war with the United States in about the same shape as from a shooting war. Its conse- quences are unthinkable. Canada's only course is to pursue calmly and deliberately the current dialogue, frustrating as it may seem to be. A non-election The final count is in. The regime of President Thieu in South Vietnam continues in office with a whopping majority. Of course Thieu had been expected to win, because he was the only candidate. He saw to tiiat by rigging the election so that his op- ponents found it useless to enter their names in opposition. He had the money, the organization and the tremendous confidence in his omni- science to figuratively thumb his nose at U.S. pleas to make the election appear legitimate. His absurd ex- cuses that those who opposed him could deface their ballots, and that if 50 per cent of the electorate did so. he would refuse to take office as president, fooled no one outside Saigon. In any case election officials have now revealed that they were ordered to replace defaced ballots with valid ones. The election was undoubtedly a travesty of the democratic process a humiliating and bitter blow to American hopes of true freedom for the South Vietnamese people. Free- dom of choice has been put to shame, the South Vietnamese government shown to be a travesty on human rights, a facade of greed and power. It is the coup de grace to the hopes of millions of Americans, who feel disgraced that their tremendous ef- fort in men and money should come to this bitter end. will remain a Greek! Lady Amalia Fleming, Greek-born (Amaiia Coutsuris) widow of Sir Alexander Fleming, the discoverer of penicillin, has been sentenced to 16 months in prison by a military tribunal in Athens. She was one of the principal plotters in the abortive attempt to release the would-be as- sassin of Premier George Papado- poulos from custody. Whether the at- tempt was justified under the cir- cumstances is a moot question, de- pending on one's personal and phil- osophical attitude. What is not questionable is the 62- year-old Lady Fleming's courage. She could have opted for deportation hut she says she'd rather serve the sentence. Deportation means that she would be deprived of her Greek citi- zenship. She says she's a Greek and she intends to remain a Greek, no matter what. No more fervent patriots are to be found anywhere in the world than Greek patriots. Their love of coun- try is a passionate attachment. By her choice between jail or deporta- tion Lady Fleming has kept the case against the Colonels alive, and be- come a source of embarrassment to the regime. These two facts will af- ford her the only comfort she is like- ly to have in the next year and four months. The major educational institution By Ed Ryan kids who do well in school do ceiit study by Ur. Early Schacfcr of the so, not so much because of what the National Institute of Mental Health offered school docs, but because of what the home a number of suggestions in bis Infant Edii- has done and continues to do for him. cation Research Project. The child who has been introduced to books Most revealing was Hie disclosure Ihat ideas, conversation whose intellectual "pushy" and "high expecting" parents interests have been developed, anO whom high expectations have been insl tend to have children who become high- achievers at. school. Although parents arc fid is more likely to do top work in school, often lolrl not lo push their kids, it's the Kids who make 'the honor roll at school arc usually "ir.adc" as students at. home. child who is pushed who ends up with Ihc A's. A high level of parental cncourage- An exhaustive study by Benjamin Bloom, ment and expectation, il seems, results in a number of years ago. examined the shape ing of a number of human characteristics from infancy to childhood. Among other things Bloom found that what we call "general intelligence" develops as much from conception lo ago four, as it does similarly high level of achievement by the child. Mind you, the kind of pushing Uiat psi- enl.s do is important. A gcnlle push with "f praise is what's called for. t'usli- thai, is Ihrealcnmg. harassing and in. lows much the same pattern of develop- Thus means lhal the greatest effect on that a child has in these early years lhal. have the greatest in.pact on Ihis develop- ment. Investment in the child's learning at Ihi.s time is likely to pay greater divi- dends (ban at any other time. What, then, are sninc of Ihc tilings that the home does lhal makes a dilferencc for Separatist feeling little changed since crisis 'IUTIC1SM of Ilie govern- incuts' handling of the Oc- tolier crisis last year was based on principle and tactics. A year later, the argument about whe- ther the governments erred in principle by enacting repress- ive measures without justifica- tion is continuing and incon- clusive. Hut the other line at criticism, which stated that the War Meaures Act and mass anvsts in the long run would strengthen separatism in Que- bec has become considerably weaker with the passing of time. At Ihis stage there is no doubt that tbe practical results of the Trudeau Bourassa Drapeau strategy during the crisis have been all that the various gov- ernments could have desired. The terrorist Front de Lib- eration du Quebec lias been de- moralized and even if this is during the next It years, from age four limidaling may do a great deal of harm to age IS General school achievement lol- turn the youngster against, school. Other findings showed Ihat top firsl-grad- ei-s came from homes in which (here were plenty of books, magazines and education- intelledual development takes place long at and menial games. Tire children had Wore most youngsters even go near the been read to regularly, and these same school. And. 'it's Ihc kinds of experiences students spent less lime watching TV than did the poorer studenl.s. Moreover, mothers who knew tlieir children were doing in school, and followed their child's progress in school were more likely to have children in Ihe trip group. So, loo, were parents who visited Ihc school regularly and got to know Ihc teachers temporary, the 12-month period of relative calm in Quebec has to be counted as a positive gain. As [or separatist senti- ment in general in Quebec in the past 12 months, there are no solid indications thai it has grown. If anything, the signs poinl to an opposite trend. Despite the evidence, a few critics are still trying to accuse the governments of tactical er- ror. Walter Stewart, the Associ- ate Editor of Maclean's maga- zine whose new book Trudeau In published recently by New Press of Tor- onto, continues lo claim Ihat "For every separatist the gov- ernment arrested, it created a martyr and a hundred sym- pathetic listeners; for every anti-separatist strengthened in his views by what happened, a moderate was shifted toward separatism by the crisis." The documentary evidence for this assertion is non-existent. Stewart cites the results of the hy-electon earlier this year lo fill the vacancy in Quebec's national assembly created by the murder of Pierre Laporlc, claiming thai the 34 per cent of the vote gained by the Parti Quebecois was "slightly up" from the general election result in the same riding in April 1970. "Slightly up" is right. The in- crease was a fraction of one per cent. He also refers to a sur- vey taken last March by Iwo political scientist at Quebec's Laval University in which 15 per cent of the respondents said they had voted for the Parti Quebccos in April 1970 and 17.5 per cenl said Ihey would vote for the same party today. This is hardly an unusual in- crease in support for a strong opposition party a year after a general election. Against this microscopic evidence of grow- ing separatist strength is the recent testimony of Parti Que- becos leader Rene Lcyesque that paid membership in the parly has dropped from to since the April I'J70 election. Stewart pointedly ignores a survey conducted in Quebec last spring for his own maga- zine which showed that only two per cent of Quebccers were more favorably disposed to- wards separatism as a result of the crisis, 24 per cent were less favorably disposed and 74 pel- cent replied that their attitudes remained unchanged. Finally, Stewart offers as evi- dence the statement, of Le De- voir Editor Claude Ryan, "Long a wavering federalist, has in- dicated that, given a choice be- tween Levesque's separatism "He says if we drop our guns he won't call for a shootout." and Trudcau's anil-democratic tendencies, he would chose Levesqne." This might well be Irue bill the choice is put ta such extreme terms as to be irrelevant. The real choice thai Ryan has faced in the past year has been between Levesque's separatism and Ryan's own brand of federalism. Consider- ing the pressure that the crisiis exerted on Quebec moderates last October and Ryan's anger at the way in which certain federal ministers exploited the "provisional government" fan- tasy, no one in Quebec would have been astounded if Ryan had opted for separatism in the months following last October. The significant fact is that he did not. In a recent conversation in Montreal, Ryan said that Lev- esque had criticized him pri- vately in the past few months on account of the "slowness" of his political development, but he explained that immediately after the crisis, he and his col- leagues at Le Devoir had de- cided that the Bourassa govern- ment in Quebec could not be judged definitively on the basis of its attitude during the crisis. "A lot of people concluded that it was only a matter of weeks before we would give our support to the Party Quebec- said Ryan. "No. We ap- proached the last session of the national assembly in a com- pletely detached spirit." His attitude toward the Bour- assa government is now one of qualified support. In federal af- fairs, his commitment to a two- nation approach to Canada and his belief that Trudcau is an impediment to creative negotia- tion between English and French Canada has been strengthened by the crisis. But this is a far cry from advo- cating Quebec independence. "I've not reached the stage where I consider political sep- aration as the only possible sol- ution." he said, "but my feel- ing is that we can know the answer only when a fair, hard, open negotiation has been at- tempted with English-speaking Canada. I don't think Trudeau will bring us one inch closer to a real solution." The fact that Ryan's position has remained basically un- changed by the crisis is strong evidence that the governments' handing of events last October did not strengthen separatist feeling among the population at large although it did harden opinions on both sides of the question. (Toronto "Star Syndicate) Gordon Holland Australian aboriginals lose claim to territory ELBOURNE: Austr a 1 i a n aboriginals, the oldest and most primitive people on earth, liave been told that they belong to the land but the land does not belong to them. The doc- trine of communal native title to land does not form, and never has formed, part of the Australian law. Nothing has exposed more vi- vidly the plight of the aborigi- nals than this judgment handed down by Mr. Justice Blackburn in the Northern Territory Su- preme Court. It revealed what the aboriginals have long fear- ed: that in the preservation of Letters to the editor their most sacred and valued asset their tribal lands white man's law is powerless to protect them. Nabalco, the rich minerai- exploration consortium, will be able to continue to exploit the ]00 square miles of red, baux- ite-rich soil on Cove Peninsula in which, since April 1969, they have begun to invest mil- lion building an alumimnr; plant port and township There, residents in air- conditioned concrete houses constitute t h e third-biggest town in the Northern Territory, and the three-quarter-mile rail- way line from the bauxite de- pos'its to the bulk-cargo wharf is laid on local granitic quartz, veined with coarse garnet and mica which flash in the tropic sun. Gove Peninsula is the ancient tribal and sacred land of the Yirrkala clan of 11 tribes com- prising 500 aboriginals, 400 miles east of Darwin. The Yirrkalas are one of tbe clans among Australia's abori- ginal population of about (or more than if part aboriginals are included in the Their battle for rights began with the most famous petition ever presented Clarification of Herald news story In your article about our un- fortunate experience on LSD there are a couple of points which, to my mind, rcqiu'rc clarification. f am not saying thai 1 was misquoted: I am saying that what 1 meant to say did net. ap- pear in your article. We were not "turned auay'' from any hospital. At tbe first hospital the people were quite flippant about Ihis whole thing and told us that we would have to find our own doctor to take our hlood and tinnc tests be- Fore they could do anything. At this point, we left. At the second hospital the peo- ple were concerned and tried hard to help us find a doctor, since our own doctor was on holidays. They seemed rather vague as to what could be done. However at this hospital the blood and urine samples were taken. The blood samples have disappeared. And there is no record of any urine samples being taken. However, I did find a doctor and this brings us to the second point, the doctor who attended us was kind, concerned, cour- teous aixl efficient. He did not "have" to phone poison control in Calgary, as your story put it. lie "did" phone poison con- trol, if I may quote him, "to Owes police an apology Uie child's subsequent school career. A re- mid what their kids were doing. I iml.iiTd a Idler in The Lclh- hridge Herald recently written by Mr. W. Johnston nf my fair cil.y. Apparently Mr. John- ston has decided to give Leth- bridge a wide berth in the fu- ture. I am sure the people of I-clhliridgc will appreciate Ihi.s. Mr. Johnston staled he was r; I. o p p cd by "a big Mile uui form." I hope by this lime Mr. .lolmi.ton has had time, to re- consider and realize bow for- tunate he was to be stopped lie- fore he hit one of the little chil- dren. Apparently if was pour- ing rain and his visibility was impaired so that school wile signs could not be teen. Any d r i v r should have sonx.1 enough to slow down and not. he driving at .'12 mph on strange streets. 1 helicvc Mr. Johnston owes "the big blue uniform" an apol- ogy and a vote of thanks. WM. PIERCE. Calgary. So They Say I uill undertake what I deep- ly hope will become a journey for peace peace not just for our generation, but for future generations on this earth we share together. iNixon, on his planned visit lo Red China. find the besl Irealmcnl avail- able." What I was Irying to point up was that he shouldn't have had to call Calgary. Mod- ern treatment techniques for emergencies on drug abuse should have been available in Lelhbridge. He did everything he possibly could for us until we left town. I would like to mention his name and thank Mm publicly. But ethics forbid. We did not hallucinate we were on a bad trip. And from what little information I have on LSD you do not hallucinate on a bad trip. One point In Ihc prepared statement which I gave your reporter was not mentioned, and we think it important. We arc not seeking revenge by of- fering a reward. We think that any person who would do some- thing like Ibis is mentally ill. And 1 would like lo see Dial person receive treat ment be- fore it lo others. It's not a pretty story. It's not the kind of story that, one likes to sec about a community that has as many wonderful facets as Ibis city of ours has. But Ihis experience has left me with one very clear and distinct impres- sion and that is that people in high places would like IIP sweep Ihi.s whole ugly incident under the nig. I assure you I have no intention of allowing that lo happen. C. BLACK. Lethbridge. to an Australian parliament. It was written on bark in an ab- original dialect older than the English language, and was handed to the House of Repre- sentatives hi August 1963. The petition protested against the federal government's deci- sion to lease 50 square miles of Yirrkala territory to a subsi- diary of the giant Pechiney Company of France. Pechincy later surrendered its leases, but the bark petition was the first step in the Yirrknla's fight to preseve their lands against Na- balco in later years. The Yirr- kala tribesmen, a dignified peo- ple, have hunted along the Gove Peninsula and fished in the blue Arafura Sea for longer than recorded history. Compar- ed with the aboriginals of the rugged inland, they lived in a tropical demi-paradise. and were jealous of then- social and cultural structure, and their own system of law and order. Mr. Justice Blackburn's ver- dict is admirable as a legal judgment, and its 262 pages set out in irreproachable detail the law as the white man under- stands and administers it. "The white races have a great deal to be ashamed he said in his judgment rejecting the ab- original's claim. As a result, the mining will not stop and some million a year will go into a federal gov- ernment trust from royalties from Nabalco, which has been studiously non-racial, and will be used for the benefit of the aborigines. But the Yirrkalas resent the fact that they will he drawing royalties for the exploitation of resource.'; lo which they are now told by the laws of Aus- tralia they have no rights. Rejection of the Yirrkalas' claim caught the Australian conscience unawares. The fed- eral parliamentary Labor party immediately demanded laws to give land rights to aboriginals, and Prime Minister William McMahon has promised his government will have a fresh look at the controversial issue of aboriginal land rights in fed- eral territories. "The government has been particularly anxious to divorce the legal aspect from the moral problems and the problems as- sociated with justice and rea- sonable treatment of Australian he told Parlia- ment. On several occasions over the past five years the government has refused to rec- ognize aboriginal claims to land ownership based on tradi- tional occupancy dating back long before European settle- ment. The dispute has raised some baffling questions of legal and constitutional philosophy. Part of the trouble is that Captain James Cook made no formal treaties with the aboriginals in 1779 when he discovered Aus- tralia. Then, when Governor Phillip arrived with the First Fleet in 1788 lo settle the land, he proclaimed the entire east- ern part of Australia for the King of England. H therefore became Crown land and no longer the property of the ab- originals for any treaty to be made. If land treaties had been signed and accepted by the British government, as they were in Now Zealand with the Maoris, they might, have alter- ed entirely the basis of Mr. Justice Blarldturns derision. (Herald Speeial Scnk-r) The Lethbridge Herald 504 7Lh St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBR1DGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published ID05-195-1, by Hon. A. BUCHANAN Second Clats Mrill ReqlstMtlcn Nn Member of Tho Canadian Press tne CAnadl.in Daily Ncwspdrfr Publishers' Association flnb tne Audit Bureau of Clrculntions CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. 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